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THE DAILY CHOWANIAN
Volume 1 Number 50
Murfreesboro, Norlh Carolina,
Wednesday, March 2, 1930
Wall Street Report
NEW YORK UFI — The stock
market pursued an uneven
course in moderately active
early trading today.
Most automotive shares
backed away slightly from yes
terday’s gains now that the news
was out that February auto out
put was the biggest since rec
American Motors new, based
on the 3-for-l split, was off a
fraction. The old stock ceased
trading at yesterday’s close.
Chrysler also dropped a frac
tion and Ford eased. General
Motors managed a slight gain.
Steels declined slightly. U. S.
Steel and Republic were down
a bit. Jones & Laughlin lost
about a point.
New York Central and Penn
sylvania Railroad held steady
but other leading carriers
showed minus signs.
Federal Pacific Electric rose
2% to 27 on a late opening block
of 6,000 shares.
Litton Industries rose well
over a point. Philco and Ray
theon added fractions. Radio
The general trend was slightly
lower among aircrafts and oils.
DuPont was off a point in a
mixed, chemical section.
Nonferrous metals were ir
regular. American Smelting and
Homestake rose slightly. Phelps
Dodge was firm. Kennecott and
Anaconda ex dividend declined
Train Collides With Oil Rig;
At Least 17 Reported Dead
Equal Rights To
NEW YORK AP — The Con
gress of Racial Equality has re
lied on passive resistance for fur
therance of its goals since being
organized 18 years gao.
“So we shall continue to press
peacefully for equal rights for all
in the face of such opposition as
Sen. Richard Russell of Georgia,”
was the comment of Marvin Rich,
community relations director of
Russell, leader of Southern sen
ators opposed to civil rights legis
lation, said in the Senate Satur
day night that direction for recent
Negro demonstrations at lunch
counters and other traditionally
segregated public services in the j
South came from New York City.
He specifically named the Con
gress of Racial Equality as advo-
rating mass efforts by young Ne
groes to get into segregated places.
Rich exolained the organization
is non-profit and interracial and
has 12,000 mambers, including res
idents of every state.
Rich said the organization, gen
erally referred to as CORE, has
met with leaders in many commu
nities and established workshops
to explain non-violent techniques.
“We continued to do this since
the unfortunate and mistaken at
tack by Sen. Russell,” he said,
adding, “We shall continue to
press peacefully for equal rights
CORE was founded in Chicago
in 1942. It operates on a budget
of $100,000 and last year spent
“In the course of time our
methods have been successful not
only in ending lunch counter dis
crimination but securing jobs for
Negroes, Mexicans, Orientals and
Jews,” he said. “We’ve done work
in school integration, public ac
commodations generally and have
been particularly successful in
voter registration in South Caro
The non-violent direct action ap
proach, Rich said, “assumes that
a lasting solution can best be ob
tained through a spirit of good
will and understanding. We oppose
discrimination but have only good
will for he who discriminates.”
BAKERSVILLE, Calif. UP) —
A swift Santa Fe passenger train
and a two-trailer oil rig collided
Tuesday night with a mighty
blast of oil that set jackknifed
coaches afire and shriveled the
At least 17 persons died—14
passengers, the engineer and
fireman, and the oil rig driver.
Sixty-eight were injured of
whom 45 remained in hospitals,
many of them badly burned.
The San Francisco Chief No.
2, carrying 76 passengers, had
left San Francisco at 11;15 a.m.
and was rolling through lush
cotton ard alfalfa farmland a-
bout seven miles west of this
oil-well city 100 miles northwest
of Los Angeles. The time was
5:10 p.m.;- the speed, a brake-
man said, about 75 m.p.h.; the
visibility fair—a cloudy sunset.
Unaccountably the oil rig car
rying more than 7,000 gallons of
high-gravity crude oil drove on
to the tracks at a four-way in
tersection. The train slammed
The rear oil trailer wrapped
around the locomotive and ex
ploded with a thunderous erup
tion seen four miles away.
The forward oil tanker was
thrown 100 yards, badly dam
aged and leaking, but it did not
The train veered crazily on,
its four diesel units aflame, its
forward trucks knocked off the
tracks by the tremendous
Nine of the 11 cars jackknifed
into one another like a row of
huge steel dominoes knocked
Flame from the initial ex
plosion swept back the length
of the train, but only forward
cars in the tangled jumble
caught fire. The first three of
the four diesel units were
charred to blackened rubble—
reduced, one newsman suggest
ed, to hardly more than half
their original size.
The last two cars remained on
“Then the train started to
twist and jerk and the seats
flew through the car. Most of
us were thrown around like rag
Eleven hundred feet of track
were torn up, some of it twisted
into grotesque loops around the
Fifteen ambulances came from
four nearby towns. Helicopters
helped shuttle the injured to
three Bakersfield hospitals.
An ambulance driver, Don Wil
liams, said: “Surprisingly
enough there was not too much
crying or moaning. Everybody
seemed to have pretty good
Engineer L. A. Snyder and
fireman A. H. Braley, both of
Fre="'', Calif., were cremated
in their cab.
Eyewitness Jchn Holland said
the oil rig driver, Jrhn Garrett,
left his imperiled vehicle on the
tracks, jum"^ed and ran. When
the train hit and fire exploded,
flames spewed over the running
Garrett, who dashed into an
irrigation ditch. He was burned
to a crisp.
Hours after the crash debris
was still burning.
Floodlights and generators
were brought in so rescue and
repair work could go on through
The scene was cold and windy.
Smoke was so dense before dark
fell that cars two miles away
needed lights to drive.
Most of the dead and severly
injured were in the first three
cars. No. 1 was on its side, Nos.
2 and 3 leaning on it. Two cars
were welded together by the
The scene was one of twisted
metal, smoke, ankle-deep oil,
cars compressed like accordi
ons. On topsy-turvy roofs of cars
physicians with scatchels in
hand waited for torch operators
to burn access holes.
Delma Casey, 23, Waco, Tex.,
an Air Force sergeant’s wife,
had boarded the train at Rich
mond with her daughters Jackie
mond with her daughters Jackie,
3, and Karen, 5. They were re
turning to Texas after visiting
her parents in San Leandro.
“We were just sitting there
eating sandwiches when sudden-
Snow Enters Into
Snow entered North Carolina
across the southwestern moun-
tai^s early today and spread
northeastward across the state.
By mid-morning, the fall had
reached depths of 3 to 6 inches
in the mountains and was still
The State Highway Depart
ment described mountain roads
as hazardous and said chains are
needed. Piedmont highways also
were being covered.
Schools closed in many
The Weather Bureau issued
moderate to heavy snow warn
ings for an expected 10 to 14 in
ches in counties west of the Blue
Ridge and for 6 to 10 inches for
mountain counties east of the
Blue Ridge. A fall of 4 inches
was predicted for Charlotte.
The Bureau predicted that the
precipitation snow, sleet or rain
or a combination-would spread
over the entire state by tonight.
Snow mixed with freezing rain
ly we saw fire whipping past our 1 ^as forecast for the mountains
seat,” she said. tonight.
Lake Enters Race; Promises To
Preserve State's Social Order
BOSTON AP — Willem van
Rie was acquitted today of a
murder charge in the death of
The all-male jury took tthe
cas3 at 5:42 p.m., EST Tuesday
and returnad its verdict at 9:13
The judge had given the jurors
six verdicts from which to de
cide. They ranged from first de
gree murder to acquittal.
Catawba College Boy
Killed In Car Wreck
RALEIGH — Attorney I.
Beverly Lake of Raleigh has
entered the gubernatorial con
test with a premise to preserve
the state’s social order.
Lake said, however, as he
made his oficial plunge into the
campaign Tuesday, he considers
‘very good” the state’s pupil
assignment law which permitted
token integration in several
North Carolina cities.
Lake, regarded as an avowed
segregationist, said “The pupil
assig ment law was never con
ceived by me as an impenetrable
law behind which we could rest
in safety from the invasion of our
school system by the NAACP.”
Lake,53, was all but out of the
race two weeks ago when he de
clared he lacked suficient cam
paign money. However, support
ers initiated a drive for more
funds and wound up with enough
to give him a start.
Lake in a statement, said:
“There is no room in North
Carolina for injustice, arrogance
or hatred between people of dif
ferent races. I do not want, and I
shall not knowingly accept, the
support o'f any person or organi
zation whose program or state
ments are designed to create ten
sion and discord between white
and Negro North Carolinians or
MORRESVILLE, N. C. AP —
One Catawba College student was
killed when their car wrecked
while returning from a basketball
game. All were thrown from the
spinning, skidding vehicle.
James Edgar Zammiello, 20, of
is a son of Rock Zammiello, a
Gastonia was killed instantly. He
was a prominent amateur golfer
and former football star at Ca
Andrew M. Balanda, 19, of Ber
wick, Pa., suffered head, chest,
abdominal and arm injuries and
was reported in critical condition
at a Charlotte hospital, where he
was transferred from a hospital
William L. Boschini, 19, o f
Brockway, Pa., the driver, was
reported in good condition at Low-
rance Hospital here. He suffered
cuts on the leg and ankle.
Thomas A. DeMaio Jr., 22, of
Hawthorne, N. J., was treated for
minor injuries and released.
The four were returning to Ca
to belittle the contribution of
either to our state.”
“If I become governor, I shall
use every power conferred upon
me to continue that social order
in North Carolina, and thus pro
mote the happiness and oppor
tunity of all our people.”
Lake’s entry widened the field
of candidates seeking the Demo
cratic nomination in the May 28
primary to four. The others are
Malcolm Seawell, Terry Sanford
and John D. Larkins Jr.
Lake’s platform included im
proved schools, a balanced state
budget with taxes which are not
excessive, a fair distribution of
the tax burden, a reorganized
Highway Commission with repre
sentation from individual dis
tricts and the right to work
tawba from the Wofford-Catawba
gamo of the National Assn. of In
tercollegiate Athletics district play
was won by Wofford. 68-59.
State Highway Patrolman David
right side of N.C. 150 n3ar here'
B. Searcy said the car ran off the
on a curve, traveled on t. nul-
der for 125 feet, then crashed into
a guard post and then into a
bridge. The car flipped over and
skidded sidways for 35 feet be
yond the bridge, coming to rest
on its top, facing the direction
whence it had came.
The spinning vehicle spilled all
four of the passengers. Balanda
offs at Spartanburg, S.C., which
was thrown over or through the
guard rails, to the ground beneath
the bridge. Another carload of Ca
tawba students arrived and spec
tators began searching for Balan
da, since they knew four persons
had been in the car.
Boschini, a sophomore tackle on
the Catawba football team, told
Searcy that he did not know how
fast they were traveling. But Bos
chini said the car normally shim
mies at 60 m.p.h. and he had not
noticed a shimmy. DeMaio also is
a Catawba football player.
WINSTON-SALEM, N. C. UPl —
Twenty-two persons, 10 of them
white students at Wake Forest
College, were convicted in Mu
nicipal Court here today on tres
pass charges that grew out of a
lunch counter demonstration in
a downtown store Feb. 23.
The others convicted were
nine Negro students at Winston-
Salem Teachers College and
three other Negroes.
Counsel for the 12 Negroes ap
pealed to Superior Court. Coun
sel for the white students did
not immediately file notice of
Judge Leroy Sams suspended
judgment after finding them
Counsel for the F. W. Wool-
worth Co., where the violations
occurred, sought to drop the
charges but the state would not
There will be no play
rehersal tonight. Rehersal
will begin tomorrow night
at 7:00 in the auditorium.
MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay AP
—President Eisenhower arrived
in Uruguay today and was greet
ed with a ' abrazo. It was the
'irst timo h? hid recfived that
traditional Latin American bear-
hug on his South American tour.
The gesture of affection was
made by Benito Nardone, presi
dent of the governing council of
this smallest of the South Ameri-
c a n republics, as Eisenhower
stepped from his plane. The oth
er e.ght members of the coun
cil shook hands.
Abcut 1,000 persons, standing
on a terrace of Carrasco Airport
terminal, looked on. The day was
beautiful and tiie temperature a
Eisenhower hailed Urugua
yans as champions of democra
tic principles and declared their
institutions have won the ap
plause “of every American,
school children and adults
The United States, he said,
treasures its partnership with
Uruguay and other Latin Ameri
can counties and “wants this
partnership to be a model of mu
tually helpful cooperation among
sovereign states, some large,
Nardone praised the President
as a crusader for American bro
therhood and friendship.
Eisenhower flew here from
Santiago, Chile, after previously
visiting Brazil and Argentina. He
winds up his 10-day round of vis
its Thursday when he takes off
for Puerto Rico.