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I LIFE IN AFRICA
German Territory Over?j
run With Lions?Missionaries
K/>adoxi.?All 1* not lor ! tho llfo
p* British otliciais in Tanganyika territory,
formerly German H*?t Africa.
%4.ops? leopards and elephants menace
the population; missionary Jealousy ;
I J bewilders the pagan natives, and
Witchcraft, practiced by the wild Waf
pare of. the Moshi district, causes ninny !
h el pi we Infants to be put to death
Aspects of life In thla new British i
territory are de?< rlbed lu the 1922 '
report of the country- Big game
Multiplied rapidly In Tanganyika dur- .
Pthe war. I .Ions frequently satisfy
lr taste for human flesh at the ex- '
pais" of life. Their boldness to In- j
Credible. and whole villages have been
terrorized by their presence. In the
first half of the year rewards were
paid for the destruction of .10U l?>n3
and 900 leopards. In Tubora district
alone 07 people were killed by lions.
Natives Are Helpless.
Bephunts do great damage to crops,
fiflen ruining a whole plantation in a
Single night, or, entering the villages,
ffeey strip the roofs of grain stores
and scatter or consume the conteats.
itlve too often uBsumea a fatal- ]
ietlc attitude In the presence of disaster.
and becomes unwilling <*r uii- i
able co help himself.
Jn Tanganyika witchcraft baa as |
j fata feetg on Infants as wlbl beasts !
ba\ - ??n adult natives. To the inrtu j
mice . ?f the medicine men, says the ,
s report may be attributed the bar-1
beri'US practice of Infanticide which
r-< ? -""""fc luc Tiapnio iU uie I
Mo* hi dial riot. Children born with i
oiue abnormality, or the effapring of j
pare!) i * who have failed to undergo i
initiation Into certain tribal cere- !
monies. are done to death by dellb- I
orate starvation and neglect, or by |
?npo>ur? to Uie uuhe^t.., of .
Che lovr country. Often parent? would I
not of their own accord abandon such :
children. and in auiny cases have preferred
to give them auuj to atrangcra. ,
Rivalry Among M.eeionarlea.
When the elders of the tribe were
adr.. d on (his matter. there was |
. A decided tendency to retaigniae its
aril* and to adopt more enlightened
Ideas, but a few were against the ut>
sHiian of j he ciiMoui tin ttie ground
that the destruction of ;i?e trtl/es certainly
would follow. According to
these sages, .life is altogether too precarious,
and the auiuher of acts or
omissions. which they can cite as being
f al is amazing; even to plant l
a tree was pronounced to be equivalent
t.o dooming one's self to death.
Another difficulty confronting Britlab
administrators in the territory la ;
that of rivalry among missionaries. "It \
la greatly to he regretted that a spirit j
ot Jealous rivalry has manifested Itself
In certaiu districts between t'hristlan
usacm* 01 umtreiit aenominuiions, |
the report declares. "It arises from a
Tory noturnl and sincere belief In .theJ
superiority of that branch of the com- j
mon faith which It la their pride and !
their duty to preach to the httathen.
but U has often resulted In an undig-!
nlfied competition to extend the scope !
of the mission beyond limits which a ;
proper degree of influence and control I
would demand, and in attempts to j
mt up schools in Juxtaposition of those
^ of another denomlnatloh. This open
display to the pagan of religious differences
cannot hut react to the damage
of the Christian faith.
"Christian missionaries, by offering
oue doctrine here, another close by,
and still another a few miles away,
must achieve little more than the complete
bewilderment of the pagan native,
and it would he well If Christian
societies would recognize that the
principle of spheres of influence is
ultimately to vlie clear advantage of
Christianity as a whole, no less than
to that of pagan populations."
uauipic i iuuo^.o ucm i u
Prospective Home Buyers
London.- -Sending litrle "sample" ;
booses to home builders, is the plan
of salesmanship being used by some
London architects. These models are
complete in every detail and are designed
to inspire pride of ownership
In the person to whom they are mailed.
Facing a housing shortage, rivaling
that of any American metropolis, many
residents of London have bought home
sites in the city's suburbs and are eonfronted
with the problem of selecting
the type of home to be built. To help
them, the architects have started the
new Industry of building models that
are mailed to possible buyers.
Subscribe For Your
Newspaper Published in j
honey bee has very
hard lot. we ll sm
Raleigh Dispatch?In this day o!
: modern conveniences and step
saving devices the lot of the com
mon honey bee is a hard one ir
comparison with that of any othei
housekeeper who works during tin
summer to conserve food for win
u:r use, according to C. L. Sams
specialist in beekeeping for Nortl
Carolina State College and th<
department of Agriculture Mr
Sam said today tht he had beer
moved to do some figuring on account
of the demands being made
?y rural women that their men fi>
up water works and other conveniences
in the farm homes. "Oi
course,** said Mr. Sams, "these rurai
women are aided and abetted by another
group of extension service workers,
Mrs. Jane McKimmon and her
corps of home gents, but 1 wish tc
present the case of the honey bee,
which also is a feminine housekeeper
and one whose efficiency has never
To gather one pound of honey,
declared Mr. Sarn, the bee has to
travel 43,770 miles.
'Bees generally gather nectar
from flowers in a radius of from
iwo to two and one half miles from
ihc hive," said Mr. Sams, in beginning
an explanation of the process
of deduction which enabled him to
arrive at the estimate of the distance
a bee has to travel to gather a pouml
of honey. "Most of it is fathered
within a two mile limit, and so we
could not state with reasonable accuracy
that the average flight in gathering
a drop of honey would esily
be three Courts- of a mile. But the
bee has to go to the flowers, probably
search around a while, and return
with the load. This mean;* that the
little housekeeper must Hy at least
one and one-half miles for the drop
"It takes one half gallon of raw
nectar to make a pound, of finished
honey. The bee carries one small
drop at each load. There are
drops of water in one gallon. It
takes one half of this or 29,184 drops
or bee loads to make the pound < f
honey. Therefore if the bee has to
travel one mile and a half for each
drop that shows that the little worker
must fly 43,776 miles for each
pound of the delicacy."
At the ? '?"!? time ihs bee carries
honey nectar, says Mr. Sams
it carries water and pollen for rearing
the young brood. "Nor do they
? . i rumble at their lot," he added,
"but work quickly and tirelessly without
requiring the men to do any work
and they keep the household well provided
with feed and the quarters comfortable
at all times,"
WILD BUFFALO FIND
SANCTUARY IN CANADA
Boundaries of a new wild game pre
serve in northern Alberta dedicated
in perpetuity as the wilderness home
of two herds of 1500 wild wood buffalo
have just been announced by the
The entire habitat of the two herds
has been enclosed in the sanctuary. It
is heavily timbered and includes several
mountain ranges, lakes and river
The area of the park is now 10,50(1
.square miles. Throughout the park
cabins have been built for wardens
which will facilitate an eflicient patrol
service the year round.
Existence of these wild herds in the
Great Slave Lake country has beer
vaguely known for years, hut theii
numbers were never estimated above
2.vO until a year ago when the go Vermont
survey party saw the herds and
by rough count, figured the total a.1,600
animals. The only other know i
herd of wild buffalo in the world is
in tne remote fastnesses ol lellow>tone
park and numbers rot mort
than 100 animals..
With the largest nurai i of wile
I huilalo, Canada also boasts the largest
herd in the government park at
Wainwright, largest game preserve
under fence in the world. The
Wainwright herd now numbers mon
than 8,000. Two thousand bulls or
th? Wainwright range will be slaugh
tered this fall as of no value to here
propagation and to conserve pastur
age. Their meat will be marketed ir
the United States and Canada and i
large part of it made into pemmicar
for distribution "among Artie trading
and fur posts.
Mr. K. A. Link and family of Le
noir and Mrs. N. O. Coffey, son ant
daughter from Greensboro were rec
ont visitors with their parents Mr
:rd Mrs. John Morris.
and for Boone and Watau?
WATAUGA COUNTY. NORTII C
GAP CREEK NEWS
W. A. Walton. Local Corroipondcnl
^ The little child of Mr. and Mrs.
~ Outo Miller died recently from din"
* The writer ami Mr. Viiirney Watson
L" are goire; to start, for the state of
Florida for their health in a few
day- The writer promises the Dens
ocrat some nice write-ups on that land
' of sun-hint and flowers. And b\ the
i vvay we will not forget the editor
and we will send him a nice box of
lj ora/iger at Xmas for himself and fam
r I ily.
J| If you are thinking; of taking out
: ?iv iuvih m-iiitj. or me insurance l?et[
tor see the writer within a short while
and let hin. write you up as waiting
' will never get you anywhere and
again you may hav * an accident or
loss that you will have to brood
over a life time full of many regrets.
'1 Mr. A G. Miller, out progressive
merchant made a business trip re
ccnty.to Roch Hill, .S. C. and reports
bu oness very good down there and
lots of optimi ni as to the future.
\Ve hope that the state at large
' will pull for the state railway project
to come via Deep Gap. N. <
right through the heart of the Lost
Provinces and connect us up with
the south :iiid east right through the
land of Boone, the hunter and pioneer
and hunter. If the re.;1 road shall
' go some other route wha la loss it
would mean to the state and country
Mrs. Winnie Moretz is rapidly improving
from the attack of Diptheria
, of which we mentioned in your columns
Last Sunday at the home of Kmsell
Trivett were visiting the following
persons. Mr. Aaron Church and
I family. Mr. Cov Rogers. M ss Eula
I - - . ?
Miller ami others.
The Deep Clap still is a place of repast
and pleasure as many people visit
there to pass off the time resting
and sight-seeing. We hope to
see the day soon arrive when this
place will he a haven of rest for
i many when a railroad rounds the
1 curve and a modern resort hotel is
huilt with summer homes nestled all
around the beautiful hills and scenery
that is good for the eye to behold.
The Winston-Salem Journal *till
proves to be a newspaper of much interest
among the nvuntain folk- as
it brings us the news every morning
just aft* r breakfast time. It and the
Democrat are a great team in building
up western North Carolina and
the Lost Provinces of which Watauga
County is thi heart and soul in
the m eduction of :'a? tr. products and
the re-.i nderlami and Switzerland
! We certainly thank the people of
the lowlands for their interest in
we mountain folks. The day his arrived
when we mast be connected by
a railroad as we are friend-* and neighbors,
but lost from each other like
the children of Israel, without rail
When the Halifax County Banki
ers Association met with County Agent
C E. Litiiejohn recently they deI
cided on a empaign for fall sown oats
| and vetch. Lter a boll weevil program
' j will be presented and there will be
: j a restriction of credit t?? those who
do not follow these recommendations.
i 1?Beautiful new building of tin
?Douglas "worid-cruiser" in which i
Rlnaidi of Milan, aged twelve years, ?
and conducted an orchestra of 250 t
ja County, the Leader of N
AROL1NA, THURSDAY NOVEMBER
RED CROSj WANTS QUAR C
TER MILLION MEMBERS
An e -ollnient of 250.000 members
is ' c goal set for the annua! *
Red C Koil tall in /the eight '*
.Souther States of the Southern Di- d
vision i held beginning Xovem- o
ber 11, rough Thanksgiving, accor- p
; ding to a statement recieved today a
J from i 1 :sion Headquarters at At- "
| lantn. 11;
The ales comprising the Division d
| are Nor a and South Carolina, Ten- s<
1 nessee, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, t;
' Louisiana, and Mississippi. n
Message- received at Atlanta from h
I - " - !
-itiv> fi: towns an over the ."South rr
indicate a generous response to the a
yearly nrollment. of members. j<
The I)i . ision Manager in comment- ci
itig on the approaching campaign, P
says: "The American Red Cross ha: c<
been tested in the last year as per- g
haps fe v organizations ever have by g
repeatc - talis for assistance and scr n
vice ?v:. h required quick and efli- ?
r- . us-* Especially is this true 3
of the -ter relief work. In fifteen
<erious iw. ters in the south within 1the
last twelve months the organizarion
n: i-vitod itself to its capacity o
iii sue? -.ring thousands ??T people do- '<*
. privcd a da\ of home, food- aivi tl
| shelter It is highly gratifying to
| those v i;.. have worked -o diligently
to vindicate the tru-t placed iis them
by the American people to note the
indicai: apparent on every hand ''
of a great and enthusiastic enroll
ment this year."
Campaigns for enrollment v\ ill i?.
conducted in almost ev< i\ common- i:
ity in the South by the 71U local re.i ^
Cross Chapters in tne eight states. "
For every membership in the Red
Cross fifty cents i;- sent to National j sl
Ihuuiquarteis Washington, D. ('. ! ''
This money, the aggregate of many! u
smali >:ims from all over the eountryj^
in in.. 1. ? 1 in ntii* Kiir fi.i.l ,,?wl n^.l <1
1 * ?" " ,v w ,
for e\*onding services to chapters
that it would bo impracticable fi*i
them to undertake locally, including "
disaster relief work. Without the nur- ?
doctors, hospital supplies, food, h
clothing, provisions for shelter, and l
trained disaster workers, which the a
Red Cross was able to po ir into ma n
ny communities of the South stricken ?
> serious natural calamities in the P
n even more critical, and human e<
l.tst yea;-, the situation would have ti
Uu?erimr would have been augmented i h
many times. cj
Fire, flood and disaster give no ' *
! warning before they strike, and it ir*; *>
through membership in the Red Cross
... an organization is perpetuated!?
.viable of coping with any emergen- P'
! ?>" ! ?
! THIRD COUNTY TEACHERS' '
MEETINC LAST SATURDAY . ?
J town for their third county-wide meet i -S(
1 ing this year. The meeting was well si
. attended and the published program : c
I ris carried out in full. The speechc> j 1
v. .re of a high order showing con-;
! . -rable u/v miration. The junior Red I
t'ross work was discussed and will j s'
ho organized in the schools of the j 1
Superintendent dagair.an informs tl
i that the schools of the county '
j have been badly broken into this fall t"1
! v measles, diptheria, scarlet fever. ^
i United States Chamber of Commerce in
army aviators hope to make a flight a
v ho composed an oratorio entitled. TheCh
hat played It In Tourcolng, France, befoi
orthwestern North Caro
>EMOCRAT ISSUES THIS WEEK
Owim to the fact that the gas en ine
which is used to run this plant
rw out of cnrnn.ission the first three
ays ol the v/crk. this paper comes
>ut one day late. .The matter was
radical!) all put into type in a day
nd rushed to the presses , for the
*ost part without proofreading, and
jrpogt aphical errors wil! be in eviencc,
but wc had to get out in some
art of fashion .and you will have to
ike it an it is, regardless of how
luch it fails short The shut down
am mil ... - J *-? L -* ? J
loney in work that had to be turned
way, and wo don't think the maturity
of the readers will kick on this
ffort in the way of a newspaper,
erhaps some time in the years to I
ome we may all get together and
et some electric current and thus
et away from some of cur every day
OX PARTY AT BLOWING ROCK
There will he an address by Prof.;
G. Greet at the Blowinp Ruck Gra-j
ed Sch'"I followed hy a i)ox party
n Satuiday evening Nov. :j. pro?eds
to help pay for a piano which
ie school has recently installed.
Public e. -tiially invited.
TRAINING SCHOOL NEWS
The basket ball name between the
oys of Boone and Cove ( reek resuim!
in a v ictory for the home team
v a score of 39 to 5.
Dr. J. L?. Rankin of the .V. T. S.
acuity made an address to the eoun
f teachers' meeting on Saturday tin
Fine weather has come after tlu
hurt wintry weather the first part
t last week. The ' ?\ unusual cold
eather extended west into Tenne
>ee w here considerable damage v as
one. Seldom such weather comes
Professors Dougherty of the Train
ig School spent some days th?- lirst
i" the past week in Tonnes.set on
Hon. E. A. Liuney is having built,
most substantial office with his gauge
under it. The building is ent ir-j
ly of native stone making it tireroof.
Mr. Linnev is not to be blanicl
for being proud of such a strucire
there being no more substantial
inhling in Boone. Brother Linnev
an if necessary barricade himself
nd defy the entrance of either foe
The I jUtherans have been holding
vangelistic orvices in the Episcoal
church the past week. Pastor Jeff oat
was a. >isTed by kev. Mr. Cobb
f Salisbury for the week. On Sun
ay Dr. J. 0. Peerv president ol* Leon*
College at Hickory, by the kind
es.s of thv Baptist people, preached
iwi sermon- 1 the Baptist Church
torninir and afternoon. His morning
ervice was on the subject the "Conervalion
of Lutheranism In the
ourse of his remarks he impressed
.. fact Li.at all churches must conGrve
their forces if the world is to
e helped and blessed. It was a \ or\
trong sermon and ail agreed to the
acts brought out.
Miss Carrie Horton. Secretary to
he Registrar of the Training School
ft on Monday for her country home
m* a few days rest which she well
eserves after some strenuous w."ks
f work. J. M. DOWNlM.
^SsL :-' M
Washington. neariiii: completion. 2
ronnd the world, 3?Maestro Mnl
lldhood of Saint John the Baptist,"
e musicians from many inn is.
lina. Established in i 888
Government Bureau Reports on
Study of 6,015 of Pre-School
Age at Gary, Ind.
Washington. Large percentages of
undernourishment and physical detect*
wer? found In a group of 6,0i&
r5g children ?f Gary, Ind.. studied
the United States Department of
UlXC Muotigh the children's bureau.
ry study the first lnv eatlga-,
Hon by the bureau of the "neglected
| age of childhood"?between babyhood ]
! an-i achoo!
Two report* have been written on
the results <.f this study. The first,
called "Pbys. 'Hl Status of IT*-School
Children.'* was Issued last year. The
eecond. railed "Children of Pro-School
Age la Garj. ind.." and dealing with
general child welfare conditions, especially
nutrition, ts now in prees
Results of the second study show '
the poverty of diet among nearly all
Diet* of Children Classified.
The diets of 6,01ft children, all from
two to -;e\>en veurs. were classified Into
five groups. A, B, C. D and F.. Recording
to their adequacy and suitability
for children of these years. Of the
"A" diet the report says:
"The 'A' diet Is not one difficult of
attainment. !r Is merely any diet
capable of meeting the body's needs
and administered with some consideration
for the child'* age an?i development.
Moreover, such* u diet need not j
be an expensive one?rullk, whole
cereal, and fruit or vegetable dally being
sufficient to allow a diet to qualify
l? tbl- ?'
possible kind of die? to prepare. This
being the case it might he expected
Chut the large majority of the children
would fall Into the 'A' did group.
"Tbtv?e facta notwithstanding, only
25 of rbe tt.Olft children?leas than half
of 1 per rem of the total nutnlter?
wore thus fortunate. Furthermore,
the number ?H having 'it' diets
| (probably adequate In food require
j meats DLoufjh unsuitable In chnraelor
j end Im-iurtlng hnt ti pint ef milk) waa
! likeelwe tuna)!, amounting to 8.5 per
cent of tbe whole group. I-ess rhan 10
per ewjr of the children studied. In
ottier words, were receiving diets
whtcfc ?nn*? r*wt tO ttlSl?
needs Almost three times this number
(2W2 per cent) had dicta (Ci)
wh<>*? adequacy was highly questionable;
and nearly two-thirds of the entire
group (60.5 ?/r cent) were found
to have diets plainly Incapable of covering
all their bodily requirements,
5S.4 per cent being In the D group and
2.1 per cent (5 title's ti e percentage of
A'r) In the extremely inadequate E
r..j. a _ i a i ? r>-?-n
ruuuo i-?iini-tcu l?i l'tioii.
The report analyzes in detail the use
of certain staple foods among the children.
Only 18.P per cent of nil the children
were getting a pint of milk a
day and 57.2 per cent had no milk at!
nil to drink. Two-thirds of the entire
group were found to drink coffee
habitually and -10 per cent to have It
more than once a day.
"Milk Is nor the only desirable food
which was little used." the report
states, "since vegetables, fruits, cereal*
and eggs were likewise conspicuously
"The extreme poverty of tl?e diets
la further shown by the fact that nearly
half (45.5 per cent) of them lacked
as many as four of rhe foods usually
' included In a child's diet."
Slightly over half of the children
studied were given physical examloa|
tions; 64.7 per cent were found to
| have decayed teeth, and 14.9 per cent
j had bone detects which are the result
j of n deficiency diet. Only 4.8 per cent*
; had no defects at all. Over a third had
j more than five distinct physical do!
fects. Children with adequate diets
| (classed as A and R) made a better
showing than the rest of rhe croup.
Over four times as high a percentage
of these children were free from de
: roots as of the children receiving de;
ficlent diets (classed as D and B).
The report also analyzes other conditions
affecting children <?:' this age,
including community conditions, child
cere and hygiene, and dental care.
Find Child's Death Was
Due to Bean in Throat
New York.?The death of flve-yearoid
Harry Blom of 191 Madison street,
recently was explained by the discovery
of a bean lodged in his trachea
when an autopsy was performed. The
child died in a violent coughing St
Just after being brought home from
Beth isrnel hospital, where two physicians
had examined Mm carefully
without finding any serious condition
to explain Ma discomfort. .