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S/eep, Smoking, Sex, Spiders, Snakes, School
(Continued from page 1)
Reading and light housework are
two such activities, he said.
Learning To Relax
This advice, which Boudewyns
says anyone having trouble sleeping
can test at home, is coupled at the
clinic with training in progressive
muscle relaxation, meditative
exercises, self-hypnosis and
biofeedback, in which subjects leam
to hear or see their muscles relax
using electronic devices.
determines which technique is most
likely to help the insomniac and also
identifies other problems such as
clinical depression that may
discourage sleep, he said.
"We see ourselves more as
educators than therapists, and we are
trying to get away from the notion
that we're dealing with
abnormality,” Boudewyns said
while explaining the philosophy
behind the clinic. “These are the
kinds of problems that everyone has,
so we call the people we see clients
rather than patients."
For people who have given up on
diets, psychologists involved in the
clinic have initiated an eating
“We know physicians have been
prescribing diets for people who are
overweight for a*s long as there have
been physicians and overweight
people," the director said. "But if
you go back a year later and look at
those who have lost weight on a diet,
95 per cent of them will be back up to
the weight they were before."
Behavioral principles that teach
overweight individuals how to shed
poor eating habits permanently are
far more destructive to excess fat
after a year than diets that help them
shed a few pounds temporarily, he
Boudewyns said tension and
anxiety also are commonly acquired
bad habits and that researchers
across the country have developed a
number of techniques in recent years
for helping people cope with them.
“Valium and librium, two
tranquilizers, are the first and second
most prescribed drugs in our
drug-oriented society," he said.
"These medications are so abused
that they are contributing to what is
really a major crisis.
"We're trying to encourage
physicians and psychiatrists who see
patients for tension and anxiety to
consider behavior alternatives
instead of immediately writing out
prescriptions for tranquilizers."
Techniques used for combating
phobias — those irrational fears of
harmless snakes, microorganisms,
enclosed spaces, flying or high
places, for example, that can interfere
with normal lifestyles — include
"systematic desensitization" and
"flooding," Boudewyns said.
In "systematic desensitization,"
he explained that the client first
learns to relax and then in
subsequent sessions slowly begins
to face his fears. If he is afraid of
snakes, he might be instructed to
fantasize about toy snakes, the
Then he would fantasize about real
serpents, and the progression would
continue until he could hold a
harmless live snake while remaining
"You can't be relaxed and anxious
at the same time," Boudewyns said.
"It's as simple as that."
In "flooding," which is a more
rapid approach to phobia control, the
client is simply asked to do the thing
he is afraid of, under supervision,
until the anxiety "extinguishes."
Doesn't Go Crazy
"Contrary to what most people
think, if we have someone who is
really afraid face his fears, he doesn't
go crazy," Boudewyns pointed out.
"He may be very anxious at first, but
the anxiety soon drops out."
The psychologist said these
techniques have proven effective
with a large number of business
executives who are deathly afraid of
flying but who must fly anyway.
He said the recently opened clinic
also focuses treatment on chronic
debilitating pain such as that in fie
lower back, childhood behavior
problems and school phobias, bed
wetting, lack of assertiveness,
marital problems and sexual
dysfunctions arising from
The approaches taken by the
clinicians toward sexual dysfunction
are those pioneered by William
Masters and Virginia Johnson,
Boudewyns said. Married couples
are taught to focus their attentions
on their partners while relaxing and
to avoid anxieties about performance
which may have caused their
difficulties in the first place.
Other members of the professional
staff of the Behavioral Change and
Self Control Program, all faculty
members in the Division of Medical
Psychology, are Drs. W. Doyle
Gentry, Robert Thompson, Patrick
Logue, Richard Lucas, Linda
Wyrick, Harold Ziesat and Robert
HANDLING GRANT FUNDS—^his was a subject for discussion
when Charlotte Hannings, second from right, assistant
manager of the Office of Sponsored Programs, visited the
secretary meeting in the Department of Physiology and
Pharmacology. Among the secretaries participating in the
meeting were, from left, Susan Eurquhart (back to camera),
Tana Reynolds, Joyce Cannon and Carolyn Warren. (Photo by
The Week on Campus
March 25-April 1,1977
E. Duke Music Rm.
E. Duke Music Rm.
E. Duke Music Rm.
E. Duke Music Rm.
Event and Time-
Fri. (3/25), 8:15 p.m. Duke University Wind Symphony
Sat., 8:15 p.m. Senior recital; Portia
Turner, mezzo-soprano, with Kathryn Huestis, pianist
Sim., 7 p.m., Duke Chapel Organ Series: Charles l6igbaum, organist
Mon., 8:15 p.m. Durham Chamber Players (Admission Charge)
Tues., 8:15 p.m. Student recital: Julian Wilkinson, viola
Fri. (4/1), 8:15 p.m. Faculty recit^: Claudia
Erdberg, violin, with Barbara Lister-Sink, Piano and Giorgio Ciompi,
Sun., 11 a.m. Worship service: Rev. Dr. David A. Hubbard,
president. Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasedena, Calif.
Thurs., 8 p.m. Martin Luther King Jr. Spring Lecture
Series Worship Service
PERFORMING ARTS (684-4059):
Fri. (3/25) and Sat., 8 p.m. Chapel Drama: "By Faith,
The Word Became Flesh"
Fri. (4/1), 8:30 p.m. Hoof 'n' Horn: "Camelot" (Admission Charge)
Wed., 8 p.m. Hill Memorial Lecture: Dr. Walter Kauzmann
Thurs., 3:30 p.m. and Fri. (4/1), 9 a.m. Martin Luther
King Jr. Spring Lectiue Series: Dr. Rudolph Featherstone
Sun., I p.m. Men's lacrosse vs. Maryland Lacrosse Field
Mon., 3 p.m. Men’s baseball vs. IJNC
Tues., and Wed., 3 p.m. Men's baseball vs. NCSU
Fri. (4/1), 3 p.m. Men's baseball vs. Maryland
FILMS: Fri. (3/25), 7, 9:30 and midrught "The Devils," Bio. Sci. Aud.; Sat. and Sun., 7 and 9
p.m. "Silent Movie," Page; Sat., 7:30 p.m. "Luda," Bio. Sci. Aud.; Mon., 7:30 p.m. "The Shop
on Main Street," Zermer Aud.; Tues., 7 and 9:30 p.m. 'To Kill a Mockingbird," Bio. Sci. Aud.;
Wed., 7, 9, and 11 p.m. "And Now for Something Completely Different," Bio. Sci. Aud.;
Thurs., 7 and 9:30 p.m. "Even Dwarves Started Small," Bio. Sd. Aud.; Fri. (4/1), 7, 9:30 and
midnight, "Kasper Hauser," Bio. Sd. Aud. (Admission Charge)
Cross Chem. Aud.
'More than Typing Letters'
(From a report by Susan Eurquhart,
Reporter, Department of Physiology
"Secretaries do much more than
typing letters," said the
administrative manager for the
Department of Physiology and
"The faculty are busy, so we
depend on the secretaries to hold the
department together and coordinate
administrative functions," John
Helping the secretaries to make
the department function smoothly is
the goal of a new series of monthly
The meetings in the Nanaline H.
Duke Building are scheduled soon
after the faculty meetings so that
Adams can pass along information
about the department and about new
policies or procedures in the
department, medical center,
university, or grant agencies.
"The name of the game is
communication," Adams said.
"These meetings ensure that all the
secretaries in the department are
(Continued on pa^e 4)
Active Faculty Wife, Alice Sidbury, Dies
Alice Rayle Sidbury, 53, wife of
pediatrics professor Dr. James B.
Sidbury Jr., died Thursday, March
17, in Bethesda, Md., after a long
A memorial service will be held
Saturday at 1 p.m. in St. Stephen's
Episcopal Church, to which the
Sidburys belong. Dr. Sidbury is
working at the National Institutes of
Health in Bethesda while on leave
A native of Athens, Ga., Mrs.
Sidbury grew up in Atlanta. She
received a bachelor's degree from
Randolph-Macon College, and a
master's degree from Emory
She was active in the Duke
Campus Club, the Medical School
Faculty Wives Club and the Hospital
She is survived by her husband,
three daughters, two sons, her
mother and brother.
The family requests that
contributions be made to the Duke
Children's Cancer Fund or to St.