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A. A. A. Plan for Boosting Price
of Potatoes Outlaws Cull
Washington. ? A double-barreled
program, intended to increase the
price of the 1935 potato crop, was
onnnnnno/1 fnilnv 'nv fVi o AAA
Included in the plan was a proposal
for diverting surplus potatoes into
live stock feed, flour, starch or alcohol,
aided by a government subsidy.
Another section projected a
marketing agreement to cover Colorado,
Idaho, Nebraska and Wyoming.
Coincidentally, the Farm administration
scheduled a series of public
hearings throughout the Western
State0 to discuss both the proposed
marketing agreement and the effort
to divert part of the present crop.
The diversion plan would work as
follows: The AAA would make payments
to growers for diverting potatoes,
the payments to equal 25 cents
for each 100 pounds of potatoes turned
from the usual market channels.
At the outset, payments would be
limited to 10 per cent, of this year's
crop, but this proportion might be
Culls Get No Benefits
Payments would be made or. potatoes
which met or exceeded the specification
for U. S. commercial or
U. S. No. 2. Payments would not be
made on culls or other low-grade potatoes.
The proposed marketing agreement
would provide for control of interstate
shipments from states involved.
Should prices continue at low levels
despite the regulation, the AAA said
interstate shinmentx of fho hiirher
grades of potatoes could be regulated
through proration. State certified
seed potatoes would be exempt.
If the marketing agreement should
be signed by 50 per cent, of the handlers
in the area affected, and approved
by two-thirds of the producers
in that area, the AAA said Secretary
Wallace might issue an order
making the provisions of the agreement
binding upon all handlers within
the area. The agreement terminating
June 30, 1936, would be administered
locally by handler and producer
J. B. Hutson, director of the potato
division, said: "For most of the
current marketing season, potatoes
have been selling at half, or less than
half their fair exchange value.
"It is doubtful whether any action
we can take would raise the
price of the 1935 crop of potatoes to
parity. We would feel, howevr, that
our fforts had been worthwhile if the
price, were maintained at threefourths
of parity or around that level.
"A substantial rise in the price
to the grower of potatoes probably
would cause the consumer to pay litk,
tie more than he is paying at present.
"This program is a part of a general
plan designed to stabilize then:ice
of potatoes over a period of several
seasons. If we succeed, the consumer
will be benefitted instead of being injured."
The AAA said the parity price for
potatoes at present is 89.G cents a
bushel. The average price received
by growers la3t year was said to be
51.7 cents and the price this year
prior to October 1 averaged about 15
cents below the corresponding period
for last season.
Visit State Fair
Nine members of the Daniel Boone
Chapter of the Future Farmers of
America visited the State Fair at
Raleigh this last week with their Advisor,
R G. Shipley. Three of the
boys and Johnnie Perry accompanied
by the advisor, went down the
first of the week; the other boys went
down the last of the week.
With a number of members interested
in securing some purebred Poland-China
pigs the chapter decided
it advisable to buy a registered sow
and raise pigs for its members. It
finally bought one of the prize winning
sows and brought it back home.
The sow weighs about 450 pounds and
will farrow her second litter in a few
The following boys made the trip:
Eston Greene, Troy Greene, J. B.
Miller, James Norris, Russell Norrls,
Kester Norris, Earl Tugman, George
Wellborn, and Will Wellborn.
Against Roy Johnson
In a hearing before Chairman Harry
McMuIlen in Asheville on the 12th
the State Industrial Commission dismissed
an action for compensation
growing out of the death of W. Roy
Johnson formerly of Boone, who was
killed in an automobile collision a few
months ago while In the employ of
the State Highway Commission.
The report of the hearing stated:
"Upon the finding that at the time
of the fatal injury to the deceased he
was not engaged in any business of
the employer and that the death did
not arise out of nor in the course of
his employment, the claim for compensation
is denied and the case dismissed.
Bach party will pay its own
GO TO CONFERENCE
Dr. Ernest Widenhouse, local Methodist
pastor, Dr. J. D. Rankin and
Prof. J. M. Downum are attending
the Methodist Western District Conference
in Salisbury this week.
VOLUME XLVII, NUMBER 17.
$20,000,000 HOME O
llTnrkln In kn Op?nn!a
catcd to Equal Jus
WASHINGTON . . A view of the
of the United States Supreme Court,
ted by the government to house the
week it was dedicated to the philoso]
REV. DOWNUM TO
Well-Knawn Minister - Teacher
Answers Last Conference
Kev. James Monroe Downum, of
Boone and Lenoir, Methodist minister
and Professor in the Appalachian
College, will retire as the oldest member
of the Conference in Salisbury
this week, and take the superannuate
relation after an active membership
of fifty years.
Mr. Downum^has been a member
of the faculty of the Appalachian
College for twenty-five years, where
he has taught Latin and astronomy
and where he is now the registrar.
His retirement from the ministry follows
an active career in the conference.
He was graduated from Trinity
College, immediately following which
he joined the conference and for
twenty-five years held various appointments
at Elkin, Statesville,
Kings Mountain and Salisbury. He
is spending the week in Salisbury,
where he answers the conference roll
call for the fiftieth time.
Mr. Downum has been widely recognized
as a poet, and his verses have
been printed in leading newspapers
and magazines. A volume of these ;
works enjoyed a most favorable re- 1
ception a few years ago.
The Lenoir News-Topic tells of a
special service neld in Mr. Downum's
honor last Sunday at the Methodist
Church in that city. Rev. C. E. Rozzelie.
the pastor, spoke appreciatively
of his work as a minister and teacher,
and eulogized him for the services
rendered in behalf of young men
and women in their quest for education.
Boone T?an Named Supervisor
of Resettlement is Caldwell
Mr. D. Grady Morctz has been
named supervisor of the Resettlement
Administration in Caldwell and Burke
count3* and established his offices in
Lenoir last week. Mr. Moretz will
look after the work being done and
proposed for the Rehabilitation clients
in the two counties, the work
being practically identical with that
he was doing in Watauga county until
Mr. Tracy Counciil succeeded Mr.
Moretz in the Watauga and Avery
District some weeks ago, following a
^uiuai icvigaiiuauuil Ul Llie icesettlement
BEATS HIS NEIGHBOR
Mr. George Hays of Route 2, in
town Wednesday, desires to state
that he has it all over his friend
and neighbor, Charles Dougherty,
who has reported a bumper yield of
potatoes. Mr. Hayes says that from
a planting of four bushels and three
pecks of the Mills Endurance variety
he dug 108 bushels of spuds, the
bumper yield having come from a
garden spot of no more than onethird
ITo know when to stop is as essential
as to know when to begin.
Independent Weekly Nev
BOONE, WAT AUG A
F SUPREME COURT *
d by Highest Tribunal is Dedl?
itice Under Law.
~ ' ^ ?.
imposing twenty million dollar home
the Corinthian marble temple erecJustices.
At it3 formal opening tltfe
r?hy of equal justice under law.
Census Rept rt Indicates Last
Year's Yield of 440.000
The 1934 Irish potato acreage aiaj ]
production were more than twice that
of five years ago in Watauga county
North Carolina, according to a preliminary
tabulation of returns for the
1935 Census of Agriculture released
October 22, 1935 >y Director William
L. Austin, Bureai. of the Census. Department
In Watauga county in 1934
Irish- potato crop total (Hi 4,291 awes
and 440,005 bu3hels as compared with
1,875 acres and 213,583 bushels harvested
in 1929. Production of sweet
potatoes increased over this period
from 556 to 2,926 bushels. Acreage, of
corn for grain increased from 8,895
to 9,772. acres and production, from
207,604 to 223,124 bushels. During the
past five years small grain crops
which were threshed showed increases,
wheat from 469 acres ar.d
4,844 bushels to 1,096 acres and 11,211
bushels, oats threshed from 567
acres and 9,591 bushels to 668 acres
and 13,156 bushels, and rye from 1.309
acres and 10,488 bushels to 2,082
acres and 17.978 bushels. Acreage
of hay decreased over this period
from 9,483 to 6,846 acres.
Watauga county ranked second
among the counties of the state in
sheep raising in 1935, reporting 7,712
next to Ashe county with 12,599.
Other livestocx on farms in Watauga
county were 11,099 cattle, 3,192 hogs,
1,487 horses, and 259 mules.
In 1935 farms numbered 2,614, having
an average value per farm of
$2,130 and an average size of 63.7
acres'as compared with 2,375 farms
in 1930 with an average value of $3.386
and an average size of 68.7 acres.
HAVE HEAT UNIT
Pastime Theatre Erecting New
Building for Air-Conditioning
Work is now going forward on the
erection of brick annex at the rear
of the Pastime Theatre for the housing
of the most modern type of heating,
or air conditioning plant. The
structure, of brick and concrete is
15x40 feet, and will provide only the
necessary space for the furnace, fuel,
Mr. John E. Steele of Boone, has
taken the contract for the instaiialinn
-C l : ' 4-4-- '-'?4
biuii ui *.??*: nt?iiuig una, me iaiesi
product of one of the subsidiaries of
the American Radiator Company. Mr.
Steele says the new plant is rather
to be styled an air-conditior.er, since
it operates on a vastly improved scale
from the old hot air type of furnaces.
The air in the local theatre will be
constantly circulated and kept at an
even temperature by thermostatic
control, and the management expects
the new equipment to result in considerably
increased business during
the extremely cold weather.
Contracts are let with a view to the
plant being in operation within a
period of two weeks.
Fifty-five pure bred Guernsey cattle
were entered by 35 farmers in
the recent Burke county Guernsey
| cattle show.
rspaper?Established in t!
COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA,
TO BE OBSERVED
Gu\cmor Designates 193C As
Centennial Year and Calls
STATE FAIR GREATEST
SUCCESS IN ITS HISTORY
Slight Damage in Forest Fires; Warlick
May Hun Against Reynolds;
Cancer Causes More Deaths;
Other State News.
By M. R. DUNN AG AN
Special Democrat Correspondent
Raleigh, Oct. 21.?The 100th anniversary
of adoption of a resolution
calling for a plan for common schools
jin the state by the N. C. General Assembly
will be observed and cele
oraied throughout the slate during
the next school year. The celebration
was suggested in a resolution adopted
by ihe N. C. Education Association
and introduced by Supt. B. L., Smith,
of Shelby, at the 1931 meeting, and
a resolution calling for it was adopted
by the 1935 General Assembly.
Saturday Governor Ehringhaus isLiued
a proclamation designating next
School year a3 Centennial Year and
calling upon educators and people
generally to observe it properly and
dedicate themselves to steadfast and
intelligent activity toward promotion
of sounder and more intelligent educational
enterprise and the enlargement
of educational opportunity for
the children of the state.
Mr. Smith, father of the idea, was
named chairman of the Steering committee,
other members being Dr. E.
j'W. Knight, Miss Frances Whitney,
Miss Juanita McDougald and QuinI
ton Holton. Dr. Frederick H. Koch
was named chairman of the Pagentry
Production committee, other chairmen
being Music, Dr Wade R. Brown,
Greensboro; Dance of Rhythms. Miss
Mary Channing Coleman, Crcensboro;
Contests and Awards, R. M. Gruman.
Chapel Hill: Publications, Dr
A. M. Proctor, Durham: Publicity,
Means, Mrs. W. B. Aycock, Raleigh;
Jule B. Warren, Raleigh; Ways and
Negro Education, N. C. Newbold, Raleigh;
Exhibits, W. F. Credle, Raleigh.
- * STATE FAIR SUCCESSFUL
The State Fair last week was the
greatest success in modern times,
certainly since it started on the present
location in 1928. Not a drop of
rain fall in tlie week and crowds
each day broke records of co: esponding
days last year. The state will
receive considerably more than the
$4,000 guarantee on about one-third
profits. Livestock exhibits were pro
oaoiy moat siriKing, in contrast to
the dearth of fine cattle displayed a
few years ago. The races were good,
as were the free acts, fireworks and
midway offerings. Probably never in
tile history of Jie state before have
so many people attended a fair.
LITTLE FOREST FIRE LOSS
Only $651 was involved in damage
done by forest fires in the state in
September in counties organized to
fight fires. The 15 fires burned over
only 288 acres, the lowest in many
months, the Department of Conservation
and Development reports.
Careless smokers are charged with
(setting seven of the 15 fires.
SHYSTER LAWYERS AIRED
Shyster lawyers were given much
attention at the annual meeting of
the N. C. State Bar in Raleigh last
Friday, and ways of eliminating
I crooked lawyers, and especially those
lining up with organized crime, were
discussed especially by Judge Henry
A. Grady, Clinton, who outshone some
(Continued on Page 2)
On account of the persistent re
pons 01 an epidemic or diptheria in
the different sections of the county,
the local Health Department issued
the following statement Tuesday:
During the past few weeks there
have been several cases of diptheria
in various sections of Watauga county,
though not all so reported have
proven to be so upon laboratory examination.
However, it is well for all
of us to consider what can be done
to prevent this disease from making
inroads on the children of our community.
Every of ild should be vaccinated
against diptheria a3 soon after it is
six months old as practical. If this
practice were universally carried out
the disease would soon be eradicated.
During the early months of life the
baby is protected by substances received
from the mother, but these
soon pass off.
As children grow older and mingle
with school and ouie. groups, they
gradually build up a resistance
against this and other diseases by
J contact with light and unrecognized
.cases; that is, if they do not develop
he Year Eighteeix Eighty-E
THTTPcnAV r\r^TiSBBko OA mu
ROME . . . Above is Field Marshall
Pietro Badoglio, Chief of Staff
of the Italian Army, who has just
arrived in East Africa to press the
Italian drive into Ethiopia.
PARKWAY BIDS TO
BE OPENED TODAY
Waynick Says Doughton Due
Credit for Progress on
The Federal Bureau of Public Roads
has advertised for bids on the second
and third North Carolina sections of
the Shenandoah to Great Smokies
parkway and will open them in Roannlrn
uunv., tu.( un ;.nuiauu^. xuc iwu
together are expected to cost the
government around $500,000.
Work on the first project, which
runs from the Virginia line 12 miles
south, begun September 10. Nello
Tecr, Durham contractor, secured thi3
contract for $S83,000.
The second project will extend
from the southern end of the first
to Air Bellows Gap in Alleghany
county, a distance of 7.7S miles. The
third will go 10.85 further southward
to Route 18 in Alleghany county.
These are the two to be let Thursday.
"The progress on the undertaking
13 directly traceable to the success of
the efforts of Congressman Doughton
and othera to have restored the parkway
allocation, which had been diverted
to relief work before the passage
of the four billion dollar bill,"
said Capus Waynick, chairman of the
State Highway and Public Works
"Secretary Ickes lias directed that
$1,500,000 of the $0,000,000 appropriation
be spent in North Carolina in
the furtherance of this work and
these two projects are the first substantial
fruits of that order."
RECORDERS COI i
Vaughn Wilson, arraigned in Recoders
Court Tuesday on a charge of
public drunkenness, was assessed the
and Fred Brown, trespass,
nol pros with leave.
Luther and Fred Brown, tried last
week for simple assault, were fined
$12.50 and the costs.
is Not Alarming
; it in a severe form. The Schick Test,
j which consists of the placing of a
j small drop of diluted toxin between
the layers of the skin, is for the purpose
of showing which children have
not developed this immunity and thus
pointing out those who are in need
of vaccination. For those below
school age it is not customary to use
this test as such a large percentage
of them need vaccination that it is
not worth while.
When a case of diptheria, or suspected
diptheria, is reported to the
Health Department, one of the members
of the staff visits the home to
i get any information that m?.y help
to throw light on the source of the
, infection and to advise as to measures
to be taken in the household to
prevent the spread of the disease.
This sen/ice in no way is intended to
: take the place of the family physician
but is to relieve him of details for
which he scarce has time.
Quarantine is established in order
i to keep others from visiting and pro
bably contracting the disease theml
selves or carrying it to their homes
i (Continued on Page 8)
$1.50 PER YEAR
CASH IS RECEIVED
PAD I7Mm AUMrMfT
More Than Six Million Dollars
Come Into State Over
COAN IS DESCRIBED AS
ELATED OVER RECEIPTS
Directors to Select Projects for Their
Districts Which Will Give Most
Employment. All Employables
to Share in Work.
Federal money enough to give employment
to the state's 53,000 eligible
jobless men and women through
the month of March has been received
by the State Works Progress Administration,
it was announced Tuesday.
Over the week-end. actual cash allotments
totalling ?6,364.225 for ail
undetermined number of projects
were received by the State WPA.
Added tr? S2 777 895 nvowmncl-;
ed, the recent allotments gave a total
of 59,142,048 in federal funds received.
This amount, pointed out Assistant
Administrator T. L. McGowan, is
$492,048 in excess of the tentative
quota of $8,650,000 in WFA funds
announced for North Carolina only
two weeks ago.
"We expect to get more money,"
declared Mr. McGowan. State Administrator
George W. Coan Jr., was
absent from his office, remaining in
Winston-Salem for a speaking engagement.
"Mr. Coan is elated," said Mr.
McGowan. "He thinks his trip to
Washington was very worthwhile."
Worried and perplexed by the sm&llness
of the tentative WPA quota announced
for North Carolina. Mr. Coan
went to Washington a week ago and
received assurance from federal officers
that the state's allotment would
be increased. Senator J. W. Bniloy
received similar assurances.
"We think with the funds now
available that we will be able to have
half our quota (33,000 persons, as
baaed on the May relief load), at
work within the next two weeks,"
declared Mr. McGowan vesterday.
| Ending Direct Relief
I Receipts of a maior allotment nf
I \VPA funds forecast the early suspension
of direct relief, ordered for
November by Federal authorities. gf * 1
However, Mrs. Thomas O'Berry, state
relief administrator, was In Morehead
City yesterday inspecting cooperative
(Continued on Page S)
All Former Students Asked to
Gather 011 Campus for November
Saturday. November 2nd, has been
designated as Homecoming Day a t
Appalachian College, and Howard
Collins Acting Secretary for the
Alumni Association, is very anxious
that there be a full gathering of students
of the institution from its formation
in 1903. A permanent Alumni
Association will be set up at this
time, officers elected, and ail who
have been enrolled at Appalachian
j are asked to take part in the proceedings.
The program provides for the alumni
address at 10:30 by I. G. Greer,
superintendent of the Thomasville
Orphanage; at 11:30 the alumni
meeting will feature the election of
officers and other business; at 2
o'clock the football squads of East
Tennessee and Appalachian will clash
on Athletic Field, and at 8 o'clock
the visitors will be entertained with
<*. ^a? .jy w??s jTiuyuraiLers.
Lowland Children On
Trip To Mountains
Prof. VV. L. Winkler arrived in
town Thursday from Nashville, and
was accompanied by twenty-six of his
students, who spent a few days with
he and Mrs. Winkler at their country
place near Boone.
The youngsters who had never seen
a mountain enjoyed the trip to the
fullest. Mr. Winkler, who has taught
lor several years at -Nashville, makes
it a practice to bring the members of
one class on a mountain outing each
autumn time. They returned Sunday.
JAMES ALFRED MORETZ
James Alfred Moretz, five-year-old /
son of Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Moretz
of Deep Gap, died at the Wilkes Hospital
on the 14lli from diptheria. Funeral
services were conducted from
the home on the afternoon of the
17th, by Rev. H. A. Kistler, assisted
by Reverends Canipe and Yount and
interment was in the home neighborhood.
Surviving besides the bereaved parents,
is one sister and two brothers:
Wilma, Austin and Scott.