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CHAPEL HILL, N. C.
VOL. H. NO. 34
Board. B. G. Branson, J. G. d«a. Hamiltou, U R. Wilson, L. A, WUUams, B. H. Thornton, (,. M.
McKie. Entered as secofid'class matter November U, 1914, at the^postoMce at Ohapel flill, N. C-t under the act of August 24,1918.
NORTH CAROLINA CLUB STUDIES
MEARLY 30e MORE
we go to press with this iSvSiie ] ,026 ^
studeuts are registered at the University
Summer School. It is nearly 300 more
than last year. Year by year the Univer
sity Summer School grows in attractive
ness, in range of courses and advantages,
in charm and inspiration.
Ivast week the Fourth of July Pageants,
the Country-Life Institute, and the Con
ference of Rural School Supervisors. This
week the Conference of High School
"reachers. And so on to the end a
series of generous conspiracies for the
welfare of the children and the people of
the country church
Is our country church in peril? Is
there a country church problem in North
CaroUna and the South? What forces
are menacing the well-being of the coun
try church? Where is the country church
flourishing, where marking time, where
dying or dead? What can be done about
These are some of the enquiries that
■pass un.ier consideration in the nevv Um-
versitv Extension Bureau Circular iSo. 1,
^Our Country Church Problem. It will
be mailed out on appUcation.
Aside from the country church surveys
in Gibson county, Tenn., Benton county,
irk , and Orange county, N. C., almost
nothing has been done in direct field
studies to answer any of these questions
in exact, definite ways.
There is no doubt about the existence
•of a country church problem in the^orth
and West, and the church authorities
there are mightily busy with it-forty
rears too late.
If we are wise in tlie South we will be
busy with our country church problem
forty years ahead of time.
The Country-Life Institute under min
isterial leadership, as planned by
conference of ministers
inations at the Universi y on May the
8th, was held July 5-9 ui (.errard Hall on
the University campus.
It was a great program; no better
any time, anywhere in America!
This Institute at the University was
simply intended to be an illustration o
what any country community can do,
and to stimulate the bolding o suclu In
itntes all over North Carolina undei
ilocal, home-bred 'eaiership. The Coun
try-Life Institute Bulletin, which will be
b, »r E.u>n,te„ «^n
post card request, is intended to make
.suih events easily possible.
Just as we anticipated, the a^_
upon the University Country-Lite Inst-
tute wa3 small. For ten years or so we
have been participating m country
lif' conferences the whole country -
and we know that the country People
not Hltend them. But we also kiim that
country people themselves can >
InstiuiU's in a hundred places ™
■tiphed thousands in attendance. Ihr^
-such country events are already p
The preachers, teachers, doctors fa
-ers, bankers, church and sunday schw
workers who were in at-tendance
■on during the week, and who registered
for the Country-Life CircAilara issu ^
the University, numbered 233.
to-day mailing out to them the ^
Life Bulletin, and the C-ountry
• circular. . T,„roan
Write the University Extension B -
iif you want them. They will be sent
■only upon application.
our Country Church Problems is t e
title of a Circular just issued by
versity Extension Bureau. Ot ler ^
lars treating fundamental phases o
Una life will follow from time
Circular number 1 concerns the cou
try church in the South in genera ,
North Carolina in particular. '
-cently the abundant country churt _
ature in circulation has concerned tne
dying or dead country church
tions of the North and Middle es
-some 1,800 in Illinois alone. But we
now beginning to study our own
■church problems as the reading hst
Sollows will show.
The Country Church Circular treats: i
The Importance of the Country Church.
2. Menaces to the Country Church (a)
The tHtyward Drift of Country Popula
tions, (b) Farm Tenancy and Instable
Citizenship, (c) Absentee-Preachers, and
Once-a'-Month Sermons, and (3) Con
structive Suggestions, (a) Realization by
the Church Authorities and the Country
People that the Country Church is in
Danger, (b) Country Church Homes,
Resident Ministers, and Living Salaries,
(c) Special Training for Country Work
ers, and (d) Country-Minded Ministers.
This and the other Carolina Circulars
will be mailed out upon application to
the University Extension Bureau
Other University Extension Bureau
Circulars ready for issue at an early date
are Our Carolina Highlanders, and
Wealth, Welfare and Willingness.
The following country church studies
concern the South, or mainly so. Ex
cept Dr. Wilson’s book on The Church
of the Open Country, they are all pamph
lets or newspaper articles that can be had
free upon post card request.
The Part of the Church in Building
Civilization.—Dr. Clarence Poe, Raleigh,
The Country Church; A Country-Life
Defense.—Branson, University of North
Tlie Status of the Country Church.—
Branson, The Christian Observer, Louis
ville, Ky., March 12, 1913.
Our Carolina Country Church Prob
lem.—Branson, University Extension
Bureau Circular No. 1.
The Country Church in the South.—
Rev. C. L. Greaves, Lumberton, N. C.,
Progressive Farmer, June and July, 1912.
The Country Church: Its Ruin and Its
Remedy.—Dr. S. L. Morris. Presbyterian
Home Mission Board, Atlanta, Ga.
\ Rural Survey in Benton County, Ar
kansas, and Gibson County, Tennessee.
Presbyterian Church Home Mission and
Country-Life Board, 156 Fifth Avenue,
The Church of the Open Country.—Dr.
Warren H. Wilson, 156 Fifth Avenue,
Reading hst in Social Service.—Federal
Council of Churches in America, Rev. C.
S. McFarland, 105 E. 22nd St., New
The Rural Church Problem.—Rev.
Charles King, Louisiana, Mo.
The Rural Church.-Dr. Henry Wal
lace, Home Mission Board, United Pres
byterian Church, 704 Publication Bldg.,
t'ountry Church Day Bulletin. Uni
versity of Virginia, University, \ a.
AFRAID OF NOTHING
I am afraid of nothing on earth, or
above the earth, or under the earth,
but to do wrong.
The path of duty I shall endeavor to
travel, fearing no evil and dreading
I would rather be defeated in a good
cause than to triumph in a bad one.
I would not give a tig for a man
who would shrink from the discharge
of duty for fear of defeat.—Alex. H.
wealth of only $322 in farm properties,
against $3386 in Iowa.
It is well worth the while of the bankers
and merchants to help our farmers in
crease their wealth by a billion dollars in
the next dozen years.
UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF EDUCATION
LETTER SERIES NO. 82
The post-graduate courses in medicine
for practicing physicians, inauguratedT
this summer by the University of North
Carolina in cooperation with the State
Board of Health, have now been going
on in the eastern part of the state for
about one month, and the work has been
attended with signal success and interest.
Beginning July 1, the work will be en
larged to include certain towns in the
western section of the state, the lectures
and clinics to be conducted by Dr. Jesse
Gerstley of the Northwestern Medical
School, on apian similar to that now used
by Dr. Louis \\ ebb Hill, of Harvard, in
the eastern section.
The towns included in the western
group are: Greensboro, High Point,
Statesville, Mooresville and Winston-
Salem. Sixty practicing physicians are
enrolled in these live sections or di-
\isions-14 in Greensboro, 10 in High
Point, 13 in Statesville, 9 in Mooreville,
and 14 in Winston-Salem. The lectures
will continue for three months, thus giv
ing to eacth place 13 meetings.
This scheme of bringing the lecturer to
the class, instead of sending the class to
the lecturer, is something new in medical
education. In dollars and cents it means
the saving to each physician of between
1300 and |400—the price of a post-gradu
ate course of similar length at some
standard school. The University makes
no profits on these lectures, all the funds
being used to defray the expenses arising
from the course.
THE TEACHER S SALARY
The salary of our public school teach
ers is one thing that the public ought to
be ashamed of and yet the public is not
ashamed of it.
The young lady who comes from a four
year’s course of professional training in
our state institutions averages not more
than fifty dollars a month for eight
months in the year. This gives her $400
on which she is to live for 365 days. This
is ])oor return for the services of a trained
teacher in the school room teaching the
little ones of a community.
One shrinks from a comparison of the
teacher’s wages with the wages paid to
the bricklayer, the plasterer, the plumb
er, the carpenter, or the day laborer on
the farm and in the factory. The teach
er like any other day laborer must be
healthy and able-minded for her task,
but she must also have professional train
ing for her work. Therefore, the public
must make up its mind to pay living
wages to these faith hil people w'ho are
earnestly at work training its boys and
A String to It
Not only does the public pay too sma/
a salary to the teac.lier, but it does wora
when it-ties a string to the salary by re
quiring or at least implying that she
must spend a part of it every year or two
for further preparation for the work,
without any promise of a larger salary.
This further preparation Ls right and
necessary, but it would also be very right
and just and appreciative on the part of
the public if it could arrange to pay the
expenses of its teachers at some good
summer school every other vacation.
This is already done by some communitiea
and ought to be done generally.
Honor Doe Them
All honor is due our faithful teachers
who spend their money to improve the
quality of their work. More than 2,50*
North Carolina teachers are now attend
ing summer schools. Are the folks at
home thinking about them? Has a single
member of a school committee written
one of them one word of encouragement
and appreciation? Suppose you do tHs!
I our county ottices, but the county ex-
I hibits published from year to year bring
j us to believe that our methods of account
I keeping are generally antiquated, and
confusing almost beyond belief.
MORE COTTON AND LESS
Under the stimulus of revived prices,
we are this year increasing our cotton
acreage and counting on a crop of 747,-
000 bales. Our cotton acres are 185,000
more than in 19D9, and our crop as fore
casted by the census authorities on June
25issoQie 48,000 bales more than last
year- Which is all right, because' we
will consume in our own mills all the cot
ton we raise this year, and more.
But on the other hand, it is estimated
our -rain crops will faU behind last year’8
total”nearly 9,000,000 bushels, as follows:
corn 5 050,000 bushels, oats 3,170,00U
bushels, wheat 665,000 bushels, and rye
To move ahead two and three-quarter
milhon dollars in cotton is wise, but to
fall behind seven and three-quarter mi -
lion dollars in grain crops is other-wise,
considering that we lack
dollars a year in being a self-feeding state.
A Billion Dollar Prize
If only we could or would produce a
sufficiency of bread and meat in ^orth
Carolina from year to year and have our
cotton and tobacco as clear money crops,
our country people would soon be wor^
more man for man than the Iowa farm
population. And we need greater co^
try Wealth for churches and schools,
roads and health officers,
and luxuries, farm extension and equ p
ments markets and credits.
This simple, single
crease the wealth of the state by a bilhon
Lllars in a baker’s dozen years. At
present we have a per capita country
Would it be possible to devise (1) a
simple, standardized form of accounting
for all moneys received and paid out by
the county officers of North Carolina,
and (2) a uniform exhibit sheet that
w'ould show at the end of each fiscal year
exactly how each county stood in its
If so, each county could be compared
with every other in a score or more par
ticulars, and ranked accordingly; say, in
the average annual cost of indoor and
outside paupers, the per capita cost of
convicts and work animals in road build
ing, the cost per mile of sand-clay or
top-soil road construction, the keep of
jail prisoners per person per day, and so
on and on.
The taxpayers could easily see in which
county they were getting the most or the
least for their money; and where expenses
were light or unreasonably heavj.
At present, outside the school accounts,
no county in the state can be compared
with all the others in the expenditure of
pubUc moneys. Nobody knows whether
his county government is inefficient and
wasteful or not. There is no basis for
State Law Requires It
New Y'ork State not only standardizes
these county accounts and exhibits but
keeps an auditing commission busy the
year around instructing county otlicials
and holding them up to the mark in their
record keeping. They act under the di
rection of the Comptroller-General.
In North Carolina such a commission
might be directed by the state auditor or
the state treasurer. And ^y^wt? The
county is merely a detached agent of the
state. The plan does not interfere with
local self-government. It helps county
government on to efficiency.
We believe that dishonesty is rare in
NO APOLOGIES NECESSARY
The popular mind is mightily exercised
these days by war events, politics, and
baseball news. These things are so cy
clonic and spectacular or so directly ap
pealing to the multitudes that the hum
drum and commonplace occurences of
life are uncousidered trifles light as air.
On the other hand, the business mind
is cool and calculating. There may be a
great deal of heat at present in the busi
ness world, but there is a great deal
more of light. More than ever, big busi
ness is patiently assembling, analyzing,
and interpreting economic and social
data. The captains of industry, trans
portation, aud finance are concentrated
upon conditions that bull or bear the
stock market. Tiiey study crop acreages,
crop conditions, prospective "crop totals,
steel orders, interest rates, the output of
gold, import and export totals and the
like. The Wall Street journals are stick
ing to their jobs more closely than ever
while popular attention is diverted by
It is well to remember that the forces
at play in the steady routine of life have
a power like that of the sun’s rays. Cy
clones are evidence of forces acting in
sudden, violent combination. So are
wars. But the steady, fateful, pull aud
power of the same forces in the everyday,
work-a-day ati'airs of life are even more
eventful. They are less flamboyant in
their results,however, and so they attract
less attention or no attention at all.
The University News Letter carries no
war news and no conmient on war events.
It is not necessary. There is ample
statesmanship and military genius in
other editorial sanctums; so much, indeed,
that w^e are left free to puzzle at the
abiding problems of life and business in
North Carolina. And so, hke Uncle
Josh’s Ford, we keep a-chuggin right
along. We are sticking to our job of
finding out, as far as possible, the fortes,
agencies, and influences, the tendencies,
drifts, and movements, that are to-day
making the history that our children will
be studying to-morrow.
This, in answer to a reader who com
plains that we give no attention to world
events. The fact is we are. busy with
world forces instead, and these forces are
no more real and significant in the big
wide world than they are in our back
yards, bank offices, and church pews.
The world—it is my backstairs, w'rit
large, said Talleyrand. And it is easier
to be world-wise than home-wise.
GOOD FOR OLE MISS.
One hundred and sixty-tliree con-
sohdated schools in Mississippi employ
515 teachers and keep 389 school wagons
busy transporting 6,489 pupils. So re
ports Mr. J. T. Calhoun, the State Rural
These pupils are transported daily an
average of four miles each at a "cost of
11.65 per month, according to a recent
investigation by L. C. Brogden, our State
Supervisor of Elementary Schools.
It looks like Mississippi is leading the '
whole South in Consolidated Country
Schools using stthool wagons to transport
There arr^ no state-wide figures for North
Carolina. However, 20 counties in 1916
reported to Mr. Brogden 221 white con
solidated schools and 141 pupils trans
It is encouraging to note that our
white country schools witli two or more
teachers number 2,220 this year. Which
is to say, the number of such schools in
North Carolina has nearly doubled since
1908. We fall behind Mississippi in- the
transportation of children in school wag
ons, but we are far ahead in the consoli
dation of country schools.
As long as the average farmer keeps his
garden on the grocery shelf, he sells
everything wholesale and buys everything
retail. Sidelines such as canning, pre
serving, making apple butter, are profit
able where the farmer is wise enough to
see that the women of his household get
all necessary help with their work.
Any rea.sonable expenditure for making
the home place more attractive is as real
and profitable an investment as though
the money had been sijent for limestone
It is not enough to grow a good crop,
or even to grow a good crop at low c:)St.
To make a big crop a business success it
must be disposed of as efficiently as it ia
grown, must be so graded and packetl as
to meet market standards and so market
ed as to bring the farmer the highest cur
The farmer who is too suspicious to get
together with his neighbors in order to
do co-operatively what no one can do
alone is sure to pay dearly for his inca
pacity for teamwork.—Carl W. Vrooman,
Assitant Secretary of Agriculture, Federal
Farmers’ Bulletin, No. 704.
Every day we get new evidence of the
growing interest and confidence in public
San Francisco has just recently decided
to add 20 kindergartens to her school sys
tem. Los Angeles has 133 and Oakland
We must begin to think about this
question for North ^arolina. Our cities
are doing something but not nearly
enough. The kindergarten is a funda
mental step in the educational ladder.
It will not be long before folks all over
the state will be looking about for sugges
tions in regard to exhibits for the com
munity and county fairs.
Some idea of what can be done iu the
way of educational exhibits may be
secured from Bulletin 1916. No. 1, of the
U. S. Bureau of Education, Washington,
The Bureau of Extension will be g'ad
to send other suggestions upon request.
It costs nothing to get aid from both these