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the university of north CAROLINA
CHAPEL HHX, N. C.
Published weekly by the
University of North Carolina
for its Bureau of Elxtension.
VOL. n, NO. 16
Bdl.0,11 Board. K. O. Brm«on..}. (J. deB. Hamilton, L. E. WiLsou. L. A. WUUams.B. H. Thornton. «. M.
McKle. E it^rert as «»i.d-ol58s matter NoTember U, 1914, at the postoffllw. at Ohapel HU), N.O., ander the act of Anjfnat 84,1918.
NORTH CAROLINA CLUB STUDIES
The interest of our alumni in The Uni
versity News Letter is encouraging. Re
cently two checks swelled our little pub
lishing hind; one for $10 from Burling-
^jton, tlie other for $25 from Winston-
The requests for the paper conve faster
'still—57 in one mail last week, from al-
fliost as many counties.
We sometimes wonder what The Uni-
versity News Letter could do with a per
manent five thousand dollar income de
voted to a study of North Carolina prob-
;lems. Is it an inv'estment worth tlie con
sideration of our a,lumni?
mittee will also schedule in some of the
divisions a basketball tournament for the
girls. The usual prizei for the winners of
the several contests will be awarded.
In view of the fact that great stimulus
and uplift are received from these inter-
scholastic contests, it is urged that every
high school entitled ti do «p wiii partici
pate in them, ~
All experience proves that one-crop
farming is unsafe, both from the stand
point of prosperity and from the stand-
■■ point of banking cn^it. The passing
year forcibly demon.strated in the South |
that a system of farming which makes the
raising of sufficient food and feed the first
Concern, is safe farming.
We invite the producers to eo-oi>erate
with us in making safe farming the basis
of safe banking credit. VVe urge bank-!
■ers and fanners to consider the plan re- j
■commended by the department of agri- j
■culture for using a farmers' rate sheet |
showing his assets and productive meth
ods similar to the rate sheets and state
ments furnished by merchants, so that
“T>:>*afe farming may receive financial ac-
i^jcomniodations at rates and terms as fav
orable as those furnished to commerce
an(J. industry.—The Cotton States Bank
ers Conference, New Orleans.
HOW THEY DO IT IN PANAMA
One of the sanitary regulations of the
Canal Zone requires a physical examina
tion of ail employees of hotels and res
taurants, in order to eliminate commimi-
cftbte di“eaaea which might menace the
liealth of patrons. These examinations
which ar« very thorough play an import
ant part in maintaining the remarkable
health conditifms that have been attained
on the Isthmus.
Extension lectures are being delivered
at regular intervals in various sections of
the State by members of the T'niversity
faculty. A list of appointments recently
filled or to be filled in the near future fol
M. C. S. Noble, Hoke County Teach-
3, Raeford, March 3rd.
J. Q. Beard, “Patent Medicines: Their
^IJses and Abuses.” Yancey Collegiate In-
Btitute, Burnsville, March 18th.
P. H. Daggett, “The F.lectrical Age,”
ienderson, March 23rd.
L. A. Williams, Commencement Ad-
iress, Rose Hill, March 31st; Commence-
aent Address, Sampson County Schools,
H. W. Chase, Commencement .\ddress,
|Pilot .Mountain, April 20th.
Highly gratifying reports from all sec
tions of the State are coming to the Ex-
insion office.s of the State University
lonceriiing prospects for the debates of
|*he High School Debating Union.
i The triangular debates of the Union
twill all be held March 31st, and the final
ontest for the Ay cock Memorial Cup will
e held at Ohapel Hill April 14th. The
number of schools enrolled in the Union
has exceeded 300, and the number of de
baters to spefik on March 31st will be
more than 1200. The query is: Resolved,
That the United States should adopt the
policy of greatly enlarging its Navy.
HIGH SCHOOL DISTRICT
Arrangements have just been coniplet-
■ed for the five high school district con
tests to be held in April. The tentative
■dates and places of meeting for the live
■divisions are as follows:
Northeastern -Division at Greenville,
Southeastern Division at Fayetteville,
East Central Division at Durham,
West Central Division at Davidson Col
lege, April 6-7.
Western Division at Bryson City, April
The contests to be held again this year
are in Recitation, Declamation, Spelling,
Composition, and Athletics. The ath
letic events are as follows: 1. running
high jump; 2. running broad jump; 3.
shot-put (12 pounds); 4. 100-yard dash;
5. 220-yard dash; 6. relay race 3-8 mile;
7, pole vault. The district executive com-
MORE COTTON IN FIVE
Only dve counties in North Carolina
ginned more cotton up to January 16,
1916 than during the same period the
year before. The increases are as follows,
Davidson 42 bales, Davie 48, Gaston 579,
Greene 1049, and Mecklenburg 2415.
Robeson fell behind 19,336 bales.
If now, these counties like all the rest
in the State and the South, have raised
abundant farm and pantry supplies they
are well ahead of the game. If not they
are tending towanl farm bankruptcy.
VVe shall always be obliged to raise cot
ton and tobacco, and we ought to do it.
But it ought to be more on the same or
smaller areas with lower cost units of pro
duction, and with abundant home-raised
supplies in corn cribs, smokehouses and
Surely we have learned at last that W'e
can not accumulate wealth in our farm
regions, if we send our cotton and tobacco
money beyond our borders for breadstuffs
that we can raise at home. At least the
principle applies to the staple food and
feed supplies that we can raise with ad
vantage at home.
A MAGNIFICENT GIFT
William Hood Dunwoody and his wife
left 15,000,000 in their wills, to provide
free instruction for the boys and girls of
Minneapolis and .Minnesota in the in- ^
dustrial and mechanical arts. j
The demand for vocational education
is strong in the north and west; so strong
that 7,500 pupils ia Minneapolis have
been paying *i33H,OD0 a year out of their
hard earned wages for su.Ii instruction^
in private and senii-publir institutions. ^
Hereafter they can have far better in- ^
struction free of all cost. Free vocational
education went a long way toward mak
ing Germany a great industrial people |
We have hardly begun to consider such ^
education in North Carolina and the ■
South generally. And it is a move for-:
ward that we must make if w^e are to de-,
velopinto a great industrial region. :
It would be fine if some generous soul
would give five million dollars for this pur
pose to the young people of North Caro
A CAPABLE COUNTRY
Rey. Archibald Johnson
If our country churches ever come
to set the proper value upon a capable
ministry, many another problem that
now vexes the souls of the righteous
will be solved. On ^ young people, in
the country churehe.s especially, need a
pastor to whom they can look up and
whom they will be glad to follow. And
there is no telling the worth of such a
man at the pivotal point in these
Social and Religious Centers
The country church should Ijecome
and will become, under the direction
of capable leadership, the social as
well as the religious cent>r of the
neighborhood. The country church
ought to set the standards of honor-
ble, clean living among its members.
It ought to be the Gibraltar against
which the waves of sin will beat in
But this kind of a church cannot be
run on a hundred dollars a year; and
this happy condition cannot be
brought about with a sermon once a
month by a man who lives forty miles
away. It can only be done by a con
secrated man who lives among his peo
ple and who has no time to plow for a
living More and more our country
churches are coming to see the neces
sity of grouping themselves together
and securing the services of a compet
ent, faithful shepherd of tiie sheep.
Resident Country Ministers
The country pastor should not live
in the town but in tlie country. Good
roads, good schools, better sanitary
arrangements and all the modern con
veniences and comforts that are com
ing, make living in the country at
tractive and inviting. A town preacher
is not as well fitted to lead a country
congregation as a country preacher
who is proud to be called a country
man, and who knows that the country
is a better place to rear a family than
We hope we may live to see the day
when our strongest preachers will not
be leading city but country churches.
And when that day comes North Car
olina will be almost a paradise.—
Charity and Children. •
sanitation and safely balanced diets, and
in consequence they are threatened by
devastating scourges of pellagra and ty
The cure for pellagra lies in safe-feeding
and not in patent medicines and quack
THE SCOURGE OF PELLAGRA
AND TYPHOID FEVER
Secretary McAdoo has asked Congress
for a rush appropriation of $100,000 for
special studies of pellagra and typhoid in
the rural regions of our country.
Last year there were 75,000 cases of pel
lagra in the United States and 7,500
deaths from this dread disease, mainly in
the South and in the rural regions. There
were 10,954 case.s and 1,024 deaths in
In North Carolina the deaths number
ed 551. More than half of them, or 298,
were in twelve coimties, as follows :Meck-
lenburg 53, Duplin 42, Wake 36, Wayne
35, Guilford 26, Forsyth 25, Robeson 22,
New Hanover and Cabarrus 14 each,
Vance 11, Rowan and Union 10 each.
Dr. Goldberger, of the Federal Health
Service, shows that pellagra is caused by
an ill-balanced diet—too much fat meat,,
com meal, and molasses, and too little
lean meat, butter, milk, and eggs, pease,
beans, and the like.
The country people, it seems, have not
kept pace with the town communities in
OUR CHILDREN’S HEALTH
Dr. Francis Sage Bradley and Miss
Williams of the Child Welfare Bureau in
Washington City are at present engaged
in a study of rural health conditions and
their effects upon child life in Cumber
Dr. C. A. Bulla has just finished the
work of inspecting the health of children
in the schools of Northampton county
and has been busily engaged in talking
and lecturing with pictures about child
We think too little about the health of
our children. The children are looked
upon as the gift of God and if they die it
is the hand of Providence, and the will
of the Almighty has been fulfilled.
Such an attitude is sacrilege. God is a
loving Father and expects earthly parents
to care for His gifts and.protect them
from the dangers which beset mortal
man. Our present interest in child life
and children’s health is proof that we
are coming to realize more and more how
heavy is our responsibility for the pre
servation of our children’s health.
UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF EDUCATION
LETTER SERIES NO. 65
THE CASE OF WINSTON-
The friends of pratitii^i education in
North Gari)ina have good cause to be
proud of the work that is being done along
prai'tical lines in the scti«mls of the State.
They have a right to be prouder still of
the whole hearted way in which school
boards stand for progress and holdup the
hands of progressive superintendents
A Good Two Years’ Worh
During the last two years the Winston-
Salem sctiool board ha-s enriched its high-
school curriculum by the addition of
courses in Cooking, sewing, manual train
ing, and mechanical drawing. .\nd now
another forward step ha.s just been taken
by the adfiition of a practical course in
printing. Many high schools publish a
magazine or monthly bulletin but none,
so far as we know, have gone so far as
the Win^iton-Salem high 8ch(X>l.
The Winston-Salem News
On the first and fifteenth of each month
of the school year the pupils of tliis high
school will send to the public 2500 copies
of a School paper set up by their own
hands and printed on their own press.
One page will be edited by the school
board, the superintendent, and the prin
cipals of the several city schools. It
serves as a medium of communication be
tween school officials, teachers, patrons,
Two pages will carry original prrxiuc-
tions by the pupils.
One page will be devotefl to publisliing
the results of systematic studies of the
Home-County. Tiiese studies by the way,
follow the outline of Home County Olub-
Studies, publislHHi by the Uniwrsity in
I Bulletin No. 9
j The work of the studejits in txunmunity
•studies, composition, typesetting, proof
reading and press work wilt be valued and
graded just like the work in other studies
done in the classroom.
On the Right Track
The sufjerintendent of thf schools of
Winston-Salem is on the riglit track, and
has behind him a Jive school board, a pro
gressive city, a loyal corps of teachers,
and an enthusiastic student l>o«ly. He is
bound to succeed.
.Tust think of it, 2500 copies of » s hool
paper printed by the students who are
learning a trade while they are learning
their lessons. The cost of the paper is
paid for by business firms of the city in
advertisements and a copy is sent free of
cost to every teacher in the county, to
every city and county superintendent in
the state, and to every college and news
paper in Xorth Carolina.
AHEAD IN AUTOMOBILES
Mr C, C, Miller, a student at the Uni
versity from Watauga county, has been
studying our wealth in automobiles. He
finds that 27 counties in North Carolina
on June 30, 1915 had more money in
vested in motor cars than in public school
property, according to the figures in Sup
erintendent Joyner’s last report. And
the cars are valued at $440, the f. o. b,
price of Ford five passenger machines
The.se counties are in tw'o groups: 1st,
Cumberland, Hoke, S^cotland, and Rich
mond, cotton growing counties in the
south-central part of the state, and 2nd,
a string of counties reaching from Cataw
ba, Gaston, and Mecklenburg northeast
ward through a manufacturing section
into Caswell, anfl from this county east
ward and southeastward, through the
tobacco, cotton, peanut, and pork pro
ducing counties to the tidewater section.
Currituck stands alone in the extreme
RICH IN AUTOMOBILES
presented which adds greatly to the
pleasure of the evening.
Three of the series have been given and
a fourth is to be given in March.
The audiences are large, interest is evi
dent, and the plan seems to be working
well. Here is an excellent example of
the wider use of the school plant.
Pub. School I’rop.
The Women’s Club of Henderson has
planned and carried out a series of lec.
tures delivered by members of the Uni
versity faculty. They are delivered in
the auditorium of the fine public school
In connection with the lecture a pro
gram of vocal and instrumental music is
It is evident that the colored race is
I not intending to be left behind in the
I banishment of illiteracy from North Caro-
The latest word from Mr. N. C. New-
bold is to the effect that in January 43
moonlight schools for the colored race
This is very encouraging and means
much to the race in its struggles up
ward. May the work prosper to the full
of its merit.
and increasing co-operation among the
colored patrons of these schools.
Columbus county reports that a teach
ers’ home has been erected or remodeled
at Mt. Olive, and a kitchen nicely fitted
up for the girls to use for cooking.
Iredell county reports that a patron
has given four acres of land to the school
for the children to work. The proceeds
from the garden will go towards extend
ing the school term. He has promised to
give four more acres if needed.
In Wake county, the supervisor has
taught the children how to make indi
vidual drinking cups from paper.
These are aU valuable hints from the
colored race as to what can be done for
schools when the officials, patrons and
teachers all work together for the com
mon welfare. Somebody has been think
ing, somebody has been acting and the
results have come.
NEGRO SCHOOL PROBLEMS
The Supervisors in the negro rural
schools of the state are reporting progress
Have you ever stopf>ed to think that
with a three or four horse team the lead*
ers seldom pull much of the load?