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THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 1799.
Three Dollars per Annim.
Vol. I!I.-No, g2T
PUJJUSIJED WEEKLY BY ALLMAfcD HALL,
rHfc STATS ok NMirH-tnROHHA. g
: : m
(Continued frtm our luft
That court moderated its m
after its object was accom
(he prefent complaints . of th
nite J States ment have been
venud. if thofc of the Frenctlao-
vernmcnt had been attended ro. he
complaints which the United Sites
sow mate are, in hoe, only thclotu
fequence of a flare of things Xich
has evil the French Republic a'al hi
citizen! the mud cor.lHerable Am-
ages. The French government c- the tJnited States (hotilld be ffee from
verthetefsbas not C;afed to otftj the the imputation of having concealed
exact jultice which it demand?, It officii communications, when he
hat never refufed, nd never v II had publ ihcd alt which it was pofli
refuie, to enter iato dilcufhon 1 ion ble tor him to have received
every proper fuhjeci. You Humid have prelumed, as you
J have given, lir, to thefe t ree datej that after having received and
pims a large dcvelbpemenr. Wi are tranfmittcd to Philadelphia, your
very near agreement, when wei jaJ. -note! the 18th Ventole (ihe 18. n
ly defirei: tmjorhttdes. aadwhn we ; of -March) 1' would wait at Paris tor
candidly admit the Mate of the q el-
liitti. You fee the negociator? re-
quire very general iultrucUnn, in
qmre very genera
utdcr to obv at? the wcouvenkfeces
which are prolonged even until now.
2 believe, to fix tiie meaning of 'our
treaties, it will be proper to draw up
a declaration c.oiic:rniPgj,i!t ia. .be
hereafter obligatory upon the two
parties, and conlidcrcd as making a
par; of the original ads ; a dccliYa
tton which, that it may have the
force ot lav, Ihouid be eftablilbt'd by
the ra:ficaiions, which the coniiuu
tional lorms refv ecHvely require.
The United States are placed in
that happy unconnected Itate, Which
makes them, doubtleiV, let a parti
cular valu;e upon the 'claillea of thc;r
commerce and navigation. It is the
effect of '.he long neutrality which
tney have the hope of m.-intaimng.
Hut France, although firmly, de
termined,, lincett has become a R e
public, to live in peace with ail u
hons, cannot fl tticr ii ft If with efcap.
mo the course which periodically
torments Europe ; ard prudence re-1 carefully, communicate to my go
qu res that 11 prekrve the rigms i vemment and if, altei the volurn.
which treaties ftcure to it, in neutral iavus uthcial difcum ma, ou the part
ports, in time of ,wr. Wish h H mtblics, of the tub
dout v,ev, tit Amvmau aVgucia-ject n difpme twt ween them, you
ion digetted the tre.ty of commerce : conceive that a reconciliation will be
of ! 775. Aitnougii it be reciprocal bed promoted by this nude only, I
upou cue whole, tome provnioiu aie f
1110. e efpecially applicable to cue fixed
p 'fition of the United States; and o
liters have aliUiion only to t.ic even
loaip liiou ul r .aiK.e.. The Isttei
hi. ie r. a- laci iric a lor the in
iltfi dmce f he loruier. Fiance
has dmolaed f : d vantages h ch
do not iirany refpect injure the Unit -ed
States, and the llw fulnefb of winch
Republic willnevrr renounce tin m.
Jt is now in ihe power of the Unit
ed State to realize the d fpifitions
which you mamfeUed in their os'iif.
I heprudence of your conncton in
Frahicoas prrlcrvedyou fiona the
prtjooic'cs which it is U'fhculi net ;o
co 1 ract, a hen one is lets on hu
guard agiiull loreign and even bo-
medic io;rieiift. 1 periiuae mytelr,
that you will tranlm.t to your go -
vernment m ly accurate ducusituts.
It will belong to it 10 purluc the brtt
utesfures to iHtcluate a prompt re-
con ih 4 1 ion j, and 1 atdcnily dclirc
that ihcy may corrclpond aithtoe
wilb ol the fcfttCUtivc aJltccliiy.
J cm. tn ue however to th nk that
it.flr.d ot returning 10 the United
Statta, n wiuiu ae preitrnble that
you afk for the mttruhienis i.ecrdarv
to the negociatioo. Nothing ceuh
mure accelerate the drawing together
cf thole ties, which the French Re
public and the true Amcncaut have
regretted to fee relaxed. Your pre
fence st Paris, if the powers, which
mud be luppoled to be on the road,
fhooWJ foon arrive, may momently
tfccooiphfh the o. ject which we both
mbitioully puri' e.
Your dr pan ure, on tbe contrary,
will give a new activity to tbe plots
laid lur pretipitaiing the two coun-
tries into mrahtret which areas re-
pugnant 10 t he tr iuclioatioa as to
The French government, being
briidet, penetrated with the lame
lentimentt, whkh you irnay, wu
hereafter wait lor what may oe ad-
dreiTed . it ai'd w.tb pieaiwle will
oanoiu yvu the oifanj
Att p, Or the idToraucct of
Lit . -
Prilf1 C4M IdlefauiKW
CH. M,U. I 4ta4.tY(tAND.
ivcd, citizen minilter, on
bareveumi T tire lath ioftaPt, vostfiTo the Mm der w Fren affairs
letter of tb 30th Prairial (ifltb of
jun) uTinlwci' to mine of :he 13th.
v j- 1 1 a.
sou ny you nave not maoc inc inn
tse. reiptftine yodr letter of the
28 h Ventofe. I am not difpofed
to impute to you a hiiftake, if you
have not made it; alt bough I think
that your letter will warrant the con-
llruftion I gave it : be this at it may,
iultice reouires thai the IVlident of
phftfuftiupl, and further power, if
taeceff uy. But I bad right, 10 ex
P'', from what had palled between
u? before the arrival ol tlte origan
lilie Sophia, and indeed after it, that
1 Ihouid have received, tor the con
fiueration of the government 01 the
United Siates, prop, fit ion. on the
part . of tin govti nmcut, fur recun.
oi; nitig the utnereuces and tutor-
tnifl trieudihto between the two te-
pubucb : itiai 1 fhould ere thi, hava
nten on my palTiae to the United
States ; and that a French mmiiter
would have been ft nt to Philadelphia
to compleat toe ncgociation.
I accordingly tutor used, you, be
fore the arrival of toe bngantine,
that 1 fhould em bat k tor America in
June ; and after her arr.val, that I
mould take my paffagein her, as toon
a the could be ht te ! i j r :he lea.
ou have dated, and developed
three pomts, on which you conceive
the negotiation between France and
the U. States ought eflcntialiy to red.
Yiiur letter on this iubject 1 will
nucciciy wuu 11 iikccii.
)t ou lay that France, in her treaty
with ihe United States has dipolar
t d few advantages, which in no wife
injure them, and. the legality oi which
cannot be contcded by any foreign
1 -at ion. You then add, thai the
rrencn government will never re
J he government of the United
States never dclired of France the
re nunc m ion ol any right, to which
Ihe 11 entitled by their x ttnig uea
tics; in conitruin lo.nc parts ol
tl.elc, the two governments have
().ti rent opinions ; but this is not
unufual between uations ; snd when
tbty are amicably difpolcd, and go
verned by the principles, you have
julity laid down, that neither part)
has the right ot cxclufive mterpreta-
ion they are oent.a.ly fuccefsful,
! if direct mrafurcs fail, in adjudmg
j their difputes by srbttratioot this
mode has been lucctfsiully sdrptod
by the United States with other us
My conneOiont in France, citizen
11.11. ;ttcr , pave neither prelerved me
ftsm, or fubjtcted ne 10 prejudices
earn goverofed by my own pnnci
phi, thofc ) on may be a Bared wiM
always prompt me, in the ddchargc
ol my duty, to prefent to my go
vernment easel documeott snd ft a e
tnents of acta.
It is impollible for me to apply to
Ihe government, for the i.tctflary
inltrumcnts to cotiducl the nego
c at ion. Ota the other band, fhould
fuch a propnfiuoo be made to me, 1
Jhuuk) certainly, under entiling m-
cuni(tms, dlirtK. Nrvcnhelefi,
1 agtn jflure you thai it will give me
ihe grestrl) pleafure, il by any other
means, I can contribute to s put
and honourable accommodation of
.he differences between tbe two Re-
My return 10 the United State,
wfcicun ir.ddprnlalUe, at 1 conceive,
cannot be attended with tbe effect
viq ment m an efpecially as lht
connect mn tet wren in iwo enm -tiieswillbe
(Ul kept up by the.r
IctirCfVt Colu S.
Ateey, ct;n sainider, tbe at-
aw , 1 a ; .
turances of my pesfeft Mpt.
(S.ned) ' K GF.KRY.
of the Fretted Republic.
Mr. GERHY, To the minuter
ofForeiiMi rUlaUOi of tne rrei.ch
Paris 2th June, 179?.
Citizen M 'mutett
Ism 2ain under the ntceffity of
apply in lor tveedsry doctmeot to
enable me to rttttrn to thf Uni'ed f bjb Jriendflnp bstweon the tmKepith
States t and as you cannot be in fei.fi- Ha, and d;termintd to hare ntmv to
bte of the manifed difadvantajier ui uttaitr thit end, as drfiruhlc nthe U
my part rehiltmg from the delay of titled States as to France? 2. est the
ttiem, I prefume coat thy are in
readhiefs , -ti::
Accept my aflursneH of eHeem and
IE. CEltR Y.
Paris, 9th of Meffidor, 6th yesr.
-f.; (chfjuotf, 1798) -The
mi indcr of Interior tic iat ions
to Mi .Utriy, Isavoy of tuc U
In sttisytiring. fir, your Inter of
1 he 41b ol mis month, (2 id jun
179SJ 1 regret tna 1 -in oobged to
recur to the ti It pjragr ph. I com
piaireu that tite pubucation made at ;
PniLdelphia on the loth Germinal i
(8thof April 17y8,) d'd not cotnaiu
all that your government then knew,
You luppoi-.'d that I aliuded to my I
note 01 tneae Vesttfci8th Marcit j fir, rtprcr the pojtbic cjmfemtencH
which could not huWtvci uave feach- U your .d.pdrture and judge far yw
ed the Preiident. I begged you not fell, -whether hetuho truly vifbts for
to attribute that imltakc to me. You peace ought to confent to it.
appear to adhere to youi iuterpreta Let us csntinuc rvoTe and more tt
tion. From refpact to your tun en ty , advance th: work we have entered upon,
of which I cannot duuor, I wtit 1W-
mount my repugnance to minute du
grelfiuns, and wiU pmt out to you
that one of the concealment, uhicii
is the molt linking.
I have been lurnifbed from the
Uniud States with the proofs, lup-
pixted even bydKticlck narked
from the Asnertcan papers, f tbc
L .A i .uiii.. .1 .1 m
kno'vledoe wuicti lubiitttd tltere be-
fore Gerutina! (before the 2 id of.
March) of the uhttctHtn Ihe Exe-
cunve sJ. rectory 10 any nenociauoii
with two of tne Envoys, and ot its
exprefs dcilre of treating with you.
In iffcCt 1 early ulthed to you the
difpotitions ; and the declaration on
this fubjexf inferied in my noe of the
28th Ventole (18th of March) was
uiny the 1 fficial eaprefliou ol a thing
already comprehended as well at Phi
ladelphia as at Paris
tor the re It, Sir, let US hereafter
pals over l lit I- oleic Is eplv.de s, and
let not our communications lu.tber
bear tbe tint of iccn'minations. Toole
who areiruely impartial will perhaps
difcovcr a deurec ot eenerulny in
this prop f itnm coming trom my tide.
Lei us leriouily rclome our sspla
ustiuus It is for tads tu prove ihe
reality or tbe intent ion prolclltd on
both lides. My lad letter attelted
to you very forcibly thofe ol the Lxe
cutive Directory. You do not al
low thofc of the Pre I idem of IM U
ntted Slates to be doubted. liow
then happens it, tlia't a!ier having re-
ceived propnfiiions wherein evry
ibmg is combined for a fraud and
prompt tor.cinaiioa, you in louc
lort shut 1 he door agmi.d a 1 lottaY
You leem to infmoate. that thefe
propeftttos have long len delafid.
1 hey could not have been made unut
alter the depanureof your colleagues j
the firlt open nrgoostions upoo the
diftrrencas which lubiift between the
two countries, take their ttata ouly
(tiicc that receat period, naih ng w
entered upon as long as the three
Envoys were prclent, one alone ma-
nitrlted a lemper of recoocuutioi
Afterwards fome time was needbry
to unite the views oS) fojgsJl with'lArsr tefpeBtve nation, wbJbllbave
the determination the xerutie Dl- .deferted from the faidvfjelsm in truer
rectory hat made, loplace the refpec
live interclts in Iront. 1 did not. a-
Ibove all, partake 10 your opinion coo.
' crrning the utility of your carrying
he overtures of the French eovcrn-
aient pertonilly to Philadelphia, and it frequently happened, thai the Jumga
1 never thought it advantageous to uOmg ut.de- the mutbonty uf tbe matvi
lend thither a ivlinider PieuipvtrBii-aual Mulct buve p tir nit d tfat thef
aiy from the Repuhl c, before tbejwrr iwrawav teal. Cn tbe xyhrf 'pl
happy iflue of the negnciations con- 1791, aa ad of Longtet uecUred til
itiCiicrd. 1 wss otvcrtbelcfs, shout faV dtl'itl fudges tcutg under the au
to transmit the rtfull tf my 'put '
in th? brgimmg . PrehtU
rfr 2o a1 tie lahaf Miy)
in, idmi kUrtWcd which for
fyfr tided the primipdt olje&J
fee -wtat deux J culd tKvr
am yirtified that cireum
not re.vtered tut prwrrli
'.and it is in nrdtr to acce ft
Ivtcti u to oh'iaie every n
that 1 prefsd r,u in my hjl i
main it Pari.
Did you not come here, fir
full pmen given to the tinvoys
them to ntgociute tpwtratelvr
ter what has popdat Pbtijdetf
yw can unthdraw y ut fUM jOmrU vw
to tip fo ihen the ' e'neb gm nment
jupericr v, ail reeutfnenU. am d never
Itlitmng to any ttnng lutjutice, mani
yets itttf anxious ro conclude a candid
and matuuuy jutts)a8ory agreement f
I h we invtted you to r, quefi promptly
new towers, if you thhuefn you Uo'td
in need 0 thtin, And thry mere noi on
their pajluge. You anhucr that thiiautfrity $ the Cttml tut crved to a?
tirp is jar you ittipnjfijiie, and that yon
wwld htjldti ut.d.r exiUtng circttrn-,
Uances, ace linhakitQ upon y u'f elf thf
cundbtTinp of the tuvo iathn. if it imjtUcureirtm at, put fuit. Ihe t.'.nfhlh
confide d to you. J cannot reconcile this
lanouaps inith vour uttuchment to tour
. u w J I
country, wttuthe jffuruncet you dot
v & ... '
ceae to give of the jincttiiy of your go
1 recommend thefe ol ft mat ions to you
J may almoft venture to lay th a it U
your duty, "Toe pr.ptjitions which J
hove made to vou embrace three piu.ts.
, The firfl widtuke but little time and
may ht pi poned.
'ihe third will aoubtlefs experience
no difficulty on either fide, after the t-
cn. fhjl he amicmily ettU d.
; . is to the fecomd ibtrefarep that we
M j 7 a.i fa j 1 -..j r t"S ' .11
JbouJd Jirft atteud ; and it is to rmcbrcff;,ve fe s. tp jutpe Wff
the mere important a it eirdrraces the
lWce of alt the differences, A culm
dtfeufjun will fuccrJiutlylTfoMirtjIrr 0 Ex'ei Or ,,..- ,us.
clear up rtury at tide of tuem. I dti M. LLLl ii ,Ai
not fee that the voluminous difcuffi.ns
which buve been enttrtd into at I'vtlu
delphiatave fbca any light upon it. Tiry
bate rather contributed to ftt't-p p .j. .n
in the eat of real on. Cut s Jb.l tttwayi
be followed ty a conclifion either in tin
ceffation or udnipon ot tbe tigtt re. . w ,lt iuh yw Utter of the tb
claimed. It is neceff.yt im oreer to I MrJPr ( 2Vh f J u' 0 hl
tff cB tbe aB declaratory of the meanhg ' ' to SUM if ti e 1 if
uf our treaties. At to tlse eventual r. ju,"r " ,he document 1 there n e.e
tttrament of a third 'power, ' 0 not M my i-yue to Amenta,
know wbetter the Ut.ittd States bave2u J?l" thrJ huXr tr hed yt,u
' to it. 'be Frenco Rtpub-
- : i
if tley are d Urmtned to be j
tt, H drfires to be towmids 1 em.
Let us hp in wttt tu
tuc utntb article of.
lion of the lath
I uuZu a nUe up.
tbe Confular Convention
on tlx dtlpcultiiS tti ixeiuttfn metis
with in the ports ol tbe United States,
ttjoa I te followtd ly fimuar
up a each of wbkb-we mill endeavour
to come t an ngreimtnt,
j .1cctptt fir, the.MffuruMctt ofnmy
pet J 8 cotfukratiom.
fSiunetj C M. T ALLEY dAls D.
Ntte upon the ninth arm U of the t.n
fuLr ConttnthjU bnwten tt mme and
tbe United Mules, tt the I of As"
' 1 1 vnit.n n. c thit at tick iedarei
M that toe (.o ma 6 Vue i cmtuu may
(tu'r tobe art fled the captains, tffictri,
faitors ad ull htr JOiJ.ut
brmy part of tbe irewe of lht fels ol
, II fena tkrm bach uud trumpet "m
sal of Ih, country, imtixb puepje
theaid Comfmh and Viie-( oauti Ibalt
addrifs tbemftlx'ti to the Court, Judgts
und iffictri competent" Betute 1 702,
lie has never experienced the want of Cl'ur frcj jufparted even ty art.
it; and J am per funded, that ou ttiscti rm tie Amcrut.n
particular occajion, a will featttfj c,.e the h.,wlettre tih ch th.
to an underlying witb 11 U.SUtei,Jai'hir'l V &rmtntlt (zctb
u aeyared.tirmintdtobejufhowa,dstMar(hJ:'e ,"", 1 r '
thrhy of the Un'tlei "tatet, f. o'li
empetent, ill '-r Juro-f of tc t . .
itesi have hm tu H tj 1
felve juftifitd nt teclinii to ten U
their aui ; put at tk,re are mamy m
torts in the Uiited St.it ts ih ,n d il ;;'
Judges, anJ 'as tley d, n.t even m i
rejhie at a fort, the Freii h Onfuh f.
9 'ice '-Confuls have often We0wm I '
h nd-r dr'ettitn. to the preut t e . J
p the vr (felt 0 their nuhn. 1 e f.
fuit of the United States do not ttp'i
ince tfofe difRutiks intbejuttt t -
Hrpuhiic, jt'cipriritv , asv)dl.i iff
meaning of the jrtivle reamhe : .r ;
timtld Wdeilar d :hn an the V- r
"f jnfyice having pvw. r to -order thf ,v
rfibfif mariners, tha It he v njj 1 -competent,
anii as fuck hrvnd h mm !y
mnn ine requeft ir lo uul, tm
manner arid tn tffe.ces Utpufit. nr. I'
"Hut article tr tared a, '"' uVe 4.td iff
mani. the Jut J dfrrte's in .n'r'tvg;'
provingay an'rxiiviil.nof'tk- e.,
4 the lueffel or Iby's r-jli, hat ft of
men werz P i l '' ihe f.iid'crmtj
The marit.tr s have 'ftrrl'iU fed ttt-
Jil the d-p.u lure of their vrfeis t' iU'iff"
and haveajterivs' d) .t only i raved the
fcti "the ctevrs, 1: has ;jten hem
fk$CUfH i',r t "tm to go J torn otic po. I
ttnvurt'$ nifckiwring p rt, t,
. 1 it
ing no Utiger abc to produce the t M ilh
tafet or not having it in h;s po sty e io
d tuchkfrum toe lef: , vhrt e it jh j,,d
jrtm .m- u no linger admitted to. m9?
a claim. He in vn'v produces a c pv
of the noil .mads iV chancery, atdtult
authenticated ; ni faith is chriiuCt te .1
n ,4 nithfandingi-ie t, r? r of fht Hp i
ragrapb'oj the" ft' at title of th,' Con
vention t. it is maihimirwt that the 't:
ginat roll it rtecefuty : u d Hut tit
fpirit of an mptrtunt j;:puMiiit is dc .
tfrojed, (y the ' un hu. y uttf iiul d . ; 1
the latter. L tvouid in r'qu titr f9 d. -clar
" that by regtcr or 0'fr't r I
'it,ij.nly the ortgi- al ts und tdd, i ;t
every autbtnitc i tjr ex.ti CtH.fi d
to hjc CO' formahlc 'to. tfh 0r'g u.-t iy a
ldgC Ot th country, bef'.rr tb tt p,,r.
lure of tbevttfcl, aid:h..t this estreii
or7pyJhutt k vf in .; iht p.r.t :f tt t
the original, fyr ilree 1, om.'-."
Vtir'ts, Q'h Mefudir. (vh vr.tr'.
r wis .
tnr. (tetry ro tt.e mtnu.ir
I r ...
affatri 0' tt. e r reae ft Kf public.
PARI St Hi July t,JJ.
h-.ve rtgei'ved, Citix.n Mimflrr
Vrm " 1 ,uUJ itultt uh ' 'J
1 , a . . . . , .
r.xecunve uinctory i ur, ntco, .
U,9n W!,.b'w 6 lht tnv &
JtrmA r'w W"h
11 thti, il dtet not fre ':, ,
mtnd, that the Prefuienl of the Un ted
S'tatet had received ejflcial ammani
catltnt and tcuceuled firm : but if it
a convincing prttf ', that lie informa
tion of tltjt fadl muff 1 ve It n
peni jrem cence 10 lht Onited uiatrt
when Jetreey ref peeling theirt, itnpojtd
:nn,t prevnufly to tl tir (tn.muntcn
lien, wai ftrtnutufly irj.jitd tn.
lou buve made wbl you tonhdsr a
genertut prcptf.lnu, that our comma-
mentions flouia ml be tinted v l '' ..
ay more retriminatiom : it the fub-
jeautnl part of yur letter nttogi t tr
'ue Irtm them f AJy filer.ee on ihe
abufe offered it the government of tbe
Lutted Slalei, ill Lr.voyt in gent tut
and O'tfelf in particular, in 1 ano
rtymcui, hut f pa rent if tffital fuhltm
ett ion of t fey lb Juno, myi ajftrd
you unequivotnl evidence tl.at I Lad
already adopted the mmfure you beve
It 11 inconceivable to me
ing without ptuert to negotiate, my
return lo the United Slate 1, atr
fuch long ml ut, tan be juppofed in a-
uy degree lo tltfe the ator tt Jurft
quint fi'rpi for a reconciliation, fit
j l-. - t. I al.'ir . .
r t mt mrytioyi teen, unm nut 11, wj
ftu in H e pari of th rrennutnl .f
tie Untied Slalei. It it ntpuleft
ury government lo coise it, m lie