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North Carolina Newspapers

Point-crest. volume (None) 1944-19??, October 01, 1945, Image 1

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Volume 2 HIGH POIN1 WEAVING CO. and HILLCRES T THROWING CO., Iligli Point, N. C„ October, 1945 Number 9 LABORATORY AIDS CO. IN QUALITY CONTROL ♦ \ i c f HI i Carrying out tlic function of the Laboratory are several departments, a staff of trained technicians and many different types of testing and research apparatus. 1. E. }. JASKWHICH makes moisture content analysis by Xylol distillation to de termine how nuich water there is in a given solution. 2. DR. UPSHUR counts the turns per inch at a twist tester to check actual twist against prescribed twist. DifFercnee in actual twist and theoretical by as much as one turn could cost the company losses amounting to many thousands of dollars a year. 3. GLKN BAKER (left) and N. B. Waters, head of Rechccking, couiparc finished samples which represent “Bur-Mil” Quality Control goods as it appears on dress goods coimters and on the garment-makers cutting tables. 4. SARAH ELIZABETH PEELE operates miniature laboratory model slasher to test 6. for size, take-up and weavability of warp yarns. Sl(nv speed air dries yarn on the take-up reel eliminating need for dry cans. In the background is a lal>oratory dry cleaning machine. OR. H'r'I'LE'I'ON UPSHUR, head of the Yarn and Fabrics I^iboratory, checks moisture content of rayon staple by use of the Electronic 'I'extile Phychrometcr, discussing results with Amos Griffin, assistant director of Quality Control. In the background can be seen pull-downs hanging on a conditioning rack in an air con ditioning room i)rior to being tested for size take-up. HELEN BROWN HARRIS and Ernst Berliner test finished fabrics. Mrs. Harris is at the washwheel used for checking fabric shrinkage to laundering, and Mr. Berliner is preparing a specinian for testing in the Launderometer which will de termine color fastness to laundering. Chemist Has Played Development of Synthetic Yarns Leading Role in A chemist in a \vea\'ing plant? In* the old days that would have been like a gasoline salesman in a livery stable. There just wasn’t a plaec for either forty years ago but that was before the time of Henry Ford and a French chemist named Count Hilaire de Chardonnet who after years of experi mentation developed a practical for mula for converting wood pulp into a viscous liquid which when congealed made a fiber suitable for weaving. In 1891 he began production on a com mercial scale, but it w'as about 1920 before any practical use was put to the amazing knowledge that clothing and textile furnishings could be pro duced from wood pidp, cotton linters, and chemicals. Core of the Industry But the germ of an idea grew and today at the lieart and core of the man-made textile industry is the cliemist who together with the throw ster, the weaver and the finisher is re sponsible for the great strides forward that ha\’C put rayon in the place of the second most common clothing fiber in the world today. '^I’liis position was first reached in 1938 and has been maintained ever since, with the excep tion of 1941 when it was slightly suc ceeded by wool. The man-made fiber rayon got where it is because its qual ity could be controlled (made accord ing to predetermined standards in c\ery stage of its mamifacture) and it could be made at a cost to compete fa\’oral)ly with the long-established natural fibers. The first rayon sold in' quantity in the United States cost $6.00 per pound and now sells at SS cents per pound. That this story will be repeated in the newer yarns like nylon, aralae, stronger rayons and others prolxibly not even yet devel oped is a fair certainty. The chemist, tlie manufacturer and the customer are an unbeatable comljination when it comes to researching in new fiber, converting them into fabrics that serve a distinct purpose, so that mar ket demand, technical efficiency and increased production will bring the price down within the reach of more and more people. Continued Research Located in Greensboro is the “liur- Mil” Laboratory wliose purpose it is to increase manufacturing efficiency and decrease manufacturing defects in the Company’s man-made fabrics, a jol) performed by a staff of cliemists, clotii graders and analysts and men who do research in improving the quality of the goods produced and in developing new fabrics and finishes. In this work the Lalioratory staff works closely with the yarn producers, the Company’s maiuifacturinc units, dyers and finishers, and with the New York sales ofHces to get the right yarn for the specific fabric tliat tlie New York office savs thev can sell i^rofit- ably. (Continued on Page 3)

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