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the university of north CAROLINA
Published weekly by the
University of North Carolina
for its Bureau of Extension.
JUNE 2, 1915
CHAPEL HILL, N. C.
VOL. I, NO. 28
ial Board, E. 0. Branson, ,T. G. deR. Hamilton. L. R. Wilson, Z. V. Judd, S, R. Winters, L. A. Williams. Entered as ... oad-cla^. matter N„ve,nb,.r U. I!U4, at the po.toffl„. at Uhapai; Hil,,| N. C.. und.,r the act of August ^4,19ia.
NORTH CAROLINA CLUB NOTES
GETTING BEHIND THE SUR-
At the re)uost of the town avithorities
■iUiil the Bettenncnt Assoeiatioii of Hills-
T)orr, 1‘very home in Hillsboro ami West
Hillsboro hus been visited, inspected and
counseled by the oflirers of the Ihiited
States I’liblie Ht'alth Service who are nou
making llu^ sanitation survey of Oransre
Jn the first 90 lioinc's in one township
^f the co'tuity, the health otlicers found
]iistories of 56 cas(>s of typhoid fever.
f)ran>e proposes t«.i abolish typhoid
fever in tlu‘ coiuity, an'd along with it
many other preventable diseases. Tt can
be iliiue with intelligi'nce, attention, aiil
In the church at Ceiiar Grove in Or
ange county the other day Dr. F. E, Har
rington of the U.S. I’ublic flealth Servict*
spoke to a house full of people on Tyjilioid
Dr. L. II. \\'elib, of rhapel Hill, dis-
-Ctissed Connnunity Welfare.
Mr, K. Branson of the University
Faculty spoke upon The Place of the
Chufcii in Ooninuinity Life.
5Irs. Jane S. iMcKiuunon told about
tiietiirls’ ('aiinins; (’lulis, Mrs. iS'.
Hiitt, about Woman’s Part in Conununity
Buildiu", and Miss IMary Bobbitt, about
The Care of the Teeth.
Here is a country church busily con-
•seriied with conimunity welfare and well-
bein>r, in ways that are. unusual in the
South; but in ways that are altogether
titting and proper.
In the nearl>y school house and on the
scliool grounds occurred the Baby Show,
the potato and the bag race, the cake and
biscuit baking contest, and the basket
Other coniniuiiities in Orange are plan
ning similar occasions.
articles dealinir with local and town and
He has pointed out that while North
(Jarolina has 100. counties, histories in
book form have been wiitten of (jnly
thirteen ofthem. Illinois, although not
admitted to the Union until 1818, can
boast printed histories of every single one
of her one hundred and two counties.
Help Your Home County
if you want to help your county and
yipur State, send to Dr. Henderson at
Chapel Hill a full list of books, pam-
phjets and newspaper articles known to
you, dealing with local history in your
county—and whenever possible, send the
publications themselves. If you are the
eilitor of a local paper, publish this item
in your papiT. Help your home counly.
HELPING THE FARMWIVES
Thirty-three states in the North and
■West are this year spending 42 i)er cent
of the Smith-Lever fund for direct work
with the farm women in behalf of their
homes and children.
The work is directed toward (1) in-
■creasing the net income of the farm,
homes in order to ei|uip them witli more
labor saving devices, con^eniencies, com
forts, and luxuries, and (2) teaching and
demonstrating farm-home efficiencies,
and (3) planning for leisure and develop
The details of the uses of the Smith-
Lever fund in the Southern States have
not yet gone to the })ublic in definite de
Organized conmnmities—town.*^, coun
ties, states, and nations—levy taxe.s (1)
in order to exist (2) in order to protect
life, liberty aiid property and (3) in
order to do for society whatever can be
done collectively better than by individ
ual. private enterprise and expense.
This last purjiose concerns the deaf,
the blind, the insane, the war veteran,
public health and sanitation, public high
ways, public education, imblic libraries
and other similar matters.
AVherever the tax burden rest equably
and fairly ujion properties, businesses and
persons according to their several ability
ti) bi'ar it, and tax revenues are honestly
and wisely expended upon the proper
purposes of taxation, the vast majority
of people pay taxes willingly.
The tax dodger is everywhere the fly
in the ointment.
All tax reforms have him in mind.
He kee[)s taxes low, but also he keeps
North Cai'olina poor in the resources
necessary for public improvement and
progress; too poor to invest properly in
the public care of her attUcted children
and her worthy veterans, in jntblic high
ways, public health, and- public schools.
The Orange t!ounty School Board oflers
to pay half the cost of sanitary out-hous-
not to exceed |10, in the various
achool districts. They are to be in charge
of health committees in each school.
The hope is that the private homes of the
county will f^>llow the example set by the
If similar connnittees in the 65 country
'tihurches of Orange would attack the
problem of public sanitation in exactly
the same way, the etl'ect upon the general
j)ublic would be greatley increased.
Why not? The church can atlbrd to be
concerned about health and disease. The
THE COUNTY HISTORY
The other day, there appeared in five
representative State papers, liamely the
■Charlotte Observer, News and Observer,
.Asheville Citizen, Greensboro Daily
News, and \\"ilmington Star, an article
by Archibald Henderson describing fully
the progress already made in North Car-
•olina in the writing of local and county
histories, and pointing out the vital need
of inspiring the historical writers in each
comity to undertake the work of writing
.the county history.
A State-wide Appeal
He now' appeals for assistance in this
•campaigu he is making, in the way of
■complete information from all parts of
-the State as to the books, pamphlets and
THE BIGGEST THING IN THE
That county survey now l.>eing carried
on in Orange county by the Federal Gov
ernment in connection with the State
Board of Health and the county health
authorities is the biggest thing in the
State today, says Dr. George M. Cooper,
chief of the Bureau of Eural Sanitation of
the State Bureau of Health.
‘ ‘Before any county can clean up and
improve its health conditions, a fair esti
mate of the exact nature of those condi
tions must be had. The scheme has been
tried elsewhere with success. And I be
lieve that this combination of the State
health forces, the Federal health depart
ment and the county health officers is
the bc^st means of attaining the end.
“It is just the beginning of a sweeping
movement for health reform in the
comities of the State. AVliat is more, I
do not believe that I am stretching the es
timate to say that in the next ten years,
the entire South will come to this step.
This county method will be used univer
sally in the South and every county in
the Southern States will have been sur
veyed in the same way.”
“And that,” he added, “is the only
way.”—News and Observer.
OF A NEW PASSION
President E. K. Graham
The University w.mld hold to the
truth Ilf practical eilucation that no
knowli'dye is worth while that is not
rrlaU’d to the ])r('sent lit'eof'man; it
wfiuld irject its error that only kudwl-
edge of nearby things has such a rela
It would hold to the truth of classi
cal education ( 1 (|Uote) tiuit “things
high aiul far away often bestow best
ccuitrol over things that are detailed
and ni'ar,” and teject its error of con
cluding that because certain things
are high and distant they must possess
It would emphasize the- fact that re
search and classical culture rightly iu-
tert>reted are as ciimpletc'ly service as
any vocational .sei vice; but would cun-
sider their sei'\ ic^‘s too iirecious to be
conlined in cloisters and sulliciently
robust to inhabit the walks of men.
The whole vahie of Uni\ersity ex-
ti'iision de]ienils upon the validity of
the [lurity and power of the sjiirit of
the truth from whicfj it is ileriwl.
Extension, it would inter[>ret, not as
thinly stretching oiit its resources to
the State boundaries for purposes of
protecti\e popularity, nor as carrying
down to those without the ca.stle gate
broken bits of learning; but as the
radiating power of a new pa.ssion, car-
ryhig in natural circnlatiini the unitted
culture of the race to all parts of the
body pohtic. It would iiiterpret its
service, not as sacrifice; but as life,
the nortiial functioning of life as fruit-
ftil and fundamental as the relation
between the vine and the branches.
University of North Carolina
The Summer School for
Teachers—June 15—July 30
The jjrospects are that the Summer
School will bring to Chapel Hill the larg-
gest gathering of school workers ever as
sembled in the State for summer study.
County and city superintendents, high
school principals and teachers, primary
and grammar grade teachers will all find
special courses to meet their neecls. Re
quests for announcement and applications
for reservations are pouring in every day.
For complete announcement write to
N. W. WALKER,
Director of the Summer School
Chapel Hill, N. C.
UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF EDUCATION
LETTER SERIES NO. 30
OPPORTUNITIES FOR GRADU
ATE" WORK IN THE^SUMr
There is in the State of North Canjiina
a growing body of teachers w ho alreadj’
hold Bachelors' degrees from colleges or
universities, I'lut who are not satisfied to
stop with this. ,Mon' and more, those
who hold ]iositions of n's]>^insibility in our
school systems are be;inning to fe('l that,
to keej) fresh and progre.ssive they nnist
do advanced work, .secure if possible an
For most of these ambitious teachers,
summer work oflers the best oiiportimity.
The University is tiyiug to bc‘of ser
vice to just this kind of teacher. It
gives, in its Suuim-r School, courses
which are credit'd toward both the
Bachelor’s and ^[aster’s ilegree.
Courses of graduate grade, counting
toward the tifteen hours reipiired for the
Master’s di‘nre(', it otters this summer as
follows:—English, two courses; History,
five courses; Latin, three courses; Ger
man, two courses; Library Science, one
■our.se; Uural Iv-onomics and Sociology,
Each of the.se courses, when ,satisfacti-
rily completed, counts one hour toward
the tifti'en re(piired.. Not more than four
credit courses may be taken in any one
I summer. It is thus possible to secure the
j ^Master’s degree in four smnmers iirovided
j all work is satisfactorily coniplet(>d and
I an acceptable thesis is writh'U in the de-
|iartment of major work.
Tlic‘ re(juirements for registration for
the JMaster’s degree in the Summer School
are exactly the same as for the regular
session. ,\n application niad(! to Dr. (\
L. Paper, Dean of the (iraduate School,
giving applicaJit’s educational record,
will n'ceive prompt consideration. Work
done for the IMaster’s degree atxither in
stitutions will not ordinarily be creditel
by the Ufiiversity for its owi] advanced
Further details as tir the reiiuirements
for the ^Master’s degree can be had in the
It is of cour.se extremely important that,
all applicants for graduate work should
be iiresent at the opening of the Summer
School. Xo registrations for courses nf
coUege credit ^^•ill be allowed after thelirst
lull W('ek of work has begun. Candidates
must make a grade of eighty fir better on
all coiu^ses credited toward the Master’s
NON-CHURCH MEMBERSHIP IN NORTH CAROLINA
PE\'. WALTEK P.VTTI'LV,
Ihiiversity of North Carolina
Rank of Counties, Per cent, and Number of Peojile over Ten Years of Age
'Were not Church Members in 1906.
State Average 41 per cent. Total \on-Church Members 665,572
OUTSIDE THE CHURCH IN
Church membership in North Carolina
in 1906, the date of the latest Census re
port, was 40 per cent of our population,
and our rank among the states of the
Union was 17tli. That is to say, three-
fifths of our total pojiulation were not on
our church rolls, and 16 states made a
better showing than North Carolina.
This showing by comities was published
in the Conmmnity Service Week Bulletin
Rev. Walter Patten, ]>astor of the
Chapel Hill iNIethodist Church and stu
dent of Sociology in the University, has
revised this exhibit and gives further de
tails. The figures are based on the 1906
Census of Religious Bodies and the popu
lation of the counties, ten years of
age and over, in 1906.
Bertie Mahes the Best Showing
Non-cluu'ch membership, of people ten
years old and older, ranges from 4 per
cent in Bertie to 77 per cent in Edge
combe county. The showing for Bertie,
Hertford, Northampton, Gates and Cho
wan, in the Albemarle region, is most re
markable, less than a fifth of the popu
lation of these counties behig outside the
church. The counties making the best
showing have large per cents of negro
But in 27 counties of the State, a full
half or more of the i>eople of responsible
age are outside the church; in 15 of these
counties, three-fifths or more; in three of
these counties, seven-tenths or more of
the people are outside the church.
The Poorest Showing
The counties with the highest per cents
of non-church membership form three
groups: (1) Martin, Edgecombe, Nash,
AVilson, and Johnston in the east-center;
(2) Rockingham, Stokes, Surry, Alle
ghany, and Ashe along the-north-west
border; and (3) Haywood, Jackson,
Swain, and Graham in the south-west
corner. Onslow is isolated.
The Home Mission Field
All told 665,500 people of responsible
age in North Carolina in 1906 were out
side the church. At that time, l;081 \
churches in North Carolina had no Sun-1
day schools, and 222,300 children of
school age, or nearly one-third of them
all, w'ere outside the Sunday schools of the
With nearly two-thirds of the total
population of the United States and thi-ee-
tifths of the people of North Carolina
outside the church, and a third of our
children outside the Sunday school, there
is abundant work for every church to do
at home over against every church door.
. ' 17
]\Iembers of the Faculty of the Univer
sity of North Carolina have recently de
livered commencement addresses, as fol
0. L. Raper, Monroe, ]\Iay20; Win
ston-Salem, May 28.
E. C. Bran.son, Sanford, May IS; Bon-
lee. May 19; Oriental, May 28.
M. H. Stacy, Raleigh, May 28.
Zebulon Judd, Ahoskie, May IS; Car
thage, May 21; Scotland Neck, May 26.
L. A. Williams, Pikeville, May 18;
Hertforil, ^lay 25.
□ I\I. C. S. Noble, Rock Ridge, May 21.
School House Bonds
On May 18th the voters of Chapel Hill
passed a decided verdict in fa\'or of issu-
tng $35,000 worth of bonds for the erec
tion of a new school building.
The purpo.se of the school authorities in
this University town is to construct at
once a building'convenient, sanitary, hy
gienic, sufficient and beautiful.
Another milestone is thus passed in the
march of educational progress.