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THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA
Published weekly by the
University of North Caurolina
for its Bureau of Extension.
DECEMBER 17, 1919
CHAPEL BILL, N. C.
VOL. VI, NO. 6
FOR STUDENTS ONLY
In early .lanuary the outlines and bib
liographies of the State Keconstruption
. Studies of the Nortli Carolina Club at the
University will be given to the public in
). bulletin form.
The edition will be small. It is meant
'raor students only. It will be sent free of
-charge to anybody in North Carolina
-wl)0,w'ants it and writes for it.
Tlie address file of the University News
Lt'tter discloses the fact that real students
in North Carolina are by no means con
fined to our college campuses. They are
widely sr-attered throughout the state,
almost every county being represented in
•our filps of enquirers. Some counties
iiave very considerable bodies of thought
ful people who want to know great sub
jects in competent fashion.
Quite as one might expect, the lawyers
and bankers lead the list. Teachers, club
women, preachers, and manufacturers
come i;ext. The merchants and larmers
are least represented.
We shall be glad to mail out the State
Eeconstruction Studies of the Club until
^he small edition is exhausted. The stud-
-ents w'ho want it will need to w^rite prompt
CIVIC REFORMS DISCUSSED
Heading references on Civic Eeforms,
dtate and Local, for the North Carolina
Club committee appointed to report to
the Club a State Keconstruction Program
in this field on May 17 and 31. All the
books, bulletins, clippings, etc., are ready
at hand in the seminar room of the Uni-
"wersity rural social science department.
1. State Studies, (a) Consolidation ot
•administrativedepartments; (b) Uniform
departmental accounting and reporting;
(c) A state purchasing agent; (d) A state
budget; (e) Our state primary law; (f)
State constabularies; (g) A children’s
oode commission, etc.
(a) Administrative Consolidation in
the Various States, pp 235-301, and 411.
Report of the New Amrk Commission on
-State Reconstruction, Oct. 10, 1919.
Newspaper clippings.— University
Committee for a State Police, 7 E. 42nd
St., New York.
In Tennessee, newspaper clippings.
—University rural social science files, Eo.
(g) A Children’s Code Commission, pp
15 .—The Reconstruction Program of South
Carolina, by Hastings H. Hart.
Missouri Children’s Code Commission,
1918, pp 231.—Plxecutive Offices, Jeffer
son City, Mo.
Missouri Children’s Bills. The Survey,
June 21, 1919, 112 E. 19th St., N. Y.
2. County Problems, (a) Unified coun
ty government under responsible head
ship; (b) Uniform county accouming
and reporting; (c) Local self-rule; (d)
(a) Local Government in Counties,
Towns, and Villages, by John A. Fairlie,
pp?4, 91, 108, 112.—The Century Co.,
The Jungle of County Government, by
E. C. Branson.—The N, C. (Jub Year-
Book on County Government and County
Affairs in North Carolina, pp 7-11.
The County, by H. S. Gilbertson, pp
115, 175-80, 251-6.-The National Short
Ballot Association, New York.
A Plan of Unified County Government,
in County Administration, by C. C.
Maxey, pp 45-62.—Macmillan Co., N. Y.
County Budgets, pp 178-80.—Ibid.
IMaking the County Budget, 20 pp.—
A CAMPUS IDEAL
Pldwin A. Alderman
I have an ideal for this University.
My desire would have it a place where
there is always a breath of freedom in
tlie air; where a sound and various
learning is taught heartily without
show or pretense; where the life and
teachings of Jesus Christ furnish forth
the ideal of right and true manhood;
where all classes and conditions and
beliefs are welcome and men may rise
in earnest striving by the might of
merit; where wealth is no prejudice
and poverty no shame; where honor
able labor, even labor of the hands, is
glorified by high purpose and strenu
ous desire for the clearer air and
the larger view; where there is a will
to serve all the high ends of a State
struggling up out of ignorance into
general power; where men are trained
to observe closely, to imagine vividly,
to reason accurately, and to have
about them some humility' and some
toleration; where finally, truth, shin
ing patiently like a star, bids us ad
vance, and we will not turn aside.
■'.FuraJ social science files. No. 354.1
Administrative Consolidation in Illinois
:.and other States, pp 7-30.—Report of the
Illinois Committee on State Efficiency
Administrative Consolidation in State
NJovernmento, by A. E. Buck. 28 pp.
National Municipal Review, Nov. 1919.
How It Works in Idaho, by Gov. U.
(b) Uniform Departmental Accounting
in Michigan.—Act. No. 71, Public Acts
■of Michigan, 1919.
(c) A State Purchasing Agent in Mich
igan.—Act No. 61, Public Acts of Mich
(d) State Budget Systems, bulletins of
*he Massaclmsetts Constitutional Conven
tion, 1917-18, pp 51-105.
III New York, Report of the New
York Reconstruction Commission, Oct.
10, 1919, pp 301-365, 393.
Ill Michigan.—Act No. 98, Public
Acts of Micliigau, 1919. .
lu llfiuoD. The Civil Administra
tive Code of Illinois, pp 18-20.
In Alabama. Legislative Message
-of Gov. Thomas E. Kilby, July 8, 1919,
pp 4, 13, 15.
Ill South Carolina. Budget Law
of 1919.—University rural social science
. rm&K, No. 354 9.
In Illinois. First Budget Report,
(by'Gmar IL Wright, Director of Finance,
A National Budget,uewspaperclippiugs.
—Uiilvorsity rural social science files. No.
BuJget Making as a Basis for Social
Worlc, by Alleu and Blakey.—The Sur
March 24, 1919.
e) Tiie State Primary Law in North
Carolina, chapter 101,. Public Laws of
Discussion of, newspaper clippings.
—University rural social science files. No.
(f) The County, by II. S. Gilbertson,
•wp 140.—The National Short Ballot Or-
.ijaniKation, New York.
Local Government in Counties, Towns,
and ViH: ges, by John A. Fairlie, j)p 267
.71, -The Century Co., New York.
The I’eniifylvania State Police, Satur-
«day Evening Post, Jan. 19, 1918.
The World’s Work, Jan. 1918
Why New York Needs a State Police, -
Wtstchester Research Bureau, 15 Court
St., White Plains, New York.
County Budgets and Their Construc
tion, by O. G. Cartwright, Director West
chester Research Bureau, White Plains
(b) North Carolina Club Year-Book on
County Government and County Affairs
in North Carolina, pp 7-11, 80 92.
Local Governments in Counties,Towns,
and Villages, by John A. Fairlie, pp 255-
63, 272.—Century Co., N. Y.
The County, by H. S. Gilbertson, pp
122, 181, 184-5.—National Short Ballot
Association, N. Y.
The Illinois Law on Uniform Systems
of Accounting and Reporting in County
and Other Local Offices.—University ru
ral social science files. No. 352.63.
County Accounting.—University rural
social science files. No. 352.63.
(c) Local Self-Rule, Legislation in Be
In Nebraska. — University rural
social science files, No. 352.6.
Report of the Committee on County
Government, National Municipal League.
The County, by II. S. Gilbertson, pp
Local Government in Counties, Towns,
and Villages, by John A. Fairlie, pp 33-
53, 63, 229.
Reforms Needed.- -University rural so
cial science files. No. 353.62.
Fee and SalarySysteoas, N. C.Club
Year Book on County Government and
County .Affairs, pp 69-80.
The Short Ballot, Gilbertson’s The
County, pp 169-70, 181.
The Short Ballot in Various States.
Bulletins of the Massachusetts Constitu
tional Convention, 1917-18, pp 395-413.
(d) The North Carolina Township In
corporation Law.—Chapter 128, Public
Laws of North Carolina, 1917 .
North Carolina Club Year-Book on
County Government and County Aflairs,
The North Carolina Scheme of Rural
Development, by E. C. Branson. -Na
tional Social Work Coufeience, 315 Ply
mouth Court, Chicago.
Edgecombe, AVayne follow with 3 each;
Beaufort, Chatham, ('howan, Davidson,
Gaston, Lincoln, Madison, Martin, North
ampton, Robeson, Rockingham, Scotland
and A'ancey have each abolished 2 schools
for consolidation. P'inally come Alamance, ^
Clay, Craven, Haywood, Hoke, Iredell, '
Itee, Lenoir, Mecklenburg, Pender, Per
son, Randolph, Rowan. Sampson, AVake,
AVilson, Yadkin, with 1 each.
An Object Lesson
It is a favorite remark with many op
ponents of consolidation that up in the
mountain counties we have to have the
one-teacher schools and consolidation can
not be efl'ected there on account of the
mountain roads. A glance over the list
of counties where consolidation has been
going on gives the answer to this argu
ment. How about AA^ilkes with 5, Bun
combe ,with 4 and xVvery with 3 schools
consolidated with other schools? Yancey,
A'adkin, Haywood are generally thought
of as mountain counties, but consolida
tion is going on in all these.
These are banner counties and they
will receive rich reward for their wisdom
and good sense in establishing more ad
equate school facilities for their children.
They have clearly and unmistakably point
ed the way to an era of progress in our
public school development. The twenti
eth century has been called The Century
of the Child, and nothing shall stand in
the way of giving to every child an equal
claim with every other to enter into his
inborn and constitutional right of a free
education.—L. A. AY.
According to the last biennial report of
Dr. .loyner, ex-State Superintendent of
Public Instruction, forty counties have teen
consolidating schools during the past two
years. There has not been enough of such
consolidation for the best interests of the
school children, to be sure, but the figures
clearly show that the tide has turned and
that we are beginning to realize the neces
sity as well as the value of larger school
units. Consolidation means doing away
with little, inefficient, unorganized schools
and the establishment of larger, more
ert'ective, well-graded institutions.
Pitt County leads the van with 12 schools
abolished during the two-year period and
thus consolidated with other schools.
Burke and Halifax come second with 6
schools each abolished as the result of
consolidation. Wilkes comes third with
5, Buncombe next with4,‘;Avery, Bladtn,
THE OLD ORDER CHANGETH
North Carolina is reaping its first bit
ter fruits of the industrial conflict. For
many years we have been looking on
with complacency as the highly indus
trialized North wrestled with the “class
struggle” ; but this summer’s happenings
in Charlotte, Concord, High Point, Al
bemarle, and Winston-Salem bring the
struggle to our own doors. Bloodshed in
at least three of these thriving indus
trial centers argues the seriousness of the
issues involved and emphasizes the neces
sity of grappling with the problem at
once. It will test the bigness and breadth
of our leaders, but with a vigorous faith
that there is real duty where conflict now
appears, w'e shall find the way. A. cour
ageous Governor blazed the trail in the
suggestive agreement which he secured
in the face of a highly sensitive situation
of several weeks’ standing in High Point.
It sounds like a truce, but it may have in
it the germs of a permanent treaty based
on mutual respect and thorough-going
The High Point Agreement
The agreement bringing to an end the
labor controversy is as follows:
In order to bring about a settlement
of certain differences between the men
who work with their brain and bands
and the men who work their brain and
money in the manufacturing business of
the city of High Point and in order to in
sure the future friendly business relations
between all parties engaged in such man
ufacturing business and to place the same
on a basis of enduring peace and prosper
ity, the manufacturers and employes of
High Point, each acting through the com
mittee who signs this paper, hereby con
tract and agree, as follows:
“1. The manufacturers frankly and
in good faith concede that the employes
have a right to join any labor union they
see fit and the manufacturers pledge that
they will not in any way, directly or in
directly, discriminate against such em
ploye in bis employment or in his treat
ment because he may belong to the labor
“2. Each manufacturer agrees at all
times to receive and give careful and con
siderate hearing to any duly appointed
representative of his employes on any
question in wliich such employes may be
“3. The employes frankly and in good
faitli concede that every employe has the
right to decline to join any labor union
and all employes hereby pledge that they
will in no way maltreat, offend or be dis
courteous to any employe because he
does not belong to a labor union; that
the purpose of this article and of article
1 is to secure for the manufacturers of
the city of High Point the permanent ap
plication of the principle of the open shop
and this principle must be applied alike
to union and non-union men.
‘ ‘4. All parties to this contract believe
that in order to build up any business
and to develop the character of the men
engaged in it a premium should be placed
on industry and efficiency, and to this
end it is mutually contracted and agreed
that paying for piecework and otherwise
rewarding the industrious and efficient
employes shall in no way be interfered
I “5. It is believed by all parties to
this contract that walkouts and lockouts
result in friction and w'aste and impair
the ability of the business to properly re
ward those who are engaged in it, and
that both walkouts and lockouts should
he avoided wherever pos*ble. To this
end it is agreed by all parties hereto that
should sny differences arise between any
manufacturer and his employes not spe
cifically covered by the foregoing articles
then a serious and conscientious effort
must be made by the management -and
the employes to adjust such differences,
and if this should prove to be impossible,
then such differences shall be submitted to
a board of arbitration composed of one
man to be named by the employes and
one man to be named by the manufac
turers, each of whom shall have been a
resident of the city of High Point for a
period of two years at the time of his ap
pointment, and if these two cannot agree,
tliey shall elect a third disinterested
party, who, at the time of his selection
'hall have been a resident of the city of
High Point for a period of two years, and
in event the first two men cannot agree
on the third party, then the governor of
of the state of North Carolina shall ap
point the third party, subject to the same
residential and disinterested limitations.
That the employes of the manufacturers
of the city of High Point shall not go on
strike in sympathy with any outside or
ganization or be subject to orders from
parties who have not been living and
maintaining, a residence in the city of
High Point for a period of two years.
“6. That under the above conditions
the manufacturers agree that the factories
shall be leopened on the 17th of Septem
ber, 1919. All employes agree to return
to work on a basis of 55 hours constitut
ing a week’s work, and that hourly wages
shall be paid on this basis.
“7. It being herein and hereby dis
tinctly understood and agreed that the
agreement shall not be understood as any
sort or kind of collective bargaining with
either agents, committees or representa
tives of union labor. ”
The task is not finished, and no finer
opportunity ever offered itself to thinking
North Carolinians to lay aside-all preju
dice and narrow self-interest and come to
the task of constructive statesmanship in
industry.—D. D. C.
committee and the state directors.
‘ ‘This sum does not represent by any
means the complete or final report,” said
Secretary Coate.s. ‘‘The campaign will
be pushed vigorously through the month
of December and from preliminary re
ports and the ultimate success of the
campaign, we expect to have S>150,000by
Present at the meeting in Chapel Hiil
were representatives from the committee
of the trustees, which consists of Gov
ernor Bickett, George Stevens, Leslie
AYeil, Afictor S. Bryant, and Clem (i.
AYright, together with many of the state
directors, including C. F. Harvey, of
Kinston, A. II. London, of Pittsboro, C.
AY. Tillett, of Charlotte, K. S. Tanner, .
of Rutherfordton, J. A. Gray, Jr., of
AVinston-Salem, Judge H. B. Stevens,
of Asheville, J. AY. Umstead, of Greens
boro, P. FI. Gwynn, .of Leaksville, AV.
S. Roberson, of Chapel Hill, D. K. Mc
Rae, of Laurinburg, Cameron McRae,
of Concord, P. II. Gwynn, Jr , of Reids-
ville, and J. Ah Price, of Madison.
These directors were entertained at a
banquet given by the University, at
which J. A. Gray, Jr., acted as toast
master. Individual reports were made'
by the directors, results were announced
and final plans laid for pushing the cam
paign through its last stages. The di
rectors expressed themselves as immense
ly pleased with the progress.
Particular attention was paid to the
plan adopted by the Charlotte alumni,
who are raising an average of $100 for
each alumnus. Out of the first sixty-five
alumni in Charlotte who -w'ere approach
ed with this proposition, sixty agreed to
to the plan. The success appealed to di
rectors from other parts of the state who
are trying to reach every alumnus.
• ‘The contributions of the student body
last year still represent a higher average
than the gifts of the alumni,” said Sec
retary Coates. “The feat of raising $20,-
000 in one night on the campus is the
most remarkable financial phenomenon
the University has ever known and was
the finest testimony of the spirit in which
the students held President Graham.”—
THE CALL FOR EDUCATION
Another year of educational work has
started. Overcrowded schools, record-
breaking enrollments in both high schools
and colleges, are evidence of the fact that
the call for education is being given great
er consideration this year than ever be
fore. The check that had been placed on
college work because of the war, now
has loosened and the work bursts forth
with vigor and interest.
Do the young people that have entered
high school and college for the first time
this year, fully appreciate the importance
of the step they have taken? 'The call
for educated people during this recon
struction period, m all lines of human
endeavor and especially agricultural lines,
is greater tlian it ever was before. AVith
the coming of farmers’ organizations and
cooperative agricultural business, the need
for level-headed and broad-minded men,
agriculturally reared and agriculturally
trained, increases. AA^ith the introduc
tion of rural credit systems and the neces
sity of better rural banking facilities, the
call for men trained in banking with an
agricultural viewpoint is apparent.
The development of agricultural depart-
ments in the high schools affords splendid I
opportunities for young men-with agricul- ^
tural training to become rural community
leaders. The growing demand for county I
agricultural advisers, official cow-testers,
research men, boys’ and girls’ club direct- j
ors, and last, but not least, the need for r
trained young men and women in farm
ing, make the future secure for the young i
people of obtaining a higher education.— 1
Indiana Farmers’ Guide.
THE GRAHAM MEMORIAL
The sum of $104,000 has been raised
thus far by the Graham Memorial Fund
Committee of the University of North
Carolina toward the contemplated stu
dents’ activities building at the University
in memory of the late President, Edward
Kidder Graham. This announcement
was made today by Albert M. Coates,
secretary of the committee, following a
meeting in Chapel Hill of the central
AVhile it is now generally conceded that I
vocational subjects have an importanti
place in the high school program of stud-1
ies, it is becoming clearer day by day that’
we should consider even agricultural sub
jects from a standpoint not too narrowly!
vocational. To be sure, in agriculture!
we want to arouse the interest of boys in!
the every day problems of the farm and!
make them meaningful, but the teacher j
who aims to provide only such knowledge!
and skill as may be cashed in at the bank,I
without leaving them ■with a broader vis-r
ion of life on the farm, and in the com-i
munity, and of the possibilities for real!
satisfaction in country life, is hitting shori
of the mark. That is to say, weshouhj
organize and present our subject matteJ
in such a way that it will function beyonri
what is ordinarily considered its vocation!
al value. Agricultural subject matter iJ
now so comprehensive and rich that therJ
is plenty of opportunity for the teacher til
Use his resourcefulness in arousing intel!
lectual interests, creating new needs, anJ
inciting to efforts toward improving com!
munity conditions. Let us keep in minJ
tliat ‘ ‘The development of the boy is thi
end point and that subject matter is ^1
means.”—L. E. Cook, in the N. 0. A
cational Education Monthly.