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THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA
Published weekly by the
University of North Carolma
for its Bureau of Extension.
APRIL 24, 1918
CHAPEL HILL, N. C.
VOL. IV, NO. 22
Ediiorial Board i B. C. Branson, .T. G. deR. Hamilton. L. R. Wilson, R. H. Thornton, G. M. MoKie. Entered as secondK)lass matter November 14. 1914, .it the Postofflee at Chapel Hill, N. C., under the act of August .■24, 1912.
WE WILL NOT FAIL
We are face to face with a nation com
posed of people who believe themselves
to be supermen, clothed with a God-
given message to conquer the world;
people led by a ruler who believes him
self divinely called to the task just as
fully as Mohammed believed it, and with
the same weapon—the sword.
A German victory means world-wide
militarism, world-wide spying and plot
ting, world-wide hatred and distrust. It
means that every state must become a
military camp and every people an or
ganized army. It means that war be
comes the chief business of mankind. It
means that no small state can survive,
especially if it be an agricultural state.
It means that the mad race in arma
ments on sea and land will continue with
greatly-increased speed. It means a
world in which fear of one’s neighbor
reigns supreme, and revenge becomes
the engrossing thought of the nations.
It means in all likelihood a succession of
wars resulting finally in the triumph of
a great military Prussianized empire of
which all other states, including this our
own republic, shall be dependencies, or
Facing this,’the most tremendous chal
lenge to human liberty in history, we
have made our choice, the only choice
possible to a nation of freemen, and we
must not fail. We might have said, as
said the rich man in scripture: “Soul,
take now thine ease; thou hast much
goods laid up for many years; eat, drink
and be merry.”
But, thank God! we chose the better
part. AVe have laid our all upon our
country’s altar; we have made the great
decision—and we will not fail. Chief
Justice Winslow of Wisconsin.
WE WILL KEEP THE FAITH
We have put aside ease and luxury and
softness of life so long as this great con
test for humanity and liberty rages, and
so long as the issue hangs trembling in
the balance. We are not, and never
have been, a nation of cowards. We
have become prosperous and wealthy,
but we have not lost our manhood, and
we liave not forgotten how' to fight for
human freedom. M’^e know' that it means
hardship, and self-denial, and sacrifice,
not merely for the soldier at the front
but for the patriot at home, but these
things must not and shall not move us.
We remember that we are the sons of
men who, hungry and ragged, fought
for eight long years against the greatest
euqiire in the world to obtain freedom
for themselves and for us, their children.
Wc have pledged ourselves to be worthy
of our heritage, and God helping us we
v.'ih t:oep the pledge.
Tho spirit of the men who fought at
V) hsbarg an-1 Gettysburg and Cliica-
111 Hig'.i, whether they w'ore the blue or
the gray, whether they sang Dixie or the
Sfc M- Bpjngied Banner, the spirit of these
men, 1 say, on whichever side they
f night, still lives, and their sons and
.gnu Isons have gone forth side by side
.j.ii.t shoulder to shoulder to show the
v.'od 1 that Americans not only love
liln'.-ty. but that they will die for it if
H -ha J
wii'. uot, sht (iauuot, look
In •; w ird. Slie will tight freedom’s fight
n -jl will keep the faith. She has
•rvr yet failed in a struggle for human
tiherty, and now at this fateful hour,
when, with dauntie.ss spirit she is enter-
Hiig upon thegreate.st of freedom's battles,
h'-iiitig with iier the hopes, the fears
an I the prayers of humanity itself, she
fait. ' -Ohiel Ji.stue Winslow of
M tj. .lohn D. haug.^ton, special aide
tn i.nv'eruor Bickett, asks the news-
1, li.-rst call vigorously to the attention
if t1, ■ rtc'iinol tea.dier,s of the State the
I i til e.t tiie work of the Mar Depart-
in '111, is Iieiug seriousiy handicapped by
tl, > (>.iiure of fae teachers in many scc-
tin!,.; t> respond tn I’resiilent At ilson s
a)ipn,..i f.irail in the preparationofoccu-
noj.rial cards at the oliice of tlie bocal
V/hen thy government made this spe
cific call on tlie school teachers of the
State it was expected that the teachers
everywhere would show their patriotism
in willingly and cheerfully responding,
and in many localities this lias been the
case. In many counties, however, the
reports show that the teachers have ig
nored this great opportunity to render
this great service.
If teachers everywhere will agree to
perform this duty, the burden on all of
them will be light, and each one will have
the great satisfaction of having performed
his or her duty in a matter of immediate
and pressing need.—E.xchange.
OUR BEST SOCIAL AGENCY
The free public school is the best in
strument through which to promote the
new science of community organization
and human economy and to achieve gov
ernment of the people, by the people, and
for the people. So says Dr. Henry E.
Jack.son, The Federal Education Bureau
Agent who will next fall give a course of
lectures at the University of North Caro
lina. His subjects are—
1. The Discovery of the Schoolhouse.
2. The Schoolhouse as the Community
3. The Schoolhouse as the Community
4. The .Schoolhouse as a Neighborhood
5. The Hub of the Country-bife
6. The Right to AA'ork and to Play.
7. Community Buying and Banking.
8. Politics and the Public Schools.
9. Religion and the Public Schools.
10. How to Organize a Community
11. A bittle Democracy.
12. Free Trade in Friendship.
Students with the civic, social mind at
the University, in Orange and the nearby
counties—especially the teachers and the
preachers—will flock in to hear these ad
dresses. He is passing on to his audiences
the message of President AA^ilson, who re
cently said: I urge that teachers and
other school officers materially increase
the time and attention devoted to instruc
tion bearing directly on the problems of
the community and national life.
Notice the way President AA’ilson con
nects community life and national life,
and the order in which he names them?
The genius of North Carolina has always
been concentrated on national and inter
national problems. But the day is at
hand when it must be concentrated in
equal measure upon the problems of the
home state, and the home-communities,
one by one, and every one.
The men who best serve in Imilding up
little communities—men like R (\ Hood
of Greensboro and M'. C. I^eak of Rock
ingham—are after all the men who best
serve the nation.
,Vnd if every community in the nation
had such men as these in it. onr Democ
racy would quickly rise to the highest
possible levels. The man who lacks a
genuine, generous interest in community
problems can hardly be trusted to think
ably and generously about national prob
lems. That, by the way, is an axiom of
the North Carolina Clul) at the I'niversity.
WHERE DO YOU STAND?
I'nroll the map of creation
To the wavering long black line,
A¥here the powers of dark are warring
Against the iiowers divine.
Here are the fond and fearless
Massed in the great brigade.
Eager, weary, unselfish.
Toiling and undismayed.
Each with his lot to sufl'er,
Each with his given role.
Each with his glint of glory—
Behold them! Are you a soul?
Willing the worst should triumph,
M^illing to profiteer,
AVilling to strike for wages,
AVilling to shirk and sneer,—
Willing to stand forever
In Time’s great battle plan,
The cumbersome and discarded
Camouflage of a Man?
down through the Civil War—the farmers
have in the end borne their part of tlie
brunt. However, I’m not going to dis
pute tlie charge that up to the present
the farmers perliaps have not done their
part toward winning the present war.
And 1 admit that this delay is costing us
the blood of our boys—the blood of he
Ready to do Their Duty
But the delay of us farmers is not due
to any lack of patriotism. It is due to our
lack of appreciation of wliat is required
of us. Not all farmers read the daily pa
pers, nor do we get together and talk war
as you city people do. Neither do we
have the thrilling speeches from men who
have been Over There and the straight
talks that you hear.
As a matter of fact, it is the lack of this
information that makes us appear to be
slackers. We need straight talk from the
shoulder, and not some one to brag on us.
It takes this straiglit talk to convince a
man that it is his duty to buy M^ar Sav
ings Stamps and lend his money to the
Government. AA’hen farmers are made to
see these things as other folks see them,
they will not only give their money, but
raise more money to give. All the farmer
needs is to see his duty.—State AA'ar-
FARMERS NOT SLACKERS
Don't put me in a cla.ss with the far
mers who say they want the war to last
fifteen years longer so tliat they can make
money, writes a farmer to State Head
quarters on yesterday.
Um a farmer and it is true that farmers
have made money since the war began,
but it is not true, he goes on to say, that
all farmers want to make money at the
terrible price of life and bloodshed that
this war is now costing the United States.
Some folks accuse the farmers of being
overcome with prosperity and that they
are letting down and selfishly enjoying
their money. Otlierssay that they are ig-
' norant and don’t know what is going on
' over the seas. Others say they are un-
In answer to the charge of farmers lie-
ing unpatriotic, 1 want to say and 1
^ think 1 can speak for a large number of
' farmers—tnat we are as patriotic as any
class of citizens in the United States. In
.^yar—from tlie French and Indian
THE SOUTH AND THE WAR
The South has put its whole heart into
the winning of this war. There is no
sentiment for peace in that section, and
no weakening spirit. Nowhere else is the
man in kliaki so much in evidence now,
for camps and cantonments are every
where, and everywhere the soldier is well
received and most cordially treateil. Pos
sibly, the South is prospered by the army
camps, but if this is true, it is largely be
cause of the fitness of the section for the
purpose; and the business zeal with
whicli tlie people are meeting the de
mand is worthy of all praise. Nowhere
are the personal sacrifices vliich the
prosecution of the war involves more
cheerfully borne than in the South; no
where is the war more distinctly felt to
be everybody's war. The women join in
every sort of saving activity, tirelessly
performing'the work of the Red Cross
auxiliaries and stimulating contributions
to its treasury. As a token of the uni
versal and compelling power of the pre
vailing sentiment, it may be noted that
in no section of the union are the nat
uralized citizen so zealous or so loyal. In
many southern cities there are large Ger
man colonies, but no disafl'ectioii, no hy
phenated spirit is discoverable among
This war has welded North and South
as they were never welded before. This
sentiment of reunion was iiideed evident
in the Spanish-American ,war, when
M’heeler and Eitzliugh I,ee were at the
front, but that small war led to no such
searching of hearts, to no such popular
emotion, as that which now prevails.
Nowhere is the will to victory and the
will to work firmer or more active than
in the South. AVe are witnessing a “un
ion of hearts none can sever.’’ What
ever the sacrifice may be that both
North and South may umiergo, the
strong pull together will hear an eternal
fruit of sympathy.—Boston Transcript.
The impossibility of finding farm la
borers is the great obstacle which stands
in the way of all projects for raising food
upon idle land. A'egetables will not plant
themselves, nor weed themselves, nor
In the agricultural districts of France
wiiere there were literally no men left,
the problem of land cultivation became so
serious that the editor of the Paris Matin
started a campaign to impress upon the
women of France the necessity for pro
ducing food and to arrange transportation
lor them to farms and outlying fields. An
instructor of several hundred boys and
girls read the Matin each day and agreed
with its editor. If the thing were possible,
he determined that his school children
Ruth AA'right Kauffman, traveling
about France for The Ahgilantes, found
that last year 2,3(K» acres close to Paris
were being cultivated by school boys,
who make the work a real sport. She
talked with M. Lavarenne, the professor
who liad started the movement in a single
field with volunteer boys and then had
gone on to send out squads of girls with a
teacher in charge to do the same work.
“It you know anything about the up
bringing of French girls, ” Mrs. Kauff
man writes, ‘ ‘you know that it' does not
admit of novelties. Farm-work for nice
girls was unheard of. They might make
red-cross bandages. But farm-work,
never!' They were not peasant children!
It would soil their hands; it was too hard
work for growing girls I It would be too
hot in the sun! Nothing would grow!
“They will be serving their country,’’
M. Lavarenne declared to the parents;
‘ ‘it will do them physical good; it will
make them feel worthy."
As a result of his persistence a field at
the back of a factory was lent—for the
duration of the war. The factory em
ployes laughed; girls could accomplish
They Were Girls
The field was an old disused pasture-
field, full of stones and hard and unpli-
able. AVith their own small hands, the
girls prepared several acres. The plough
ing was, of necessity, done by hand.
Now, except when the weather is impos
sible, a certain number of volunteers
come each day. They give up their leis
ure. They plant potatoes instead.
It is a very flourishing looking field.
Nobody laugh-s any more, unless it is the
girls while they work. Some days there
are as many as eighty, who l)end to their
tasks for a few hours and then return;
some days there are only two or three;
but the work marches; the girls are rosy-
cheeked; and there aren't any bugs on
The onions are the poorest of the crops.
The girls are worried about the onions
and wonder whether it is the fault of the
soil or of the sloping ground. The cab
bages, on the other hand, are luxuriant;
the beans, which already clamber up be
tween rows of potatoes, are in splendid
form; and the peas and lettuces are
anxious to be plucked.
The girls plan to farm until the end of
November and recommence in February.
In that way, they will start another year
with well-prepared ground.
I asked IMousieur Lavarenne whicli did
the better work, tlie boys or the girls.
“The girls, ’ ’ he finally admitted. ‘ ‘ A'ou
see, they are more docile than the boys,
and more persevering.” He laughed a
little: “Boys, when they are annoyed
about weeds or worms or the crookedness
of a row of turnips, will have discussions.
If they are very much annoyeil, they will
throw dirt in one another's faces, and
that delays their work so much.”—The
deemed man and stands or falls with
“The altruism vital to democracy we
have said is inseparably related to the re
ligion of the Christ. They therefore
stand or fall together. Tlie church may
be influential and wealthy as a social or
ganization and yet materialistic in lier
sentiment and low in her ideals. Sup
ported by such a church democracy will
in time beat itself to death on sordid sel
fishness. This danger will not have
passed when the war is won.
The Hope of Democracy
“AVe believe that unless the Christian
church be purified during the war her
doomed is sealed.
Unless a purer, more devoted church
rises during the struggle—when men
stand helpless to avert the catastrophe
swooping do^^n upon them, when the
darkness settles and even the stars grow
dim, when the very foundations are
crumbling and mystery envelops every
thing, I say if men will not seek God now
with surrendered life they will not in the
quiet that follows the storm. If this war
ends before the church is purified—before
the nation is on her knees—I tremble for
the future of both church and nation.
“It lies with the church these days to
determine what the fruitage of the strug
gle shall be., If the church is not purged
and renewed now, her story will soon be
told, her -work done. She will not long
be a spiritual force in the world and de
mocracy will again perish from the
A GERMAN PEACE
For us there is only one principle to be
followed and we must recognize no other.
AVe hold that Might is Right. AVe must
know neither sentiment, humanity, con
sideration, nor compassion. AA'e will in
corporate Courland and bring into our
own population 60,000,000 Russians.
The Slav nightmare shall ride us no long
er. AA'^e must have Belgium and the
north of France. The curse of God is
upon the French people; let us consider
ourselves fortunate that he has separated
us from that people which is as ungodly
as it is infamous. The Portuguese colon
ial possessions must disappear. France
must be made to pay until she is bled
white. You may call me a jingo or a
chauvinist or anything you like, but what
I say is—we must have a strong peace.—
General von Liebert, Congress of Ger
man Conservative Party, in the Berliner
THE CHURCH AND THE WAR
To cultivate the altruistic spirit of
Christianity as the inherent principle of
democracy is our present responsibility,
says Dr. Samuel Dodds, in the United
“Democratic'government is safe only
as the spirit of pure Christianity is incor
porated into social life—not held merely
as a biblical doctrine hut a living princi
ple of conduct. History proves that au-
tocrat'y is the government of the natural
man and is without doubt the govern
ment of hell. It also appears that de-
mocraev is the ■ government of the re
SCHOOL BOARD MEMBERS
Many cases of failure in the business
world are largely due to the fact that the
board of managers tries to dictate about
matters of which it is entirely ignorant.
Corporations have failed ignominioasly
because the board of directors made its
superintendent a figurehead.
Boards of education in school business
correspond to hoards of directors in com
mercial enterprises. The average board
member knows nothing about the tech
nical side of the school superintendent’s
work. Nevertheless board members in
the school business are not always averse
to dictating to the superintendent about
THE RICH MAN’S WAR-TAX
The war taxes on incomes paid by 30 of
our richest people this year will be nearly
120 million dollars, according to The Fi
Alore than a fourth of the total Federal
war tax will fall on New York City alone
—over 800 million dollars.
The income tax of John I). Rockefeller
will be 38 million dollars; which is hH
thousand dollars a day. James B. Duke’s
war tax will be 3i4,300 a day.
Six men in North Carolina will pay war
taxes amounting to more than a thousand
dollars a day.
Only 6 million people in the United
States will pay Federal income taxes this
year; 96 millions will pay nothing in any
A close, estimate shows tliat fewer than
20 people in Orange county will be liable
for war taxes—fewer than 20 in a popula
tion of 17 thousand people.
If this is a rich man’s war then the
ricli men are paying for it—ill money,
and like tlie rest of us in men, bei'ause
no exemptions are allovved under our
draft law except for physical unfitness,
for either rich or poor.
.\nd we have yet to hear of any ricit