Black ink : Black Student Movement, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. online resource ([Chapel Hill, N.C.]) 1969-current, March 01, 1973, Image 1
Freedom Justice Unity POWER March, 1973 BLACK INK BLACK STUDENT MOVEMENT OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina Volume 4, Number 7 Black Studies Needed by Mae Israel Staff Writer On this university campus the existence of Black professors and Black-oriented programs is a necessity. We, as students and as Blacks, need a solid base. That is, Black students at a predominately white university need a curricula that examines the Black experience and the cultural heritage of the Afro-American. Supposedly, there is a program here that offers this opportunity. However, its effectiveness is questionable. Organized in 1969 in the College of Arts and Sciences, the Afro-American and African Studies program was intended to help Black and white students understand the relationship and history of the Afro-American and African cultures and the form and meaning of the artistic expression of Blacks. Ironically, this intention has not materialized as it should have. In some ways the program has been somewhat successful (according to a white professor) and in others, it has failed miserably. Dr. Gordon B. Cleveland, chairman of the program, agrees that it needs a “fresh start”. “I don’t think the program has been a complete failure or a complete success,” he said. “We are as well off as most universities.” Dr. Cleveland explained that the program has been most successful in organizing a library collection of African materials. Yet, they have failed to really recruit and increase the number of Black professors. Blacks Refuse This failure has been attributed to the lack of “qualified” Black faculty and the refusal of some to accept positions here at UNC. I propose, however, that the fault lies with the various departments because they are not really interested in recruiting more Blacks. A traditional answer is always offered by departments as an excuse, “We tried”. Assuming perhaps that a few of the departments have honestly worked trying to recruit Blacks, a number of reasons can possibly influence their refusal. First of all, jobs at Black universities offer higher rank and higher pay. Many positions offered at Carolina carry neither rank nor tenure. Naturally, a qualified Black will go where the advantages are greatest. It can be argued, however, that the number of Black faculty has increased here in the past (See Studies, p. 5) Ruby Fuller portrays Baby Girl and Wayne Welch portrays Bambi in “Clara’s Old Man.” The play is one of the many planned activities for the BSM Cultural Festival. Festival Begins by Doris Stith Managing Eidtor The BSM Cultural Committee has finalized its plans for the second annual Black Arts Cultural Festival which will be held April 1st through the 8th. Festivities for this week will include the fam.ous poet Don Lee, Owusu Saudaki, and Mayor Howard Lee. According to cultural chairman, Algenon Marbley, the week is planned to show all facets of the Black culture. This week’s program includes singing, dancing, poetry, speeches, and drama. “It is really a celebration of the past, present, and future,” explained Marbley. “We are trying to depict a cultural survival.” - The theme of the week is also indicative of the purpose of the Nixon Axes Blacks festival. “Message from Africa” was selected to substantiate the cultural link between African people and Blacks in America. All events are free except the ones Friday and Saturday. Most of the events will occur at night so that more people will be able to attend. Perspectively, the week will start Sunday, Aprii 1 with a performance by the Gospel Choir at 2 p.m. and the Opeyo Dancers at 8 p.m. in Memorial Hall, the two groups, who are in their second year of existence, are composed of BSM students at UNC. The Gospel Choir is under the direction of Miss Francine Randolph a sophomore. Miss Randolph, the reigning Miss BSM, is also the pianist for the choir which has given several concerts in the triangle-area. The dance group under the direction of Herman Mixon, a graduate student, has given several performances also. There are approximately 15 students in the group. On April 2, the BSM drama group will perform in the Great Hall of the CaroUna Union along with the “Ebony Expressions” from the Chapel Hill community. The two drama groups will give three one-act plays. The first two plays will be rendered by the “Ebony Expressions”. Mrs. Londa Norfleet, a graduate drama student, is director of the plays. The two plays are “Happy Ending” by Douglas Ward and “The Owl Killer” by Philip Hayes Dean. Miss Karen Dacons is director of the third play which will be given by the BSM drama group. “Clara’s Old Man” by Ed Bullins is the first play ever to be presented by the drama group. Student Aid Shaky by Emma Pullen Associate Editor Richard Milhous Nixon has a new plan that will eliminate Black students from, not only predominately white insitiutions of higher learning, but Black as well. In his budget to Congress, Nixon did not appropriate any money for the Educational Opportunity Grant (FOG) or the National Direct Student Loan, which includes the National Defense Loans. Instead, he increased the amount for Work Study and proposed the Basic Opportunity Grant (BOG) and the Guaranteed Student Loan (GSL) to replace the other two. Unlike the EOG, the BOG is not a poverty-based program and is not designed to increase the number of Blacks in higher education. According to Thomas Lang.ston of the UNC Student Aid Office, the new program is an attempt by the government to do away with all campus-based federal aid. Under the new proposal a student would apply to a designated centralized office, submitting a statement of his parents financial situation. He would be notified of the amount of aid he is eligible to receive and be assigned a serial number. No money will be awarded until the government has proof that the student is actually enrolled in school for that semester. The student would report his number to the Student Aid Office, which would in turn submit a list of numbers to the government office. A check would be mailed directly to the student. The biggest problem concerning the BOG is the amount of aid that the student may receive. First, the government determines how much money the student’s parents can contribute, then it awards a BOG which only covers one half of the remaining expenses, that is, up to one half of the total expenses needed to attend the chosen university. For example, it costs approximately $2100 to attend UNC for one year. Suppose the student’s parents cannot contribute anything toward his education, the BOG would only cover up to $1050. The University must provide the rest. But the catch is that the University will not receive any other federal aid to cover this other half. A predominantly white school like UNC, where only about 30 per cent of its total student population is on any type of financial aid and which is also supported by its rich alumni, will not be as greatly affected as a Black university. Up to 90 per cent of most Black university students depend on financial aid. Their source of private funds is almost non existant. (See Aid, p. 4) Tuesday’s entertainment will feature the band from “Project Breakthrough” in Durham. The group consists of three band members; “Funk Train”, and four singers, “Four Fellows”. They will perform in Hamilton Hall at 8 p.m. Bob Spencer is director of the group. He is also director of the project. Don Lee will be speaking on Wednesday in Memorial Hall at 8 p.m. Lee is a contemporary poet who has written several poetry anthologies. “We Walk the Way of the New World” is one of his most recent. A discussion is planned for 8 p.m. Thursday in Memorial Hall. Guest speakers will be Owusu Saudaki and Mayor Howard Lee. The two men will speak on the “Role of Education in the Cultural Survival of Black People.” This night is significant because these two black spokesmen are enlightening speakers and are well versed in their fields of work. Saudaki is chairman of the Youth Organization for Black Unity. The African Cabaret is scheduled for Friday night, April 6, at ten o’clock in the Great Hall of the Union. Music will be rendered by “Chocolate Buttermilk”, a band from Fayetteville, N.C. African attire has been specified as the dress for that night. However, other respectable attire is acceptable. Admission to Friday’s dance will be SI per person. Tickets can be purchased at the desk in the union during the week of the festival. “The Barkays”, a renowned band will perform in Carmichael Auditorium on Saturday at 8 p.m. The group is popular for their “Son of Shaft” record. They recently appeared in the movie “Watt Stax”. Tickets to their performance will cost $2. They may by purchased at the union desk. A consortium of the Gospel Choir, Opeyo Dancers, drama group, and the Ebony Readers will culminate the week of festivities. It is tentatively scheduled to be held in the Great Hall of the Union.