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Created at Duke
A Word to the Wise On
Home Energy Savings...
Reprinted below is a consumer's guide
to efficient energy use in the home
published by the Consumer Affairs
section of the American Gas Association.
THE ENERGY GAP
Energy ... we've always taken it for
granted. Energy to light, heat, and cool
our homes, cook our meals, and bring
music and entertainment into our homes.
But now there is an energy gap. What
does this mean? Quite simply, the U.S.
demand for energy is growing much faster
than new supplies are being found.
The oil and gas industries are working
hard to find and develop new supplies in
remote areas such as Alaska and under
the seas, and, through new technology, to
make the most of the reserves we have.
But it will take time—five to ten years to
develop and produce a new field after it is
discovered. But meanwhile, consumer
demand for oil and gas is increasing.
YOU CAN HELP
By making the most efficient use we
can of our energy supplies, we can save
money and at the same time help extend
the usefulness of our energy resources.
This alone will not provide the
solution to the energy gap, but it will
You may send ads to “Trading Post,"
Box 3354, Hospital. Ads are printed free,
but we do not advertise real estate,
personal services or commercial
enterprises. Please give your home
telephone number. Duke extensions will
not be listed.
FOR SALE-19" TV, black and white, in
good condition, $30. Call 471-1156 after 5
FOR SALE--RCA black and white TV, 16"
with rollcart stand, excellent condition, $60;
kitchen table with leaf and four chairs, like
new, $75. Call Chapel Hill at 942-4553 after 6
FOR SALE-Git)Son electric guitar, $125;
and P.C. Nikkor 35mm 2.8 lens with case. Call
FOR SALE-Two maple denchairs (easy);
Smith-Corona typewriter (smooth); dinette
(nice); student desk; trunks (for coffee tables?);
rocker, unpadded; and chest of diawers (needs
help). May be seen at 101 E. Maynard Ave. or
FOR SALE-18 ft. Y-Flyer hull and
aluminum mast, $300 or best offer. Call
Hillsborough at 732-2650 after 6 p.m.
FOR SALE-Quilt top and quilted quilt for
full size bed; baby quilt; and Zenith black and
white TV In good condition, $40. Call
544-2852 day or night.
FOR SALE-Zenith 19" black and white TV,
$50 or best offer — on sale until Feb. 12. Also
Yashica Electra-35, 35mm camera set includes
55mm 1.7 lens plus 35mm and 90mm lenses.
Set comes complete with all cases and
Instructions, $85 or tjest offer. Call 383-1466
after 6 p.m. or write to Box 2827.
I Is published weekly for Duke
University Medical Center employes, faculty, staff,
students and friends by the Medical Center's
Offk:e of Public Relations, Joe Sigler, director;
Miss Yvonne Baskin, medical writer; Miss Annie
Public Relations Advisory Committee: Sam A.
Agnello, audiovisual education: Dr. Robert
Anderson Jr., surgery: James L. Bennett Jr., vice
president’s office; Wayne Gooch, personnel: Dr.
Athos Ottolenghi, physiology and pharmacology;
Richard Peck, hospital administratLon; Ms. Julia
Taylor, RN, nursing: Dr. Tom C. Vanaman,
microbiology and immunology.
help give us needed time—time to find
and develop new reserves to meet our
growing needs. The suggestions below
may help you make efficient tise of
energy in the home.
Turn off electric lights and other
appliances when not in use.
Clean your dishwasher screen often.
Built-up food or detergent wastes energy.
Close doors and registers of rooms
(such as a guest room) which are seldom
Try not to jiggle your thermostat: this
won't make your heating system more
efficient as some people believe. In
winter, try to keep the normal thermostat
setting no higher than 72 degrees—once
you pass this point, your heating costs
and energy consumption rise
If you're going away for the weekend,
lower the thermostat about five degrees.
But if you plan a winter vacation for
longer periods of time, lower the
thermostat to 55 degrees.
Moisture in the air will keep you more
comfortable in winter with a lower
thermostat setting. House plants give off
moisture and help you maintain proper
humidity levels indoors. A humidifier is a
Thin coatings of dust on radiators or
baseboard units act as insulation and
waste heat—dust or vaccuum these
surfaces frequently. Save money.
Try to use major appliances—washer,
dryer, dishwasher—only once a day. It's
more comfortable, in summer, to do "hot
jobs," such as ironing, in the morning or
evening when its cooler. This practice also
avoids peak demand hours between 8
a.m. and 6 p.m.
Encourage children not to run in
and out of the house. Frequent opening
and closing of doors wastes heat and
money. Some experts estimate that fuel
bills can be three per cent higher for
every child you have!
Never let a faucet drip. One drop a
second can waste 700 gallons of water a
year—and if it's hot water, you're wasting
fuel as well as money.
Defrost your refrigerator regularly,
and periodically check the door gaskets
Defrost foods before cooking to save
fuel in cooking them, and try to take
everything for a meal out of the
refrigerator at once—the less you open
the door, the less energy it uses.
If you use aluminum foil in your oven,
make sure it is not blocking circulation
from vents or you'll lose heat. It's a bad
idea to place foil directly under a pan;
heat is deflected away from the pan. It's
better to place a slightly larger pan—or
piece of foil—on the next lower shelf to
WHEN YOU BUY A HOME
Chances are, a home of your own is
the most important purchase you will
United CP Foundatian
Gives Surgery Award
A resident at Duke, Dr. Mitchel C.
Newman, has been awarded a $2,500
clinical fellowship in orthopaedic surgery
by the United Cerebral Palsy Research
and Educational Foundation.
The six-month fellowship will be
administered by Dr. J. Leonard Goldner,
. professor and chairman of the Division of
Newman received his medical degree
from the University of Kentucky, served
his internship at Grady Memorial Hospital
in Atlanta and completed a tour with the
Air Force before coming to Duke.
ever make. Energy conservation is a more
important factor than many people
realize. When you choose a home, look to
the future, when energy cost
considerations will likely be even more
important than they are now.
When shopping for a new home, make
sure thermostats are not located on a cold
wall or where they will be subject to
drafts. This can cause the thermostat to
increase heat when the overall
temperature of the room is at a
comfortable level already.
Examine insulation carefully. If the
house is not insulated adequately, you
can be sure of wasting fuel and money.
Insist that FHA standards are met.
A house that is painted a light color,
and has light-colored roofing material,
will reflect heat in the summer and be
cheaper to keep cool.
A WORD ABOUT APPLIANCES
Here are some energy and money
saving tips for appliance users:
Use appliances according to
Repair immediately at even the first
hint of a malfunction.
Replace old and outdated equipment
which is using more energy (and costing
you more in higher utility bills) than you
need to do the job.
The following suggestions on how
drivers may conserve fuel have been made
by the North Carolina Oil Jobbers
Association. As a service to medical
center personnel, INTERCOM is
reprinting them. Anyone interested in
forming carpools for transportation to
and from Duke may wish to take
advantage of the free classified ad section
"Trading Post" or the university's
newly-established car pool program. (See
1. Keep engine properly tuned —
engines which are out of adjustment
reduce mileage by more than 10 per cent.
2. Warm up engine before driving.
Better mileage (less fuel) will result.
3. Avoid "scratch off" starts — they
can eat up gasoline.
4. Do not idle engine unnecessarily.
If you plan to stop for more than a
minute it's better to turn off your engine.
5. Drive at a steady, consistent speed
— accelerating and deaccelerating
The National Institute of Allergy and
Infectious Diseases (NIAID) is creating an
Asthma and Allergic Disease Center here.
The Duke project, one of a national
network of 17 centers, will be headed by
Dr. Rebecca H. Buckley, associate
professor of both pediatrics and
NIAID will provide $127,206 to
support the center's research for three
years. Scientists in the project will study
the basic mechanisms involved in allergy.
The study will focus on mechanisms
leading to increased production of
immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies.
These antibodies are causally related to
most common forms of allergic disease
such as asthma, hay fever and allergic
Antibodies are substances which are
usually produced by the body's immune
system to protect the body against
foreign substances. In the case of IgE,
however, harm rather than protection
results. The researchers will study other
facets of immunity in allergic individuals
as well as in other persons with high IgE
levels who are also very susceptible to
infections in an effort to find out what
leads to the increased synthesis of IgE.
The goal is to find a means of treatment
which will "turn off" the increased
NIAID is an arm of the Deptartment of
Health, Education and Welfare.
6. Always keep a reasonable distance
from the car ahead. Constant breaking
and acceleration require more gasoline.
7. Reduce speed on highways —
driving at 50 mph (instead of 70) cuts
fuel consumption by 20 per cent or more.
8. Combine trips to supermarkets,
drug store, bank, cleaners, school, etc.
9. Don't use air conditioners
excessively. They usually require 10 per
cent additional fuel to operate.
10. Keep tires properly inflated. Low
pressure (friction) reduces mileage by a
mile per gallon.
11. Check your gasoline mileage
periodically to see how you and your car
are performing - so you will know if and
when something has gone amiss.
NOTE OF CAUTION: Do not carry
extra gas in an auto trunk. This can be
dangerous due to high temperatures in
warm weather. It is wiser and safer to
keep your tank one half full at all times.
WAGE AND SALARY FORM
Wage and Salary administration has developed a new form called a Classification
and Rate Notice, designed to inform employees of their current classifications and
rate. A C.&R. Notice has been prepared for each employee as of Dec. 24, 1973. Each
time there is a change in position or salary, a new notice will be prepared.
"BESIDES STATE AID, FOUNDATION GRANTS, AND
PHILANTHROPIC DONATIONS, DOES ANYONE KNOW
HOW WE CAN RAISE FEW BUCKS?"
'(Continued from page 1)
Motoring to Work
Driving Style Affects Gasoline Use