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THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA
Published weekly by the
University of North Carolina
for its Bureau of Extension.
MAY 26, 1915
CHAPEL HILL, N. C.
VOL. I. NO. 27
Kdiforial Board! E. C. Branson, J. G. deK. Hamilton, L. K. Wilson, Z. V.Jicld. S K. Winters, L. A. Willnnis. se o id-claas matter November 14. WU, at the posto!tti-t-at Chapel Hill.! N. C., under the aot of August W, im.
NORTH CAROLINA CLUB STUDIES
NORTH CAROLINA FIRST
'Elsewhere in this issue will he IduikI
am exhibit of the ecouoiiiic ami suciiil
j.robleins t(i which sUnlents at the Tnii-
'versity .have been trivinii thein.selves dur-
:iur the year jiiat closing.
They are Nortli Carolina indhleuis oi
^jiressing iin|iortaiK-e and lai->re .^iMrniti-
cance. They call for coiu|)leU‘ luastei-y
;aui vi'ise stihitiou, if North C'aroliua is tf>
jtiove into the fli-st rank in half a huu-
lre(.l iKirtieuUus of cotuuinnwealth Icader-
Tliese subjei'ts are not in the least fan
tastic aul bizarre. They make little ap
peal to romantic sentiment. They lie-
mand and have n'Ceivetl the toil of [iro-
ilonged, painstaking drudfiery.
Southern students have not hitherto
been credited with tlu‘ will to undertake j
patient assault upf>u homespun studies of'
this sort. If has l)een repeatelly said j
that we are a race of stump sjieakers, not |
students; oratore and politicians, not ■
ecoiioniisbi or social scientists. j
As a rnatter of fact, the South is tardl-
■]y beginiiiiig t|ie study of her econonuc
And social problems. North Carolina is
wll to the fore in this new field of work.
Training for Citizenship '17
To ascertain in some definite, accurate
sort the economic and social status of a
■state is a great undertiiking; but it is |
work that must be di'ue in i>atieat i
■lirudtreries throughout loni; years, if, T-9-
.town councils, boards of county couunis- j
.sioiiers, and state legislatures are to act,
sanely, safely, and wisely in matterattect-
ing community or comuuinwealth wel
Any subjects whatsoever upon whicli
in doinocrjilic coiiiiii.u-
nitk'H ure called upon to Ici'islate are
proper subjects for scholarly investigation
in our schools and colleg:es. \\ hat better
prei>aration can there be for etiicient
citizenship aud social seryiee? Send for
the University Extension i^ulletin Xo. 9,
^showing the sweep, range, and variety-ot
-tiiese Honte-State SUulies.
Year’s WorK at the University
During the year just closing, seventy
odd North Carolina problems have re-|
(■rived the patient attention of workers
in the laboratorit's of l’nr:d Kc^onomics |
::ind Sociology. The work has been done
by students in this department, and by j
Tii-Mnbers of the Coimty C’lnbs and the
•Vorth (!arolina Club. i
Eleven of these studies have appeared |
'in the Conmmnity Service W'eek Bulle-
;tin for 1914; aud fourteen, iu various is
sues of the Tniversity Nows better since
^November 18, 1914. Others have failed
to K^ach the general public iu North Car
olina, because the University lacks funds
with which to pay for i>rinter's ink,
paper, pre.-^s work, and postage. \\ e are
hoi)iug that it will not always be so.
Forward and Rearward Coun
These studies enable the people of a
county to know whether or not they are
moving forward, marking time, or drop
ping to the rear in some seveiity impor
tant particulars. Each county is com
pared with'itself over a ten years period.
It is al.so compared with every other coun
ty in the State, and given its proper rank.
Where iloes your county stand'.’ In
M'hat direction is it moving? Where does
it lag? AVhat is the way out?
These are problems that the University
Is concentrating upon, in training her
students for eiliclcnt service to the home-
■county and Mother-State.
Vears of ,\ge. 1910 Census.
Harris, liimcomhe ('ouuty.
l’uu]>erism, In-Door aud (»ut-l'i'or.
I>. (t. Royal. Wayne (Vumty.
Teneral Death Itatesof Citirs. 5.000
Inhabitants and ()ver. I’hil llran-
son. )range ('ounty.
Infant Deatii liutes, Under 5 Vears
if Age. iu (lities of a 1,000 or more
luluihitauts. E. II. Deaton. Ire
Tuberculosis Death Kates, by Uaccs.
iu Citi‘s with 5.000 i>r nuire luhabi-
lants. E. P>. ISordeu. Wayne
Typhoid Death" Hates, by Haees. in
Cities with -T.OOO or more Inhabi-
taiUs, II. C. Ciourad, Eorsyth
Occupational Death liatios. lor the
Sexes, in the I legist ratioii .\rea. '(TT
H. Cooper. I!owan Comity.
Rural Health aud Siinilatiou. \'.
W. Mciee, Buncombe C!ouiity.
Wagi'-Earning \Wnuen. l’>y lirtces.
J. Til. Huske, Cumlierland Comity.
Child Labor. -I. II. Jones. Craven
Cotton Mill bailor. Harry ^liller.
Mariiatres in 1914. K. 11. Bailey.
Church ^lembership Ratios, 1906
(!ensus. For Connunuity Service
\\'eek Ilulletin. 1914.
('hiirch Mei|>bershi[i l^tios in Ten-
ness. 1906 Census. - Miss V'.rnestine
Non-Chuivh Members, 10 \ears
Old and I )lder. 1906 Census. Rev.
Church ;ind Sunday Sclioiil Survey,
Forsyth (\iunty. J. T. Day, For
Jmiri'vel i’uiiiic iliglniays. 1913.
' W. .1. Ihird.csty. Curtaret County,
AN INSTRUMENT OF
President E. K. Graham
The State I'uiversily is the iustru-
meut of deinociacy for rcali/.iug all of
the high and healthful aspiration" of
C.U'eatiug and ]>ro-created by th('
stTUe, it has im immediate |iart, how
ever, in a specific social progranuue,
Itsscrvice is deeper and mf>re [)er-
yasive. It sees its problem as )>osi-
tive, not negative: as one of funda
mental health, not of superticial
ilisease. It looks i.n the state as a
prtiducer: ni't as a policeman.
It is not Ml much concerned with
doing a certain set of things, as infus
ing the way of doing all things with a
certain ideal. Not by spasmodic re
form, not by sentiment, ii'ir by the
expiations of philanthropy; 4>ut by
understanding, criticism, research,
and a|iplied knowledge it would re-
vi'al the unity of the channels throuuh
which"life Hows, and minister to the
puritii-.'itiou of its ciirrents.
It woulil conceive the (iresent state
aud all of its (iractical problems as
the Held of its service, hut it would
free the term service from the nar
rowing cnnstrnetiou of inunediat(‘
The whole function of education is
to make straight and clear the way
for the liberatiiin of the s|iirit of men
from th»“ tyraiuiy of place and time,
not by running away from the world,
but by mastering it.
LETTER SERIES NO
CAROLINA SOCIAL RESEARCH
STUDIES AT THE UNIVER
Illitf^racy AmongNative-born Whites.
For Community Service Week Bulle
Tlliterate Native White V'oters. S.
H. De\'ault, Tennessee.
Cotton Mill Operative Illiteracy. G,
H. Cooper, Rowan County.
Public School Tax Rates. For Coui-
uuinity Service AVeek Bulletin, 1914.
\\'hite School Attendance, 6 to 14
Vears Age, 1910 Censns. B. B.
Holder, Montgomery t;ounty.
Negro School Attendance, 6 to 14
CAROLINA RESEARCH STUD
IES IN ECONOMICS AT THE
Per Capita C’ountry Wealth, 1910
Clensus. For (lonnuuuity Service
W'eek Bulletin, 1914.
Farm I’roperty, 1910 C'ensns, O. L.
Lambert. Guilford County.
Negro 'la.xabie AVealtli. 1914, and
Ten Vear Increasi's. F'.. F, Conrad.
Negro Farm Ownership, Increases
and Decri'ases 1900 aud 1910 Cen-
su.^ies. .1. T. Day, Eorsyth County.
Farm Land Assessments, 1^*10. I'.,
S. P.ooth. Durham County.
Sources (»f State Tax Kevt'nues in
the U. S., 1913-03. S. H. DeVault,
Jn.come Taxes,’'l914. E. S. Booth,
The B. Tax Schedule Receipts, 1914.
A. N. Anderson, AVake County.
The C. Tax Schedule Receipts, 1914,
C. F. Benbow, Guilford County.
The Professional Tax Receipts, 1914,
F. 0. Clarkson, Mecklenburg Coun
The County Tax Rate* H. C. Con
rad, I'orsyth County.
Farm IMortgage Indebtedue.ss. .1,
F. llackler, Alleghany County.
Rural Population Densities: Ten
Year. Increase.s or Losses. J. 0.
Dysart, Caldwell Coimty.
Population Increases or Decreases,
1900 ami 1910 Census. (t. F:. Fkig-
erton, Wayne County.
Negro Poinilation Ratios: Ten
Year Increases or Decreases. F'>. D.
Eiigerton, Wayne County.
Farm Tenancy with Ten Year In
creases or Decreases, 1910 Census.
For Community Service Bulletin,
Farm Tenancy in Texas, 1910 CeJi-
sus. J. N. Hall, Texas.
Share Tenaircy, 1910 Census. O.
L. Goforth, Durham County.
Unimproved Areas, 1910 Census. L.
McNeil, Orange County.
Per-Acre Investment in Farm Im
plements, 1910 Census. H. P.
Foust, Guilford County.
Cultivated Acres per Work-Animal.
1910 Census. W. L. Goldston,
Non-F(X)d Crops: Per cents of to
tal, 1910 Census. G. A. Mebanc;
23. Per-Acre Crop Vii'lds, 1910 Census.
For Comnumity' Service W'eek Bul
21. Per ('apita F'ood Production, 1910
Census. For Community Service
W('ck Bulletin, 1914.
25. Imported Food and Feed in North
Carolina, 191H tV'nsr.s. (i, \V. Brad
shaw, Handolph County.
The Three Ty|iical Farm System.s in
North (’arolina. G. W. Bradshaw,
Imi'orted Food and Feed in Tennes-
,see, 1910 (Vnsus, S. H, DeVanlt,
Food .'Uid Feed Production in the
I'.ast Tc-xas Cotton I’elt, 1910 C\‘nsus.
MINIMUM EQUIPMENT FOR
Cost of iMinipmeiU, ^ilO.Oo
(Suggested by the State H(^partment of
I'^dlication of Oklahoma I.
6 .\ri!and lamp cliiuini^ys
6 Wide month bottk's
6 Fruit jars, glass, ipiarts
6 Fruit jars, glass, pints
6 'I'in cans, quarts
6 Tin cans, quarts, perforated bottoms
1 ( terminating box
1 (Mass grailuate. 1 ounce
2 Books blue lirmus paper
2 liooks red litmus paper
6 'I'e.st tul>es
1 Test tube sU|iport
1 (ilass funni-l. 5 inch
1 .-Alcohol lani|i, W'ood .\lcohol
1 Budding and pro|iagating knife
1 Pound grafting wa.x
1 Gla-^s cutt^'r
1 (’an o| ener
1 (iood hatchet
1 Claw hammer
1 Hand saw
1 Pounl Hydrochloric acid and b(>ttle
1 Pound marble chips
1 I’ound gramdated ziiic
1 Pound annnonia
1 poimds cuf>e sugar
This is siiHicient for tiie ordinary class
iu the rural schools. As the size of the'
classes increases it will he necessary to
increase the amount of ei|ttii’ment to
meet the need-i of the class.
It is understood that farmiuu' tools are
Writ(' to the State Dei'artmeut at Ral
eigh and get fhe standard e(|uii)uient as
required, both for A'iricniture and Do
MINIMUM EQUIPMENT FOR
Cost, $25, to ^45. Variation due to
kind of tables used.
( Suggested by the State DepatlineuI of
Education iu Oklalionui).
V. M. Me
Per (-.i|iita Corn Yields, aud Total
Delii’its in North Caroli:ia, 1910
t^eusns. (!. M. iloore, Tc.as.
Pi r Capita ^\’heat Yields, and Total
I), licits. 1910 Census. ,\. C. Shu-
foixl, Bunco!iil)e ('onnly.
The 1914 ('otlr>n Crop, with Five
Year Increases or Decrc-ases. W.
R. Parker, Wayne ('ounty.
Tobacco PnTrluction. 1910 (Vnsus.
,T. \'. Whitfield. Pender County.
Peanut Production, 1910 Census. .1.
V. AVhitlield, Pender (\>unty.
Cattle Per 1,0'I0 .\ci'es, 1910 Ct'usus.
.1. M. Daniel, Davidson (louiity.
Swine Per i,060 ,\cre,s, 1910 (Census.
,1. i'l. Daniel. Daviilson Couutv.
Cattle Increases or Decrea.ses. 1900
1910 Censns. D, K. '■'agle, Iredell
Swine Increases or Decreases, 1900
1910 Ceustts. I), Iv Eagle, Iredell
Sheep Increases or Decn'a.ses, 1900-
1910 Census. D. E. F',arU>, Iredell
Pork Production in .N'orth Carolina,
1910 Census. C. L. .h.hnsim, Ten
Beef Production in North Carolina.
1910 C'ensns. -I. A, Ki-nt, Caldwell
Per- Farm Kxiienditures for Farm
Feed, 1910 0nsus. R. C. Vaughn,
Basis of six in the class.
1 Tuo-buruer oil stove
1 Five-gallon oil can
1 Dish pan
1 (i rater
1 Wire potato masher
1 Can opener
1 Steel skillet
1 Fo(.id chopper
1 Butcher knife
1 Do\'er egg beater
1 Cofl'ee pot
2 Snurll pitchers
1 Wire toasttn-
2 iJread pans about 9x4x3
Each t»o pupils will require in addition
1 Wire egg vvliip
2 Piated knives
2 Plated forks
2 Piated teaspoons
2 Plated taiilespoons
2 IMeasuring cups }-u pint
1 Vegetable brush
1 Scrub brush
2 Pie tins 5 inch
2 (iranite or (^hina plates
1 Cake tin, deep layer
1 ('hina bowl,! pint
2 (Uiina cereal dishes
2 ('hina cups
1 Pint double-boiier
2 Sauce pans
2 Granite mixing [>an»+-i»2*inch
1 Bread pan
Serving dishes to be borrowed from
homes for occasional use.
A table for six students, containing
drawers for holding utensils, breavl
boitrds; costs aliout ^;20. lu place of
tables, place boards across the desks and
ctiver with oil i-loth or linoleum. Make
a cupboard of [);H-king boxes or orange
crates, cover shelves n ith oil cloth and
conceal crudity with a tidy curtain shir
red at top and bottom on a wire. This
will reduce the total cost of this equiii-
ment to about ^-25.
The Crop-Lien in Ti'nue.sscc.
lOrnestini^ Noa, Ti-nuessei-.
F’orsyth Coimty: F'conomic itnd
SiH-i:\l. ,r, T. Day, Forsyth County.
Orange (V)unty Surveys: (1) Farm
Monies, Orange County Club, aiiled
ed by Federal OHi(-e of Markets aud
Rural Organioation. (2) Sanitation
Survey, by the U S, I’ublic Health
Service, and the State 1 leaItli Board
(3) the School, (.’hnri-h, anil Sun
day School Surveys, by th
County School .\nthnrilies, the !Min-
isti-rs and Community Clubs, (4) the
Soil Survey, by the N. C. F’.xperi-
8:30 P. M. Annual Debate between
Representatives of the Dialectic and Phi
lanthropic Literary Societies.
10:00 P. M. Ri'ception in the Gymna
sium by the Presiiient and Faculty.
Wednesday, June 2
10:45 A, M. .Acailemic procession
forms in front of Alumni Building.
11:00 A. ISI. Commencement Exercises
in Memorial Hall. Conimencc-ment Ad
dress, .fiiMiK A. .Mitchei.i, P.m.mer.
.-■inuouncements, Degn^es (JonlVrred.
Sunday, May 30
lt:Q0 A. .M. BaccaUiiireale Si'riuon,
Rt. Ri;v. ,1. H. .MeCov.
8:011 P. M. Sirmon before Young
.Men's Christian .Vs.-ociatioii.
Monday, May 31
9:30 A.M. Seniors form in front of
^Memorial Hall and march to Chapel for
10:30’A. M. Senior Ola:
s Day Exer-
.Meml>ers of the graduating class in con
test for the .Manguin Medal.
5:30 P. M. Closin:; I-^xercises of the
7:30 P.M. Annual .loint Banquet of
the Dialectic and Philanthro|iic Literary
9;30 1*. -M. Amuversary i\Ieetin,tr of
A SCHOOL PRIZE CUP
■V public spirited citi/.eii of tihapel Hilt,
oH'ers a beautiful silver cui> to the coim-
try .school iu Grange that shows the
greatest impro\ement in grounds, build
ing ami equipments next year. It is to
belong permanently to the school that
wins it three years in succesaion.
It is a generous, handsome contribu
tion to community life and spirit in
It calls for the beautilicatiou of school
grounds with shade trees, shrubbery,
viiie^s, lawns and flowers; for paint in
side and out; for curtains, shades, and
window plants; for well kept modern
furniture, teaching equipment and appa
ratus; a(-hool libraiies, sanitary out
houses. sanitary drinking water conven
iences, and so on and on.
\Miat school will win the .silver cup
Per Acre Expemlituivs for I'Vrtili- Societie-
zers, 1910 Census. R, C. N’aughn,
The Local Market Problem in Wake
County. Messrs. .V. B, Harper, H.
F:. Wood, A. V. Anderson, .1. Ix,
Holloway, Wake County Club.
The Local Market Problem in iMeck-
lenburg County. Messrs'. F. B. Mc
Call, F. 0. Clarkson, Paul McKaue,
Mecklenburg County Club.
The Local Market Problem iu Wayne
Comity. -I. I'. Shrago. Wayne
Food Production and AVealth Re
tention. F. R. Yoder, CJatawha
Tuesday, J une 1.—Alumni
• 10:00 .-V. .M .Alumni Address
W. Connor. ’99
10:00 Class lieuiiion Exerei.ses, (,'lass
of 1890; CUtss of 1895;
Class of 1910; Class of
of 1865; Clas:
Ulas^ of 1905;
12:30 P. M.
ence. Topic: ‘
Informal .Vlnmn.i (;onfer-
What the Ahuiiui ('au Do
to Help on the Work of the I iiiversity.”
1:30 P. M. Alumni Luncheon. (Tick
ets from E. R. Rankin, Sec'y. Ladies
,S:00 P. M. Annual Meeting Board of
Trustees iu Chemistry Hall.
University of North Carolina
The Summer School for
Teachers—June 15~July 30
tkiurses planneil for Primary, (xrain-
mar (irade, aud High SchooKs Teachers,
Principals, and Superintendents.
Professional aud cultural courses lead
ing to the A. B. and .\. IM. Degrees.
'I'ot-al expenses for six weeks—includ
ing registratioti fees, room rent, and
tat>le board—need not excei'd J30.
Fdr Bulletin giving complete detailed
information, write to
N. W. WALKER,
Director oi the Summer School
Chapel Hill, N. C.