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MEIES PROTEST RAGUL SAN
★ ★★★★★ ★★★★★★★★★★ ★★ ★★★★ ★★★★★★★ ★★★★★★★
PLANS MADE AT Medics Protest Ban
VOLl’MK X.W'i. NO.iil 'MlJ'jdM .\"KTli ( AKi >1.1 \ ' W IKK K.NIUNC SATl IM D.AY, NOVKilBKI’v^l. 1955 I’FtlCi: KIVK. CKNT'
JOB CONFAB CALLED
Tiigg Resigns Piesidency ECSTC
REPORTS TO NEW PROMINENT
POSITION IN PERSONALITIES
ATLANTA JAN. 1 TO FORM BODY
KI.IZABKTIT riTY Prof. H L. WASHINGTON. U, C - Nmeieci)
Trig;', this wppk re.signed the p«*si- >8jnt »pon.M>rs, among them Bartlev
lion of pn sidcni - f Kli^iibcth Cil> CL Crum. Mrv J B. rden Harriman.
To.Kher.s College. Fliaeb.in n»ilip Murray, Rev. Oaniel Poling,
City He has accepted the position Bilh p Berr.ard J SheiJ, Waltei
a.s Associate Director of thi Seuih- \fhite. A. F Whitnev, and EUboi
rrn Regional Council, with head- 'sleC^ien S. Wise, announced th'
quarters at Atlanta. G.i He i.'silnu« c|dling of a national
hi n.'w dulle^ Jiinu.iry l. 1946.
Mr. Trigg did iindcigr
uork at what t.i now called M>»rgaii
State ColUwe. ho i cciived his M. A-
at Syracuse University. All of the
resident requirement- for his PhJl
D. b»’ e been approved i.t Colum^t
bia Unlvcr.>-ity. In addili.m to his
form.il training he gained a world
of experience ii» teacher, principal
and .supervisor. He served is in-
inietcir at Bennett College, and
at Winston-Salem Tcucher.s Col-
Wins*on-Salem Hr was prin-
pal at Berry O'KclIy Triiining
n^eting on Job .and stcuriiy to be
lirJd IJec-mbcr 71h, in Washing-
tM. D. C.
^“Aflwnca is m danger," the call
Bieetiiifi states -Milhon#' f
cttiz«.ns face , ’inetnplnyn^ii
ghout '"the comfrls year, wnt
the majority of Congrera has refused
to provide for the human side (
reconversion and lay the basis for i
national economy of f ill pr-xluetion
and full employment
■'We, the iindersigiH'd, sub.scr ly'
h" minimum prociani •aitlincd
A-n.ANTA 'ANPi The Souln-
ern Rcijiai.il council Thursday an-
11 ounceii 1(1 in; iis.fied program to
Ii’nh-.t ^ tiiJ n-cmi.ci>liip of south-
leiii to cooperate in action to
'iM' the sou'll to the highest levels
-It lib pusiblittes f .r the benefit o'
ill ili7e'- and the removal af rac-
i disci immatioiib Paul D Wil-
.:.ims, Richmond. Va. bu.sinessm.in.
.i-sumed 'tie jncMdencv of the
1 he ni a- than iny member- from
il parts of the mith present at the
c-iuricil's second annual meetit.g
ere .it Atlanta University voted
i pprovat of I campaign to extend
the group's rnemberihtp and Inten
sify Its publ cation program to lay
the facts about the south and pro
posals for con.-tructive action before
i!l s-.ulherners on a south wid‘
late and community ba^ls
Dr, Ira lie A Redi. associate ex
:utive director of the council, r«’-
vi-aled at Wednesday'? session th.n
lu counil had completed t detail
a .burve> of the np^.alams and ef-
ects Ilf segregation practices u.
ran .portalfun facilities faelittics in
tldnta Dr Reid said the study,
he first of it k nd. drew a h' mug'
octure ot the results uf the so-all
.•d '.eparate but cgual" laws, which
Re described ns far from equal in
practice. He sa'd that the analysi-
'houJd serve as a basi^ for action
U> .veek equalization i.f such tac
ilities a provided by law.
The counil prai-ed the iep..il
hich Di Reid fald i made with
•he re>earrh assistance of '•pioneer
outh.' and voted that similar tur-
rContiniicf} an barX pagei
CINCINNATI 'ANPj Th.
Southern Medical association's bun
.. ii.>i thi Htiendance of Negro
physicians at their annual un\ en-
tint) here has been protcsttKl by
three local white d.clors. accord
ing to a dlsclpsui'c last Tuesday oy
C P Loranz. the aaoscication’s »ec-
Their prot«*st. he sa d. was in the
form of a telegram in which they
acknowledged an Invilati m to at
tend 'he annual meeting but noted
'with distress 'hat only white per
sons mny attend "
Branding the color barrier again d
Negro medics as undemocratic, the
v/hlte doctors said:
"We would like to point out that
in this community Nero phylcitns
-nloy full parity wift' white physi
cians Since your tr eting is called
a victory meeting, we feel that all
groups of the American people who
have made victory possible should
be allowed ‘o participate. To show
'racial discrimination Is in our opin
ion contrary to the principles of
democracy for which this war was
fought and won."
Loranz replied that "the South*
ern Medical assoiatlon restricts
membership and attendance at an
nual meetings to white physicians.
' No officers have the authority to
■ Negro physicians may enjoy full
professional parity with White phy
sicians in Cincinnati." but they do
not In the south or within the
Southern Medical association." the
GIRL WINS DOCTOR’S
DEGREE AT HA VAN A
NEW YORK 'ANPi — Mi«. Eller,
cii*- Diggs ha.s just n.ad the de-
...c*' of aoclor ol pr.loshopy and
Utters idoctora e iila faculied de
f lo.sofiay letras de la Univirsidad
dc 1,1 Habana) bestowed upm her
by tht Umver ity of Havana, Cuba.
She 18 the fir.t American colored
vMiiraii to achieve this di^t^nction
and very few American whiles have
/ Diggo w;«- Lorn -n Monmouth,
li.. and reo ivod her early eduea-i
tton there including tme year at |
\to.,nv.u'h colU ge and holds degree* ;
if A n in sociology l.om the Uu;-j
itsity of Mmneslola and A M. in
ai«tolor> from Atlanta University.
She has served as >ccrelBry to th»*
preident of Spciman college and |nr
>evei) years as assistant to Dr W E.
B DuBuls in the department of 60-
c.olngy of Atlanta University. At
present .she is reseai^ kssUtant to
Dr DuBois in the department of
special research of the NAACP.
While at the University of Ha
vana. Di Digg was a lu; lor Roose
velt fellow of the Institute of Inter-
natJolRM Educgllon ri- di*.sertatlon
is a study of the life and works of
Fcrnande Ortir, Cuba’* man of let
ters and one of the leading Latin
Racial Covenants, Says Canada
United Nations Charter-Outlaw*
aining by Piesident Truman in his Septem-
TORONTO -ANP* - R'«cidl prop covered by .m ^
,.t> covenant,- were outlawed in t.ve covenant which slip^at^ tha
this province recently on the ba- - 'he land ' wa " ® °
of the United N.tions chartc; by ,-Icw^ or person? of objectionable na
.rustic K(.iU r M.ickav or the On litmality."
w*« hroiieht bv the
.. ’iSemdum has been a weapen
'I (he hands of our recently defeat-
demmies, and the scourge of the
world."' snid Justice Mackay. He
tddtd thta anU-SemlH-m had been
repudiated by the late President
Founders Day Observed At Shaw
The 80th anniv.'i'.siii v uf th
founding of Shaw Univrr.sits
wa.-i ,>b.-t'ivi'a apprnpria;
sirvici.'t. The pictures, abi)v-.
•Ill' -Jitnv.s fiimi till' ci’i'uiii'ini •'
•.;hich were ato nded bv a l.argi
numhor of aiuinni and visitor-;
in addition to studonl.s and fa
culty inembiT.s. In the uppci
photo. Dr. RoIht' P. Dani 1.
I.'i'isidcnt of ShiiW. and Dr Gi-o,
Win.stoad, founder’s Dav
.soiako;, art- -.con Ic.idinc the
i;icHT.s.sion to 'hi- grave - f Dr.
T* nrv Martin Tupper. who c.s
ti'l'li.shi d liu- institution in IRfi.'i
I'i thr lower ph.it-os ;it left, Mi -
Georgia Kil n Bishop. Shaw
r.'.urient, p'aciN the traditiomi
\r:cath on the gia\'e of • h -
I' un'Ic?-. .-\t right. Dr. Winstead
.-. *'n as he delivered the an
nua' address :n Greenlraf Me-
n orial Chapi i At the le. i
S, E. Hening. treasure' o:
.Anieiiean B.npfist Home Mi- nn
S'»C!“tv, Nr-'.v York, and fni.str.
ol the institution. At the right
1- Pii-sidont Daniel.
State ColUge. he rectived
at Syracuse University.
, rMident requiremenp; for
’D. b*'>e been approved
bia University. In addition to his
formal training, he g..ined a world
of experience as teacher, principal
and supervisor. He .served os in-
tructor at Bennett College, and
at Win.ston-Salem Teachers Col
lege. Winston-Salem. He wa.s prin
cipal at Berry O'Kclly Training
School at Method. He served for 11
years as supervisor of Negro High
Schools In North Carolina, under
Dr. N. C. Ncwbold. Then came the
position at Elizabeth City.
He served with th ■ U. S. Office
of Education 1936-19.17 as directm-
of the National aurvev of Vocation
al Education and Guidance for Ne
In addition to his above named
''utie.s he found time to serve as
president of the N C. State Teach
ers Association first vice president
N C Commission op Interracial
operation; past president of the
North Carolina College Conferener
member of the board of directors.
N. C. of Churches; member of the
advisory board of N. C Coircctlon-
fContinuod on page* .seven)
I his M. A.I ^A^r.ca is in danger," the call
All of tlyj tf meeting states. "MlliioM-ot
ar his PMiHBattiuns face
at Columa ‘
Navy Asked To Reopen
^Riot^^Case On Guam
' nOAL NAACP
Kactai K^ovenani^f sjuys
TORONTO lANP) — Racial prop covered by an
I rty covenants were outlawed in t.ve covenant which
this province recently on the ba-is ihc laud «a w,p_.|_n.hi. na
of the United Nations charter by , Jews or persons of objectionable na
Justic Keiller Mackav or the On Honality."
lario supreme court. ^ Court action was brought by the
The case grew oul of a racial Canadian Jewish congrew, repre-
isldte transaction by the Worker? sented by Ally. J. M.
the majority of Congress hns rcAised
to provide for the human side of
reconversion and lay the ba.ti6 for a
national economy of full production
and full employment.
"We, the iinders. led, sub.scr'bc
to the minimum program outlined
by President Truman in his Septci..-
ber 6th message to Congress, We are
convined that unless It is substan- me case grew ou» »» « •-v.c -- -
tlally enacted soun the country is isidte transaction by the Worker? sented by Ally J. M. Bernstein,
headed for a more serlou' depres- Educational association, which plan- which objected to the rac-ai mtol-
sion than we have ever before ex ned to build a model home on O- T-nce that the anti-Semitic claune
perienced. Conner Drive here to be raffled off created.
au- calling this meeting to'to provide funds for the organlzd- T-' mnvnanl lend'
stimulate action and not for tjie tion. The property was I 'und to be the matter when one '-onslders tnai
I'ing of resolutions." '
Organizations Invited to send rep-
i'.sentiaives to the conference in
clude church groups, labor union.'.
Negro, pr'fcssional. consumer, ve*-
rans. farm, .md women’s orginizn-
Other spoil ors arc C. B. Baldwin.
Mrs Rachel S Boll. Elmer Bensoi.
Mrs Mary McLeod Bethune, Mor- [
Cooke, Jo Davidson, Clark
rnti-Semitiem has been a weapen
ill the hands of our recently defeat-
' dencmles. and the tcourge of the
worM.” said Justice Mackay He
added Ihta antl-SemltHm had been
repudiated by the late President
Roosevelt. Gen, Charles de Gaulle,
the World Trade Union congrese
and the Pan American conference-
He also pointed out that if a talf
of a piece of land could be prohibit
ed to Jews, it could equqally be
'Continued on back page)
Protests To Atlee On
i Indonesian, Palestine Strife
Now York — Sharp oru’e?' Gciiiiany and Japan would have
V «ir II a p /'I D w 4 ataiast the “slaughter of tndo- ip^poiied." the NAACP wire said,
F(irem.an, Willard E ^»ivens, Robert ^esiai. and Palestinian youthg" by -ji ,4 gH the more inconceivable
V Kenny, Kirtley Mather, and Qj-Hish troops was voiced to Prime ij,at a Labor government should
fames P.aiton Minister Clement Atlec. wh . is be a parly to the perpetuation of I JOHNSONVILLE. S. C. (AND
The nueting will he held in ‘he veiling America, bv the NAACP. jiu.iian slavery. " The coiiipl te ;giate other authorities launch-
N.aticnal Prci-i. Club Auditorium. i>.;claring that the victory u'.'er lelvKiam: investigation Monday mom-
beginning at 10 a m on Friday Dec -ji,. Axis will have been lo»t "if "American Citizens are perplex- ... ,1..., c.,.,,a»w nisht
7th. and eonchiding -it 5;30 p. m. allUd nations oerpetuate upon ;le- cd at the contradiclion between | slaying Satur y g
'he same day oendent peorles the same ^Uverv >«mr statement to the Congrts*. 1 of St Claire Pressley of Heming-
at the British government ’o j vif,v honorably discharged from the
.."Lbrm, l... .h.^ on. w«k b.!....
BUS DRIVER OSES
COLU-MBiA, S C 'AND - M.ij
Larry E Gaiiu-, mar'hill
at Fori ,I;ick-i'ii. e(m/innt“d Tuesday
the arroM Monday iii;;ht uf a color
ed .soldier, id. iitifiwl j-. Is.u.ih .’-'a ..
but lank noi given, on diarge uf
Mack wa.s being ti.-M m c;ty jad
per:ding .m .nmy I’-ve-iiunlion into
charge-, ih;i: '.»• wa ..ssaulted by a
bii- driver w 'h a hatchet
After Maek bu;irded a city bus to
return to th.- fort, an .irmy officer
who was a p,."engei ut the time
said, he to1i l>y the driver to
gel off afiei dropping in his fare
and enter b,-. th. I'eai dwt Mack
i.s said to li.jve .I'k.d why the un
U.SIU1I proc- dure and when he iii-
sisiin-g i.jtOti h.ivin ■ .in e.spt.inatiini.
the di;iver n-truei; the h.itrhet
fron- under td- -eat. s'ln.k the - I
diet- .il'il fill«>\' eri Inei elll idi- uf th '
bu.s wlu-ie the .irniy offaei stepped
betw ei ''.ii-iii
The uff.ei's stalemeln deelui'e'
ttbintuiuiHl un page six)
i.. . Yuik .\ reque.st thu'
.\..vv Depaitinenl re-tpen the
:n which 4.i gru N;ivv men
• unvicled folly.vm.g a 'riu'"
■' D- .einlH-:, 1944, wa.s made la-l
.'.k bv Walter Whit.-. NAACP
ieeietarv. >\'ho \va.s pr«“.sint in
'nani when tin- men were tried.
nii '.ebu acte 1 a- d.-fense cr.un.st' i
• i!’-e invitation of the island j
Win',, ‘s letter in H .Stiiue Hen
1 .-Xcting Seeretarv of th" Nav •.
M.ed not onlv foi a reopeni:
'I th’- case, but t(»r oenni.-^sin
u: N.-\.-\CP ei'unsel to exain:n
II peitiiH-nt reeords
It 1-a- iH-eti 111 ennteiit'o-1 n'
N.\.\CP *1. .' th - eourt-mai-
'.n Gii .:ii 'ai'.-c! to 'ake mt >
nl.'ld.-iala.n 'll" long '.'fie? of
'taek-' which ha-l been made -n
• I'l-' n -i.'unne! hv '.v''i’> Marin. '
r.vi -d'ers anH thi- f-iiluri- of
■ ' i’e f'lcers in ch;irge of th •
un:' take anv steps *>
ti-et t'n-ii nv-n Tln-se eircum-
t -ni-.-- I'teat'd such a feeling o^
!ei.'l>n arnone the Negro*S
.-' ill v i-:'.ke 'ni.i • sunn!
'. I • ell .- \v ri'-.m- and ,'in.
i-r-'n -vi'ti which to doh-n't
T' \.-\ \('H .
■ onti-n-t- that I'-e
I • -' -'-.-i' e. nct-’-n?-1 it' •'*
t,-'.. ,»..4h •}) . inrifl -nt n'
-nh.-; ’’4 ,.n 1 ?'). 1941 and li'e
r , I-I-. e''i;-o V ei'i., '- ,1 lh.--e l
. i-'h t.i th'- 'ncid nt- .i! hand
(('■•iililiue.l oil page StJVefl)
GFOROETOWN. S C -ANP' -
Apprehension over a .-'cnes of inci
dents of disadvantage to Negroes,
and failure on the part of official?
to h4lf them, ha.s li-d to t'.e pur
chasing and storing of -m unusually
large amount of weap-ms. an analy
sis made h'.Te by loader; indicated
1.1st week nearly 100 ptT'ons a*'?
bel-ev?‘d to have purchased rifles,
p.iying betwein $75 md $100 for
them .4i Conway. Andrews. Hem-
livjwav and other ne.-irby towr*
and communities, reports indlc.alcd,
he.TVv .amounts of rifl.’s. gun* and
diver.' weapms have t>cw purchas
ed and placed in reserv-e.
Fori'boding open racial clashes,
h.ulcr struggle.' for methods by
'vh rh *hc5i- r- f be i-voilded N '
less than ''x insf nres of violence.?
nixm No-.'r.ies by irresponsible
.-hilt - a this sCtion ..ie l;niiwn to
have .Kiuried whhii the last four
l('•t(Ulu«'U oil bai'K pnge>
RALEIGH The Raleigh Chap-
le,- of the NAACP held its annual
electlun Ust SGndey at 4:00 P M
Ht the Davie Street Presbyterian
Church with Rev. E C. Lawrence
A C Parrish was re-elected, W
I. Greene, president of the Execu
tive Committee; Eklvard L. Fin
cher second vice president. A J
Turner, executive secretary; Mrs.
Evelyn Young, treasurer; and W .K.
Wilder, chairman of the publicity
Mr. Parrish wa; prc'cnted for a
speech His speech covered the var-
; iuus phases uf the Association's pur-
, poses He asked that Negroes wak.;
up and bear their owi; respon-ibili-
ties. After painting the danger of
slums and sub-standard homes, he
raid. "No citizen shouM be satisfied
with a condition when it impairs
health" Concerning co-operation b:-
said, "There is as never before th"
rcsp?)nstbility 'or race co-operation."
He pleaded for the ministers to
take the lead in crystalizing public
upiniun and for a ''new and more
thorough racial tolerance."
Following the peech, Mr Par
rish a.sked for progressive and mi-
Itant committee chairmen a? the
program for the year began to
A J. Turner, executive sec
retary, gave a very fine report and
urged each per on who had not re
newed his membership, to do so
at onec It was also learned that
the office i.s anxious to have a full
time assistant .secretary A goodly
if p'“c>Dle were present.
Rev C Andre Kearn?. pastor of the
t-hurch se'-ved both ho't for the
occasion and as organist for the
YOUNG TEXAS DEMOS
DEFY SUPREME COURT
AUSTIN. Texas 'ANPi-In spite
of the fad that the supreme court
ha' ruled that Negroes must be per-
n-,.tted to vote in the primary elec-
ticii''. the Young Democratic clubs -
N. C. HAS 46
RALFIGH - 'ANP
mati'in of the Roanokt- C'edit unior.
-It Weldon, brought to 46 the number in December
of credit unions operated by Ne-
gr .e* in the slate of North Caro
lina The union was organized to
serve the Negroes of Wcldop and
surrounding territory. D R. Gra
ham. head of the cr?-dit union divi
sion of the state department of ag
riculture. announced. A. C. Cufield
was named president and J. W.
working iw, — ' 'lamiy
romnum man evorywhiTv and '(o ; ^ - ..d—
L;ing horn?- to all pt-oplv before il by a town officer identified os Par-
ia too late that our civilization car. [ret."
i :> V survive by the acc ptance ' Acting on t request from Jamei
i'lid piaclice in international re- .., urAAr-D r.r»>ii4*ni
lotions an,I in our national lif- M Hinton, state NAACP Preai^ni
ol th, Christian princple we arc m Columbia. Gov. Ransome J. Wil-
of Tevas now being re-orgamzed o" mbers orw of another' while at hams dispatched here lm"'ediately
.ire pas ing out membership receipts f'-e British trwp* men from the state eon, ularr.
lequ ring that the potential member bomb strafe. and oth^WK-ie Investigations were also being con-
dc.'ignate that he or she is a white »'aughter Indonesians and Paid.:- ducted by the Florence County
liman .vouths. Your Rovernmen-. |jjhenffrs office and nearby NAACP
....... ,4i«a«4.c ih* Ml. Aticss. has sent vou to Amrr- branches
mhr m "the miSo«M o1*this M ® multi-bilHon doj-
. .a lu ’a** '^an to the United Kingdom
,aiiization. td wit, the perpetuation blunt question whic
and better understanding of Demo- ^ ^^1 ask because
-ratic principles" It Is noteworthy money, if loaned to vour
that the membership card.? which c>.untrv. wilt come from the pock-
are Is urd after duvs are paid do no‘ pt«: of all Americans, white and
specify 'white Democrat’' Negro. Jews and Gentile The
It is reported that at least one question we ask is how much :’f
_. . Young Democratic club plan? to de- the multi-billion dollar loan, if
ine nr- requirement made, will be used to perpetuate
be removed at the tta'e convention empire and to suppress bv fore
(Continued on back page)
N. C. NEGRO COLLEGE
' CONFERENCE MEETS
Kaycttoville. N C. — Dr, Paul education as listed bv Dr Buck
Ifeiman Buck. Provost of Harvard 3,^,. ^e a respected and con
Bristow seretary of the group which University, delivered the main ad- trlhuttng worker, to be a citizen,
starts with .50 members. dress of the morning session of [(p live the go*^ life. In this geii-
S B Simmons supervi-or of vo- the North Carolina Negro ColU'g" eial education there must be »
4.«rir..it,.r4. ?n th*. NAtfrn Ccnfcrencc meeting at the A. and tusion of heritage and change ot
tational agriculture in the Negro -j. Greensboro. Novcm- i,mity and diversity. He stated that
schools of Nt.rth Carolina, remark- ber 14. 1945. Dr. Buck traced th" V-’estem culture, American n.i-
cd that "credit unions among Ne- development of education In tional life and a successful demo-
groes are plajNng an important part America from the beginning of Itm racy demand that the underatand-
in the development of a democratic growth of the college movement ip,j mow reached concerning th'
economy m the rural areas of the through the free-elective .?ysU*p,. purpose of general education b?-
state." The union will finance c.-- vocattonalism. specialism, profe?- applied and the next chapter in
operative buying of farm machln- sienalism, tratlitionallsm. experi- Anierican educational history
ery and other equipment which the mmtalism and Dewysm to the smitten. t>r. Buck was chairmf-fl hrnnhe- In the state would be put
|mefnb«-r* wiU use cooperatively. pie«t*nt day. The aims of general iCMit!nued on b.Tck page) behind the
Parrel ii said by witnesses to
'lave seized Pressley immediately
upon his arrival in town Saturday
night and placed him under arrest
on suspicion of being one of seve*nl
persons engaged in a minor distur
bance in the town two nights be
fore. Holding onto the veteran's
belt from the rear, Parret Is said
to have placed his pistol barrel
gainst the side of Pressley's stom
ach and walked him down the street,
refusing to move the gun at Prese
ley's request who also offered no
resistance nor tried to escape.
When Pre**ley finally told the
officer hi* dUplay of the pistol was
a farce because he didn’t "have tha
nerve to shoot me." Parret pulled
the trigger and ripped open the ex-
oldier's stomach, Pressley being
prnnouned dead upon arrival af the
Johnson hospital in Hemingway,
five mile* away.
The only son of Mr. and Mrs. W.
J. Pressley of Hemingway, the ex-
sold’er ironically enough, had vol
unteered for service in 1940, had
served in both the European and
Pacific theaters and held i
Hinton aid in Columbia that (he
full weight of the »-odd NAACP