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F E ATU RE S
Zweigenhaft’s book to be released in paperback
Richie Zweigenhaft’s new book highlights diversity in power structures.
BY REBECCA DOU
While many define the United
States as a melting pot of cultures,
diversity still eludes the corporate
Dana Professor of Psychology
Richie Zweigenhaft and his co-author
G. William Domhoff investigate this
issue in their book, 'The New CEOs:
Women, African American, Latino,
and Asian American Leaders of
Fortune 500 Companies," which is
soon to be released in a paperback
The inspiration for the book
dates back to a few decades ago
when Zweigenhaft and Domhofif
first began working together in
researching diversity in America's
"Professor Zweigenhaft and I had
been studying diversity at the top
for 30 years by looking at directors
of big corporations and government
appointees who were not white,
Christian-bom males, so this project
seemed to be natural as soon as there
were enough diverse CEOs," said
Domhoff in an email interview.
Initially, they faced difficulties in
gathering enough information on
such a small group of people.
"Studying corporate elites is
conceptually and empirically
challenging, especially when
trying to ^scem trends with small
numbers and the fact that most elites
do not like to be studied," wrote
Rakesh Khurana in "Contemporary
Sociology: A Journal of Reviews."
When they began writing their
bookin2009, ^ere were only 74 "New
CEOs." In the updated paperback
version, the appendix gives profiles
of 109 minority CEOs. Despite this
increase in numbers, Zweigenhaft
suggests in the introduction 9iat the
progress has slowed.
"I think what happened was,
when the financial crisis of 2008 hit,
it was a certain drawing back that
took place," said Zweigenhaft. "In
the upper-management level, people
on their way to the top got stuck
because of financial crunches."
Both authors hope the book will
catalyze progress by empowering
minorities aspiring to pursue a
job in the corporate world, as
weU as encourage those hesitant
to accept diversity in upper-level
"If the United States is to become
more diverse, it's not enough for
diversity just to happen in the lower,
middle and upper-middle levels of
the wealth and income ladders,"
said Domhoff. "We need to know if
it is happening in the upper 1 to 2
percent as well."
The book also highlights patterns
in the backgrounds of the "New
CEOs". Many have come fium the
upper 15 percent of society. The only
exception is Ahican-Americans, who
statistically have made their way to
the top through scholarships and
other educational programs.
For his next project, Zweigenhaft
hasbeen editing abook on thebroader
topic of collaboration. This project
was inspired by his relationship
with Domhoff, with whom he has
written various books dealing with
the integration of different minorities
into the American class system.
"Our hope there is to help
graduate students and young
academics figure out when it will
be a good idea to work with other
people and when you are better off
working alone," said Zweigenhaft.
Zweigenhaft hopes his research
will continue to impact Americans
by informing them of a small, but
important group of people: "The
Students struggle with anxiety, share survival strategies
BY OLIVIA NEAL
Your hands are shaking and you can't
restrain them. Your stomach hurts and your
chest feels tight. You feel trapped, scared
and alone. You feel like running but you
don't know where to go because this feeling
will follow you everywhere.
This is anxiety.
As college students battle stacks of
school work, ominous deadlines and the
threat of failure, it's not easy to tell if what
they're experiencing is normal.
Stress is an emotion felt by everyone, but
it weighs especially hard on students. This
makes it difficult to draw the line between
normal and chronic stress.
"Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
is more than the normal anxiety people
experience day to day," said the general
staff on PsychCentral, a website for helping
people through such disorders. "It's chronic
and exaggerated worry and tension, even
though nothing seems to provoke it."
Anxiety becomes a problem when it
disrupts the lives of those experiencing it. If
you're feeling a significant amount of worry
and apprehension every day or if you feel
nervous for no apparent reason, seeking
guidance may aid in stress management.
"Chronic stress distorts a lot of things
about how you function," said Director of
Counseling Gaither Terrell. "Anyone would
be stressed about a test, but when you're so
anxious that you can't function, then that
becomes a whole different thing."
Many students experience this level of
apprehension when it comes to schoolwork.
"I would run from teachers and never
did very well on tests," said first-year Ward
Sandberg. "I always worried about how my
parents would react to tests and quizzes,
and sometimes I just didn't tell them
because I was so worried about it."
In recent years, he began working on
managing his stress levels, but nonetheless,
it's an ongoing struggle.
"I have been able to give myself
confidence and been able to talk with
people, but 1 still have problems with
talking to girls, taking tests and even asking
for advice from teachers," said Sandberg. "I
take medicine now to help as well."
Many suffering from chronic anxiety take
medication to help them calm down like
Sandberg. However, there are other ways
of handling any amount of stress. Even if
you don't have an anxiety disorder, it can
be harmful if you don't use the right coping
"Some people might just need somebody
to sit down with them when they're feeling
really anxious or stressed ... to help them
organize their thinking and mobilize their
coping skills," said Terrell. "The anxiety
studies that I've read indicate that if you
have an ongoing program of some kind of
practice, whether it's running every day
or meditating every day, your resilience to
stress is going to be much better."
Every student has their own way of
managing stress levels.
"I make sirre that at least once a week I set
aside a night where I do nothing stressful
just to recharge," said Early College
sophomore Aubrey King.
No matter what you do to stay on top
of stress, always remember that you are
surrounded by students going through the
same thing, and reaching out to them will
help you both.
These feelings of worry are best
So, What Are Your Thoughts?
Have you or someone you know
experienced anxiety In relation to school?
FeeUng stressed? Worried? Fast? Are you in need of advice?
Contact the Counseling Center!
Open Monday-Friday, 9 a.m.-5 p.m.
CaU (336)-316-2163 or (336)-316-2143