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THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA
The news in this publica
tion is released for the press on
Published weekly by the
University of North Carolma
for its Bureau of Extension.
NOVEMBER 6, 1918
CHAPEL HH.L, N. C.
VOL. rV, NO. 50
Ediorial Board i E. 0. Branson, J. G, deK. Hamilton, L. R. Wilson, E. H. Thornton, G. M. McKie.
Entered as seoond-olass matter November 14,1914, at the tPostolflce at Chapel HiU, N, C., under the act of Augustl 24,1919.
A SEER AMONG MEN
Edward Kidder Graham: born 1876, died 1918.
President of the University of North Carolina, a direc
tor of the American Universities’ Union in Europe, a
member of the International Committee of the Young
Men’s Christian Association, a member of the Educa
tional Committee of the Council of National Defense,
Regional Director of the Students Army Training Corps
Colleges, Southeastern Division.
He was stricken on the march, at the head of his
division of war, in plague swept areas of duty. Wear
ied and worn, he. fell on sleep at Chapel Hill, October
26, under the shadow of the institution that gave birth
to his ineffable spirit and on the soil of the state that
gave birth to his mortal body.
Take him for his all in all. The Hill is not like to
look upon his like again.
Frail as a windflower in his physical frame, he was
strong of soul as corps commanders are who are born
to leadership in critical causes.
A rare and radiant spirit. Gentle and lovable as a
woman, genial as the sun’s rays, lilting as the lark,
soaring as the eagle.
His visions of the University as an agency of ser
vice to the Statp and of the State as an agency of
wholesome democracy were mountain-top visions that
swept the farthest horizons, that considered alike the
inescapable necessities ’of mortal time and the final
values of spirit and destiny.
No man in the South or the Nation better knew the
functions of a state University. He believed with all his
soul in the Physical Sciences—in the conquest of Na
ture for the relief of man’s estate in the earth; and just
as strongly in the Social Sciences—in the new human
ities whose field is the conquest of Human Nature for
the common weal. He treasured the Classics of every
race and all ages as priceless memorials of the noblest
in man, forged in the fires of spirit by the choicest
souls among men. And true to the genius of his Scotch
forbears, he held The Book to be the classic of classics
the final source of human strength in the everlasting
struggle of the Best with the Beast in the affairs of
men and the destinies of nations.
A greater, nobler University and a greater, nobler
State—these were the soul, the very essence of the be
ing of Edward Kidder Graham. As this institution and
this state move forward in the years to come they will
forever glimpse far in the fore the beckoning hand of
this gentle, sweet spirit, this lover of his kind, this
prophet, priest, and king among his fellows. His life
brief as it was as men count time is a lasting, everlast
ing benediction to the State and the Nation.
0 friend of our souls, our prayer in this crushing
hour is Tennyson’s prayer over Arthur Hallam’s mortal
I would the great world grew like thee;
Who grewest, not alone in knowledge and in power.
But day by day, and hour by hour.
In reverence and in charity.
STOPPED AT THE DOOR
The following letter received by the
State Board of Health from a North
Carolina town tells the story of condi
tions that have been prevalent in all
portions of the State: “I had much
^trouble in getting nurses. The women
were in a panic on account of the
Wilmington trouble. They would go
to the door with food but would not
go in. Many of the cases were pitiable.
One family ot seven were all down at
one time, and not a woman in the
community would go into the house.
They were practically dying for lack
of fresh air. I found every window
closed, and these seven people in one
room. I threw the windows up, made
them get into other beds, and did the
best I could for them. I inclose to
you the lines suggested by the situa
tion that confronts us.”
Into the cottage my Master went,
Where the dead and the dying lay;
He said to the man: My strength is
But nothing is gained where nothing
So I pray to God for a will unbent
Till the plague shall pass away.
The Master knelt by the trundle bed.
Where no one had knelt before;
And He said to the woman; The child
’Twas sinfully sheltered and foolish
’Tis a curse, tis a curse on the coward
Of those who have stopped at the
Said the man: We have labored in
horror and dread;
And we know not the night from
They came with their gifts of money
They were kind, but they touched
not the poor throbbing head;
They laid not their hands on the liv
ing or dead;
They were kind, but they hurried
Out on the street the Master cried,
Where the dead and the dying lay;
And a woman called from the .further
To know if another child had died;
And the Master said: You should go
They will all be dead by day.
OUR PATRIOTIC DOLLARS
As we go to the printers with this issue,
the authorities announce the over abun
dant success of the fourth liberty loan of
six billion dollars in the United States.
Orange, the home county of the State
University, goes over by some 30 thous
and dollars. Total $331,000.
North Carolina goes over by 7 million
dollars or more. Total close to $48,000,-
The nation goes over by a billion dol
lars. Two billions were raised the last
day of the drive, in spite of the Kaiser’s
peace manoeuver and the influenza panic.
Total 7 billion dollars.
It is the greatest single outpouring of
wealth for any cause whatsoever by any
nation on earth since this old world began
Our boys are making history grandly
in the trenches, in the air, and on the
And the home-guard patriots are mak
ing history grandly in America.
They do not have the high privilege of
laying down their lives for humanity in this
great struggle, but they are offering up
their wealth with a lavish liberality that
is unparalleled in human history.
All told, the free-will offerings of the
people of the United States in our seven
teen months of war amount to 21 billion
It is beyond the power of mortal mind
to grasp the meaning of this huge total.
It is three billions more than the re
sources of all the national banks of the
United States. It is 5 billions more than
the output of all the gold mines in the
world since Columbus discovered Amer-
Our liberty offerings laid down in shin
ing silver dollars side by side would belt
the earth with radiance ten pieces wide.
And these consecrated dollars fairly
shout to the Kaiser—
Billions for defense but not one cent
Billions for peace on earth and good
will among men.
Billions for the peace-makers, and bil
lions more to grind the peace-breakers of
this world into dust.
In God we trust! in freedom, in hu
manity, in honor among the nations of
earth, and in right over might now and
cation ahd, therefore, the better prepara
tion of all the children of all the people
for all that will certainly follow allied
victory in this w'orld-wide war.
For the good of the children and the
honor of the State make the vote for it
unanimous on the 5th of November. If
you can not vote for it, for the sake of
the children and their mothers, who can
not vote, do not vote against it.—Dr. J.
Y. Joyner, State Superintendent of Public
AMERICA FINDS HER SOUL
The Kaiser knew—he is not altogether
stupid—that America had millions of men
and billions of treasure but he comforted
his soul with the belief that they were
coward-dollars and money-weakened men.
He repeatedly said to Dr. A. N. Davis, his
private dentist, an American resident in
Berlin, that the dollar-mad democracy of
the United States had the ears of an ass
and the soul of Midas.
And we half believed it ourselves.
But America in the midst of war has -
found her soul at last—and lo, it is a rare
and radiant star of the first magnitude.
Men will contemplate it in passing won-
der for a thousand years to come.
In twelve months she has sent two mil*
lion of her boys to joust gaily with death
along the battle lines of France, and
three millions more are on their way;
while her war budget is twenty-five bil
lions a year for as many years as the Kai
ser pleases to make it necessary.
She is pouring out her treasure like
And one of the results is amazing be
Finds Life by Losing It
We are finding that the more we give
the more we have. In very truth we are
finding our wealth by losing it nobly,
and we are saving America’s soul in the
We are not bankrupted by our liberty
offerings; we are enriched by them.
The resources of the national banks of
the country are not less but more than
ever before—more by two billion dollars.
Bank deposits are more and bank account
savings are greater in both state and na
tional banks than ever before in the his
tory of America.
In seventeen months of|war the people of
North Carolina have invested 150 million
dollars in interest bearing liberty bonds
and war stamps. It is more than six
times the total bank account savings of
the state in 250 years of history—and this
in lees than two years!
In spite of the millions we have loaned
to the government the bank resources of
North Carolina increased 36 million dol
lars in a single year, in the state banks
alone, the deposits 31 millions and the
bank account savings 5 1-2 millions. And
the resources of our banks, or nine-tenths
of the total, belong to the depositors, not
to the banks, as everybody but the stupid
We are eating our cake and having it
too. It is the old story of the widow’s
cruise of oil and handful of meal in a
The simple fact is, there is no possible
way to waste money when it is nobly
Like bread cast on the waters, it is sure
to return after many days.
OUR MANIFEST DUTY
To make the world safe for democracy,
1 the fine phrase of our matchless Presi-
ent, our boys on the Western Front are
ghting and suffering and dying every
ay. Millions more of them in the can-
)nments and in our homes are ready and
ager to fight, and, if need be, to die.
But the victory, that they and their
oble allies shall win, will be largely
jmporary and fruitless, and the world wil
ot be safe for democracy, nor will dem-
cracy be safe for the world, unless the
lasses of the people of the world be ade-
uately prepared for the larger duties, t e
raver responsibilties, the greater
iges, the harder tasks of democracy, an
or the appreciation, preservation and
transmission of it.
Such preparation can be provided only
through the education of all the children
of all the people of each generation in ev
ery democratic land. Only by providing
opportunities for all the children of all
the people of North Carolina, can we
make North Carolina as safe for dem
ocracy and democracy as safe for North
Carolina as any other part of the dem
ocratized world'after this war is over.
Six Months Schools
The manifest duty of those of us who re
main at home is to vote and work for the
adoption of the constitutional amend
ment for a minimum school term of six
months. It is an immediate and practi
cal means for largely increasing the effi
ciency of our schools for the better edu-
THEY ARE MEN OF PRAYER
It 18 on record that when the tri
umphant German hosts were sweeping
on Paris in 1914, and suddenly swerved
and gave it up, Lord Roberts was sitting
with Lord Kitchener when the telegram
announcing their unlooked-for retreat
was handed in. Lord Roberts, a firm
believer in prayer, exclaimed, Only God
Almighty could have done this. Some
body must have been praying, said Lord
Kitchener. Neither of them mawkish or
canting men, if you please.
And a day or two ago I cut from a daily
newspaper— not given to dilating on
such matters, and inserted simply as
interesting items of,^ews on two different
pages—the following: “Victory Depends
on Prayer.’—General Sir W. Robertson,
in a letter regarding the Intercession
Service at Queens Hall, on May 7, says:
It is only when the whole empire unites
in prayer as well as in work that we can
look forward with confidence to a success
ful conclusion to this tragic war and to
a just and righteous peace.” Weighty
words from such a man!
The second paragraph runs: ‘ ‘General
Foch and Prayer-.—A Frenchman who
knows General Foch tells me that he is
an ardent believer in the power of prayer.
We shall be saved by it, and it will not
be the first time in this deadly struggle.”
I believe I am right in saying that Lord
Jellicoe, Sir David Beatty, ai;^ Sir Douglas
Haig hold firmly by that belief also.
All these are men whose very names
carry weight with us all. It is worth
while to give heed to them. The know
ledge that the wLole nation was doing
so would quadruple their confidence and
that of every man in the fighting lines on
land and sea.
Unless the nation’s prayers for deliver
ance from peril come spontaneously
from hearts earnestly desirous 6f aligning
themselves with God—of cleansing them
selves of the old concretions that have
clogged them like the barnacles on a ship’s
bottom—of substituting new Guiding
Lamps for the old misleading will-o’ -the-
wisps—of casting aside the false gods we
have followed and turning steadfastly to
the True—they are not likely to serve.
It is no good in asking God to fight on
our side unless we first make our side fit
for Him to fight on.
As a nation we have a terrible amount
of leeway to make up. Are we as a nation,
making any real effort thereto? Until
we genuinely do so, our tribulation may
have to go on.
We may—we all devoutly hope and be
lieve we shall—hold the Germans, and
so beat them. But we shall not have won
what we set out to win in this war unless
at the same time we, as a nation—and
that means we as individuals—find our
own souls again.—London Daily Oaroncle.
Coupons and Tax Receipts
For instance, the federal interest mon
ey that will come back into Orange coun
ty year by year on her $750,000 of liberty
bonds and war stamps is $30,000, which
is three-fourths of all the taxes collected
for county purposes.
And the federal interest that will come
back into the state is six million dollars
a year, or nearly as much as the taxes
collected to run our state government.
But these vast sums of interest money
come back to a very small number of our
two and a half million people—that is to
say, to the people who have been wise
enough to save and invest in liberty
bonds and war stamps. Our bond buy
ers so far are fewer than 150 thousand,
and our war stamp buyers fewer than 500
thousand. Among 70 thousand people
in seven counties of the state, the buyers
of fourth liberty bonds have been only
104 all told.
But such is the small company that
will be handling interest coupons in
North Carolina all the rest of their lives I
On the other hand, 1800 thousand peo
ple in this state have bought no bonds or
war stamps so far. This is the large com
pany of souls in North Carolina whose
main business will be the handling of tax
receipts all the rest of their lives.
Happy is the man whose bond coupons
pay the tax gatherer year by year.
If taxes have been a nuisance in the
years gone by, they’ll be a nightmare.in
in the years to come.
The prudent man foreseeth the evil and
hideth himself, but as usual the foolish,
pass on and are punished.