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Vol. XLV.?No. 35. """
Village, Was ]
Murphy, Dr. !
VISIT TO MOUND;
Three Periods of Occupation Found
To Exist in Mound?Sweat House
Mast Valuables Discovery
The long-controversal site of Guasij
I pronounced Wa?s-ee-lee), an In-,
dian village visited by Hernando De
Solo marly 400 years ago, has been
"lather definitely*''' located at t?ie site
of the old Indian mound now being
Excavation work at the Indian
mound \va? completed Thursday
and Mi. Jcnnigns, Mr. Colhurn
ir.. Mr. Parsons will leave today
: i A heville, where the final ret.
will be written before bein:.
submitted to the Smithsonian
After spending tfometme in
Asheville, they will return to ti'ieir ,
n. mes, Mr. Jennings going to 1
Chicago, Mr. Colburn to Detroit,
and M.. Parsons to Saphire, N. C.
excavated in Cherokee county. 7
mile.- south of Murphy, Dr. John R.
Sw.nton of the Bureau of American
F.thml 'gry and the Smithsonian Insitution's
leading authority on Indian's
of the southeast, declared here
Dednesday of last week on a one day I
v.s.t to Murphy.
L .. Swanton oad oeen in the south J
for the pa.-t three weeks. He visited
the mound new being excavated SU
Macon, Ga., and stopped over in Mur,
hy enroute to Washington^ D. C.
Dr. Faye Cooper Cole, chairman- oi
th Depaitment of Anthropology, University
of Chicago, and administrator
01 the Science and Social Service dis
plays at the Century of Progress Ex-1
position, who has been on a speaking 1
tour of the east and came to Ashevi-lo
fo: his son, met Dr. Swanton at Murphy
and together they inspected the
mound and conferred on the various
phases of discoveries made during
the progiess o* the excavation. Mr.
Jennings, who is in charge of the
scientific work at the mound, studied
under Dr. Cole for four years at the
University ot Chicago.
Dr. Swanton is the foremost authority
on the Indians of the southeast,
their languages and customs. He has
charted the great war trail through
the Cherokee country from the north
He has also charted the route of De
Soto and has definitely located many
places mentioned by narrators of the
expedition as having been visted by i
"The evidence rather definitely
establishes the site of Goiasili at the
mouth of Peachtree creek on the]
|...?v,assee river in north Carolina, '
Dr. Swanton said. He declared his
final decision was based upon exhaustive
research and examination of the
site, and the corroborative circum
stances contained in the original narratives
by the several chroniclers of.
the expedition. I
"Ranjel, tie private secretary of j
De Soto," Dr. Swanton continued,
"states that the Spaniards croaeed the
liver along which they had been
traveling 'by Canasoga,' and we
know that the great war trail through
the Cherokee country from Virginia
crossed the Hiawassee at the mouth of
Canasauga creek. Working bock from
that point, we find that Guasili or
x Guasule agrees closely with the site
?f Old Hiawaese Town at the mouth
?f Peachtree creek, and there is every
reason to suopose that Guasili is a
corruption of Hiawassee, or rather
Ayuhwasi, plus the locative ending'
The river running through a plain
which the Spaniards crossed a little
^ooto than two days before they came
to Guasili would then correspond to
the little Tennessee, but R remains to
e determined at what point th pass's
e was made. Where they crossed
it was very low or else the water was
Guasili is described by the original
narrators of the expedition as being a
Ke town, in the vicinity of which
number of small mountain stream
!k c? 10 form the river down which
. f. Spaniards journeyed when they
eft the place. Before arriving at
>'asih, 'hey croaeed "very rough and
I fty range#," and the men and ani?
CaaMawsd w 4)
w-'ltl\ \-,.*nnr'r in Western North
Murphey, N. C.,
Its Responsibilities, Activities and
By Miss H. M. Berry, Secreatiy ot
The North Carolina Good Road?
The North Carolina Plan to construct
and maintain a system of State
Highways was based on the issuance
of bonds financed by tax levies on
motor vehicle- and gasoline, the idea
being to give th: motorist service
\..ile paying for the roads. Other
states, such as Georgia and Virgin.a,
pursued a different policy of pay-asi
ju-gt- and building t>ieir roads piecemeal.
We considered it unfair to the
motorists to pay heavy taxes on their
. at ^ anu gas and at the same time b
subject to a heavy mud tax. Scientists
have shown us that the life of a car,
its general up-kiep and efficiency, a>
etwecn a paved roaa and a poor r iad,
is much more than offset by the taxes
iiu motolists iias to pay for the g <i
doai. So long as the policy of using
this fund entirely for roads was followed,
there has been practically no
l objection to this tax. With any
'thought of diversion to other purposes,
?iowever, the motorist becomes
restive under his burden.
Since the passage of the Act of
1921 establishing the State Highway
Commission, other legislatures of
more recent years have added to the
responsibilities and activities of the
State Highway Commission, such as:
1. Taking over tor maintenance and
betterment 48,000 miles of county
i aads, thereby lifting a burden from
ihe counties of $9,uU0,00U per annum
v.oich was their cost to the counties
at the time they were assumed by
2. Taking over the burdens of our
entire prison population, both State
and county. A>ide from the prisoners
which can be used profitably on the
highways, there are approximately
1,000 piisoners which must be supyN>rted
and may be classited as "deadheads".
3. Another duty imposed by the
last legislature is for the Commission
to manufacture and furnish lime at
cost to farmers.
We now have invested in the State
Fedeial and state money $200,000,000
County money 100,000,000
Total Investment $300,000,000
Maintenance of Our Investment
Aside from the payment of our just
and honest debts, the protection of
our investment is a matter of paramount
impoitance involving eternal
vigilance and expenditure. Many of
our best roads are ageing fast under
the wear and tear of traffic as well
as the ever cjeteriorating influence of
the elements. Every rain that falls,
every wind t?hat blows, takes bit by
bit tbe surface value of the road.
With the construction of the first
6,000 miles of all types of road, it
vas considered essential to have a
maintenance fund of $3,500,000 per
annum. Since then we have added
4,300 miles of Toads, making a total
of 10,300 miles on our primary system.
The Legislature of 1933 allocated
for the maintenance of this
'greater mileage only $3,000,000?less
by $500,000 than was considered essential
for the maintenance of 6,000.
This was below the danger point, as
we now find many of our more costly
types of road going backward in surface
values. Like a tooth, if the cavity
is not filled quickly, the tooth must
go. The danger of a terrific loss is
For the county highways the 1933
Legislature allocated $4,50(^000,
which is $4,400,000 less than the
nties spent, A special effort has
been made to keep in order the roads
travelled by school buses, maii routes,
tc. There exists today, however, on
ihis system_many bridges which are
safe for these buses. An increase
in this fund or else tragedy!
For maintenance of both State and
county systejns, safety devices, for
extraordinary emergencies such as
storms, floods, mountain slides, etc.,
and for absorbing additional cost of
unusable prisoners; and maintenance
of city streets over which State highways
are routed, there ,'iould be a
minimufcn fund of $10,000,090 peg
(Centiaeed a page I)
Carolina, Covering a Larfe and Pi
Friday, March 30, 1934
Dorothy Carroll, 10 year old daugh
Ur of Mr. and Mrs. B. R. Carroll of
Muphy who has been seiously ill for
the past seven weeks is showing
light improvement this week. The
cause of Dorothy's illness is complications
resulted from measles. She
has contracted neuritis and sinus
trouble and is in a nervous condition.)
Dorothy will not be able to attend )
-chool for two or '?iree weeks yet,
sending an operation which may be
lecessary. After being in bed for so
ong z time she was forced to learn to
She is in Miss B. Mayfield's sixth
rade and considered an honor stu!ent.
She was not absent or tardy
his year until this illness.
Mi s Estell Maune.v's seventh grade
vent to Murphy's water pumping and
uilying station last week to
bserve the puiification f water.
In the study of h.alth and sanita.icn
this proved to be of great interest
to every sudent and especially to
hose that live in rural districts.
ATHLETIC BOX UPPER
Conu one. come all an J bring
along your boxes Fiiday April 6
at 7:30 at High Schol auditorium
Ihe With school gilds, teachers
and public are invited to bring
Other attractions of Vie evening
will be a stiing band and buc!:
The proceeds will be turned
to Athletic association.
MUSIC MEMORY CONTEST
Theie will be a music memory ccnest
held in the school again this
.ear, under the sponsorship of the
lunicr A\ oman's Club. This club will
give the first prize, and the Woman's
dub will give the second prize. The
date on which the t contest will be
held has not yet 'been decided upon
jut the music students have already
udied thirty-five compositions in
reparation for it, and they intend
io study fifteen more before the contest
is held. Of the fifty ccmpsoitions
iat are being studied, twenty will be
^elected for the contest.
In relation to his work, the music
students are making music scrap
books. Prizes will be awarded for the
two best of these. The Parent-Teachcr
Association will give the first
;iize, and the music department will
give the second.
FRENCH STUDENTS PLAN
In order to have advantage of a
better French vocabulary, French
rtudents of Murphy High plan to
correspond with students in France
who study English. Those who desire
to write are required to fill out a
blank, giving the following facts:
Name, age, sex, hobby, and sex of
one to whom one wishes to write.
This is sent to the National Bureau
of Educational Correspondence, Pefcbody
College for teachers, Nasheville,
Eleven students of the local high
school have sent in their qualifications.
The Bureau will chose suitable
persons for each of these to write.
After years of delay and an
unceasing fight to obtain a basket
ball court and gymnasium, the
athletic group of the Murphy high
school is at last to be awarded for
its efforts to make such a thine
The exhibit building is being remodeled,
a floor for a basket-ball
court is being laid by CWA workmen.
The bascsball diamond is
being leveled off, the fence repaired
and shrubbery trimmed.
The school ..has long needed a
gymnasium and ball-court, because
the money spent each year for
renting a building, has been a
great drain upon the athletic fund,
and limited the buying of uniforms
and equipment, which in turn limited
the athletic prograroe or activities.
The seventh grade as a group under
the supervision of Miss Hall has
completed a unique project. Two
friezes have been made; "The Boyhood
Home of Lincoln," and "Mounl
Vernon," the home of George Washington.
The material used for this project
was unbleached domestic. It war
penciled first and then colored with
crayolas. India ink was used to outline
the frieze. The completed frieze
(Costinned en page I)
ttentially Rick Territory in Thix 5/t>
LIONS HAVE 1
GOOD MEETING 1
The Lions club met in the den at
he Murphy Cafe Tuesday night, and
short business session followed the
egular banquet. '
Dr. Edw. E. Adams was designated
to deliver the silber key, won by th
late Harry Lahn for special meritorious
woik ^n Lionis'.n, to Mrs. Lahn.
I A letft- was rp~d from R. H. De- s
Lutts, of Asheville, a. distant general J
assenger agent of the SouV.ern Rail- t
.vay, acknowledging petition and comunication
from the Lions club sent '
aim in behalf of the citizens of the '
town and section seeking to have the ;
Jtnern extend the service on the
Murphy branch with two trains daily.
Air. De Butt's letter, in part, said.
*'Thh matter is now being given conide
ation by our management and 1
.i . opeful of being able to advise
?u more definitely and in a favorPresident
bain reported that he had
ble way within the near future."
a communication ircm Mr. Markham,
no was formerly in charge of the ,
cannery for the Gillispie Company
here, tha if sufficient ace rage of tcm
a toes could be secured he would be
:\ztrested in operating the cannery
his yeai. He stated, Mr. Fain said,
. at he only wanted to.i.at c .
Mr. Fain al.-o reported that he
roned to be able to announce something
about the hosiery mill soon.
He is in com munication with some
rties and said that things seemed
to be ripe for iavoia'cle action.
A committee composed of Dr. Edw.
E. .A da.ns, George Ellis and R. W.
Giay, was appointed to act lor the
club in accepting Mi.-. E. G. White's
nvitation to meet with her on the
next meeting, the second Tuesday
night next month.
Lion Fain congratulated former
county agent R. W. Gray for the
splendid work he has done as county
agent, and stated that Mr. Quay Ketnii,
the new demonstration agent,
was getting off to a good start. Ht
ilso repored that Murphy was liktly
to get U. S. Route 64 convention
next ycai, and that a Federal marker
for U. S. 64. calling attention to the
tact that Be Soto passed through the
town, could probably be secured if
noupn pressure was brought to hear
.n the federal highway officials.
Board Is Named
Lowry C. Hill, of Murphy. a"d
Samuel H. Parker, of Andrew*. Democrats,
and B. B. Morrow, Republican,
of Long Ridg?. were rimed Saturday
as the election Board for
Cherokee county, according t.) news
dispatches from Raleigh.
This board will have charge of the
June 2nd primary c^nd No\ ember 5
general election in Cherokee county,
end will appoint rceistra*-?, Democratic
and Republican judges and other
precinct election official for the
oa ... ?t u ? TVn-o
vuiiiix piatcs ui .ic i-uuiiiy. aiico^
appointments will be. made at an
Notice to Those
Wanting Crop Loans
All persons who wish to make application
for crop loan? are hercny
otified that on no condition yflll we
be able to assist in filling out same
on Wednesday and Thursday of the
Since it is eetting so late and the
lime for mak;ng applications will
expire, it is 8u?eested t.hat all
who contemplate making application
for a loan do so this coming Friday
and Saturday. Mr. Quay Ketner the
cr.jniy agent a-. the **ourt house, sno
Miss Hattie Palmer, at the Scent Office.
will assiV io filling out -.noiicitions,
on Fridays and Saturd*?3.
MONDAY APRIL 2
The regular meeting of the Ministers
Association of Cherokee and
Clsv -nuptie* '-ill h? held at the First
Baptist church at Murphy on Mon1
day April 2nd at 10:00 o'clock A. M.
Program includes talks on "The
Ministry of Comfort by Rev. W. G
McFarland of the Methodist chnri-.'i of
Andrews and "The Mir/*er?
- Devctional Life by Rev. J. L. Under1
wood of the Bantist church. Haves1
esville. A discussion period will follow
' 'here talks.
All minister" of every denomination
is cordially invited to come.
>1.00 YEAR?5c COPY
JOINS STAFF OF
)r. Junkins Resigns and Returns To
Home In Elkins, West
Dr. Bryan W. WhP field, of Montgomery,
Ala., . ;3 week joined the
taff of the Petrie Hospital as geneial
urgecn, filling the vac *y made by
he resignation of Dr. \ M. Junkins
D?. Whitfield, who is ) ye#rs olo
. omes to Murphy highly recompensed
with 14 yearn experience in hospital
work, general medicine and surgery.
He holds a B. S. degree from Alabama
Polytechnic Institute, with his D.
from Tulane University. He served
his intern . ip at the Presbyterian
Hospital, New Orleans, and has post
^aduate work and -uryical training
at the University Hospital of Penn
vlvjnin; an i the Or:h pat die Hosr.'ta'
of Ha'varJ Univerviy. Ik va
formerly resident surgeon of
Oithapaedic SYirine Hospital at l%ilailelphia,
Dr. Junkins, who resigned on the
15*?i of the month, had been with the
hospital since it opened last NovemHe
and Mrs. Junkin returned
their home in Elkin, W. *? ?
where Dr. Junkin has accepted a P?ion
with the hospital theie.
With ont exeenti ? the same >ffi<*rs
who served the Murphy Won#*n's
1 duting the *>ast year will ?e**ve
another 12 months. ^
They are Mrs.C. W. Savage, ur
dent; Mrs. Ralph Moody, vioe p ?sident;
and Mrs. W. E. Sudstill, fiece.aiy.
Mrs. W. M. Axley is the fjfw
treasure*, Miss Lula Fain .having asked
to We relieved.
D. Witherspoon, promin nt Murphy
attorney and garden enthusiast, vrus
guest speaker at the club meeting
Wednesday. The prograhn was in
charge of the garden deparment with
Mrs. Ralph Moody as leader.
Mr. Witherspoon spoke on plants.
I!\ and gardening in general. He
has a large collection of shrubs and
!snt and in his vegetable gardens
. cws a great variety of vegetables,
fruits, berries, pecans?almost everyhir-*
reeled for a "live-at-home"
T.he club voted to sponsor a shrub
and plant shower for the Petrie hos
pital here next week. A report on
ie quilt show last week. A reportin
The next meeting will be April 18,
with Mrs. M. W. Bell as leader.
New PricCsDn V-8
Cars And Trucks
Ford Dealers throughout the South
have announced substantially fewer
delivered prices on all Ford V-8 passenger
cars, commercial cars and
trucks, effective March 1.
"The announcement of new low
delivered prices," said E. D. Bottom,
manager of *:e Atlanta FV>rd BVanch,
"is in keeping with the Ford Motor
Company policy to build a product
to a standard of quality at the lowest
possible cost and to pass on to the purhaser
the benefit of any economics."
The new delivered prices on the
Ford V-8 de luxe models include as
standard equipment the following:
thermostat, cigarette lighter, right
rear tail light, right hand vizor, praking
lights, fenders painted in body
VUIVI, a:iu tuc Mtiu aotv-vj
ilass throughout the car.
Ford is able to make imediate deliveries,
it was announced and this is
an impoitant reason why dealer en'husiasm
is high?not only over future
prospects but also because the current
rate of sale is substantially faster than
during the same period last year.
Public interest in the Ford V-8 for
1934 is exceptionally strong, it was
stated, chiefly due to the more than
25 improvements assuring increased
power, more economy, and a stylishness
unsurpassed in cars in its price
range. The new passenger cars have
free action on all four wheels, providing
unusual comfort to passengers.
Clear-vision ventilation is another
popular feature, distinctive because
it involves but a single pane of glass
nothing to obstruct vision. V-8 engine
performance has been improved.
Power har been stepped up 12 per cent
yet with a decrease of fuel consumption.
Henry Ford on the introduction
of this new Ford V-8 for 1934
unhesitatingly termed it "The fine*
Ford car we have ever built."