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THE WILMINGTON GAZE
T T E
4" rrieid U Rrpuliic'fm-"
lNUMiiL'.K III ;
WITH .mis inip.reifrjn, and thi
view ' of the f .'dcrat -guVef jmcn .
under which I live, and Wiieh I
trull I utaH Tup port agai;ill th ct
forts of your load-gulping .udoo
sic, as lung as my ior"ltnal , cxer
tions can be ufcful, I may now b.
permitted 10 go imu a llatemcpt S1
joine idvahtages, which may arite
out of a government not altoge
ther elective. In doing fo, I' ain
not situated by any with to ketch
fomparifor.s, in which the detects
ct mir own, government may be
pourtrayed. Far from it: my in-
J tcotian is limply to remove., ,i pof-
nbie, the impreiuon a certain party
in, this country deiign to eftablith,
;0f thi. being a war of defpots a-
1 hree Dollars per Annum.
T H UK S D A Y, J U N E 13. 1.799
Vol. Ill No. 127
FfriUSHKD WJioKLY UV AI.IM ANO HAf.L, I'tUN YfM TO fVlK ST '.TP. 'OK NORTH-CAR PUMA:
fit. It is in tact a thing " ot "mo
ra! enjoy uu-tn, an ! not -of mejaphy
;M.i dil.j.iiii iioii." Id cffccls an '
ipcVation, n trdivcus -t!ie lie of
oeicly where it appears : it ilimi:-ai'-S
ihduliry, patrpnics tlie Tci
.nces, and vvniie it gives vigour t
'.he inventive faculties j the-lnfiid,.
I expands the foul, and. eherinie:
'.jvry geherous eiFiifion and fcSilotrpri
ot tne reart. it inculcates religion,
ood-orier and morals, as the bafis
of human ftV'city, and carries Wkh
it l hat p otectio:i ;riringfrom whole
fome lajvs, well executed, to the
door ofWery individual in fociety ;
to the jhrelhold of the cottager,
as wen 35 palace or his king to
thartft W pearant, as- well as ftf
! ... ' i
this part of thtiaibh. i too wel'
known to v.c :d a Cflll iept.. It $
a deplorable tzfifdi OP, I hat it do.
ot ttand 01 u fT-rent fooling ; fee
,aufe ithrrhrf;cedv, lure oui' pi r
ecVexen il'e of judicial power, :
mnecled the fecuiity of everyi igi.
r which igovernmcn i proppic
.nd initialled. It is in vain for i
oitvm unity tofpeak of t he cooiplei
njo', ment of fubitantial freedom,
vhen delay and lahgour characterize
indicia! proceedings and when th
:itiz. n has every inducement to
eompromiffc a rijht, by reliriouifh
ing a part, rather than urge or pro
fecuto.it befote a couf t ofjultice.
When. we are abotit to axamine
the properties of governments and
the peer. This is Englifti Ijaerty, I eflimate their weight and utility
as4 contra-diftineuifhed from th'.r ! we muft ldofc ta their operations-
gainft the rights of man, and that it is j airy phantom goJdefs, which ho-! and not their form. In foru, the
cngiiui government is auuiru : in
unworthy of America . to take.any ; ve.rs around France and the cotm.
part, in a'contelt, waereui t ranee :nes lfte has regenerated. -, ; -Itruggltts
for her ' freedom. In one To give, however, a more intel
fenle, itjs truly a war of defpotifm, ligiblc definition of this firfl of blef?.
inaimuch as it is France alone who fmgs : fubftantial freedom confifts
at. tHis moment meditates to intail n thafecurity to thecitizenor fub
upon mankind, a revolutionary 11a- jeel of three important rights, viz.
Very. j xft. The right of perfonal fecurfty ;
In order to thew that it is not 2d- The right of perfonal liberty ;
Graving a fair inference, that a 3 The right of private property. '
people cartnot be free, where every . Where thefe three rights are en
branch of the government is not - jyed, the people are fubjiant tally
letHve. I take the government of free- Where they arc violated or
tngiana as an example. At the 'nvaaed by the. government or by
effcclr it . is admirable, as it mea
fures to every one vvithin the fpfiere
of its inrluence and laws, protec
tion and comfort. The couttitu
tion of South-Caroliria, on paper or
parchment ts a structure ot beau
hiftration at juitice ; tor eonr
Siuoi a.'t to adv.,n:aie withot
v.wv. An oath lides miM li ol ii
oi-.-e a-d (V ligation! if, whi'e it i
ken, ilic court liuve-not an air o
;-!( and of wheoir., it Le plan
fh'vvtvich '" is admit. isieied iues rtsrl
Xldiliit t tVifnc ojt io e:Tii.it and dc
conno, -fuMabte to theuppeal which
i Dtrrioti thtn-tnakes.to u.e iupre:r.;
obiter of tjbe uiveiTe. Lvef.y ihiin.
.vhich tends tugMr an atmofphen
if rcfprxtabiiHHBund a court ot
u'stice, as nitBHpnerieiul, af fuel
.night to be nuity exitorcefl. tve;
talents and ditinguilhed probitj
in judges, cannot make up tor uiuci
more than the many inconvetiiencie-
attending a deri!e6tion of form
for it is in proportion as the
mode of ari;riinillering oaths is more
oriels tmpreihrte and awtulj tha:
perjuries are more or -efs frequent.
But another caui; ts, the fmal
fabrics of the judges, and the con
timied fpirk which exists in th
state legillature, to take away from,
to dtmtrmh the powers of the judi
ctary, and to reiluce the lalanes,
ties in every part, nd fo is the 1AY f fmall 10 a Smaller furp ;
prefent French constitution i v.h 1 nd tncr-eY makc the judges diptn
ano yet no one will deny, that there deni uPon the lc!n ture foi"their
ureaa arm ontce, cc oeicr every mil
of talents and independence, from
is not a lumctent reipea tor ma
gistracy, and that the laws are not
as rigouroufly enforced in this com
munity, as they tpight be or af-
tert. that the r rench constitution o-
The people ofGreat-Britain then,
BOSTON, May 17.
.FOREIGN NEWS .
Frsm ptpirs brought by theVtnH i
which urri'vtdytjltrdaj jrm Li-
Defeat ol the French.
LONDON, March 24.
' pbjervtr Office, Sunday Evenings
tiL-s tchek. V
The Hamburgh mail due this
day arrived at it o'clock, and
brought the gratifying and impor-
idiii iiiiiiny iiLc ui 111c neieai aim
retreat 6f the French armv in thd
country of the Grifons, commui
rin, .1 r H t-. . i . . b. ir.i 1! All ol nn.U 1
iui pal i i v 1 1 : a t i y uj a ilui.i IIUII1
Lindau, ontheLakeof Conftancei
tated op the evening bf the 8th
IllllAIlt, IU lliu lUIIUVTllig .IIH..l . .
The French army, undjr theor
lers pi Gen. Maffena, on'the night
. t L- -.L I J.L TL?
or tne 5m paueo me ixmnc near
Sarganz,. between Ghur and Feld
kirk, and On the following morningi
advanced with rapidity on Gen.
Auttenburg s corpi, which it drove
back) and cut bt its communication
with the main body of the imperial
armt. vietu rlotze, however being
apprifed ot thefe movements, early
on the morning ot the 7th, advan-
hereafter confeining tb fcrve in thofe ccd from Fetdkirk ; an adion,
dreadfully fanguinary enfued, and
was maintained during the greater
iarrte time, t lay it down 3s a fun- ailY c'as id the communitv with
dmental maxim, 'not to be fliaken "punity, tjie nation is fubjlantial- ! pcra'es, what In form.it pi bpofqs to
t)f controverted, but to which all (y opprelted : for there is no kind
mankind , mfrit give tln ir aiFent, P, compulfive tyranny, which the j So that it is idle to infer, that be
that there js no one tor m bf go- w,t or ingenuity of man can defire, caufe England is governed by a tno
vernment tinder haaven whirh h:i let it annear under whatrvpr fharw. narchv. that the eoole are not five
not its difadvHiitages as well as ad- or garb t will, but what muft af- I aver that they are even more fub- cularly too whcn tne prefent mo-confiderab'e ; the regiment of Stein
vantages,' f men debits have them, fcct in a material manner one or; o'- stantially free tha h the inhabitants mentous crifts demands, above all had fc-ty men killed, and feyeral
Kt huhlu-t t,i. nMk L.. :.k... ther nt thefA thr., nrt nf rhi- mnnirv tarn 1 -. rr I uoiers, mat mere mouiu oca corj-iwonnaeui
them. The fuoerior advantage Upon the fame Droccfs of reafoninfr. have given, that every ri&ht which geniality of tenttment between all
W 3 , . . O . f 1 it . tfWf I. -iti,1.1 .rk4 ntamft i t m
enjoying all thbfe folid rights which part of the day, but in the event,,
a free government propofes tb en- the French were defeated and com
furc to every citizen, it is ufelefs pelled to crofs the Rhine with very
tb throw any reflections on the fo- confiderable lofs;
vcreignfy of that nation: partial- The lofs of the Auftrians was
Small corps of the republican!
ivhichtTie Enghfli government, not- 3 at,on mult be proportionably perlons wilhes to enjoy, is there I ,hole. natl0nsf .wloi intereft tt iskh the 7th attempted to crofs the
witnitanuing it is a monarchical one, Ircc as tney advance to the perjeel more completely enjoyed than it is rr . ivwhwh wi Kj Jr 'k 'n -r " "
iniiis ui iiic vjiiiuu luiniu y aim
Vbralbere, namely, at Haldenflein
Ragatz, Wcdenbtrg, and Saletz
but were at each i-epultcd by the
Gen; Ho.t pTofdnp hy bi'.t'c
tpltory, immiitely penetrated from
thur into the Lanton ot OlaruSi
where thoufanis of Swifs maU
contents were -rowdinc to ioin
ny country 111 inc. wprto, ajo V'i w jooxt;up 10 ineir courts ""yuaoncauyn 01 iniKinu, does . .
hi alarrM it nn'.ih r tliLr and tribunal nf iiifliro iKI. '. . not falt'r nwav frnm t heTolW rihfc" rneTica to-ebmbat princlrtles which
ah exception. I Duroofc'v a- the only department, to' which is or fubstarttial liberty of anyone areherown. But I give the lie
r.,.k man in the whole kingdom, Thi. 1 know full well, that this is
"3p V y ni , J J l 4." 1
has over tvrv AtlSw and full eninvmfiit of tfieir rl..lc here. Rut I mav be toM thr A oanc.ot governments and morals,
- - - 1," -11 in, . 1 J J - "i,ui.i, s - -rj r J If a p JC l
is, that by irs operations and tffedts, For the protection and maintenance very man in England has tot a right tltnch "ijlutnce tndtrencb pnnzi-
the fubjeas untler it enjoys more of thefe rights, the people in all t0 vote for a member of parliament. Hcrc )'011 may leave to
fubftantial libcrtv and fecurity, tlian countries have been necelftrily con- This is certainly truef Viit still a dlfFcr Vom mc' inaftTlucl1 as 11 15
I ... '" .. " f&fJ JC" rt...: I .1 ' A'.r l!C r Li i linwnrlhv nf rkr frrp Pate of A.
Void Anlno ir. fi-,f rpjlons urhik I etltl illl-d the nowcr of heartno
" " " -ii x " 1 r mm , O 1 I I L ,
fhall orefentltr trive. A to tK comolainls of the nertDle As are foin right to vote. I deem . under mm- nc mpremon which the tndullry
French government and conftitu- dl on die infringement of their ting circumstances, a liberty by no an.d .'"fatigability of all perfonsccmu
.: " "...v: 1. "1 i ti rn..C I i.!.JL 1 r 1 ... f..u. .u i ! Inimical Im the Welfare of Arneri-him.
iwiii which yon aumirc aoove all f"-"""' Tigma ami rigui or proper- iuuwmikmi me uiny ninny " i t- J u au. j
oihers, and Which perhaps you wilt y The judiciary branch of the of it being tb prevent the govern-!". ,ftf make " ',hc PubIicl. L'nd,U 0n lhe 7 WS ocpxed
be mrtre fnrniil,i! it m i. . COVpmmwil ihet-ffore lh mn- I tTlent or inv one e! T inffinoinn
mind. Fortunately, howeVeri thc.oy our companies ot the regi-
- ...luinwun, ill. inn J . .. ...... w. i i ii Lull i i -" - iieiiii! ... . . , rt5 fj
.1 r- r A:....n.'. f . Lr- . . . . v nninmnc nl f ( Ni,mriiii nf ii,..'ii!cnt of Hani er. and a conlide-
uiamnip 01 me civil iiDerucs ot a "oic tmptnam nenis or wnicn 1 -i-",'"- 6"-"' J""v . z . , ;;
cepting, than even your own conn
try, I fhall not notice it ; umler Pcople.
the hope that there is mr man in1. Then from alt tnis, it is dearly
America, unlefs he be a knave, 'inferrable, that lhe inhabitants nof-
bigot or Fd&h who can believe fHingthe mod firm,-enlightened,
have been fpeakine : but thefe richts PeoPlc lca" a,,0,hcr waJ- When raoie train ot artillery toiiowca
ready Uninterruptedly enjoy. fPc.alc of ,he PcwP,e 1 a,lu(,c ,0ithe"V
j i . i .' .
are i 'n-n u it n i n irrn i i u
. x'iv.ui uiiiiiiviiu uiluit tn iiy- rr i , , , .r , .
ed. To.hlc it miaK u. L.t ! the thmkinr. raiioual and difcrcet The heWs rjf thefe mdvementu
that no fubstantial liberty canber-! Por,ion of the community. I wifhached Ulm on the 91b, and w
orhcrwifc, than that the French ha- virtuous and independent judiciary ; '""", where the right of voting is I m 3v.,d wng P that communicatca to ir.c armv.
a:....; 1 portion ot cverv communitv. who!. I he accounts trom Lum are to
-e in- . I.. - 1 - ti '
and v. iihin the reach of evry one.
Why, conUdcring the queltion ab
tyranny, ai fora and galling as any any other. Great-Britain is that
Dy winch a nation can be afflicted- country. Her judges arc even pa
a dcfpoiifm. infinitely worfe, than ramount in conlequence, in lhe elli
they experienced under the regal go- tnation of the nation, to the parlia
vernment ; becaufe, inttead of ment itfelf, inafmuch as they can
the littrt dr cac' ti, (which wa fel- t any time declare filch acs, as
dom fentout, except aftainft perfons they pafs againft tommtn right and
intertcr -,g with the governmcm) common realon, abfoluicly null
and with which thcyhad at the fame a,,J voidand give iltehi no validity,
time the happy influence of morals I t is needUfs to fpeak of that. Jutl
and laws,' they have 'm exchange a ar,r, fo eminent fof probity and
lyltcm ot terror," lulglcion and pri- talent, and Into whole hands are j "on in this itw when we have it
vate alTjllination, and do man can wifjy cntrullrd Englilh m6ra!s law j our power to draw information
calculate 011 an hour's fecurity a- and liberty, and fpeak of any other from rr7.4nd experience. Great
gainll hc Uireclotial mandate for'at thefamctime: for comnarifor.s Briniii furnithes anex.imb!e, bf a
C 'it. . . I a: , . . 1 ir 1 .1
N'unmrni, proiciipiiou or death.
I mall therefore, for the prefent,
fay uoiliing of (his monllrousre
nblic, bin merely confine myfelf
to the (hewing that the people of
Grrat-Britain are in the poircfTion
of mof Juljlantial liberty, than
any other nation ; and coHfecj!klitly
that its gnvcrnmerSt can haw no o.
ther motive in carrying on the pre
fint war, than to prefcrve and per
perijatc thai liberty.
in pro. ceding to do this, it wil
be iit'cciTary to under (land what If a 4
lihrriyis. Dom it confiil in hav.
i hl.'rty.cap, which by a Litnl of
trtajdc is to operate emancipation
nl git t frcurity to every head or
hirh St is placed) Does it con
in vin and empty (oandi, ii
'pompntfi en Tania i.mv ami in tri
tojouroJ cockades I Or hat it iu
f i(lrhCe io iWrigbl 4 4-popularc .
l ungry after a tidim to their ig-j
noraiue a r.l th ir refrt tmcnt, tr
dance around a pole or tree, throwi
tip their pf'-afy rap, and thou
oit HI farted naftie ? It it Ht b-
loundin neilhrr, I apprehend.
is a hlrdtn invaluahie not becaufe
it Ufocltted, hm becaufe It is teit
fo to be' By i' name it Only cp
mj j by in ftibAartcf, it bene-
to foppnfet that the jubjlaniud
rights cannot be fecured, Ifuh-ls the
priviledge to vote cXilts. But we
arc not at liberty to take the qucC
are odious. There arc many caufes nation picferving, and in the full
which contribute to make the En- enjoyment ot its fubflsntial liberties,
gliih jndgei independent of the and yet every man cannot rote. TKil
crown and parliament which do concIuhVe Whether Oreat
not eaiii in other countries. Where Britain Will prrfevr th,is freedom
is lhe country which can furnilh as long at America, is altogether a
fo rational a fydcin of civil jurif- nother queltion, and ftreign to the
prudence, and fo ah' y, fauhfnlly j intent or pur pole of thefe obferva
and diti-'cntly admiwiftcred ? Where, tionf. Suffice it 10 fay, that her
do we fthtl t Mai.t filch a digeft of people arc now uiqurjiionably in the
improved rcafon and equity, as her,tull and prrfed tnjomctit ot what
. iiv , . r . .t - ...
are immerfed in ignorance and'" tithtnlt. At that period t he
who mav be led altrav bv anv ienii Archduke Charles had his h:adJ
J w v ,,ul,v' iiic iiiv uuvutuii au . r s . , . - . ii
flratedly and taking it tor granted,1'"'"", which adehgntng po it.cal Titers a rviinoenncim, ana n.s
that all ibvernments aim at the del I jncendiary may think proper to amy had advanced as far as Mcm-
molltion of public right, and librr
ty (a propofiiion 10 which I Hull
never accede) it is rcafonabie enough
I ommonlaw? Where it lhe (pot
n tlu tacc.oHhe earth, where re
hrfiafa Ipredily and ctfkacioufly
itToidcd in ihofe, whofe perfons or
junpcriy have liren violated) or
It N ie ihe fpot, where the wealth,
mi.k at d cndit 'an in life of the par-
iea litigant, tre io rr.mh thrown
unt of ronfi'lcratim, or lhe obfture
prajuni f murh upnVfooling wiil
he mod confprt iioiii man in focic
V.H fore ihofe dignified ilbil ratoi.,
" 1 U ,--ttie judges of
Kngland ? Where it that ufponfif
i i'y, learning and dignity, atlachi
cd to he office of s H'dge or whrrt
A fimilar indii crhrnt to take a prid
r ind pleaftirr in attf t ding 10 the duf
irotan nfiicr, fo important ana
fo big with - he f..', andeltential in
ttrr of .iht penjile No whefr.
Tl.r adniiniliiatioti of jufiica ill
every candid man will allow lobe
the ejjtnce and Jubjlante of freedom,
and, fo will continue, until decay,
laltitude, weaknefsand corruption,
(hall g.iin admittance into her 1 oum
of juflke, a period which I believe
neither youorl, nor our children
unto the 1 bird and fourth generation,
will ever live 10 fee.
The ratifcs of this difference be
tween Great-Britain and this conn
ry nuift be obvious to every Oftt
and will cnnhrin the j oftiiou 1 fei
out woli, 1 Hal tliere m no fftcrn
n tent which hat not m dlfadean
In morar 1 , the fcniu
or lhe gavernmrnt inriilca'ct gfWt
form, parade any? pai ca n r . The
genius of a rrj uMiran gcv
on the contrary, inenkatet a cdtrw
tempf of form. Thh necclTari'.y
fSz(U in fvine mcafarf, the -Juii-
hold out. America has her fuli mingen. Gen. Jourdaii had ou the
proportion bf this clafsj and more 9'h, halted at Villengcn, and Gen,
lire-brand pmry than a countryf- at Ratweu. ineirpatro
boghl to have, where every man;'crs had bien pufhed as (ar as
boarts of his living under a govern- Rohenburg, Tubingen, Ruetlin-
menl ot his own choice. But to thc gcn a ragoia , om inc run 01
. ITl 1. .r.L- j iM -
point. VINDICATOR. ne main nnay 01 inc repuum an ar-
my, which was advancing agaiuit,
MAKTJN ETTINGF.R, p'm by S!ockatdcuanA tynpn,
Di ir 1.1 .,: , .1 j-i . v , r; I, i n advice ot the dilaltcr lullain
Blahh,Jt 0h, xJoUmn nnder Maflena, fled
' ii. 1 11, h f rea n rrpi it I a nr v low int.
Tvr,,h. ,, , , . 4 iwiui Lira. ku iijiiv.1 i" Jim
HFORMS the pobhe , hi hhad aufcn onJnC9 for kij
ja renevra till nmp n rvir. H'ep-ir
s wharf, ar Mr.. Telfair's (hip - '"'if" "
b. wnrre ne tar nr, on n.s v-,jQ,ird.n ir1 reached Ulm on the lo.h
hranchet of bufinefs, ahd l,rrr f(ft T f BJv.uced corps Would
t "I'P", ff.,, fn- .1.!-nneneifl rtrenrrrii-
yard, whefe hf tarrlet on hl f vi- 1 1 1.-I1 in .1.- .-..u
- , -lowiuaii 1 hium w on '.l
ral branct.fi o( buuntfi. hd where f. n t - ..1., 1 , ,
C - I HO. 1 I III II I HI llll 'I WOUIkl
aptainwd viflch, ard others h,, kfriiouflt mMatMindenhci.it
u- 1. I .u Jt .-ii ....I.' i . . . . ....
K w.r , nm.r,, nm.tr,. m-.& a.itKr,. H is army had bee n re-
all k.ndt of Iron Work, ib the torn inlc t4 ty fum coiotor), frort
relonable tci m. A I u f 1 lor woi k
will be thankfully irrrivrd and pun.
uiallv attrtidcd to. Thole who em.
pluy him fOM drpmd on bring wcl'
Si ' ... a b a
lerveo. rvjay 9.
S luf'eor noaittatinn hsl Urr
L 1 paid to a fermrr advertdcmenl
of iinlli , ihi ii iherefnr ! give no
lite to ilu.le CmUtined, thai auktl
thry who are iiidebud to me wil
1 Use left jfd -1 p -v up thair at
couuir, I Hiail be uiiilrr the iiUyirc
able firnlliiy of rniortiuy pavmrn
aprrrahly to taw. Paynf I II Will b
apt Ard lobe (Aide at eotrh-Wafh
teflon '- -
Cicorge IvI' Donald.
Of all kitldfi, forfalc at the
'I he riench general Souhane haa
occupied Fribourg, and (lie whole
l"f ti c Enlcaw.
The Imretial army in Baiari
jcomprifed 115, cto rnrn ; of ihcfe
bo, ceo had, on the 5U. m(t. eroded
the Lech. TheV arc rerrrfrnicd bv
Lccounll from Ulfn, Frankfort, &c.
is full of animation and cot hdenee.
Many ot the regtmenii ol infantry
ad 1 wo and three hundred fnptrnu
neraries and were complete, aurf
etur ap oimed than at any former
eriod. One hundted aniliwenv
itcei I f nrdnancf hd heen ro'lrn
I at. flm on hc 6thand the Ar. r--nke
Charles had impreffrd soco
aggc n, and all lhe borfct ot the
Ijaart cotii try, to haflcn on h".
mvtyance of troops, cannon, cVc.
the theme f war, and all
iff ofScersif Vironahavc been ct
4j;ed to the army . '