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The Carolinian. volume (Raleigh, N.C.) 1940-current, February 24, 1945, Image 8

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PAGE EIGHT THE CAROLINIAN SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 24. 1945 (CONTINUED FROM PAGE ONE) I NEGROES NURSES ACCEPTED with one cluster, t^ee c^- RY majority of public .paign suns un his Eiuopcdn lhea- > 4U 4 nrefer it-T ribbon. He is the son ol Kcy. niu-ses, and mat some -ven preler ^ 5jy them to white Oak Street, Thomasville, (Jeorgia. Illinois, storekeeper believes. INe-, ^ ,i“\X"trplrop1?- a^mwInaacp protests nha plan S"k aiy'\nachS 4ays. "Vou |TO DITCH NEGRO WAR piobably get JJ-^“^\JjJJ‘'a'^JJhitellhal district why wiUi Uie Mayor Ntgro^_nui^e man wim i^tauja; ' 1 white groups ha^e Negro wait- hike the Lions Club proceeded to •Why not' Wc navt^g „ ip, Commissioner Biand- resses and Negio nia i....,,i ,,„,i 'rmic t-.-uiiIiIiio timiilv WJiy uefc. „,.,mniios'■ 'pitssuie v^oiiiuiissiuuvi ip^iuou- “tl” oI an ungint-ar inlio.d and Tulls, i-asului.g Imally .. . „ T. aos leuiies: "I'm a in lilt- changad program. Houston, Texas, P . nnrses As an excuse lor the change. nuS 11 yseli. alid colored nurses ^^a vary good. I know many. OUiars wlm spaak Iroin personal extieiience cominenl: 1 was m liifliospiul and had Negro nurses who were wonderlul to me. . . 1 had a Negro nurse who was the Usi 1 liad. Slic was kinder and took more pains to ple^e me uie euituigeu As an excuse lor the change, NHA and local groups are con- lendmg Uial many more wlutea Jiave come into the ai'eu since the lull of lUW, This view, iiowever, overlooked cailier NHA experi- in that area, in lU-iil, a hous ing project had tSUU uiiits^ but ai- '• • live niuntlis it was ouiy 2U per . tel live iilOllUilS Ik nua OXiij mv kA-i took more painsliiled and since Negroes rtn&nL" .rare iiol pcrnntlod fo niove mto .. . 1. .... .. I .i r\r\4 iikO D Ne — ,es. Whiles are two Tliuse who would not like a Nc gro iiursa axprass ailher a dislika ol Negroas or a 1*1“' Uiaiii oil grounds o' cleanlinass oi haalui. 'lypkal taaallons are. 1 don t Ilka Nagroas elore to me—1 Posl doii t ... I don't want no lUL-HL-r inessiug aiouild me . • • Negro iiuises sliould work for o^- er Negroes ... 1 wouldnl ^y muse ii a Negro was all 1 could gel. . . Negroes don t s^m clean to me.. . I d never gel weU. A Montana cattle rancher ad- .hc vacant iiouses, 4UU units had lO be moved to anotiier slate. h>pokesmen lor the NAACP in dicated llial if NIL^ determmed to oar Negroe.s irom liie New Bos- loii project, Uie NAACB will very likely sue lor an mjuncUon. -M UKM.Vi. CU.Nimtt.Ntt ON ■ iE.\ET|l PItOGKAM HELD AX 'liAVV t.MVEKSilTy President F. D. liktlurd, A. and 1‘. College; Ur. F. L. Atkins, Wjii- .ttuii-Stakm Tcackeis College; Ui K. 1*. Uuiiii-I, presiiienl ^haw Uni PROF. C. A. MARRIOTT PROMOTED IN SHAW CAMPAIGN RALEIGH — In the regular re port meeting last week. Professor C. A. MarrioU pleasantly surprised ihe entire organizutiun of Shaw Campaign Worsers wnen he report ed a personal subscription to the Shaw New Development Program of $1005. iThis IS the second gift of $1,000 Mr. Marriott has given to his Alma Mater since his gradua tion). Because of this generous gift from Mr. Marriott, ami hi.s iiossibic influ ence in securing other Special Gifts, he was immediately promoted from a Colonel to the Special Gifts Com- - mittee. With fiv*’ prisons credited I with gifts of $l,0(ii), a thousand doj- ^ j lar Shaw Share Club has bcim I lit I vlw l.l \T*ll*l.lllO luaudiiib officer, 37iud iafaitlry Copi.uns established. Various Shaw Share- Clubs now range in s.zc fnmi $120 lo $1,000. All member.^ of the $120 Club aitd up Will have tlieir names insiribed in perpetuity on a B. P. Plaque to be promiiietuly placed in the new Administration Build ing. It is noteworlhy that .Mr. Marriott, oecause of hi^ loyaliv lo the New Developiiioiil Program at SluW ask ed to let.III! his posilioii as Colonel King With Washington High School Seniors Get New Course PROFESSOR MARRIOTT ramiei'-s Form tt(ake Cuuiilj Louueii A Monuma mils' "I wouldu t like iw oui l 1». * . i^, |iivn>u4.tii .aiiukv uii*- bclicvu a Negro nurse would lake ] kcisiiy; Ur, li, 1„ Trigg, picsiaeul, belUU' tare of me than a white j f.lizabctli City TcaLlicis College; s. belUU' tare of me than a wmu-j r.iizabetk City leaLheis College; s. iimsu." T he wife of an Oregon i-, uean, Columbia, C„ pimeipai n ill superintendent replies: "I I'yrell Ci.unly Tiaining Sciiuwl, J. don't jhink I'd like it. Tm that k. l.jrkin.s, conaullani, Sl.ile Ue- way about any oUicr race. 1 sup- pjiiment ol Well'me, Aliss Wilhe- uon V wiiiAik — - way about any oUicr race. 1 sup pose it's racial prejudice. A t«le- ^ione repauman m Louiiuana makes an inieresimg disimcUon; "1 wouldn't like a Negro n'urse m a hospital. It's uU right in a home. 1 was practically raised by a Ne- fci'u nurse." .. The most frequent conunents made by persons wiio reply Un- dicided" are: i don't know. You smiply tun'l geneialize on that quesuun ... It depends on the National Opinion Research Center is an opimon imdii^ or- rani/ulion. As sueli, it sunpiy re- poils Uic resullg of naional sur veys made by its personally tram- cd staU of over 2W interviewers uuougiioui Uie United l>iates. The CtiUer IS an aeadenuc insUluUou w orkuig under a grant from the Field Foondauon and the Umver- of Denver. The survey used included ‘2,026 coniidenUai mter- views. Slausueaily, Uiese aie sul- licienl to be wiUim 3 per cent cor- jccl yy7 Unea LUOD- JIM CROW CHARGED IN measure affecting BOHDENTOWN SCHOOL Ciou educational policy gmc . on lor many yeaig Ml', ^tm (^^N WORK TOGETHER, Uiat Uie establismuenl of a .^£qho OFFICE WORKER Sey’a Llial wic , ... "Jim Crow school like Borden town e. oui-oiiu-uuk ^ Lon ■ wuiai has persisU-d m spi^ ol the 1U03 law since the found- ii;g ol taie oohool m xde. but her race were on a kind ,l is lui'ther ciiarged by M^sr^ accepted the cnalienge iiun and Abramson that m i^de a line record.' ,v school like Borden- ^poVES mt-and-oul discrimma- Marlin and Abramson —— many eases sciiools ... ..U.nai.rv. VL>.ldU4 ku.l., xJk.tiV paitmeiit ol WfU'aie, AlLs Wilhe- mma Laws, E.xKnsion Uepaiimenl, and T. Culk-gv; Mia& A. Al. Jer- iiigaii, pieNiiieiit NCCCFT; All. J. W. Jt-fJries, Ag. ExlenMuii Service, A. and T. '.‘ollege; Air. R. S. Julies, .-\g. Extitisiun Seivice. A. and T.; ur. M. C. King, pkysieian, Fraiiklin- :un; E. E. Clii'ck, Director of Pub lic Ht'iations, Skaw Cmversily; Mi. Ilex James', Farm Seeurily, Air. A. Guigul; Dr. Sells .vlayu, Huial •lology; Dr. Nevkbuld, Slate De- lliieiit ul Ediicaliuii; W. L. ...eeiie, FiXeculive Skcrelai'y, N. C. Negro Teachcis; Ah'. Robells, Farm Secumy AdnmusU-;ion; Alia. Rose U. Aggrey, Jeans Supei visor, Pow- ur Couiily Schools; Di. J. U. Plum mer, physician, haleifan; J. L. Tay- membei ol OPA Board, Dur- ..i; E- Reginald Swam ol the CAROLINIAN; and Dr. Swift, lieullh Coordinator, N. C. Cuilege. - Dr. R. 1*. Daniel was effected L-nuiiman, .Mr. K. E. Jones, vice . hail man, and W. L Greene, secie- lary. A numinaling cominiUee was .nslruclc“d lo nominate a slecring .nd pokey commillee to effect or- .lamzaiion of a perniJiicni council n rural liealUi probUros allecinig me colored group in the stale. -V- — Hegiineiil, now sluUoneii at Fort liiiachucu, Aiizuua. Col. Gourdin recently addressed a large group of nnlilary persons at Uie Fort. ForiiU'i'iy a noted track star, Col. Guurdm is a lesident of Boston, Mass. bolUU'l'; Earniers Urged To Pur- ehasc Fertilizer Now anu as a has leport- lately $a,UijU. an jnleresliu:^ career. A natne ot Wake County, he luiUls an A. U. Degree from Shaw and an A. .\i. lioiii Columbia. He has pioiie* I'ln ill li.e expanding liigi. School Di'Velupniini lor Ne- groi-a m Wake C‘'!i’i.y. The school .a /'euuinn uniier Ins Ihiueipalship gre.v and developed to be one of the leading Higli Schools m Wake e'ounly. He broke the ice fur bti.'i traiispur- talioii foi rural Nigiu school chil dren uf Wake Couiny by purchas ing a bus and operating it for two ! years, after which bu-. transporla- Council Adopts 15-Poinl Pro- gram Aimed ax improving Farm ing in Wake Baiteff Lane vlus elected pres ident ol a Negro Fanners County Councu at Us organization meei- Uig, wliien also was lealured by , study ol coimnunily needs and aoplion ol a workable program lor the year. OUier ollicers eiecled were R. B. Raitoid, vice-president; R. D. Wilder, secreUry; and 1. C. Hayes, li't'iisuiei'. Following a discussion by the gtoup, a ij-point progiam was urawn up lor uetlermg larmmg in Wake County and ul making gieau-r eoiitnbuiions lo the war eiloru 'I’fte progiam calls lor; Wise use RALEIGH - "FaiiiKis who have not already done so should order Iheir fei' imu Irjin their usual Mipplieis,' say.s Aciiciilluial Exten- .-loii Aneiil, W. C- Davenpurl- •The labor shoiTagc m fiiUlizcr I'oii was provided lor Negm chil- plunls is severe and .1 will be ini- , d'vn a; publie expense. p.>.ssibk- to mix ..nd handle us nuieh) For the past 12 years he has been fei'tihzi r ;is f .rmers need unless it print ipal oi the Uurue:' High bchuul nvavc^ L-ws, CatlioUes, I'roUistants. "From Uie begmmng Miss SeaL ;as k^->"niy aware that not only . ..r ....... ......... .... u gin.l leitinzi r ;is l nmers neea unless n . i'i»»i*-ii'j» ”• w.....w. ...... can be kept moving Iron; plant t.) :"kI has seen ii develop fiom n farm or local," accord- elementary .chiH.l to a 12 yea 2>lanilard High School. Gliild .Murderer Placed Li luslitutiuii mg to Davenport. Tiie War Food Administration estimates there m.iy be a 10 per vent shortage .f nitrogen, largely lor use in mixed fertilizers, and a 15 per cent shortage of superphos phate, principjlly for direct use, but ihal there is 10 iier cent more pot- .■sh than lost year. AWAITS TRIAL IN SUPERIOR COURT New Born—George Henderson, who allegedly, admitted shooting and fatally injuring Johnny Hicks after an argument involv ing a yu^ong woman, is being held without privilege of bond for nik EDENTON— Ten-year Eunice Lloyd Harris, who shot and mor tally wounded, Lula Mae Satter field, aged t>, near two weeks ago, vtas committed lo Morrison Train ing School at Hoffman by Juve nile Court Judge El E. Spires, Monday. Because of Uie boy’s age, he luld not, under State law, be tried for murder in Uie Superior iiia made a fme record.' Ji German refugee girl, newly trial during ihe April term of Su- Court and his case was relegated perior Court. ito the Juvenile Court. The little girl was found by her father in their home, about an hour after the shooting, lying in a pool of blood and suffering ^roni a badly injured hip. She was 1 ushed to a hospital in Washing- jot ei'euil; coiiunuuity leadership, !ioud and iced production for laiu- lil> needs; lood^aiid feed storage; 'livestock and pooluy production (care and niaiiagenu-nl); soil con servation; team and equipment purciiase; cunimuiuly co-ops, iieigiiboniood action gioup; farm ownci'snip (under sound credit and supervision); proper ferliliz- lei's lo.' piopei crops; buiiimg ul {nioilgages, mai kel oul-iet fur sur- 'pius lariii crops; assistance for rc- luriung VLleiaiis in imduig farms; and medical cuie for conuuimity larin families. The Council appuinied a com- nullee lo Work out eerlam phas es of Uie organized piugruiu. The conumllee wul make a report at the i.exl meeting scheduled for batuiday murnmg at 1U:3U. Brief talks were made by .Mrs. BcrUia Edwards, nume demon- sUaUun agiiil, and E'raiik V. Dri ly, son cunservaliun workers for Wake County. Tlie meeting was cundueleU oy W. C. Davenport, Wake County larm agent. .XK. IIIAKLES glEU AKT TO MI'LAK AT C. COLLEGE DUKH.AM — Dr. Chrules E. Stew- •Tt, dean of die sebuut ef Religion ul Wilberfuree University, will speak at North Carolina College Sunday ut 3:30 o'clock. Dr. Suwart, a popular speaker RALEIGH — In step with Pro gressive Education, the Seniors of the Washington High School are offered a new course for'the Spring Semester," School Community Health Service Course" The pro posed course attempts to show the numerous vital factors effecting healthful living and to establish pleasant working relations between the school and the community agen cies and to develop a mutual re spect for the possible services each can render the other. Through ob- servalion, work and study and ihrough carefully planned problems, this Service-Activity program is directly related to essential learning and understanding. The students will have three days ol classroom discussion and two days of Service- Activity Units include specific prob lems tin relate lo such vital health cas as pei soiiul, home school and cuminumty heatth-nuiriuon com municable disease control, safety. WlrsH-Aide, recreation, personality Ueveiopmcnt, preparation for mar- luge and boy-giri relationship. The schedule has been planned for Service-Activity as Hospital Junior Aide, Nursery School Aide, Teacher-Aide. Recreation Program Aide, Health Department Aide and Home .Maker's Aide.. The project is under the super ision of the Stale Health Depart ment with Miss Dolores Hines as Supervisor and Mrs. Louise Perrin •feacher-Counselor. Sp'^'a! consul tants, represenliiig agencies in the community providing service op portunity are, Mrs. Godley, Miss Harris. .Miss Spearman, Mr. Latham, .Mrs. Carnage, and Mi. Weatherford. Washington School representatives as consultants are Mr. Pete Wil liams, Mr. John Brown, Miss Etta Duren, Mrs. E.alon and Mrs. Whit aker. The students will report the pro gress and various activities of the course weekly through the papers. Dr. Spaulding Elected Vice President American Bible Society I Dr. John Hope ErankLn Speaks At University Ul iVLchigan Durham, N. C.—Dr. C. C. Spaul ding, nationally known Durh^ business leader, 'became the third Negro in history to be elected to a vice presidency in the Ameri can Bible Society this week, j Other Negroes who have been elected to vice presidencies in the organization include the late Dr. 'Booker T. Washington, founder ol iTuskegee Institute and pioneer educator, and his successor at Itte Alabama Institution, the late Ma- Ijor K. R. Moton. I Dr. Spaulding's duties, it is un- dersUxxl here, will deal with the broader program and policy of the organization and wiU not fie lim- iti^ to affairs related to Negroes. The American Bible Society was founded in 1816 with the an- jnouAced purpose "to encourage a ■ A iu . . » Ul wider circulation of the Holy period.; the ulutu. ol his own Scriptures without note or corn- development, the nature aiui tern- j, non-dcnommsUoMl perament of our national order, and ha, s lay board ol manager,, the situation with regard to inter-, meijers ot the present national peace and order .'board ol managers working WiUl Thcr can be no leal adjustment aQaigry., William Ingraham for this minority group without a yay,., Memori^ Agency among corresponding advancement toward aalored people include Dr. Chan- a Sviie, sound and progresive solu-i_,__ tt mTui Misses Ronnie Mae Saunders, senior ut the Washington High School and Dorothy PulUn, stu dent at St. Augustine's Cuilege, popular young debutants of the city who with others are making an enthusiastic run to win the Ra leigh Pin-Up Girl Contest, spon sored by the N. A. G. W. which will culminate at the Blo^dworth Street USO on March 1th. The two young ladies are both very charming, talented members of the younger set. 1 H. Tobias national YMCA lion of our national and interna- ie;{0cutive nnH Judge Francis Riv- tional problems." Dr. Franklin is an authority on ers of the New York courts. ... a u .1 Dr. Spaulding's election to the Negroes in the ante-beUum period, presidency is considered as frequent contributor to signal recognition of his position scholarly journals and an assistant j • - i---4---g-- editor of the Journal of Negro Life and History. V— “Woman Of Year” To Speak On NAACP Forum New York—Mrs. Thomasina Johnson, legislative representa tive of the AKA Non-partisan Lobby in Washington, and nam ed one of the 16 outstanding wom en of the year, will be one of the speakers on the NAACP’s Fed eral Aid to Education radio pro- leading American lay leader. Violates “Jim Crow” Law, Is Fined $50 EDENTON — Democracy got the "bum’s rush" last Saturday when Miltpii Chapman was fined $50 aiut costs by Justice ol the Peace Hobbs for violating the "Jim Crow" law of North Carolina, by refusing to take a seat in the rear on a Norfolk and Southern bus. Chapman and his sister, Beatrice Chapman, were enruute to Green ville, from New York and were seated near the front of the bus. gram February 21, alation WEVD. IWbe" asked by the driver W move 1(1:15-10:45 P. M. Sharing the for-- ANN ARBOR. Mich. — The Ne sio m Post War Re-adjustment; Historical View" was the subject of Dr. John Hope Franklins address litre Monday in Rackham Amphi- tticatre at the University of Michi- ^Dr Franklin, professor of Amer- an history at North Carolina Col lege, spoke under the auspices ol the university's inter-iacial society during a Negro History Week ob- Tvance. He was introduced by pr S. Alton, professor of Hispanic- American history at the university. Identifying the Negro’s struggle for complete equality with minori ties throughout history, the histor ian asserted that "the future of man lo achieve for himself and for his brother complete freedom in four thousand years of history con stitutes the great tragedy of human um discussion will be Layle Lane, prominent New York teacher and Age columnist and Alfred Baker Lewis, president of the Trade Un ion Health and Accident Associ ation and member of the NAACP national Board of Directors. Chapman refused, saying that be "Would not move one inch!" There were empty seats on the carrier, but the "White people were obliged to stand," testimony revealed. Miss Cnapman’s fine was remit ted, but her brother was ordered to pay a total of $59 existence. ^ , Dr. Franklin traced the develop ment of America’s concept of free- i Ol ti.o lUUJ UIU-UILU Ell 11^ mu of liie school in 188b. it is lui'Lhcr charged by Messrs. Marun and Abramson that m niuny cases sciiools m Negro xiiighburhoods are rundown ^d not well mainUined, a condiUon whicii suggests that Negro^ «e not geiimg equal opporti^ty. Reteience was made to fw- objections, port ol tlie New Jersey Stale Teinporaiy Conuiussion on tne Cviiuition ol tho Population issued m IDJy. The port said Uial "Negr-' pup»is ^ many public schools of New Jer sey are denied equal educalionw opporiJJiiiy which is tlreoreUcai- ly guaranteed lo Uiem m the laws ol Uie Suite." ^ POOR MANAGEMENT OF HpS- PITALS REPORTED BY COM- liiiT^^b'l.DUU lor 1045-18; Golds boro, S115.UUU for 1045-48; LasweU Training Scliool, $55,120 lor 1045- 4b, and $3,120 for 1046-47. Tlte sub-committee recoinmena- ed dial quarters be puvided for tlie professional and permanent improvements, but as emergency needs. Only $16,320 of Ui^ in creases recommended by eub- ceiiunittee would be used for pur poses othe-r than building repairs and equipmenL , j The institutions had asked iw an additional $1,810,320 to the $6,- 503,058 recommended by Uie IM- visoiy Budget Commission lor the biennium. ^ CAPTAIN PERRY ROUTS GERMANS WITH USELESS GUNS cort mission, liis guns inoperative and useless. Down below, he spied two crip pled Liberator, readying for an attack by two FW-190’s, which were liovoring overJiead. There wasn’t anything else to do but poke his nose m and give the Libs a hand. In he roared, ri^it between the two FW-190s. He turned on them, linuig up his meless .50’s on them. They did wliat he’d fervently prayed they’d do—turn tail ai^ run. Captain Perry stayed aromd, sliepherdel the crippled bombers to thcii- base. A few days later h; ri evived the DEXJ. The 25-year-old pilot turned up hen- at AAF Redistribution Sta tion No. 1 recently for reassign ment, after hi.s first visit home in 18 montiis. He’d jomed Uie 99Lh Squadron in North Africa in 1943, seen his first action witli them in Sicilicy in .August. He’s bc'en with them ever since, all through the Italian campaign. He chalked up a prob able kill and damaged a Jerry in action over the Anzio beaclihead. AH told. Captain Perry has 102 mi-ssions, 89 of them divc--bomb- ing runs in P-40’s. He has 215 eembat hours. Worst mission he experienced was a haul to Bruz, Czechoslo vakia. They wore escorting 15th Air E'orco heavies, and ri^t ov er the target his P-Sl’s engine .•^lartoci to conk out He's even seen the famed Greek Acropolis, but he had lo brave the worst flak he'd ever experienced to gel a look at the ruins. It was ^0 days before the British land- n Greece .and his outfit was fe tne Jerry airfields. ^des the DFC. the young -wears the Air Medal _ keuiili'' iiwuiu .she, but her race were on a kmd of test. She accepted the cli^ienge and made a fine record.’ A German refugee girl, newly employed, allempied to orgamze antipathy toward the Negro sec retary, Klein said. •She eam.a to my office to voice ■ -xplauied that 1 (.onsidered her atuiude inconsist ent with the fact that she, a reiu- gee, should resent equal oppor tunity to anoUier girl In view of iier inlolerance, 1 let her go. "Another gul resigned because she believed her i>osilioii inferior to Uie one Miss Seals filling. My answei' was that ability imti uaining alone were deciding fac tors for employment practices m tiur co'untxy." . Miss Seals' record prompUKl Klein lo employ two Japanese. "I wanted lo iiire Uieui and told | Uiem so,” Uie manufucturer said, "but added 1 would have to de termine the reaction of Uie other facluiy employes. 1 went to the factory where almost every em ploye has a broUier or sweeUieari or husband ixi Uie termed services. "1 explained loyal, intelligeul American citizens of Japanese de scent might become polenUai sab- uleurs if they consistently encoun- Ured job discrinunauuns. I said v/e have girls of German and Ital ian birtJi working liere. We hav- n'l discharged them because of the war. . "I'll always remember the ap- d^^.Hars were invested in war plause whicii mdicated their ac- bonds by Negroes during the 5th .tptance.” _ I War Loan, while Negro women aUul U' hour after the shooting, lying in a pool of blood and suffering ^rom i badly injured hip. She was ushed to a hospital in Wash^- ten, N. C., where she wn.-; given u blood transfusion. She gained strength enough to relate the story of the shooting, but died the next day. The boy, considered an incor rigible, admitted his guilt. He was awaiting cummitlal to a reform school on another offense' when the tragedy occurred. mm Wilberforce University, will speak lit North Carulina College Sunday at 3:30 o'clock. Dr. Stewart, a popular speaker Willi N. C. CuHcke students, is a well known Methodist pastor and educator who was at one time presi dent of Kittrell College. Prior to assuming duties at Wil- berforco University, Dr. Stewart was pastor uf the Emanuel Meth odist Church ill Portsmouth, Va. He was lit one time also pastor of Ralt'igh's Si. Paul AML Church. slitutes the great tragedy of human existence.” Dr. Franklin traced the develop ment of America’s concept of free dom from earliest Umes and point ed lo the inconsistency of this coun try’s attitude toward the Negro. He ollicd this inconsistency with the practices of present major world powers. _ "The fate of the Negro m the period of post war adjustment de pends on the three factors that have conditioned his development in ear- M. Sgl. Willie A. Drake, of Tuc- I son, Arizona, recently visited Ft. Huachiica, after twenty months In I Ni.Mh Africa, Sicily and Italy. 1 Formerly a member uf the 2r»th i Infantry Regimeiil. M. Sgt. Drake ' was in (luirge of a Quartermaster I-aundiy Company. Pr.or to going I overseas he .‘•erved ten years at ( Fort Huachuca. day: i (From The Christian Science Monitor) CITIES ACHIEVEMENTS OI NEGROES IN WAR newspapers and periodicals have, with few exceptions, ignored the .Segro's contribution to the war Ur. McGuinn declared that this .nformation can be secured by all newspapers, upon request, lion. from the Office ol Wax- Informa- Land. Air. Sea The colored combat troops at Bougainville, the 45th Anli-Air- iiaft unit ill the harbor ul Naples, the 92nd Division in Italy, the 366th and 369th Engineers in the llatUe of the Bulge, were among Uie Negro land units whose ex ploits Dr. McGuinn mentioned. In the field of aerial warfare, he said, the 332nd Squadron has shot at least 73 enemy planes out of Uie air, while II members uf the 99Ui Pursuit Squadron have won the Distinguished Flying Cross. Naval Harocrt In addition to such individual naval heroes as Dorie Miller, Leonard Harmon, Charles W David and others, 23 Negro offi cers axvl 142,628 Negro enlisted men were reported serving in the Navy last ^plember, according t'l Dr. McGuinn. There are at least 15,771 Negroes in the Marine Corps and 3,367 are in the Coast Guard, with four officers. The Na tional Maritime Union has 8,000 cclored members, with three cap tains of Liberty Ships with mix ed crews. Four thousand Ne^) wemen are in the WAC, while others are joining other branches of the service as the barriers of . egregation and discrimination are removed. Civilians. Too aised three milion dollars in two-million-clollar campaign for the steamship Harriet Tubman. As of January 1, 1944, about 14 per cent of all civilian govern ment employe -s in Washington vere Negroes, while Nt^groes form approximately 7 per cent of the industrial war workers engaged in the making of munitions and the building of war ships and planes. The establishment of the FEPC, the NAACP’s successful fight for a Supreme Court decision against the Texas white primary, and the California Supreme Court’s re-- etnl decision on the boilermakers union, were also cited by Dr. Me- Guinn as contributions made to the battle for democracy by tlie united efforts of Negroes and liberal whites who seek a meas urable degree of freedom for all as the ultimate victory of Woorld War II. ^ SENATOR BILBO BLASTS WILLIAMS' LIBERAL OPINONS and the opening of cafeterias and washrooms in Washington gov-! ernmenl buildings to Negroes and [H v.-hiles alike Mr. Williams r»-plied . ' that he subscribed to them. Mr. Bilbo then suggested that "You'd better not disband the army.” Further the Mississippi Senator, who once advocated the deporta-1 tiofi of American Negroes to Af rica, told Mr. Williams that he ought to “gel on closer terms with Russia”, Although he lost Senator Bilbo’.s vote for confirmation Mr. Wil liams gained the two votes of Sen ators ^olt Lucas (D-Ill.) and George D. Aiken (R-Vt.) who ex- pn-ssed themselves as being favor ably impressed with the soft iqwk- jen Williams’ ability to direct an n Build Up Your Morale with a NEW spring COAT from Hadson-Belk "Still to buy vour Spring Coat? We have a widely varied collec tion of lovely Coats. Ensembled . with your (Iresses, your suits— they're 'wardrobe investments. Come in and select yours today. Sizes 9 to 17, 10 to 20. 38 to 52. Solid pastels, tweeds, checte, black and Navy. Chesterfield, boy Coats and Reefers. Mail orders please include 3% N. C. 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