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ALFRED H. MONTVILLE, Asst. Superintendent, ENNO CAMENZIND, Foreman, FRANK J. PAT
TON, Asst. Superintendent, CLYDE G. JONES, Superintendent, HENRY HOLLIDAY, Foreman,
ALBERT J. RHODES, Foreman.
XJp to the Refining Department scientific
control has turned the varied flax fibres, grown
in different areas and under different conditions,
into a uniform pulp. Here the pulp is removed
from storage, and by the use of hoists, charged
into the beaters to receive the desired characteris
tics of our products. In the beaters the fibres are
subject to the mechanical action of a heavy roll
with protruding metal bars working on a bed
plate, The stock is circulated underneath the roll
under carefully controlled conditions in order to
produce a uniform stock for the paper machine.
In this operation the fibres are cut to the de
sired length and hydrated, which frays the in
dividual fibres on each end and gives more sur
face for matting on the wire of the paper machine.
The amount of beating, roll pressure and final
length of the fibres is determined by the beater-
men, who have been carefully trained to determine
the condition of the fibres, at all times during
the beating cycle, by appearance, feel and labora
After the refining process, calcium carbonate
is added to the stock to control the burning rate
of the finished paper .
Before the stock flows onto the paper ma
chines, a further refining action is given to it in
continuous type machines which do work similar
to the beaters. These machines consist primarily
of conical plugs rotating against the inside of
conical shells, between which the stock must flow.
This last refining action is used in order to finally
prepare the stock in transit to the paper ma