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EDUCATION . . new thoughts
I often quote a remark I heard
Wood row Wilson make, years ago.
'"The purpose of education." he said,
"is to make young people different
from their parents." Parents lose
sight of the fact that, sooner or later,
their children arc going to take
their lives into their own hands, and
exercise the inalienable human right
of making their own mistakes.
The last thing a school or college
should do is to discourage individual
thinking. I like what President Hutchins
of Chicago University said tne
other day. "If young people must
miff nmir ifloue CAm n timn it"
seem the part of wisdom to have
them meet those new ideas where
they are fairly presented by intelligent
people who have no axes to
Nothing can be worse than for a
boy or girl to get his or her new
ideas first from self-seeking propagandists
or political demagogues.
YOUTH .... opens doors
There never has been a time, in
my experience, when so much
thought was being given to the inea3
of the young. On the one hand I hear
old fogies expressing alarm lest youth
get radical ideas from the study of
what is going on in Communist Russia
and Socialist Germany; and on
the other hand I hear ardent young
men and women protesting that they
should be allowed to express their
own beliefs, whether they conform
to tradition or not.
I don't apprehend any danger to
civilization irom the free examination
of new ideas. A generation from
now the world will be what those who
are young today will have made it.
It will be their world. They will hve
to live in it. And T am firm in the belief
that any new or "radical" ideas
that don't prove workable wili have
been scrapped long before their
young proponents of today have
TEAMWORK . . of I ho future
My guess about the kind of social
order that is going to come out of
the thinking of the youth of today
is that it will be based very much
more- upon collective effort in every
phase of life than upon individual Initiative.
I have a feeling that we are
going to evolve in America some sort
of a collcctivist philosophy which will
be neither Communism, Socialism?
aa we use the term today?nor Fascism.
It is certain that business will continue
to become more closely organized.
Social activities, even those of
children, are more highly coordinated
thr.n ever before. The whole tendency
of the human spirit today is
toward cooperation. Some where a
balance will be found, f believe, between
the extremes of old-fashioned
rugged individualism and the suppression
of ail individual liberty such
as prevails under Communism and
? ? *
JLIGHT ... . in churches
I vote 100 per cent, for the proposal
that churches should be "lighted
up like motion picture 'cathedrals.' "
That was recommended to the Methodist.
Protestant Church Conference
last week by its Lord's Pay Committee.
The gloomy, colorless interiors of
most Protestant Churches give children
the idea that there is something
dour and solemn about religion itself.
Only once In a while have I seen
an American church "ml. gave fhr
impression of joy and happiness ?
and my idea of religion is that unless
it is joyous and happy, it isn't much
of a religion.
The "show places" of Europe are
the great cathedrals, in which the
greatest works by the greatest artists
are displayed, and the most
lavish use is made of color and decoiation.
I would like to see more of
that sort of thing in our own churches.
HYMNS in earnest
The Methodist Church has authorized
a revised hymn-book?and I am
glad to see that most of the thrilling
old hymns and tunes have been
retained, and only a few of the "unsingable"
ones. I've often thought
that I could compile a hymn-book
that wouldn't have a single tune in
which the v/hole congregation could
n't join in harmony, not a hymn
whose words did not carry some message
of brotherly love, or some "glad
tidings of great joy." And I would
fire the organist or choirmaster wno
persisted in setting the tempo so
slow that the most joyous hymns
sound like a dirge.
One reason why I, though brought
up in the Congregationalist church,
iike to attend Episcopalian services
sometimes, is that the Episcopalians
sing their hymns as if they were glad
to be there.
I hear many folk discussing "Whats
wrong with the churches." I think
one thing wrong is that so many oi
them are such dismal places.
CHILD IS BUKNED
Mis3 Lucille Cook suffered a right
serious injury Tuesday evening wher
she spilled boiling water from a tet
kettle. One foot wa3 right seriouslj
burned, which will necessitate the
child's absence from school for som<
VOLUME XLVII. NUMBER 18
DUST FLIES ON
Hundreds of Scrapers Being
'- 'i .' .
OCAXiA, F2&. . . . Hundrecte of
Florida soil, digging- the path which
the state, joining the Gulf of Mexij
| taking coastwise ships out of the h
CURRENT IS SEEP*
i Preliminary Surveys Made Ii
i County by Rural Electrifi
Mr. Howard Ballard, Asheville en
gineer, working under the Rural Elec
trification Authority, has spent stv
eial days in Watauga county recently
making preliminary surveys look
ing to the establishment of electric
service in several different communities.
Preliminary surveys have beet
completed as follows: From Perkins
ville to Alex Tugman's on Meat Camf
through the Greene Valley neighbor
hood; from Perkinsville to Deaf
Gap, with an extension up New Riv
er to the Bamboo community; front
the J. L. Fox place on the uppei
readies of the Watauga River a!
Foscoe to Shutls Mills, and froir
Amanlha to the state line at Zlon
ville. The proposed high tension line!
comprise a 'ength of thirty-five anc
, four-tenths miles.
Complete reports of the preliminary
surveys have been forwarded bj
the engineer to the state REA office
at Raleigh, where the merits of th<
proposals will be considered. Wheth
er or not there will be favorable ac
tton will then be determined.
The surveys as regard the Bamboc
and Shulls Mills sections were made
at the instance of interested citizens
while others were undertaken at tilt
request of the county agent's offic e
n.** M laawk/U
RETURNS TO CITV
Methodist Pastor Unchanged
Rev. Graham Transferred to
Dr. E. C. Widenhouac, pastor o]
the Boone Methodist Church for tin
past two years, was returned to thi
local congregation, when the appoint
ments were announced at the closing
of the Western North Carolina Con
ference in Salisbury Monday. Loca
Methodism was anxious for the for
mer -eminent minister to return, an<
the action was expected.
Rev. G. C. Graham, for the pas
four years pastor on the Wataug!
circuit, was transferred to Marioi
Mills, in the Marion District, an<
will be succeeded by Rev. J. W. Par
I leer. Rev. J. M. Greene, a former re
! sident of Boone, was given the Todi
Of interest to Boone people wa
the naming of Rev. C. H. Moser, for
mer local pastor, as presiding clde
of the Gastonia District. Dr. W. A
Stanbu-y, native of this city, and on
of the most renowned preachers ii
the Conference, was returned for
third year at West Market Strce
Rev. J. M. Downum of the Appals
chian Ctfllege faculty was amor.;
those entering the superannuate re
| Ljuaig 11U1C05 aiai
To Justice Brogaei
Willis James Brogden, Associat
i Justice of the Supreme Court o
: North Carolina, died at his home i
Durham late Tuesday afternooi
death following an illness coverin
Next to the youngest member c
: the court, Justice Brogden had jus
i passed his 58th birthday.
L The Supreme Court buiiding wa
' | draped Wednesday and Capital built
; j ing flags were lowered to half mas
;>as funeral plans went forward. Sen
[ices are to be held today.
i Independent Weekly Nevi
Used in Developing Sea-Going
s the State to Gulf.
- "* ' Tp^i]h
mule-drawn scrapers arc biting into
i will be a sea-going ship canal across
co with the Atlantic Ocean and thus
urricanc zone around the keys.
FUNERAL FOR MRS.
i! FARTHING IS HELD
i Weil-Known Resident of Iioone
Succumbs Sunday After a
Mrs. Addic Rivers Farthing, widow
. of the late J. Watts Farthing, and a
- well-known and esteemed resident of
. Route 1, died Sunday afternoon from
. an illness which had confined heri
; since early last spring. A complica.
tion of ailments contributed to her
demi3e. She was 78 years old.
l Funeral services were conducted
from 'he local Methodist Church at
> 2 o'clock Monday afternoon by the
- pastor, Dr. E. C. Wldenhouso, who
> was assisted in the rites by Rev. J.
- C. Canipe of the Baptist Church, and
i Mr. Lee, Methodist minister of Cran
t Active pallbearers were A. E.
i South- P. A. Coffey, J. H. Couneill,
- Je/f Stanbury, William Winkler, Gori
dor. Winkler, Henry Hardin, Jatnes
1 Sudderth, J. B. Steele. Honorary: Dr.
J. E. Haganran, Dr. H. B. Perry, Dr.
- R. 11. Hardin, Willian. Todd, R. L.
r Bingham, Rob Rivers, R. R. Hodges,
: B. J. Couneill. J. S. Winkler, W. L.
: Trivette, W. W. D. Bdminsten, W. D.
running, j. u. counciii, li B. Doug.
herty, Chas. Zimmerman.
A large floral offering was borne
>jby: Mrs. Charles Zimmerman, Misses
: Ruth Farthing, Mildred Farthing,
i Marv Farthing, Blanche Blair, Mcs.!
clames Belle Winkler. Margaret Winkler,
B. J. Council!, W. D. Farthing,
T. B. Moore, J. B. Steele and Jennie
interment was in lite city cemetery
the arrangements being by the Rcinsr
Sturdivant Funeral Home.
Surviving is one daughter, Mrs.
Minnie Watson of Boone, and si::
sons: Dr. L>. E. Farthing of Wilmington;
Ed G., Charles, Zeb and Grady
Farthing of Boone, and Don D. Farthing,
of Cranberry. One sister, Miss
Nannie Rivers, ol Boone, also surI
Native of Tennessee
> Mrs. Farthing was the former Miss
- Addie Rivers and was born inBlountj
ville, Tenn., the daughter of Dr.
- James G. Rivers and Jane Rhea Riv1
crs. The family moved into Watau
ga county immediately following the
1 Civil War and established their permanent
residence in Boone. Mrs. Fart
thing was married in 1877 to John
i Watts Farthing and she had made
i her home since on the farm on which
1 they settled. Mr. Farthing died manyi
- vcars aeo.
. Mrs. Furlhing became a member of
1 the Methodist Church in early worn;
anhood and was a consistent believer
s | in the Christian religion. She lived
- a life of fidelity to her church, her
r family and her neighbors, and was
.. surrounded by a host of friends made
e through her many fine attributes of
a Christian womanhood.
* cornSogplan is
j given approval
Watauga Farmers React Favorably
to Federal Reduction,
The Coin-Hog reduction program
e of the Agricultural Adjustment Adf
ministration is believed by the farmn
ers of Watauga county to be a benei,
ficial measure, as was indicated in
g the referendum which closed Saturday
evening, with an overwhelming
>f majority for its continuance,
it Assistant County Agent E. R. Daniel
states that preliminary results
a indicate that 27 contract signers vot1
ed for the continuance of the reduc>t
i t'.on program while only four regi3'-!
tered disapproval. One non-3igner
I voted against the proposal.
rspaper?Established in th
COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA, '
NUMBER AUTOS IN
)Ofi m 1... ' i ? -
tiou x tucks v?pcraica ^iso. L.oca!
Registrations Show Decline
TEX COUNTIES PAY OVER
6G PER CENT TAX MONEY
Industrial Commission Have 47 Work- I
men's Compensation Cases; Coan
Says 1500 Unemployed on Jobs
Nov. 1; Other State News.
Raleigh, Oct. 28?Watauga county >
had S00 automobiles and 380 trucks !
registered in the office of R. R. McLaughlin,
director oi the Motor Vehicle
Bureau, as of October 1, as
compared with 825 cars and 375 j
trucks one year before and 750 cars
and 350 trucks three months before ;
At the end of 'ast year this county '
had 875 cars and 500 trucks, the fi- j
These figures are obtained by'
measuring a given number of cards
on file and then with that as a stan- ,
dard measuring the cards for the j
county, giving a result within half ,
a dozen of the actual count.
The total registration for the state
was 470,279 motor vehicles, which is j
32,079 more than the 439,200 regis-:
tered a year ago and the nine months |
record this year is only 813 behind j
the 471,092 for the entire 12 months !
last year. This nine months regist.ra- j
tion includes 380,780 automobiles, of j
which 2,250 belonged to non-resi- |,
dents; 88,254 trucks and trailers ofjj
wuiuu i.if.1 ociongea lo non-resi-1
dents, and 1,245 motorcycles.
RIG COUNTIES PAY
Ten larger North Carolina counties
paid slightly more than GO per cent.!:
of all the general fund taxes by the! 1
entire state for the first three months,
of this fiscal year, July, August and \ i
September, according to figures made
public by the Department of Reve- |
The entire amount collected by the i
state's general fund in the three
months was $8,779,047.91, of which t
$2,201,254.54 was paid by foreign
corporations. The total collected for ,
t^e three months ts divided as follows:
inheritance, $105,778.93; license,
$782,377.03; revenue stamps,
$26,845.00; franchise, $4,691,968.49; |
income. $737,514.38; sales, $2,272,- ,
314.39; beer, 5162,219.69. I,
Watauga county paid a total of::
$10,901.65 in all of these taxes in the ! i
last three months, divided as follows; I
inheritence. $42.76; license, $1,317.75;
(Continued on Page 2)
MISS WILCOX IN HOSPITAL
Miss Jean Wilcox is a patient at
a Statesville Hospital where she was .
taken the last of the week for a recurrent
illness coming' from a serious!
injury to the spine in a fall three'
years ago. An operation was per-;
formed Monday and Miss Wilcox is
reported as doing well.
WPA Money; 1
Work is Expected to Start Frida;
ed by 15th; Do/.en Projects
An initial allotment of $40,683,
funds of the Works Progress Administration
has been made for expenditure
on something like a dozen
projects affecting Watauga county,
it was learned Wednesday morning
from Jim Rivers, District WPA director,
who expects to have 333 local
relief cases on the payroll by about
the middle of November.
The allotment, made for the period
including March 15, Is relatively lower
than had been anticipated, Mr.
Rivers explaining that the projects
had been placed as nearly as possible
on a common labor basis, that is, in
a manner providing the greatest de1
gree of relief employment at points
j where the labor is most readily availI
nhlp Whhrh hnilHIno-a *?* .-? nnnnornod
it was explained, the pro rata part
of the present allotment will be used
for the quarrying of stone, milling
of necessary timber, excavations and
perhaps placing of foundations. Objections
had been raised in higher
circles to the inclusion of this preliminary
work as an integral part
of the projects, but the District Director
succeeded in his proposals.
Among the projects which are already
approved or in line for final
approval, are the following: School
buildings at Mabel, Bethel, Valle Crucis,
Boone High, and the Roone
School for Colored: completion of
Glen Burnie Park at Blowing Rock;
repairs to Courthouse, Athletic field
and quarrying for Boone High School;
Boone streets; county home grading
,and repairing; improvement of school
grounds in several rural schools, and
ie Year Eight^^Elighty-E
rHURSDAV nr-i^S|R 31. 1935
SWEEPS C/ 3|4DA
King Swept into W ? ? Minister's
Office by ZJawosIide
OTTAWA, Canada . . Win. Lyon j
Mackenzie Kir.g (above) is the new J
Prime Minister of Canada, being .
swept into office by a liberal land- |
slide, which \vi!l give his party the '
largest representation ever to be ?
seated in the Dominion Parliament. I
JETORO WIISON !
irv a ot* ? * -
Foremost Citizen of Beaver Dam
Succumbs to Attack of
Jethro Wilson, leading citizen of
the Beaver Dam section, died at his
lome at Reese postoffice Sunday after
an illness of only three or four
lays with pneumonia. He was 65
Funeral services were conducted
from the Beaver Dam Baptist Church
Monday at eleven o'clock, Uie pastor,
Rev. R. C. Eggers being in charge of
the obsequies arid interment was in
the nearby cemetery.
Survivors include the widow, one
brother, J. R. Wilson, Reese; two
sisters, Mesdames W. J. H&gam&n
md Wellington Swift of Reese.
Mr. Wilson was a native of Watauga
county, the son of the late
A.iex Wilson and Nancy Snyder Wil-j
son. He was known as one of the
county's iupst substantial citizens,
and had contributed a full share to
the welfare of his community, county
and state. He was deeply interested
in the public good from a religious,
educational and economic viewpoint,
md his almost sudden death has
eome as a distinct shock to his
friends throughout the county.
ANOTHER LARGE YIELD
Mr. D. G. Edminsten of Route 2,
believes he is entitled to be Included
among the local spud-growing
champions, and reports a yield of 108
bushels of potatoes from a planting
of -1 bushels. The tubers, of the Sir
Walter Raleigh variety, grew on onethird
acre of land, says Mr. Edminstcn
and the yield was weighed to
a's First Quota
l o Employ 333
y and Employment Peak Reach;
or More Gain Approval.
improvement of county roads.
Director Rivers states that after
the middle of March a new and perhaps
greater allotment of money will
be made to the county for the period
ending in June, and that there exists
but little doubt but that the projects
approved will be carried through to
Ill the case of school buildings, the
county, it was said, lias promised to
take over the construction if governmental
expenditures should cease
before their completion. Many of the
lesser projects will perhaps be completed
out of the first allotment.
Mr. Rivers believes that while the
ununiivnv> au tat is aiuitll, Uldl UKCiy |
little more could be used anyway
during the rough winter months, in
anything like a satisfactory way.
Boone Work To Start
Information Is that the work on the
streets of Boone will be among the
first projects to bo. actively started,
and expectations are that men will
be employed Friday of this week.
Tarvia surfacing of sections of side
streets will be the principal amount
of this work, which can be started
sooner on account of the accessibility
of relief labor in this neighborhood,
and the relative ease with
which material preparations can be
More than 330 relief cases and 21
semi-skilled men in supervisory capacities
are to be taken care of in
the county by the middle of the
month, which, is doubtless as many
I of the clients as would "show up"
j for sustenance wages. There are less
than SCO on the relief rolls.
SI kfi PRR VTTA R
AT BLOWING ROCK
Mrs. J. M. Bernhardt Establishes
Claim to Bit of Land at
LAND GRANT PROTESTED
BY RALEIGH COMMISSION
Owners Had Only Started Action to
Clear Title; Conservation Board
Anxious For Free Access To
Raleigh^ Oct. 28.--Termination of
litigation over ownership of the 307
square feet of land at the approach
of Blowing Reck, outstanding scenic
attraction ir. Caldwell county, was
announced yesterday by R. Bruce
Etheririge. director of the Department
of Conservation and Development,
following satisfactory establishment
of the claim of Mrs. J. M. Bernhardt
and family of Lenoir, to the property.
Court action was initiated by the
Bernhardts after the Department of
Conservation and Development had
protested the issuance of a grant to
the property to the Bernhardts
through the office of Secretary of
otcirte Slavey w. vvaae. 'rue application
for the grant, according to later
developments, was for the purpose of
clearing title to the property and did
not denote that it was "vacant" or
still held by the state.
After investigation showed the triangular
strip of land, amounting to
approximately one -hundredth of
an acre, to be covered by a previous
grant. Mr. Etheridge asserted that
his department withdrew objection to
issuance of the grant to the Bernhardts
and has so notified the Secretary
of State to this effect.
Mr. Etheridge said that the office .
of Attorney General A. A. F. Seawell,
which has represented the interests
of the state in the case advised I
withdrawal of objection te the grant
after a thorough investigation. The
conservation director also stated that
State Forester J. S. Holmes and offi- j
cials of Pisgah National Forest, J
which was interested in the land, had
looked into the matter and agreed
with the decision to take steps to
terminate the litigation.
The original intention of the Department
of Conservation and Development,
acting under a law passed by
the General .Assembly of 1935 which
would preserve for the public benefit
any state lands suitable fcr public
parks or forests, according ta Diree.tor
Etheridge, was to retain the 307
square feet to preserve free public
access to the natural phenomenon.
Blowing Rock, if the state still held
title to the property. After it was
revealed that the land is already pri
vate property, Director Etheridge explained,
the department withdrew objections
to the grant.
A more detailed investigation of
the position of the tract, it was
pointed out, showed that it did not
dominate the approach to Blowing
Rock as at first thought and its ownership
by the state would noU assure
free approach to the rock. Director
Etheridge stated, however, that his
department would not alter its policy
of seeking to preserve the benefits
of the scenic wonders of the
state to the public.
To Attract Throng
The annual homecoming day exercises
al Appalachian State Teachers
College are expected to draw a
i crowd o? three thousand or more
visitors, it is estimated by the sponsors.
Alumni meetings and an address
by I. G. Greer, of Thomasville, will
feature the days program and at 8
o'clock an outstanding athletic event
will feature the clash of the gridiron
squads of Appalachian and East Tennessee
Teachers. At 8 o'clock the
Playcrafters will entertain. Thealum|
ni program begins at 10:30 a. m.,
Saturday, November 2.
IVAN YOUNCE INJURED
IN MOTOR COLLISION
Ivan Younce, resident of the Mabel
community, was right seriously in- ; .
jured when the motorcycle he and
?11 -- * *
umiiiiwii wtue nuuig, crasnea
into an automobile driven by Lee
Teague of Boone Sunday afternoon.
Young Mr. Younce received medical
treatment at the Hagaman Clinic in
Boone, one arm being seriously cut
and the muscles torn loose the length
of the member. He was otherwise less
seriously injured as was Mr. Campbell.
The accident occurred near Mabel,
but the Democrat had not learned
whether or not the responsibility for
the accident has been fixed.
Union county reports the poorest &
cotton crop tn 25 years a3 a result
of the summer drought followed by
early fall rains and boll weevil infestation.