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THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA
Published weekly by the
University of North Carolba
(or its Bureau of Extension.
CHAPEL HHJ., N. C.
VOL. V, NO. 42
fidiiorial Bourd t B, O. Branson, J. G, deR. Hamilton, L. R. Wilson, D. D. Carroll, G. M. MoKie.
Entered as second-class matter November 14,1914, at the PostolB.ce at Chapel HIU, N« C., tinder the act of August 24,1913,
PUBLIC WELFARE PROGRAM
STATE AND COUNTY COUNCIL
'Chapel Hill, N. C. September 15-20,
1919, Governor T. W. Biokett, presiding.
Under the auspices of the Governor of
Worth Carolina, the State University, the
the State Association of County Commis
sioners, and the State Departments
•charged with carrying into efl'ect our new
Public Welfare Laws; the State Board of
Education, the State Board of Health,
I, '.the State Board of Public Welfare, the
: State Tax Commission, the State High
A Conference of Juvenile Court Judges,
Probation and Parole Officers, County
Welfare Board Members and Superin
tendents, School Attendance Officers and
Factory Inspectors, County Health Offi
cers and Public Health Nurses, County
Highway Officials, County Commission
ers, County and District Tax Assess
ors, County School Boards and Superin-
aendents, ,their volunteer allies, and all
other civic-minded citizens of North Car
Monday Evening Sept. 15
Address of Welcome.—Dr. H. W.
Ohase, President of the State University.
Address.—Governor T. W. Bickett.
Tuesday, Sept. 16
9;00 Unified County Government un
der Responsible Headship.—Lead
ers, Hon. W. C. Boren, Chair
man Guilford County Commis
sioners, Hon. W. C. Jones, Presi
dent State Association of County
Commissioners, Hon. R. K. Dav
enport, Chairman Gaston Coun
"J.0;00 Cur New Educational System.—
Dr. E. C. Brooks, State Superin
tendent of Public Instruction.
11:30 The Public Health Problem.—Dr.
W. S. Rankin, Secretary State
Board of Health.
12:30 What is Expected of County Wel
fare Boards and Superintendents.
—Hon. R. F. Beasley, Secretary
State Board of Public Welfare.
3:30 The Revaluation Act.—Governor
T. W. Bickett.
4:30 Development of the County Sys
tem pf Roads. The Necessity for
a County Roads Engineer.—W. L.
Spoon, Engineer U. S. Bureau of
Evening Hour. Illustrated Lecture: The
Consolidation of School Districts.
George Howard, Jr., Superintend
ent, Edgecombe County Schools.
Wednesday, Sept. 17
"9:00 Objects and Alethoda of County
Health Work.—Dr. A. J. War
ren, Assistant Secretary, State
Board of Health.
.10:00 The Fee and Salary Systems. The
County Fee Fund: Its Impor
tance.—Leaders, Hon. W. A. Mc-
Girt, Chairman New Hanover
County Commissioners. Hon. W.
J. Johnson, Asheville, N. 0.
11:30 The Development of a State High
way System by Connecting Inter-
couiity Roads.—Hon. Frank Page,
Chairman State Highway Com
12:30 Coordination of County Exten
sion Agents with the New Educa
tional System.—Dr. B. W. Kil
gore, State Director of Farm Ex
-3:30 Administration of our Tax Laws.
—Hon. W. T. Lee, Chairman
State Corporation Commission.
■4:30 Practical Work of the Juvenile
Court and Probation Officer.—
Judge Charles N. Feidelson, Sa
Evening Hour. Modern Principles of
Social Welfare.—Amos W. But
ler, Secretary Indiana State Board
of Charities and Corrections.
Thursday, Sept. 18
'9:00 Case Work in handling Depend
ent, Delinquent, and Neglected
Children.— Mrs. Clarence W.
Johnson, Director of the Child
Welfare Division of the State
Board of Charities and Public
10:00 Objects and Methods of County
Health Work.—Dr. B. E. Wash-
bum, Director of Rural Sanita
tion, State Board of Health.
11:30 Cooperation of the Federal Gov
ernment in Building State Roads.
—E. W. James, U. S. Bureau of
12:30 Uniform County Account Keeping
and Reporting: Why and How.—
Leader: Geo. G. Scott, Chairman
State Board Public Accountancy.
3:30 The Income Tax and Solvent
George P. Pell, State Corporation
4:30 County Government as it Might
be in North Carolina.—Hon. Geo
W. Connor, Wilson, N, C.
Evening Hour. The Model Plan of State
and Local Taxation.—Dr. Charles
J. Bullock, Department of Eco
nomics, Harvard University.
Friday, Sept. 19
9:00 Unifying the Teacher Training
Forces of a County.—A. T. Allen,
State Board of Examiners and In
10:00 Conservation of Childhood.—Dr.
George M. Cooper, Director of
Medical Inspection of Schools,
and Mrs. Kate Brew Vaughn,
Director Bureau of Infant Hy
giene, State Board of Health.
11:30 Practical Organization of the
Work of the County Welfare Su
perintendent.—A. S. McFarlane,
County Superintendent of Public
Welfare, Forsyth County.
12:30 The Tax Question from the Tax
payer’s Standpoint.—Hon. A. J.
Maxwell, Chairman State Tax
3:30 Economy and Efficiency in Road
Construction.—W. S. Fallis, State
4:30 State-wide Auditing of County Ac
counts: Why and How.—Lead
ers: W. F. Woodward, Wilson
County, Charles S. Wallace, Car
teret Board of County Commis
Evening Hour. A Complete Program of
State Health Work.—Dr. Allen
W. Freeman, Commissioner of
Health of Ohio.
Saturday, Sept. 20
9:00 The Public Health Outlook in
North Carolina.—Dr. W. S. Ran
9:30 A More Efficient School System.
Dr. E. C. Brooks.
10:00 Maintenance, the Solution of Sat
isfactory Highways.—Hon. Frank
10:30 Resume of Council Tax Discus
sions.—Hon. A. J. Maxwell.
11:15 The Function of Directed Play
and Organized Recreation in Child
Welfare.—R. K. Atkinson, Cliair-
J man Recreation A.ssociation, Sag
Harbor, N. Y.
11:45 Committee Reports, Resolutions,
12:00 Governor Bickett, Closing Ad-
FREE DENTAL SERVICE
A system of free traveling dental serv
ice for rural-school children was estab
lished by tiie State Board of Health of
North Carolina in July, 1918. This ex
periment was begun after examination of
some 200,000 school children in North
Carolina showed that at least 75 per cent
had beginning decay in permanent teeth.
Less than 10 per cent of these children
had ever visited a dentist except for the
pupose of having an aching tooth ex
tracted. The records also proved that at
least 90 out of every 100 parents never
made any eflbrt to have their children’s
teeth treated by a dentist.
This neglect is attributed by State au-
thorites to several causes.
2. Ignorance and indifference.
3. Morbid fear of the dentist.
4. Hesitancy of many dentists to accept
young children as patients.
5. Lack of specific instruction in the
public scliool on the care of the teeth.
The prime object of the work is, of
course, educational. The preference has
been given to children between 6 and 12
THE TRUE HOME
This is the true nature of home—it
is tlie place of Peace; the shelter, not
only from all injury, but from all ter
ror, doubt and division. In so far as
it is not this, it is not home. So far
as tlie anxieties of the outer life pene
trate into it, and the inconsistently
minded, unknown, unloved, or hos
tile society of the outer world is allow
ed by either husband or wife to cross
tlie threshold, it ceases to be home; it
is then only a part of that outer world
whicli you have roofed over, and
lighted fire in. But so far as it is a
sacred place, a vestal temple, a temple
of the hearth watclied by liousehold
gods, before wliose face none may
come, but those whom they can re
ceive with love—so far as it is tliis,
and roof and fire are types only of a
nobler shade and light,—shade as of
the rock in a weary land, and light as
of the Pharos in the stormy sea;—so
far it vindicates the name and fulfills
the praise of home.
And wherever a true wife comes,
this home is always round her. The
stars only may be over her liead; the
glow-worm in tlie night-cold grass
may be the only fire at her feet: but
home is yet wherever she is; and for
a noble woman it stretches far around
her, better than ceiled witli cedar, or
painted with Vermillion, bhedding its
quiet light far, for those who else were
we might prevent its being generally re
ceived and thereby lose all the salutary
effects and great advantages resulting
naturally in our favor among foreign
nations as well as among ourselves from
our real or apparent unanimity.
On the whole. Sir, I cannot help ex
pressing a wish that every member of the
convention who may still have objections
to it would with me, on this occasion,
doubt a little his own infallibility, and to
make manifest our unanimity, put his
name to this instrument.
A NEGRO PREACHR’S WISDOM
The subsidence of race-prejudice was
not coincident with the downfall of Ger
many, nor will it be with the formation
of the Leagueof Nations, if effected. The
white man has it, the black man has it
—most men, everywhere, still have it.
He who arouses in the negro expecta
tions of a speedy democratic solution of all
his depressing race-problems will, I fear,
do him much harm. It will give fre
quent occasions for irritating disappoint
ments, which would work evil in various
I say to my people: Be patient! Not
the patience of insensible apathy nor
indeed of passive docility, but of active
peaceful effort, and.,of patient ‘watchful
waiting.’ The possibility of rising is the
inspiring angel of effort, and that possi
bility is ours. The race is climbing. The
forces of interracial amity and brotherly
reciprocity are mobilizing. Race dis
crimination, here and there, is beginning
to betray the relenting face of self-con-
, demning shame. Mob violence will be
I stopt. Be patient! Be upright! Be in all
things honorable. We are living in the
years of age, and in some of tlie sections
the work has been restricted entirfely to
children under 10 years old.
Tlie idea is twofold: First, to teacli tlie
very small children practical care of the
teeth, getting them to form the habit of
regular visits to the dentist; and second
by filling or other treatment, preserve
the children’s teetli until past puberty
when they will be able to realize the im
portance of dental care.
The actual treatment given has been
of course, limited in class, but ranges all
tlie way from cleaning and extraction to
tlie placing of permanent amalgam fillings
in permanent teeth.—Scliool Life.
; early morning of a glorious day, whose
[ moral splendor shall illumine the world,
I but we must labor and wait till the noon
' cometh—we can not go to it. The heights
■ attained will never be abandoned. The
good work begun will go foward with
I subduing power and with ever-unfolding
! rectitude. ‘Till tlie war-drums throb no
longer, and the battle-flags are furled, in
the parliament of man, the federation of
the world!’—J. AVill Jackson, D. D., of
The African Methodist Episcopal Zion
Church, in The Southwestern Christion
Advocate, New Orleans.
BEN FRANKLIN’S WISDOM
I confess that tliere are several parts of
this Constitution which I do not at pre
sent approve. But having lived long, I
liave experienced many instances of being
obliged, by better information or fuller
consideration, to cliange opinions even
on important subjects, whicli 1 once
thought right, but found to be otherwise.
It is therefore that tlie older I grow, the
more apt I am to doubt my own judgment
and pay more respect to the 'judgment of
I doubt too whether any other conven
tion we can obtain may be able to make
a better Constituton. For when you as
semble a number of men to liave the ad
vantage of their joint wisdom, you in
evitably assemble with tliose men all
their prejudices, their passions, tlieir er
rors of opinion, tlieir local interests, and
selfish veiws. From such an assembly
can a perfect production be expected? It
therefore astonishes me, Sir, to find this
system approaching so near to perfection
as it does, and I think it will astonish
our enemies who are waiting with confi
dence to hear that our councils are con
founded like those of the builders of
Babel, and that our States are on the point
of separation, only to meet hereafter for
the purpose of cutting one another’s
Thus I consent, Sir, to this Constitution
because I expect no better, and because
I am not sure that it is not the best. The
opinions I have had of its errors I sacri
fice to the public good. I have never
whispered asyllable of them abroad. Witli-
in these walls they were born, and here
they sliall die. If every one of us in re
turning to our constituents were to report
the objections he has had to it and endea
vor to gain partisans in support of them,
CULTURE AND AGRICULTURE
Tliose of us who are struggling witli the
country-life problem in the South believe
that the culture of the farmer is more im
portant than the farmer’s agriculture;
and that the farmer’s home and children
are mpre precious than the farmer’s
fields and farm animals, barns and bank
Here are important questions that we
face daily: Will the new industrial city
civilization of tlie Soutli bring about de
pletion and decay in our rural regions, as
it has done elsewhere in America? Are
we doomed to a one-crop civilization bas
ed on tenancy farming? Will the appar
ently permanent high prices of food stuffs
tempt us into diversified farming? Or
must tlie business of the South be repeat
edly paralyzed by low-priced cotton, be
fore we can give ourselves to diversified
farm activities? Or will we wait to take
our lesson from the boll weevil, as Texas,
Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Geor
gia liave done? Who can say?
One of the characters in Mrs. Abbott’s
story. The Sick-a-Bed Lady, says: “Up
to the time he’s thirty, no man has done
the things he wants to do, but only the
things that have happened to come his
way. He is forced into business to please
his father, and cajoled into the Episcopal
Church to please his mother, and bullied
into red neckties to pjease sister Isabel.
But having once reached the grown-up,
level-headed, independent age of thirty,
a man’s a fool who doesn’t sit down de
liberately and list out, one by one, the
things that he wants—and go ahead and
Now, tlie South is grown-up, and level
headed enough to sit down and deliber
ately list out the things that she needs for
She needs, first and most of all, to
preserve sanely and safely the balance
between her country life and industrial
To this end, she needs improved pub
lic highways, cross country trams ard
telephones, improved health conditions,
modern conveniences and comforts in her
country liomes, applied science and labor
saving machinery on lier farms, and new
ideals and activities in her country
schools and churches.
But we must realize that none of these
are possible to a civilization based upon
landless, homeless, ignorant, unakilied
labor; that civilization is bottomed on
the home-owning, home-loving, home-
defending instinct; and that economic
salvation depends upon a multiplied host
of small farmers who till the land they
own and who own tlie land they till.
True, we cannot go ahead and get all
these things in a jiffy; but we can strug
gle toward these ends witli fervent love
of our motherland and with unyielding
hope and courage.
The South has bravely set her hand to
her task. Her agricultural colleges are
achieving wonders. Her teacher training
schools have been forced into a study of
the country-life problem; because, popu
lation considered, the country school
bulks big. It is 83 percent of the whole
problem of public education in the South.
In tile colleges and universities of the
South, if anywhere in the world, there
ought to be really effective courses in ru
ral economics and sociology, We shall
doubtless have them in good time.
In any event I dare to say that tlie
South is not a Sick-a-Bed Lady, but a
strong man, ready and rejoicing like a
bridegroom to run a race.—E. C. Bran
son, address before the American Eco
A SAVOR OF LIFE
I have no sort of hesitation in saying
tiiat the President of these free states has
a vision of world righteousness and peace,
of the fine art of national living, such as
never before informed and animated the
head of a great and purposeful people.
And so, as a genuine American, I am
righteously proud of him in his righteous
purpose to teach righteousness to the na
tions, to bring disorder and wars and
their waste and misery to an end, to es
tablish a just, constructive and enduring
peace throughout the world—this strong-
jawed American school-teacher whom all
the nations look up to.
Wilhelm was a savor of death unto
death, a vessel unto dishonor; Wilson, a
embodiment of the American spirit, a
savor of life, a vessel unto honor, meet
for the Master’s service. I bid him God
speed, therefore, in the right formation
of a righteous league of nations for the
rehabilitation of this wasted earth, and
the prevention of tlie destruction and
misery and death incident upon social
disorder and war.—Dr. Cyrus Thompson,
retiring president State Medical Society.
VALUES THE NEWS LETTER
We have a daily conference of the eight-
y members of our staft' to consider mat
ters aftecting onr business and to receive
suggestions from the members of the
At this conference the other day Mr.
M. A. White, who, by the way, is a Car
olina man, made the following sugges
For the last few years I have been read
ing a weekly periodical that has more
real meat in it concerning county and
state conditions, than I believe any other
ten papers in the State. I refer to the
University News Letter. I think every
person interested in our State, whether
from a selfish or unselfish standpoint,
owes the publishers of this little sheet a
word of commendation.
My suggestion is this: let the Com
pany express its appreciation of tlie ef
forts of the publishers of this paper in
any manner wliich may suggest itself,
with the request that if possible the News
Letter be sent to our North Carolina
agents each week. No doubt some of our
agents already see this Letter, but I be
lieve that all of them should. From time
to time they will be able to get informa
tion and ideas from this source which
may be a help to them in soliciting life
insurance and serving their clientele.—
H. B. Gunter, Southern Life and Trust
Co., Greensboro, N. C.
There is an active minority of po.werful
capitalists and employers intent upon
establishing in the United States a
dictatorship of plutocracy.
There is an equally active and even
more determined minority on the labor
side determined to a dictatorship of tlie
Neither can succeed except by wreck
ing the existing industrial and social
structure of the United States—Basil
Manly, Joint Chairman of the War Lalaor