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Established in 1888. A
The New North State
Once the "Old" North State Now
it is the "New" North State That
is Fully Awake and Going Ahead
University News Letter
Once it was the Old North State?
a sweet memory a pathetic .lament?
the Rip Van Winkle state, asleep for
two full centuries.
Now it is the New North State?
awake at last, wide awake?refreshed
and renewed by her long sleepvigorous,
and aflame with the early
morning visions of youth?boastful
??hlatant if von nlpnao r?Vww?L- full
f of bla-ba and blurb after the manner
of a robust, two listed male
youngster in the pin-feather stage of
development?conscious of his power
and immodestly boastful.
North Carolina is actually beginning
to believe in herself and to
boast of herself gracelessly for all
the world like Atlanta. Chicago, the
Atlanta of the west, was The Constitution
headquarters when Cleveland
reached the Windy City in his
Swing Around the Circle in the days
of his presidency.
Atlanta has been the butt of many
a merry jest. Shes shameless in
her boasting. Henry Grady began it
and the very kids keep it up. It is
the spirit of indestructible youth, and
youth wins. Atlanta proves it. California
proves it. And in particular
Los Angeles bounds herself a hun
dred dollars per inhabitant, spends
thirty millions on a water supply
system, and twelve millions more on
a man made harbor twelve miles away.
She stands right up and blows
about it. pictures it in the magazines
the world around, ana she doubles
her population and quadruples her
wreaith in a single decade.
North Carolina multiplies her
public school fund twenty times over
in twenty years, spends forty-two
million dollars in two years on public
school buildings, equipments and
support: one hundred and twentytwo
millions of Federal State and
local on p*ruuv
aud pays another one hundred and
twenty two millions of taxes into
fcte Federal treasury on incomes, estates
and the like in a single year!
But sh-h-h! Nobody must mention
it! It*8 immodest to say a
word about it! North Carolina begins?barely
begins?to cash in the
immense assets that lie in her soils
and seasons, forests and waterfalls,
mines and factories; and just as she
begins, her fervor is chilled by the
charge that she is immoderate and
anba:hed in her boasting.
It was a Calif ornian who said at
Long Beach in 1921, North Carolina
has got California beat a mile, and
doesn't know it.
it nas taken her two centuries to I
develop gumption, grace and grit |
enough to lay down the foundation of i
a great commonwealth in public education,
public hea th, and public
highways. And she has the courage
of her convictions.
She docs not mean to hide her
light under a bushel measure but to
set it on a candlestick right out in
the open for all hte world to see.
The people of North Carolina
know?at least they have been told
often enough to know?that we are
building good roads faster than any
other State in the Union, Pennsylvania
alone excepted, but also that
our improved highways do .not yet
reach the total mileage of good
roads in Massachusetts, Connecticut,
New- York. New Jersey, Pennsylvania
And they know too, that the
twenty million dollars wc are spending
on public schools thi3 year is
four times tke sum we were spending
for this purpose ten years ago;
but also that we are still far behind
the Middle Western States in public
school support. And that in legislative
appropriations for college culture,
thirty five states make a better
showing than North Carolina.
The University News Letter exhibited
the facts way back yonder in July
The State has not lost her sense
'* of perspective. She is not swashbucklering,
but she is doing great
things of late and she's proud of
them. She can display her wares
but she need not do it like Simple
Simon of Mother Goose fame. She
need not be provincial and parochial
?which are polite terms for ignorance
of what is happening in the big
wide world beyond her borders.
So here's to the New North State.
The old-age son of Sarah the barren
The bottle fed boy brought up by
Murphy and Morehead?schooled by
Wiley. Mclver, Noble, Alderman, Gra
ham, Claxton Joyner and Brooks and
licked into lustiness by Vance, Aycock,
Bickett and Morrison! Who ia
now as a bridegroom coming out of
his chamber and rejoicing as a strong
man to run a race.
May he forever be rich in purse
and poor in spirit 1 Always abounding
in wealth and in willingness to
devote it to the common weal and
the commonwealth 1
i Non-Partisan Family Newspaper.!
List of Storm Victims
Stands at Twenty Eight
Red Cross and Other Agencies of Re
lief are Caring for the Homelet
in North Mississippi Towns.
MEMPHIS?With the death list a
28, the Red Cross and other ager.cie
of relief are undertaking the task o
providing for the many families ren
dered homeless by the tornado whicl
through Savage and other north Mis
sissippi towns. G. C. Crane in charge
of the Red Cross work at Savage ha
reported that 102 houses were destro;
Volunteer relief parties from th
surrounding towns hav supplied largi
quantities,of food and clothing. Ai
emergency kithchen is being operate<
in box cars at Savage and meals an
being served to hundreds of refugee
Fifty tents have been supplied ii
the stricken town and the war depar
inert, cooperating with the Red Cros
has shipped 75 army tents to Mem
phis. Other supplies aie being concen
trated here, and C. E. Lovett a Re<
Cross worker will arrive from Atlan
ta tomorrow to supervise the distri
Although 25 or more persons wen
injured, a score of them seriously
it is not thought that mere death
will be reported.
ANTS HAVE INTELLIGENCE
"Go to the Ant, Thou Sluggard, Con
rider Her Ways and Be Wi?c."
1 wonder if there are any boy:
reading this, who ever stepped un
der the shade of atree at the enc
of a long cotton row, to watch a col
ony of ants. How in a long time, som<
coming, some going, they would sto|
to greet each other. And no mattei
how many thousands of the little in
sects there might be they never fail
cd to know each other as member:
of the same klan. In this particulai
they are somewhat like colored folk:
No one ever saw two of them meet
without greeting each otke|
Sometimes the boy wlfo woufa rati
er observe nature than to hoe cot
ton would gc off a short distance anc
get other kinds of ants and mix then
when there would be a battle royal
with no letup until the interlopers
Recently I was reading of ants o1
the tropics?big fellows?which ap
patently have intelligence equal u
human beings. Perhaps one of th<
most interesting species is the leaf
cutting ants, one of the most dcstru<
live insects of the tropics. They fre
quntly strip a tree of its entire fol
iage in a night.
The ants lug away the leaves ovei
roads which they have built. Thest
roads are six inches wide sometiraei
a mile long, and are kept in repaii
and free from vegetation by squad:
of road repair ants.
At the farend of the road the ant:
turn tne leaves into a compost or fer
tilizer, from which springs up a fun
gus growth, a kind of mushroom foi
which the ants are gluttons.
"These minute insects have becora*
expert mushroom growers" says Dr
F. J. Seaver who tells the story in i
lecture at the New York Bctanica
The leaf cutting ants turn from
the trees and attack certain jungh
plants. Maybe these plants have in
telligence, maybe not.
At any rate, they seek a means o]
protection. Presto! An "idea" come:
to them. Tbey change their shapi
alter their small structure until the}
become small hotels.
Colonies of fighting ants observ<
that the plants have provided idea
housing and feed ing quarters. The}
And they protect their homes. Le
a leaf cutting ant come marauding
in and it never gets out alive. Th<
army aunts klil it. They also protec
the plants against all other insects.
As a military alliance, what do yoi
think of this combination betweei
plants and ants?
The arrangement between the jun
gle plants and the army ants, you'l
observe, is a 50-50 proposition. Th<
plants give free rent and give protec
tion. The ants get the free rent am
give the protection.
lucic is iiu tKoum^nt aDous it. it
give-and-take, dollar lor dollar. Ni
one gets any more than he payB lot
Nor does he pay for more than hi
gets. Ifs a natural law. "A fai
exchange is no robbery." If we hu
mans lived up to this natural law
getting a good living would be easie
for all of us?and the average stan
dard of living would be higher thai
it is in this day of trying to get sum
thing for nothing.
"Go to the ant, thou sluggard, con
sider her ways and be wise."
Mr. Henry Greer of Vilas was ii
to renew his subscription last Thuri
day and told ns that since last Sep
tember he has had six cases of ty
phoid fever in his family, he and hi
wife being two of the number. Foi
tnnately all recovered.
Kwm'i dim ; fcQ .
Devoted to the Be?t Interest* of Boc
WATAUGA COUNTY, NORTH. CAR
The Bridge With a j
A thousand spans! Where from?
where to? New York to Liverpool
"! is perhaps suggested, as you under*
take to calculate mentally how far
a thousand spans like those of the
11 Queensboro Bridge would reach. It
! :s no such ambitious project however
? for the thousand spans of this bridge
would not cover the distance from
the Wool worth Building to Sandy
Hook. The spans will be very short?
' only about 14 feet each?but even
\ | so, it will be some bridge!
* A mire $2,000.00(1 will bui'.d the
* 14,000 feet of structure and 16,000
I feet of approaches which seems a
mod?:--t sum for so much bridge.
The Gaudy Bridge, as it is called
J will be the largest undertaking of its
kind in America, with two exceptions
i ni? riagier tvev \\ est exception, and
the structure at Salt Lake City, Utah.
Its purpose is to shorten the distance
from Tampa to St. Peteisbunr
'| Fla., 38 miles.
How long does it take to drive 38
I miles? i(on much does it cost: Many
could ansuvr the firs I question?very
few could correctly answer the last.
| The Gundy Bridge Company is bet%
1 t ing $2,000,000 that at least 2.000
motorists per day will spend 75 cents
' rather than give an additional 38 mile
drive to go from one of these towns
to the other.
Anyone who has trawrst <1 the longer
route will believe they are betting
on a sure thing. The present
road is, at one and the same time,
both excellent and excreble; that
seeming contradiction being explained
by the fact that if one can drive
. along on a nine foot brick prved
load unmolested by other traffic noth
s ing better could be desired, but when
' forced to yield half of it to other vehicles,
nothing worse could be imagined.
With half of the narrow brick
road grudgingly allowed a passing
ear, two wheels of your machine
_ plunge and wallow through deep hole
. or sandy ruts, the other wheels smoot
^ ly rolling along on the brick. You
aixz snainiK cilttl, lUttU II1U3I. U1 lliC
j Vime tau. If the tacking and smashing
impact doesn't fracture a spring or
I break an axle, you pet a new re3pcct
j for the material in your car before
the journey is completed.
News Items From
The Training School
% The Boone Chamber of Commerce
_ had a most interesting meeting on
? Saturday night. A male quartette
. gave several song selections at th<.
opening. This was followed by speeches
by Prof. Smith Hugaman on the
p Community spirit as applied to Boone
. and Watauga County; by Mr. W. U
s Gragg on Boone ten years hence;
r and by Prof. B. B. Dougherty on
5 Securing a Camp Ground at Boone
i'or Tourists Ail seemed at their be>t
3 and their speeches were enjoyed i>\
. all present, including several visitors.
The Glee Club on Monday night
r gave a highly entertaining program
in the Auditorium of the School -u
; a good crowd, though the weather
was somewhat unfavorable. This pit>l
gram was given under the direction
1j of Miss Ruth Coffey, the Director of
The three brick blocks being built
?-! in Boone are now nearing completion
_ I The Jones block is practically comiplcie
and is occupied by the Peoples
I! Bank & Trust Co and J. M. Moreiz
s! Furniture Store and the Telephone
> Exchange is up stairs. The Watauga
j County Bank Block will soon be completed.
One part of it is already coin3
plete and is occupied by the post of\
fice with an equipment that would do
j credit to a much larger town than
Boone. The other parts of it will be
I occupied by the Watauga County
r Bank, T. Hill Farthing, ladies fur?1
nishings and millinery, and the Boone
I Hardware. The Quails block is also
nearly complete and three depart,
ments arc to be taken by the McLh jj
gle Grocery Store, Quails and Company's
well equipped restaurant and
_ J. L. Quails Hardware.
1 J. M. DOWN CM
- Watauga Building and
1 Loan Still Goes Strong
XT TT ? ~oc_.?*.
J <U1. u. u. U1CCIIC , but; UlllCiCUd
. Secretary Treasurer of the Watauga
2 Building and Loan Association says
r subscriptions still pour in, and it is
_ good to know that we have a real
live institution of this sort for it is
r no doubt one of the greatest devel_
opment agencies there is.
a In this connection we would call
e attent: n to the advertisements appearing
in this publication each week
. They are good reading matter and
prove most conclusively why * stock
in the Association ir in such great
a demand. This week Mr. Greene hasj
h used the space to give a list of the
K stockholders, and it is to be noted
u that the ablest and best people of
B the town and county predominate,
Subocrifco for your county paper
. >. - ' .
me, and Watauga County, "the Lee
OLINA, THURSDAY MARCH 22
' France Discounts Rumoi
of Peace Negotiations?
Takes Over More Minei
Guard Miners Group of Worken
Atk For Work with Belgian Pay
matter?May Try the Mine Own
Duesaeldorf Dispatch?Reports o\
negotiations designed to settle the
Ruhr problem which are numerout
here, have not altered the Franco,
Belgian plans for taking over the
coke and coal problems of the Ger
mans. It was announced today thai
two additional shafts of state ownec
mir.es had been occupied by ordei
of the commissioner of control. Tht
Blurnenthai mine is occupied by
French troops and the French arc
planning to begin the shipment ol
COke to France immediately.
The exact number of mines novk
in the hands of the French ar.d Bel
jri. not known from official sour
ccs. ?ui according to the German:
the number is seven. The Proapei
mi:, which has two shafts, and als<
the Lehin mine both near Bottrop
\ occupied the Germans say, a:
well as the Bismarck mine.
Hie French are continuing to loac
cok- cars by means of German-Pol
ish labor; several hundred of thest
men are working for the French. b?*
I ing quartered at the mines and art
| eating and sleeping under the pro
1 teciion of troops, steam engines am
j other apparatus are being brought
j from France and Belgium to facil
I itate the loading of the cars with tin
thousands of tons of coke on band,
j It is reported that several thou
1 sand miners of th Anna mines be
i longing to German capitalists, have
opened negotiations with the Beig
' iam for the purpose of reaching a
working agreement. The men ask foi
| a seven hour day, payment in Bel
1 gian francs and certain food allowances.
It was announced that because
of the refusal of German mine own
era to pay a 40 per cent tax to the
French and Belgians the first penal
| ties had been applied by the coramis
sion of control. These penalties in
delude; the withholding of till export
licenses except in relation to Hollanci
TUi, 1 * ? * -
*?'iu Iituunio. X III.? vuai kaA. uttsed
on coal production, was formerly
paid by the owners to the German
government. The mine owners have
been granted more time to considei
the matter of payment, but if thej
continue their obstinate attitude aftei
April 15 they will be arrested and
The Franco Belgian commission,
which is considering the new monetary
system for the Ruhr and Rh.nc
land, went to Essen for consultation
with the engineers mission and army
technical experts. It will return tc
Paris next week.
About Time to
Spray the Apples
When the pink of the unfolded up
pie blossoms is beginning t show anc
just before the blossoms have begur
to open is the time to spray for "ap
pie scab" suggests G. \V. Fant, Ex
tension worker for the state College
and Department of Agriculture in th<
Deuartmpnt rilant Mr
Fant states that those apple orchars
in which the scab has been bad ir
previous years should receive a clus
ter bud spray as a means of keepiug
this diseas ein check during the com
A spray given at this time is the
most important that could be giver
in the whole season.
Mr. Fant states that scab live;
throughout the winter on old leave;
found beneath the trees. It spread:
from these leaves back to the nev
leaves and fruit buds just as the bios
som buds have separated from eael
other and are in the cluster stag*He
suggests that these buds mu3t bJ
watched carefully to tell when th<
spray application should be made.
It may be five or six days before
the full bloom depending on how th<
weather warms up. In most cases th<
county agent can tell just when ii
is time to make this spray.
As to the proper treatment to bi
given Mr. Fant says "spray of th'
summer strength must be used at thi
time, since the winter spray is to<
strong for unfolding leaf buds an<
blossom buds. When using liquid lim
sulphur, apply at the rate of fivi
quarts to 50 gallons of water, plu:
one pound of dry arsenate of lea<
or two pounds of arsenate of lea<
paste. If aphids were severe last yea
add one half pint of black leaf 44
I to every 50 erallons of water. If sura
I material other than liqnid lime sui
phur is used, apply at summer streni
according to recommendations lui
nished by the manufacturer."
Spray calendars giving all thes
instructions may be obtained fror
the Plant Pathology Department N
O. Experiment Station, Raleigh.
Mr. G. G. Hodges of Blowing Roc'
was operated on for apendicitis a
the Watauga Hospital Tuesday. Hi
condition is reported aa favorable.
ider of Northwestern Carolina."
The Coldest Weather
( For Late in March
i Damage to Cropi is Expected to Go
?f Into the Millions Nine Lives Have
i ASHEVILLE?The coldest tilth
f of March experienced in Ashcville
i in 25 years was recorded today. No
> fear is entertained for the apple crop
-; but it is beiieved the peach and also
S'the prape crop in the section sur-j
rounding Asheville from which rei
ports have been obtained will be re1
r CHICAGO March 19?A marked
k moi. '-ation in temperature with even
bright sunshine in places and a
; forecast of fair and warmer today
Ii registered the end of one of the most
sever March storms that the Great |
r Lakes region and the Mississippi val
i ley has ever known.
-I New low temperature records for
5 j late March were established in many
r wes' last night and early today, when
) the ?torm - swept through this region,
. on it way from Alaska to the south>
em part of the United States. New
records were made at points in 31 > ?
1 so"ri. Texas and Tennessee while oth j
er states in the farther north record-'
ed the coldest late March weather
- i in half a century.
'j Higher temperature and sunshine
- today began melting the huge banks
1 of now which have been blocking
: and impeding all sorts of travel in
- parts of Iowa and Nebraska. Heavy
' snowfalls was prevalent in the entire
storm swept area, snow falling
- a: far south as Birmingham. Ala.
- It was expected that train service
which had been abandoned in some
- places would-be returned to nor-mal
r Two death caused by the cold were
reported at Rockford, 111. one in Wis.
one near Kutoh, Colorado, one in Jhi
diana and one at Chicago. Reports
from Baxter, Colo, also told of the
f finding of three childrr-n who had
h??t-n frozpn tn rl?*nih
Damage t o crops was expected to !
run into the millions, it being estiniat
ted that the Oklahomo peach crop
I alone was damaged to the extent oi
more than two million dollars.
Some livestock was frozen to death
i at Council! Bluffs. Iowa, when a train
was stalled there during a blizzard
WATAUGA HIT BY COLD WAVE I
' (letting a little closer home, For
the past several days the weather has
. been unusually cold for this season
of the year, mercury hovering un
comfortably close to the zero point.
' However owing the fact that the
r fruit trees were not quite so far ad- j
> vanced as is s.onsot mies the ease lit - [
I tie iear is cuteruuued over the apple ;
J crop, al'hough it is probable peaches i
J ami inaiier fruits may be killed.
1 Committee Report to the
Eoone Chamber of
To i' ' < Chamber of Commerce.
t Boone. North Carolina,
We your committee appointed to
, make suggestions for beautifying the
| town of Boone respectfully submit
the following report
r 1. Request that all property own1
ers clear, up and beautify their prem
ises and the streets directly in front
; of their property and that each fain-]
\ ily or business has a trash can or
s 2. Request that the town authori5
ties designate a suitable place for
s dumping this trash and see that it is
T hauled there ar.d burned.
3. Appoint Mr. R. R. Johnson to
\ got permission from the Railroad
Company to beautify the "Y" aceor?
ding to Mr. Johnson's plan,
j 4. Appoint a committtee to see the
county commissioners in regard to
? putting a fence around the court
; house grounds, beautifying the same
i and keeping the court house clean.
t 5. Request all stores and places
of business to bum papers and not
e scatter them on the streets.
s MRS. E. S. COFFEY, Ch'm.
5 MRS. McG. ANDERS
MRS. SMITH HAGAMAN
e MISS PEARL HODGES
B J. M. DOWNUM
5 A. E. SOUTH, Sec'y. Com.
r THE BOONE CLOTHING STORE
y . . nyatri smith Hagaman and J. C.
1- McConnei are opening a gents furE
niibings store in Boone,
v Every thing worn by a man or
boy will be carried in stock, up toe
date factory lines are bought and
a will be arrving the last of this week,
r. Jlr. McConnel who will have charg
of the business has just returned
from out of the State where he has
k been studying the business with some
it of the best retail dealers of the coun>
try. especially the inside of buying.
Some Roads in the Seventh
District Will Be
Completed After All
Proposal for Big Cement Manufsctur
ing Plant Somewhere in Western
Carolina to Facilitate Road Work
Roads Ordered Completed.
Winston Salem Journal.
The State of North Carolina is
seriously considering the feasibility
of building a gigantic cement
manufacturing plant, to cost between
four and five million dollars to facilitate
the building cf hard surface
roads in the State, according to A. S.
Ha tics, highway commissioner, who
has returned from a meeting of the
State Highway Commission in Raleigh.
A committee composed of J. Elwood
Cox, John Sprunt Hill A. S.
I lanes has 1 etn appointed by Frank
I'age, chairman of the State Highway
Commission *o visit cement manufacturing
plants and make such recommendation
as they s- a fit in regard
to the feasibility of such a plan
location ; f the plant, etc.
Mr. Hones stated thai the building
of cement roads in the state is being
delayed because of the fact that the
bement cannot be secured at the pres
ent time. The cement shortage is hindering
the ivork of road building in
every district in the state and the
highway commissioners see no way
out of the difficulty other than by
the building of a plant for the production
Mr. I Fanes stated that the members
of the committee would leave on the
tour cf inspection immediately. They
will visit Allentown. Pa. one of the
great cement producting centers and
King^port, Tenn., also Norfolk, Va.,
On their return they will report to
Lhu highway commission and if the
report of the cc-mmittce is accepted
by the commissioners definite action
will be taken. In the meanwhile the
building of hard surface roads in the
state is almost at a standstill.
The session of the commissioners
just closed was one of the longest
ever held by that body. They were
in session lor three days and an immense
amount of work was transacted.
A number of matters were disccussed
and the commission is confronted
with other grave problems
in addition to the cement shortage.
At the meeting just closed a number
of projects were authorized for
the seventh district of which Mr.
Hanes is commissioner. The completion
of the cement road to Danbury
and from Mount Airy to Pilot Knob
were authorized .
The completion of the road from
Winston-Salem to Mocksville was
also authorized as well as the ones
from Lenoir to Hickory, Wilkesboro
to Mulberry Gap. Boone and Blowing
Rock and for the construction of
five miles of road along the Boone
Trail Highway from Wilkesboro towards
The route for the road leading to
Lexington from Winston Salem to be
built of concrete, was ordered located.
The cement will be laid in the
Mr. Hanes stated that none of the
projects could be completed at the
present time, due to the cement shortage,
but that in all cases the roads
would he graded bridges built and
everything put in readiness for hard
surfacing at the earliest possible moment.
The construction of the Clemens
ized. This will he a sand clay road.
Contracts were authorized for the
completion of the road between Jefferson
and Sparta in Ashe and Alleghany
Civil Service Examination
for Boone P. Office
The United States civil service Com
mission announces a competitive examination
for the pcstmastership at
Boona. The examinations will be held
at different points in North Carolina
on April 14. Our applicants for the
position will ikely go to Charlotte for
the examination. The term of the
present postmaster will expire on July
28, 1923. The salary here is $1900
per year. Apply at the post office at
this place or to the Civil Service Com
mission at Washington, D. C. for application
form 2241, and forms 2223
and 2358. containing the dates and
places of examinations.
THE SUCCESS FAMILY
The Father of Success is ?Work.
1 The Mother of Success is?Ambition.
I The oldest Son is?Common
Some of the other boys are:
Peresvcrance, Honesty, Thoroughness,
Foresight, Enthusiasm, Co-operation.
The oldest daugheter is?Character
Some of the sisters are:
Cheerfulness, Loyalty, Courtesy,
Care, Economy, Sincerity.
The boy is?Opportunity.
Get acquainted with the "Old
hian" and you will be able to get
along pretty well with the rest of