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The orphans' friend. volume (Oxford, N.C.) 1875-1895, June 30, 1875, Image 1

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VOlAIilK I. OXKOIII), X. C., WEDXKSDAV, Jl’XK 'iO, IXTo. NXMISKK 2G. Ftir flio l)rj)li(in.s’ Kri('iul. THE WISDOM OF COMMON Tliere is a Weli-ktio‘,yii stol'y of tlio ^reati‘st I’f hontheu ])lii}oso- j)]iers which ouglit not to lose its n})plication in this present gener ation. He clahned rtuperioritv to tlie remainder of luankind oji the })re«iun})tion tliat lie was con scious that he knew nothing, wiiiie all other mortals wore de luded into the belief that they Wore [lossossed. with some degree of knowledge^ i\nd from liie meager fragments of his history we are led to infer that he spent tlje greater' portion of liis life in convincing inOii of tlie vanity of a jiretension to knowledge. d'lie philosophy of living is re- jileto with far more thaii Can readily be dednc.ted from logical premises, or referred to estalilish- ed fornmlasv The manifold ]ter- mutations of events in our every day life continually surround us with uew coudnnatiovis of circum stances, retpiiring- speedy action where no analogical reasoning itr method of induction seems equa.l to the emergency; h'o do the ju'oper thing at the proper time recpiires a certain ^ptnitaneity of actitm not provided for by any sjiecial mode of reas^oning from the categoricPr l^oadiness of ac tion is an essential clement of snccess, “Ileadiness is a natural factor.intuitkm j a species of pres ence of ndnd which enables one to meet a crisis, strike a blow or «av the right word hi the ‘very nick of fhne.’^ ddie conclusions fire reached and acted u})on while the logical ^tepsf if there be any, aie appareittfr cliMrcgardcd.- '^J’he science of ilathetnafic?t, dealing w?fb fbc hmnutable v'ela- tions r f quantity, beiisg based up- on a feu' unequi^'oCal amt univer- sallv adopted axioms, i.s capalile of being devoloped, step by stej), with jfUci'ring precision and jicr- fect dependence, ddic Katural Bcionco?^? though hirgcly depend ent iqiori absefv^ttiorf rmd ox-peri- Jnent for verliication^ and thus af fording the broadest gfound lor speculative' conjecture as to the probable results, yet, when the taws have been oiwa as'certaine'd, are found to l:te iiivariably obedi ent fo thos'e laws; but when the careful anah'st enters the field of 8ociolog^^ he is be\^■iktel'e'd; by fhe cmnple'xSty of the various re lations. And our anrdyst, iiidess he be a mere theoivzer, soon des- ]tairs of producing a perfect sys tem. Lot all due honor and ci-edit he accorded to the roeent dcvel- 0})mentS' of Herbert Sjiencor and to the host of sf.udents of Social Science who- liavc contributed niucli toward ehmidath?g:th’?Bt vast organi-sin,’ whielr is- ever evolving and' changing,, and • yet remains substantially the same in its ele ments,. and of which each hidivid- mal man forms' a part. liowe\AT, ■we iiind as many tlieoioes' as wri ters who have dealt with tlvesaine subject. Their iogi-c may Im faultless', bat their' bases are cer-. tnhiiy 'Variable.. Bpencer avows to the farthest ramifications of our Kocinl activitiijs, and that no the-’ ory of life is jiorfect without them, thus Avitli other systems, Ti> a belief in a certain religious priuciple,. yet in \\h philoso})hy lie Gutirely ignores the existence of the inaar ('hrist. Glirlstian people claiin' that tlio priiu-iplos sonietliiiig is crowded out or something fnlHo is assumed, iilauy of ihe most beautiful tlieories, c.ompletely adapted and harmoniously adjusted inalltlieir parts, fail, when applied jitacti- cally, to satisfy tlie assigned rea sons. The diversity of human character, juesent insiqierable obstades to the jiath of him who would seek to analy/.e, formulate and demonstrate the truths of the science of human societv, a)id es tablish the department Of Sociol ogy upon a })ermanent liasis. .Failing, tlien, to ascertain any specitic and invariable rule for a course of coiidiud, ^yo ask liow are vee to be actuated ? We find it exceedingly convenient to refer an extensive dopartinciit of crea- tiirely activity to a species of iu- .stinct, not lirute iiistint, but hu man instinct, or, popularly, Com mon Sense. Our definitions of this article are necessarily vauge and obscure. Jt is tlie redeem ing feature, the jireserver of equclibrium, tlie complement of the acquired powers in a well formed character, It saves a man, however learned, from be ing a fool, and a woman, howev er accoiiipTislied, from mticli in convenience. It may be cultivated, but, alas! generally is not. Is there i-o some shade ofdruth in that senti ment of ])Opular disapproval wliich says of a person, tiiat lie may be carrying out his jirincl- [)le, but coniinon sense ought to teach liim better ^ Charity teach es to judge a mail according to his motive, but motive is too of ten advanced as a sjiecious })re- text to jialliate inconsistency of various gi'ades. dbo often is a man so blinded by a niotive or an impulse in one certain direction, as to exclude the consideration of modifying circumstances. Tliese men genora.lly succeed in attain ing their object and in losing the respect of their fellows at tlie same time. The diversity of hu man employment requires a man ifold variety of dispositions, lienee the foily oi’ setting' up any stand ard by wliicli to measure all men indiscrinduately, Somctime.stlus pTinciple is carried to excess? by [lersous of most worthy inten tions. For instance, a man be comes’ a (.diristiau ; he imdergoes a certain experience should he ' make no allowance for" diversity of mental f^tructure, he may very natm*al1y conclude tliat ev'eiy one must pass’ through the same ex- perieivc-e. >Some- excellent Chris tians are able to state very -deb- nitefy the precise time of the dif ferent steps,, and exact method to pursii-e at each sta.gCy and they urge the iiivportanco of noting these facts in their consecutive order.. And,, earnest seekers, by attempting to follow too literally the m-inutine of directions fail to attain what they wish. ddio experience of otliers in any pursuit of life is always valuable to the searcher for truth,-just so far as ho makes it liis own, not by any servile ])rocess of C(,>p}’- ing,. but b}'a jiulicioUvS- assiiniliv lion, Common Sense teaching of priatc for the peculiar tissue eacli iiidividufil soul. The exercise of Common Sense makes broad the understanding and gives direction to the rcasom ing faculties, yet aids in defining the boundaries of human knowl- ecjg’o and in confining our inves- tiga.tions withiii linito limits. It is not a rave .thing to find a man whose reasoning powers a])poar to ‘idniit of iiulehiii'.e expandiil and universal apjilication. Ar guments-are poured forth with a voluliility that ilelies competition. Slioi.ldyou ii.t i’jose s- me siniph- truth, some oliservc'd fact, iiivali dating his train of argument, lu- will proceed at oiicc to slnft lii.- base and Iniild another s ipcr- structure. Detect another fallacy, and lie rone■\^'S the programme. It is our humble opinion tliat the various departments of human knowledge, are not ’or wore not cfinstructed with the same facility of being grasped by tlie human mind, Dlillosojuiy has, so far, fa.iled to designate all the classes to wliicli the objects of knowledge- may be reduced. Our investiga tions are restrmned within limits. Beyond the barrier which separ ates the finite from the infinite,- the known from the unknown, the puny intellect of man dare not roam, The mind would fain go further than it can or ought. To do this has been irs constam tenqitatioii. 'Fo refuse to go a** far as it may or ought, is weak and unphilosojihical, hut to at- tenqit to go further is abwiys ir rational and, it might be, iuipiou.s. We would rank liim a ferfect specimen of the genu.? homo wlio ould trace the cause of every ae- t'on 1o its tinde: lying pFiiciple., nd who could readily apply the doctrines of the categories to the soln ion of the infinite variety of psychical] Voblems. Butifwewi'te able to picture a man, who per forming his duties Avithout in quiring tlie causes, 3'et lives his lite to the satisfaction of himself and liuinanit}'. Avhy should xve not cla.ss him in an equally bigb order of created existences 1 To liim tlio qu( .^tion “why?” Avhicli is oftenest asked and seldoniest an swered, is not a source of care, and his soul is not vexed Avitli the drudgery of logic. It is true wo cin form no concejitlon of the miiukof Deity, but is'it not equal ly true that our highest coucg])- tion of tlic power of knowing is that winch (lisccnis what is abso lutely right Avitliout recourse to premises and intuition, a God-giv en attribute ? Those who accept the truths of the Christian reli gion as fraught with the decjiest moment in the present life and in the life ,to comG,r mus-t concede that some of the oldest and most highly cultivated intellects have failed and are failing to embrace' Cliristismity through any method' of reasoning }"et discovered, how ever syllogi.s^tic or complicated. Faithy the poAver of belief, tlie es sential condition of saDation,- is not the offspring of man’s Avis- dom, not the result of investiga tion and is not demonstrable. We Avould.n-ot wish to be inter preted as condemning the study’ guish man from llie brute, is th' noblest of human scimices. Cur ])ur])ose is to shoAv Iioav the no- ok-st of human sciences may 1 e perverted. A man . nni}- be on- t'roly le'isonablc dud yet be rad ically Avrong. Reason is alike the refuge of the iniidol and the Christian. Logic has nothing to do Avitli the dise-overy of trutli or i;i asooit lining its fundamental princi] Ifes. ( cf nmon Ben.so and t litli supjily the basis upon Avliicli it is the part of Logic to con struct aiuf elaborate those Avon- dertiil and inti’icate fabrics ot ■thought Avliich serve as tomple.s for humanity; But you may as well undertake contend against Omnipotence its-elf as to attempt, by any process, of deriving con clusions from pi'cmises, to fathom the infinite,, or explain tl e unex plainable; Again, reasc>i.ing bas ed upon false couceptit ns, has brought untold sorroAv iq on the sons of men. He Avho sets forth in life, act- ing' on the premise that the chiif end of existence is the gratifica tions of tlie appetites and passions, Avill eventually exhaust the source of his ha])])iiuss and eternally lose power to atone for his mis take. That man of a philoso] hie cast of mind^ who claiin.s to be- heA*e only AA'iiat is demonstrable, will finally end in sheer des|yera- tion by believing nothing. Hajipy arc they whose mental tructure is not shalvCn by Avliat rliey can not explain and Avhom faith in an onini])otent hand teaches to bide tlie Consummation of tliaf glorious epoch Avlieii all knowledge shall lie categorical and-all truth axiomatic. A Iteautifiil iS^Tis.s C'lD^toiti. The Iiivelftor oi fhe Wheelbar row. It takes a great man to do a little tfHiirf sometimes. Who io }’oii tliiiik iiiTonted tliat simple thing called aMheel- barroiv 1 Why, no less a man tliau Loonanlo da Vinci. And wlio was lief lie was a mnsician, poet, pain ter, architect, scnlftor, physiolog ist, engineer, natural historian, botanist and inventor, all in one. lie wasn’t a “Jack at all trades and master of none,” either, lie was a real nia.ster of many arts, and a practical worker besides. Wlien did lie live ? Somewhere about the time that Columbus discovered America. And where wa.s lie bom! In the beautiful city of Flor ence, in Italy. Perhaps some of yon may feel a little better asquainted with him when I tell yoii that it was Leonardo da Vinci rVho painted one' of the g'randest , pictures in the world,—“The Last Supper,” —a picture that has been copied many times, and engra'tied in sev eral styles, so tliat almost every one lias an idea of the arrange- sient andipiog'tion at tife table and tile figures of our Lord and liis deeipleis;. though 1 am told that, without seeing’, the painting itself, no one can form a notion of how grand and beautiful it is. And only to tliiiik of the f-hon- sands ot poor, Iiard-working' Anicrioans’ who- really own', in i'lfoi'b lias ednto td bd sdiie- t ling stirring and siTSet in tliS l ery Paine of “Alpine born;” its associations a-te all sd mu.sical and full ot the hills. What must it be to actually hinr it~and hear it too, on occasions such as are described here below, when tl.d s'oice of the finest instruments takes its finest nieaiiing; Among tlie lofty mountain,s aiill elevated vallej'sof iSwitzerlaiidtho ■Vlpiii III rn lias another nSe bb‘- sides that of sounding' the far-fa in-.d “Hans des Vaches,” or “(Jow .SongK,” and this is' of a tery sdL' emu and impressive nature; When the sitn has .set in the val ley, and only the snowy .snmmits of the' niduntains gleam with gol den light,’ the lie'rtlsrnan who ■ dwells upon the liighest habita ble spot take.s his horn and pro nounces audibly and londlv tlirough it as tlirough a speaking' trumpet, “Praise the Lord God !” As soon as the sound is heard by the neighboring huntsinen they haste froiii their huts, take the Alpine liorns and repeat the same words. This frequently lasts a quarter of an hour, and llid naiiio of the Creator resounds from all the mountains and rocky cliffs around. Silence at length .settles Over fhe scene. All the iiuntsmen kneel and pray with uncovered heads. In the' mean-" time it has become quite dark. “Goodniglit !” calls the highest ' he d man again f'liofigb Ids horn, “Good night” agjiin resounds frrtif all the nitfunfains tlifottgh the horns of the huntsmen, and the rocky cliffs. The mountaineers tile'll fetite to thei#' homes and to rest; of tlie doctrines of Christ esteml j what to reject and ivliat is appro-^ of Logic or as underrating its real their wheelbarrows, an original value.- Logie, the ssieuce of the ! “work” of Leonardo da Viue-i-!— reasoning faculties—Itliose facul- ] _Fi om ‘' Jai-k in the I’ulpit;,’ SLhhfich- ties which preeminently ^olasfor Jtd^. Mr. Greeir Hotts, the' owner of^ a farm ail PeelefI Oak, on Slate' Crock, a noted section of liatli conrity, Ky,,. in ploughing if])' about siitty acres of level lairiii this spring, discovered the ruinif of a e'i-ty of re'gu-lat' streets,’ cufb'v ed with stone,' and O'vincing. a higher ordet of architeefuraf knowledge aiVd' a greater civilizaf- tion than any other prehistofic' remains yet found i'n this c'ounfrjv .Many 5-ears ago a faint trace of at similar eify Was noticed- in Mont- g.imeiy County-, near Mount Sfel’-' ling ; but the owners o( fhe' lain'd*,- having littlo ta-sfe for baOlcwarcf- researches, almost or entirely- ob literated the evidences, to ra-akc room for corn-growing. Tbis'fre'- ing a fresh discovery, we ha-ve ho doubt it will be 'f>isi-te'd by I’ro-’ fessor Shaler and {lie .-sr'c'htc'ol'o’-' g-ists and tlie' jirehisforians' of tlio' country at large. Tlie land ad-' joii-18 a large' tract belonging to' General William Pi'cSto-ig’ofljeX’- iiigton.—Fratthfort (Ky\) Yeoman. Evil Repokt.s.^—^Tlie longer I live, the more I feel tire iinpor-' tance of,-'-^'lsf,- bearing as little-' as possible of wha-tovor is to the' prejudioo of ofhers'; 21'*]-;- be lieving nothing of the kind till ab.sofutoly- forced to ifS-rd,- never-' drinki-iTg'in the spirit of one' ivlio'- circulates an ill report; 4t-h, al-' w'ays'n-ioderathvg'as far ns I c.a.n,, the u-nkindness expressed to wai'i’s- others-;- f),’ always believing iliiit if tlicotlier side were heard-.ia'ven- difereiit account will Ise given- rf f-lte ihaf-ter.—Simeon-

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