The University of North Carolina news letter. online resource (None) 1914-1944, August 25, 1920, Image 1
" -il It t new* in iHi* publica- released for the press on THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA NEWS LETTER Published weekly by the University of North Carolina for its Bureau of Elxtension. 1ST 25,1920 CHAPEL HHX, N. C. VOL VI, NO. 40 J Board a K. 0. Branson, L, B. Wilson, B. W. Knight, D. D. Carroll, J. B. Bnllltt. Entered as second-class matter NoTomber 14, 1914, at the Postoffloe at Chapel Hill, N. C., nnder the act of August 24, 1918. [E SCHOOL OF PUBIC WELFARE NING FOR SOCIAL WORK wing the unusually successful ;r Institutes for Public Welfare ;h more than fifty public welfare ts were enrolled, the University th Carolina will offer its second f training for social work begin- 1 September 23rd. This will be ander the Division of Training for Work in the School of Public re, and will constitute the opea- the regular full-year instruction continued from this time on. University ^hrough its School olic Welfare and its allied Depart- . will be able to offer unusual ad- ;es and, in some respects, oppor- lities not found in any other train- hool for social work. The Univer- lant, with its libraries, laborato- )ublic lectures and faculties will iilable, in addition to the special !s, lectures, and faculties provided ! School of Public Welfare. In the • University faculty, for instance, e available courses in economics, lerce, psychology, philosophy, ru- icial science, sociology, education, •y, government, community music, lunity drama, health, sanitation, jy, and other sciences needed. ! courses will be given by men dis- ished in their respective fields, as Professors Hamilton, Carroll, !taff, Koch, Wilson, Bullitt, Bran- fCnight, Saville, Hobbs, Williams, fer, Odum, and others, ewise there will be available for al lectures, conferences, and di- >n, the heads of State Departments, ially Hon. Roland F. Beasley, com- j oner of Public Welfare, and mem- of his staff, including Mrs. Clar- A. Johnson, director of Child Wel- and Mr. Newman, director of ty organization; Hon. E. C. cs, State Superintendent of Public action, and members of his staff, ling Mr. W. C. Crosby, secretary 3 Community Service Bureau and Elizabeth Kelly, in charge of adult •acy work in the State; Dr. W. S. in, secretary of the State Board [ealth; and especially executives the Southern Division and Nation- | d Cross, as well as ^specialists in ational field of social work. I special interest, however, will be acuity of the University which is | alizing for these students of social I . These include; j ward W. Odum, Ph. D., Kenan' issor of Sociology in the Univer-' ind Director of the School of Pub-' elfare, who comes to the Univer- vith training and experience cal-! ed to give effectiveness to courses )cial Theory and practical social ems. Holding the doctorate in' hology from Clark University and octorate in Sociology from Colum- vith several years' of practical ex- nce in research and promotion in public education, health and ties, followed by several years of ling sociology at the University of gia and later by administrative as Dean of Emory University, he well consider this an ideal field for ce. tribution to community work and policy. Professor Burnett has had peculiar ad vantages for this work: training in the New York School for Social Work; res idence in Greenwich House, New York; lecturer at the University of Toronto in the Social Service Department; did pio neer work in rural districts and log camps in Canada; member executive committee National Conference of So cial Work and was Director of the So cial Service Department of Public Health at Toronto. He has made social surveys and done promotion work in the earlier days with the Methodist Church. He is especially adapted in spirit and enthusiasm for this work. Jesse F. Steiner, Ph. D., Professor of Social Technology, comes directly to the University from National Head quarters of the American Red Cross, where he has been, since the creation of the post. Director of Educational Service, in which position he has super vised the training of social workers in all the Divisions of the National Red Cross. Prior to this work he was Pro fessor in the University of Pittsburg, teaching Social Theory and Practical Social Problems; was prominent in the work of directing a number of social agencies, including social agencies in Cincinnati and Chicago; he has devoted a number of years to similar study and work in the Orient and comes to this new work with perhaps the best prepa ration that could be found in this coun try. He is preparing some special ar ticles and a text on Education for Social Work. MEN TO MAKE A STATE George Washington Doane The men, to make a state, are made by faith. A man that has no faith is so much flesh. His heart is a muscle; nothing more. He has no past, for rever ence; no future, for reliance. Such men can never make a state. There must be faith to look through clouds and storms up to the sun that shines as cheerily, on high, as on creation’s morn. There must be faith that can afford to sink the present in the future; and let time go, in its strong grasp upon eternity. This is the way that men are made to make a state.—Masseling’s Ideals of Hero ism and Patriotism. COUNTRY HOME CONVENIENCES LETTER SERIES No. 24 Electric Farm Power from Central Stations- III gene Cunningham Branson, Litt. Cenan Professor of Rural Social ice in the University, who has pre- d and directed one of the best,, if he best, rural life laboratory in the try. His work in this field has at- «d national attention and his pub- ions are used widely throughout ;ountry. He is a member of the onal Country Life Conference ex- ive committee, chairman of impor- committees, and in wide contact present movements for the study promotion of country life. AT home, e State of North Carolina, his Club ies have become a standard of ex- nce through which rural sociology ight and practiced, thur H. Burnett comes to the ol of Public Welfare, as Professor ammunity Organization, from the don of Secretary of the Public Ith Federation of Cincinnati, an cr eation which has, through its eleven rentjouncils, made distinctive con- Mary Clarke Burnett, M. A., from Columbia University, was also a resi dent at Greenwich House and head worker for the _ Central Neighborhood House for three years. She comes di rectly to the University from the posi tion of Executive of Social Workers’ Council of the Social Unit Organization of Cincinnati. This included organiza tion work among all the social workers of the District and the giving of lec tures to Block Workers and to the gen eral public in Cincinnati, as well as lec tures on social diagnosis to the nurses of the Social Unit. Mrs. Burnett will supervise the Field Work in the School of Public Welfare and give lectures on Family case work. Philip Klein, Ph. D., is Director of Educational Service in the Southern Division of the American Red Cross and holds his doctorate from Columbia Uni versity and the New York School of So cial Work. His special work has been done in the study of prison conditions and work among prisoners, and he was assistant secretary of the New York Prison Commission for six years. He will cooperate with the School of Pub lic Welfare to the fullest extent, and will interpret both the Southern Divis ion and the National Red Cross cooper ative measures, and give results of sim ilar work elsewhere. Advisory Committeee on Cooperation: Harry Woodburn Chase, President of the University; Roland F. Beasley, Commissioner of Public Welfare of North Carolina; Howard W. Odum, Di rector of the School of Public Welfare; and Philip Klein, Director, Education and Research, Southern Division, Amer ican Red Cross. MAKING HISTORY get their places; with a new era of school building that is displacing small, wood en school houses with modern, commo dious permanent structures; with a deep and intelligent interest in rural ed ucation; with a quickening of the edu cational impulses all over -the state— there can be no question that North Ca rolina is thinking more and demanding more of education than ever before in her history. Add the fact that for the first time North Carolina is beginning to realize her material wealth, that she knows she ranks fourth in the value of her agricultural products, topped only by Texas, Illinois, and Iowa, that the amount she pays in federal taxes is exceeded by only six states, that she is buying automobiles at a faster rate than any state in the union, that she is rich, rich, rich, and able to do any thing and get anything she wants—add this fact to the educational passion that is sweeping the state and he is blind who cannot see that the future of North Carolina rests in the hands of her teach ers.—University Summer School News. FARM LIGHTING CONTRACT We give below a typical simple con tract which has been used successfully in supplying farm lighting from central stations. BLAZING A TRAIL Whereas, the , herein after referred to as the party of the first part, proposes to construct a trans mission line for the transmission of electricity for light, heat and power, from , to along the .road, and purposes to furnish connections with said line to the various residences, farm and busi ness places along said line, for the sum of three hundred dollars, the pay ment of which shall give to the resi dence, farm or business owner along said line the right to connect his resi dence, farm or business place with said transmision line and receive electricity for light, heat or power as long as said line is in existence, whether maintained by the or its successors or assigns, for the rates hereinafter set out or as shall be otherwise mutually agreed upon by the parties hereto. In consideratian of the construction and maintenance of said transmission line in accordance with the terms of this contract, and of the completion thereof on or before , the undersigned, hereinafter referred to as the party of the second part, agrees to pay for the right to connect his residence, farm or business place, hereinafter described, with said transmission line and receive electreity therefrom for light, heat or power, the sum of three hundred dollars, but if said line shall not be completed by , then this contract to be void and not binding upon either party. Upon completion of the transmission line as hereinbefore described said party of the first part agrees to furnish a transformer on said line, at a point in the public highway on said transmission line nearest the residence, farm or bus iness place of the party of the second part, for the purpose of furnishing elec tricity, and agrees to furnish electricity to and through said transformer to par ty of the second part, single-phase, at 110 or 220 volts, for light, heat and power at the same rates and charges as those paid to party of the first part by users and consumers in the town of , for the same services ex cept that the minimum rates charged for electricity shall. be $4 per month, where a 3-kw. transformer is used, which will allow the use of sufficient lighting for the ordinary farm together with the electric iron and power up to 0.6 hp. at the same time, or a 3-hp. mo tor when used alone, or $6 per month where a transformer is furnished by party of the first part sufficiently large to carry a 6-hp. motor, but with said exception the rates for light, heat and power shall be the same as those charged by party of the first part to its pa trons in the town of It is agreed and understood that the party of the second part shall build and maintain his own line from the trans former on the transmission line of the party of the first part, as above de scribed, to his residence or farm or business place, and wire his own resi dence, farm or business place at his expense; it being understood that this agreement does not require the party of the first part to construct or build any lines or to do any work beyond the transformer on its own line. The above is a modification of the as signment method, the central station not only furnishing engineering advice but assuming all responsibility for building the line, charging the farmer for it by collecting a connection fee, in this case $300. The minimum monthly charge of $4 is probably lower than such service could profitably be rendered at the present time. The general opinion seems to be that a minimum of $6 a month must be collected if farm line service is to return any profit to the central sta tion.-?. H. D. History is being made in Chapel Hill this summer. The trail that Dr. How- J ard Odum and his associates are blazing in the work of the Public Welfare Insti tute is a trail that will inevitably widen into a broad, paved highway along which all the intelligent social forces of the country will march. Through keen ness of perception, desire of service, ' the ability and the passion to prepare the way, both the University and j the Red Cross have heard and are anr swering the clear call from all those ' forces which, in the words of Commis sioner Beasley, are trying to supplement I the home, the school, the church, and the community for the needs of vigor ous, healthy, wholesome, and more abundant life. | It is the beginning of what may be a complete turnover of educational ideas and it is being done right here on this campus. Not only social workers but educators and broad-minded, thinking citizens the country over are watching and will watch more closely in the future the work of the Public Welfare Insti tute and of its successor, the School of Public Welfare of the University. More power to both of them!—University Summer School News. No magician’s eye is needed to see that an educational revolution is im pending in North Carolina, the like of which has never been seen in the South. With every institution of higher learn ing in the state chock-a-block with students so that, as President Chase said, if they doubled their capacity over night they could not meet the require ments of the next few years; with every summer school so full that hundreds of students have to be turned away and the state Department of Education has to open two new summer schools;with 3,000 graduates from public high schools in 1920 where five years ago there were only 800; with 25,000 students in high schools now and many more trying to LIGHTING A BONFIRE There is a city in Michigan whose citizens once raised a fund of $60,000 to be spent in what someone has described as the business of factory grabbing. The money was so spent, in three years. It did not bring a single new industry to the town. When the fund was about exhausted the organization met to wind up its affairs. The motion had been moved and seconded when a leading citizen arose. We have spent our money, he said, and we haven’t a thing to show for it. This has set me to wondering if we are not on the wrong track. While we have been trying to bring factories here, we have overlooked our own city. The streets are out of repair. We have no parks. Our schools, fire and police departments are a joke. The city hasn’t enough civic spirit to light a bon fire. Now, instead of going out of busi ness, suppose we all chip in to another fund and spend that money trying to im prove our home city. Let’s try it for a year anyway. His enthusiam prevailed. At the end of the year the results were such that the organization financed itself for an other year, and then a third. When the third year had run its course the same leading citizen made another little speech. We spent $60,000 to get new facto ries, he said, and we didn’t get one. We have spent about the same amount try ing to see how good a town we could make of this, and now look at the inven tory: More than a dozen new industries have quietly come in and made their homes here. We have gained 40 per cent in population. We have good streets, good schools, several parks, efficient fire and police protection, and we are all loudly and proudly telling the rest of the country that this is the best city on this continent. We not only believe it, but we know it, and if called on, we can prove it.—Municipal Reference Library Notes, New York. in the newspaper. It is not the only pulling force in building circulation. He likes good advertizing. The farmer wants a clean, well-print ed newsy sheet. The farmer likes to have his news headed up and featured for easy read ing as much as the city man. We have always featured strongly the work of the County Agent in our newspaper, believing it to be a splendid work as well as good news stuff. The farmer appreciates special sales days. You do yourself a favor, as well as your merchants and the farmers, when you promote special sales days. The farmer appreciates special atten tion of any kind. He sums up his appeal by saying: There are certain p’s and q’s to the problem jjf reaching the farmer. The p’s. I would say, are psychology, pa tience and persistence. The q’s are quality, ’quaintance and quest. Give the farmer the kind of news and adver tising he needs, cultivate his acquaint ance, seek his subscription, his farm ad vertising and his job work with the same zeal and salesmanship that you do I the business of your town merchants, and I verily believe you will find him as ^ loyal and as profitable a patron of your office as your average merchant.—Wis consin University Clip Sheet. WHAT FARMERS WANT Farmers want a paper, says the In dependence, Mo., Examiner, to carry the news in which he is most interested— the news of the country court, the rural schools, the country churches and the farm organizations. Here are some suggestions made by the editor af this thriving weekly; It is important not only to give to the farmer the kind of paper he wants, but also to let him know that you are staining every effort to do it. News is not all the farmer appreciates A TOOTHBRUSH Dr. Hartzell, of Minnesota, recently declared that clean teeth would mean the vacating of 20 percent of the hospital beds now in use. Clean teeth go far toward preventing indigestion, heart disease, kidney trouble, brain trouble, and rheumatism. Sir William Osier is credited with say ing: “If I were asked to say whether more physical deterioration was pro duced by alcohol than by defective teeth, I should say, unhesitatingly, defective teeth.’’-Virginia Rural School Messa ges.