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Duke Coal Could Suffer With Cold
The national coal strike called by the
United Mine Workers Union early this
week left a number of industries
wondering how their production would
be affected and many thousands of
workers across the country wondering
if they will be laid off.
The strike also raises questions at
United States hospitals, and the
hospital at Duke is no exception.
The entire university, including the
hospital, uses steam heat, but to
produce the steam, coal is an essential
part of the process.
According to Joe J. Estill, head of
engineering services at the physical
plant, the weather and the duration of
the strike are the two critical factors in
whether or not the work stoppage will
affect the hospital.
Currently, he said, Duke has a supply
of coal sufficient for 30 to 45 days of
severe weather. If temperatures are
mild, the supply will last for up to 120
But if the strike continues past those
weather-dependent limits, the situation
could cause concern since the selling
of coal has ceased for the duration of
In the meantime, officials at the
university are keeping a close eye on
the current coal stockpile here. If it
appears the strike will be lengthy,
certain energy saving measures will be
taken, such as a general lowering of
thermostats in non-critical areas.
Fortunately, a union contract is
expected to be signed and ratified by
the union within the next two weeks.
duke univeusity mc6icM ccnteR.
VOLUME 21, NUMBER 43
At Nursing Workshop
Students Witness Youth Involvement in Health
DURHAM, NORTH CAROLINA
More than 80 people from throughout
the U.S. came to the School of Nursing
recently to look at “youth in a changing
culture” through the eyes of educators
and the experiences of seven student
nurses who have spent their summers
and spare time working in local,
national and international cultures.
As the eighth workshop in a series of
nine being sponsored by the School of
Nursing, “Distributive Nursing and
Youth in a Changing Culture” was
designed to assist nursing faculties in
preparing practitioners for distributive
nursing (that is, a nursing practice
designed for health maintenance which
takes place primarily in the community),
as well as to present a framework for
linking this mode of nursing with
One of the highlights of the two-day
conference was a panel, moderated by
nursing school instructor Pat
Humphrey, of seven nursing students
who ‘‘discussed what they’ve been
doing on a voluntary basis to assist in
improving health care throughout the
world,” stated Joanne Hall, director of
the distributive nursing project.
“We can see,” she continued, “that
you is not really the problem, as they
have been often labeled. Youth is really
The students presented a
wide-ranging view of their experiences
in health care for different cultures.
Their names and experiences follow;
—Senior Marsha Bacon, who worked
on a multi-disciplinary student health
team, sponsored by the Student
Medical Association, in Florida with
—Sophomore Betsy Baldwin, who
spent three summers working with
“Amigas de las Americas” in rural
—Senior Karen Hilbert, who is
working with the Human Sexuality Peer
Information and Counseling Center on
the Duke campus.
—Senior Terri Kelley, who worked in
a migrant project in eastern Virginia in
the Co-Step Program of the U.S. Public
—Senior Marshall Sutton, who was a
nurse with the Franciscan sisters at a
medical center in Jordan, sponsored by
the Pontifical Mission to Palestine, part
of the Catholic Near East Welfare
—Senior Karen Timlin, who works at
the Edgemont Clinic in Durham, an
outreach program offering primary
health care for people in low income
—Senior Kathy Ward, who spent last
summer working at a mission hospital
in West Africa, sponsored by the
Christian and Missionary Alliance
According to Mrs. Hall, the
conference centered around a variety of
discussions on youth today—“by
youth, ’ she said, “we are referring to
adolescents and university-age
Dr. Virginia Stone and several faculty
members of the School of Nursing
made conference presentations, as well
as Dr. Lillian H. Bauder, sociologist
from the University of Detroit; Joan Di
Napoli, director of a continuing
education project at the University of
Texas; Celia tamper, clinical nurse
specialist at the University of
Wisconsin; Connie Mullinix, a family
nurse practitioner for Orange and
Chatham counties; and Dr. William
Yancy, director of Duke’s Youth Clinic.
Keynoting the conference, Dr. Bauder
lectured on youth and youth
movements. Dr. Yancy discussed
adolescent medicine and the health
care needs of the youth population.
Mrs. Di Napoli offered a conference
summary with comments on
“re-experiencing youth” and the
implications concerning youth for
nursing and health care.
Other participants from the School of
Nursing included Theresa Horton, an
associate professor of distributive
nursing practice, and Anne Mandetta, a
lecturer in human sexuality.
. - fa"
YOUTH AS THE SOLUTION—Student nurses participating in a recent School of
Nursing workshop helped to show people from across the nation what they have
been doing to improve health care all around the world. They include, left to right,
Karen Timlin, Betsy Baldwin, Terri Kelley. Kathy Ward, Marsha Bacon, Marshall
Sutton and Karen Hilbert.
Hair Tells a Protein Story
Holiday Pay Schedule
The university has revised its pay schedule for all bi-weekly
employees over the coming Thanksgiving and Christmas holidays.
The new schedule, revised November 7, will include two separate
one week pay checks to be issued on November 22 and on December
31. The pay schedule, through January 10,1975 when it will return to
normal two-week intervals, is as follows;
PAY AMOUNT OF PERIOD OF WORK
DATE TIME WORKED FOR PAY
Nov. 18-Dec. 1
Dec. 23-Jan. 5
By William Erwin
Doctors may be able to judge some
day whether a pregnant woman is
eating enough protein simply by
analyzing 100 hairs plucked from her
Sorcery? Not at all, says Dr. Lowell A.
Goldsmith, an associate professor of
Dr. Goldsmith recently received a
$76,000 grant from the National
Institutes of Health to prove that the test
“Hair is very, very metabolically
active, ” he explained. “Hair cells are
always dividing and making proteins."
This fast growth makes hair a
sensitive indicator of the body's
nutritional intake, he continued.
“If someone has severe protein
malnutrition, hairs plucked will have
roots thinner than normal and with
fewer cells than normal,” the professor
For his study, Goldsmith will take hair
samples from mothers-to-be three times
during their pregnancies. He will gauge
the diameter of the hair bulbs—the
whitish sheaths exposed when hairs are
pulled out. He will then dissolve some of
the hairs in a liquid that has the same
properties as hair removing creams.
This will disclose how much protein and
genetic material is in the hair bulbs.
At the time the samples are taken,
Goldsmith will question the patients
about their eating and smoking habits.
When the babies are born, he will
note, among other things, how much
(Continued on page 3)