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THE WILMINGTON GAZE TTE.
11 kJlAM r-ir-r 11 n if in . i
T H U RSD AY, OCTOHll 1,1799.
Vol. III. No. 144.
I III tC .. J'v ' m - J
PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY ALLMAND HALL, PRINTER TO THE STATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA.
FROM THE CENT1N EL, jperated theTrench foldiers to, road. Let the m emory of f 'its heroilm
Mnclofe you an exttaft ".from
R rit i (h Mercury for CfefflMti be r
lalH a work edited by the celebra
ted J. Malldu Pan. If any Ame
rican can read the ta'e un'olded in
jn it, without the mingled emotions
of pain, horror, ai-d indignation he
ntf. When he had no more vic
tims wbofe throat he might cut up
on the livdd of battle, he fought
them in the valley, which froqone
era to the other became a prey to
flamesTand to the most horrible car
ing. First Stanzirtadt, then the
v llage, the hamlets, tie numerous
htbitations fpread about the hn-
is a frt fubjefl: of tiireclorial govern- rtngh of Stantz, honfes, barns sta-
ment, and dtferves, all the tender bl, for three leagues round, -'were
mercies of French fra ernity. Pieafe fer on fire, given up to pillages, and
to jive it a place, and oblige laid wasje Unto cruelty with a bat-
, oar tv unknown in modern htstorv.
Thefcrociotifucfs uf the French
An enemy to OpprrjJ.tn.
After defcribing'the intrigues by
wh ch the French difVufed their
ooifonsin Switzerland, and at
Mengm invaded it , M, du Pan gives i
a lU;f! 61 view ot the event of Un
derwaiden, as follow, s :- ,
ff The horrible fcene being,
without exception, the mod enor
nibus, of the crimes of the French
republicans, and tne molt -finking
prodf"of the fpirit of tho govern
ment, and the chancier of its 1b!-dier.-.,
we may be allowed to rerttrn
to that event. W have a tull
view of it in an authentic letter
written on the fpot, by a refpecla
h. native ot Switzerland. There
we fha'-l fee that the Thermopylae,
the battle ot St. James, and other
celebrated actions, could not boall
of men mor: 'nobly devoting them-
felvcs for their country, than did
the Swifs of Undenvalden..
" It was" (fays the writer) " in
the valley of Sent that the difcon.
tent broke out, which more fecret
ly agitated the other vallies of the
(mall cantons who had been di Han
ded by repeated intrigues, from join
trig the inhabitants ot Lower Un
derwalden. Lett entirely to them
ftlVeS, theiatttr entered, notwith
standing, into the rcfolurion of
Jtrifhing with arms in their
ands, rather than lurvive the fub
jucalionof their coiinrry.
Having affeiiibJed to the number
Of 12 or 14.00, tlit y entrenched
tlien.lt Ives at Standltadt, on the
border of the Lake Lucerne, at the
entrance of the valley of Sunz ;
w hi re t hey cr a cl cd b a t u r i, s , & m alle
thtir ftifpofi'icns with judgment.
" On the 9th ol Sej tember in the
morning, a ftrcrg. French column
leaving Lucerne, on rafts loaded
with artillery, proceeded to attack
thefe heroes, and were thrice repul
ftd. A ftnglc difcharge from the
a a a
more tuna 2 paras, carrying 500
n 1 ii.
The French were difcou raged
and refuted to return to the charge
At this critical momtnt genera
Scfatnc nburL'. promiftd a rewardot
a thoufar.d unwns 'iv.J to tin
hift boat thai flu uld land, and de
claied that he would order a dif
charge of car.ntfter ihot lobe fiitt
upon iholc vtho fliould attempt tu
f '1 bis men fii reproduced its ef
tict ; a ba-k Tract tne li.orc ami
lat '(d two rnoitan, with whith a
battery was difmnunttd, and the
difembarkation of the rest of the
(Oiinin facilitated. At the farm-
time a fecund still itrongtr column
dniibltdt'teeavK-ru extremity ol the
lake at Alptiaih, and by bvc paths
came upon thr lelt ot the little
b.ir.d of Surdzdadt, who were aU
irott al' fot n pllailtd in th rear
1 y the third l oiumBkihat had landtd
at Htuhs & Stairs and wrc thui
Completely luiroor.did by funes ten
lime fupcrinrtn thrm in number.
T ben b-pao the battle ttid li e
csrnage. Our rustic heroes fire
nevt v fide, ficht foot to fiot.
tulh moi glhet cmy's rank, (lay
end rc (Jain. 'I l.efc rrot'ntaiaceis
were feen prefTng Frtmh ofVi'cn
fo death in their DCfRWI armi ;
old men. women and ihildtrn, ton.
fed by lite noble exarr.p'c, ;.nd
Catchlfit: the tnibuftafm ot their
font, of 'heir bulbtt ds,nd cf tl vir
father, anpeatrd thioviiig them-
felves into the ir.idft f tl I i-rctich
baita'tons, afmit g thtmft'.vet with
club piker, pUccl of muflceis,
in. hr ?rrv liu.bs f the hu
mane body strewing the ground
with arcalcs, lod falling with
fatiffcction ol baviig tount tu
ma 1 in the f native U' d frte from
I kis iasi edible tcfiitaiKC aiaf
vented t kit upon every living crea
lure, atid upon the bodies ot thofe
who had just expired, without the
distinction of agt or fex, -and wMr'
circumstances of moas'trous inh'u-
teach you what your country has
fight to expect from you ; and re
member, will 1 add, if Switzer
land Ihould be ttill under the yoke.
retnember that iyou have a country
tnat calls tor vengeance.
Yes, Vengeance ! Venceance !
for vengeance will be jultice and be",
nevolence to the human 1 ace, Ven
geance is the cry with which forty
millions of human creatures, op-
pretR-d by the revolution, ought to
aniwer all tfie jujceptibfe ladies and
compajfitnate. idler's, who call for
moderation a lublnnc virtue, but
wnicn nas its limits : nor can its
wife applications extend to a go
vernrrtenr, at the name of which e
very family muft tremble, whik
millions of (fcauded flaves. and
J'r Ji1.' . - , ,..e V'
inanity, which makes thofe who hear ' fhamqlefs villians' crowd its coun
themlhuddcr with horrr, and of c''S, its ar:mies, and ivs douiin-
whichl fpare yout feelings the re- ions."
cital. I . ' '- 7- -
" The inhabitants of . Schwitz, i FromJ.RnJfeWsCommerciaiGautttc
vvhO had at first been incliied re join
the difcontetited, but who had been
restrained, from the objedl and ex
tent of the expedition being conjal-
I hearing the cannonade in the
BTorning, were ajhamed at having
dtferted their brethren. 'Two
lundred of tham nallily armed
thvmfelvrs, forced the pod which
the French had eltablilhed at Bru
ren, to intercept the communica
tion 01 the two cantons, and te-
ards the end of the day arrived at
3tanl2, the conflagration of which)
raging at its height, (hows them
the refult of the action.
Upon this thofe man, worthy of
Thai r anceltors, fwcar in the face of
Haaven, net to outlive the fate of
their brethren, and to revenge thsm
in dying; they ruth inftantly upon
a body ot 600 Frenchmen who were
lent to oppofc them, and whom
hey exterminate. ITeln corps
come up, and they ars overcome
by numbers, hut not one of thofe he
roes violated his oath otic and all
died ?n nrmu.
" What ffrength of character ! I enemies
what a Iction to degenerate nations
who boali ot being the lovers of li
nen y 1 I5ut why to lute in devo-
ing themielves thus fublime'y ?
V year ago it would have faved
There u no . idea the public has
gained lo flowly, or that is I'd unfi
Qiiliar in common reasoning, as thr
pacific nature of the controversy
withfrance. Even yet we do out
utruoft to iiken the cale to other
way. There is no luck refew
blsnce. Tbe ltruaiIe has heretofore
been torce a?ainlt force. I he to
was ever external, his numbers were
toumcdj his weapons afnned to
hun by the laws of war. Ortr enemy
fcorns thefe laws aitdrefotts toother
means of annovance. We. finhc
netromancer, who is feeble and un
lurnilhed with all known and lawful
arms, and to be feared only by (ns
Ipclls and incantariom. hejy toui)"
try ht Iobk rab'-'e, wretches luuk
in ln ilui jK)vefty without any fure
calt, and knaves with too much of it.
Folly, credulity and wane are the
clay ; vice and ambition the porters,
at work tor the diredtory. Lvcry
where the French have found iuch
allies ; and every where r.v,u!.:r go
rernmcnt nas lound uicft eneinics -
geance, out tor iporr :ne guu.uuoe
wasa fpeciacls that afterat'nne i'carcely
excited a l;ght curiofify the days ol
murder were kept as anniVerlaries,
thofe black days on whith one wou'ei
think eVery Frenchman would fee the
tin, fhcon ot hts beams, wading in
hick mifts. Revolution is an agent
rhat mult change, and thatmy det-
rroy : It melts like hre all that is
futible, and calcines or vitrifies all
hat is not. Jt blackens even goldj
houe h tt cannot, watte it. tn
r tuple of liberty, fo lplendid for its
ute and workmahuiin, i.S built of pe
ifliable materials, and all ot them
I'he irrftrument of revolution i
the vant and vjee of every country
which France arravs, and trains, and
officers. There is not the lealt rea-
6(1 to doubt, th'u very work has been 1
their own frontiers, -and will draw
great rei"torecm3nts from their
millions ot aojci flavcs : French
flaves however, who are ii.fttiattd
with the paiiion t6r cpr.quelts, an'A
who in their hearts with to lee tho
Zf-.s of Paris could not bear the
node of horn cide on the (taoe, yet
hev csme trbui the play hou!s,
ne'ting with loft forrows to behold,
iay totaft the freth blood nf victims
tn the (trecrs. Blood was Ihed, hot
merely tor plunder, not raerefy forvr npominal repuj-icamim of their
nation propjaieii., use m.-guc-
tif;n, fword in hand throughout
Europe. Even fuppofmg vrctrj
to atten i the combined forces this
revolutionary giant will be dreadful
when he falls; wounded and in
mortal agorties, he mult be ap
proached with precaution. FicViort
will (till cling to France, its o yn
being depends on its fideliry 3M
lefs it can hope for foreign ' invad
ing troops the more will it try to
gain recruits, the more watchful,
industrious profligate in weakening
government by fpreading ruino
arid jeaioufies. Thus will it doubly
gain ftrengtp by aiHi ng to its own1,
and taking-away from that of its
adverfary. In this ftate of things
is it not a folly, a fatal rafHncfs
to think there il any fafety in new
compacts with r ranee r W hat can.
Where, that the men are enrol-; ".ation 00 qui rarnun uiro
led, armed and waiting only for ; r .utx Ul "7"ou,lP Iomuieaa
French troops to be-landed, or B -irr our govern,
vents, dverfe to our government to rofnf .tB reltorc to her parta(rf
... ... . 0 . at their nnn a.tivirv nrt n.n ..C
gamtliem lumcent internal itrcngtn , f " ' . i""
load without them. Nothing but the . ' ' ft -eP
want offuchdrertgth has prevented , J bind our princes (:he con,
an open rebeliion? W.ll any rttao ' lo " tetters of
then deny the wifdom, the humanity ;. . p .
even of our goverfltnertt, which has kw . 1 " " not
j 5 i-t . he worth a jkin ot parchment,
prepared artnl and forces and rtve- w.ir w , . , . r?" "fw
r x Mi . u . 1 WnY thould we deceive ourfelvcsi
m. "JT VW " and trv to deceive the world as to
difcouraee the at'.e.npt. Is it not!.: . r.JS."
oerfeaiv clear that it is cheaper to ! " " . 7?V r VPCI1
' J war w o 1 at nnrp nprnm amp
ra.fe troops to prevent an mval.on or : tion n wM ca f
rfht mn rhn to renpl rhp nnf nf . . r 1
" ' " , ri wouia aicertaitl our dut.es
crum cue o.nerr uy preparing ; more L ,$ fe
orce we have happily prevented the: is if t!lcb jacobins rea Werea
dire nece-Ttty ot re ort.ng to ic , fcparaate pe-aple. The unhed Irilh
Let ,heCaV,ller. ag.mlt government imen th3 Amcricans of jjj
be dent when they retieft that i : ;gang cod n()r as t do b .
t ie part of preemption to lay that a nMoa with impunfty. '
lUviu nave uecu - i-ic tt hovve.-r ,.r,. l ,
- - f i 1 . i WNI ill
what good reafori
witjiout inch preparations a we Te, p0f be declared,
mar is more man tney can snow.- , there .... . ,lav . nafs
! i . a V- r . a " w trmmw
i ,rt.,.iitti-,i,pii.. .w-i.. inir(i(if Hi -i
neaif. tDit inti"'u '"" ""urr-iun """' u to mini h aft MlldrihMm
C I. . Mf LI J A 1 1 - l r i . hlnitp t thm nri.Hvnr I irr urh I f h. n . ,it s
ior n me oiuoa. tu tnoie ro wiiom " .w....6 - bus as womn oe trealon .in time
the law is no triend, na-u.ally (Urn inumsmty, tne lotinu economy ot our!0f war. The French are our eno-
ruien wno nave tnns empioyeo pence oj,egf adhering to them is a crime
wMTeHwiw a inypu.. ,..u Bgawut the ttat, and it iulticiant
rather lee uniform eoats thao gib- protriflon is not already made by
to r rancf, who is no friend to the
I law. l: unot txttnial torce that
can annoy us. franre owns not one
Switzerland. 1 he trench attack- merchanr Oun. a,i thr rrmmm . bit, ami a day ot review than a held w. it murhf an b mieU ir..ftr,;-
ed and dtftroyed thofe ui.t.-rtiiiute ),cr imy thi,s ;f .- rr.v (n chanue ot bittle, as to our new raifed fol" ! it.
Miuuinnuicci. ni.ii luitc ui ,u . pritun. ifijonly by fatt.on, by u,cri "r"'K "Ilcnuc uic. i he contelt we are rngajed in i
ll.ooo men: the battle lafled from 5 , prfncn mflnehte that we can fuffci . ' "P1 " U the childifh of all novel and perilous. France cannot
o'clock in the morning untill 6 in iy hearinu and amiatiiif ali that itu,efc A little army kai tend 6ji the ! fend fhips or troops to ahnov us.
the evening. foul in our lociety. the tliiecloiy mav C3a'1 ami Rentier over a (pace of ; All (he can do fhe is duina. that is.
It 1 verycafy to lay thatUiey brine on that violent ioieltine lo ncn- ,l",e hundred miles could run fuhdue ; operating by her faction to indu m
were tanaticlcd by their prietts. t .u., :u .a.n. ,t,- :f t, an araed nation, as this nation actual- Amri.-a liltr iiwltTfrl . i u.j
hat fanatici fm is at lead a Rlon- I ihiilt not work di-llrurtmr..r .r'Hy This ftate alone is an over- ;nd 10 commit filicide.
ous ami a uletui one, That maxes a. )(J (f - ( th amr thl u .mate for all the troop of the Unit.
men eucounter death in defence of I .... Jj l. i-a ti. ed State. This ftate hai at leatt
their laws, their liberty, and their jnuy n ffenle characler of oar "e htonejpt-d and forry thnuland men
rnn.ifii A.. . . . . 1 ,, k..n t n . i . . i r .. - i
1 I'uiim . i AMCll.pi lid vll
made to render all thofe martyrs
ridiculous, by making the capuchin
raul bugger their general It 1
the lalhion of the day hot the falfi-
: 0oven.mrnt tnuld nm le nrrlervH 1 to Dear ;.rnn, ol hom a ipir.ted
1 o. t it' -i. ..u r.ii
always aflailed, often in danger and nnc wuu, 10 a maa mm an
foanetimes, m jeopardy the emilrUa,f"uPt 00 l Ut , ff'
llruRole for it life aeainft all thotel lt might be faid that Congrcfi,
Laic Lurope.1.1 Accounts,
LONDON, Augtif) 3.
Patis papers tO tin- 20th of
inclulive were iMfimi vl
of thit folly is aamoi.ftraied by
whom It ought lodelpife and whom proceeding from ourfelve. inlcfled ( They bring the confinnation ol the
not meiely " " .! r"'"',u "j .nurc 01 ji
the extel.ent miliiary difpolitions recooitiend and iudiry. it will extort or "I'P011"0". never wo,,W m exception ol Leghorn, where ihdf
they made, according to tne con- .4 (or ju ufe, the aitempt-or if it Ihould, tho left a fmall garnfon, probably 10
frllion t 'heir opprelTor. them- and perhaps in th. end loos. for ,, member would be turned out. jproted the laft embarkation ' and
Iclve. No, their (.lory Is pure, ,.r Ti.- u.n u..k.l The only danger lo our fliehi of iheir n.t M.-.u ...u
their (acfMit e was entire. Reduced
to their ownforres alone, ihey did
not nppcar 10 hav Imped for a mo
ment, not to fall , but attached to
their liberty, to their cu limns, to
their foil, nmch more than to Iheir
ives. they would have thought
ihcrofelyesdifhonourcd forever, had
il ty fut vised the ruiqjf their conn
try. We mav deplute fo fruitlefs
a patriotifm, yet ail but adoration is
11 bomc day, when my children
are old viough to undcrftand me,
I will go with ihtni 10 StAMZttedt,
ind upon the fallen heap Of that
vailay, upon the craves A thbfc no-
Mr ftllovi'. 1 will fay to theoi
IK re ilutc lived a limple and
happy people, (Irancet to luxury
and lo the corruption of towns, a
a a . a aaa.
well as 10 l!.c enilution and dif.
put cant great Itatr ; their niys
piiltd pfitc.ibly In the. polom of na
ute, and they were ihcltered b)
their mountain! and ihrir Vrrbrais.
A ar ' a a m
r lormu'aMe enemy came upon
them whets ihey 4werc deprived of
ite ixwir nl in I. Minr tlwir an
ucnt in( cudence -I.aet they (ought
o irt laft . and buried th,
under ihe ruin of iheir hsb
rathfT vbam lira tlavu vithlatltsni.
ne:e, order and liberiy I in the had efcaped t- (icnoa in a felu. a,
. ....... B t?w. .uui ma miiiic uaiQr aim ariiiiery
i. mi! A 1 1 . mii r . f.. I if unly In-, in . . I i... r ., i
anrj ...i were iacn oy an r.turuin nrig ana
amooiii ior a more ucawy eiuiici. iiwo privateers horn Vtnorca.
a a '
nation will approve of fucli mrafuret
and wane tafttnn it leen urttinj m
Icalping knite and dipping i arrou
in tn.l'iit. tii Bsaaa a lift m t ei - ..
tvn, i r if w wew ill viwmill a ... , a
timet are the mott jea'.Ous for liberty . 1 , w lr
will lay, necelluy it above all law. '.; ,
Government itfelf will be v.ndic.ud M ft ,ot ,hf
by a lortof rtvotu.iotary re.ton. i,,,'fa.lleo J'.mmcni.. Is it
... rml , If. If. iti.inl I n ( rj.r W nl,
,..A O....I .. i.k . "w .o..i..ii .
... . .ii . runic wnii'iiii ijiiiiik nri in.i
wic irkiiw ano nuiin. i.nii or a pie-
vailing factum, no lar it it tin r- roi
troti being true, thatytf a fmri)
aids among ot, tends to check and
folico he fereruy Of our adnmnilra.
lion ; that its ex fiance t aloiofl the
only danger e can dilurn. With
out Juth fetiy the government
would be for a loop time at it it ai
preleut i t cuire, imbrued with the;
l.erer aid if that faction Ihould
rife again, as il will w hat can favcus
from civil war) 3urely( noPilie
tender inerciet ot Frarce ; ihey
are cruelties : not the paifiotifm ot
the Jaobint; they boail of their
p'lilan'hffiphy and would rejoice
to lee their country bleed and burn
lr the caufe ol humanrty. Nothing
ran lave ui but the rrenrb party
ebaracleri ol our aa.ld perp'e, th 'IB, kept down by the foree ot -o-
.... .lt . n ik. an. It .1.. l I ...... .
mndeft in the world, and the nurdl
rclribiii.g the Incat of Peru.
Even efititni', at foen ai they
re tpifvlry elUbiifhed, eshiht thr
iharauer and ajsnnrrs vf a rum n
tint. I they have gradual k irminstid (
the niilooal tirarscler beteeiu I
little worfe, iht gtjtemnxnt a Imtr
ft 1 h Chanrr, ri favour .' c
to iii it net left tn Affltiica. J If
retolutmnary pn cats would dn the
wffk U ge it a a-1 nih. Th U-
vctnmtnt, aad the atiaihary 1t. r
ol public opinion fo low and to weak
thai ihev will imi take arm.
Art we furc ti t hope will not
fail u i Frsn.i ib' lately ibe.ktd
will rife aeam in power Th
allies ft end thr tr tone in earritof ?
a ihey advance, 1 he l tenth
ihay retreat, augment their own
'.y withdrawing (Nm. They ta!
a ewafti '. a Am a r V a r t f KafW r rt a a i
'It lfft I 'it mv I'lll' Vlrfl
iratt tbalr ataate. They apprwath
The recapture of Nao'cs ii ac.
knowlcdt,ed : and the Freiuh,' wbd
tciaaihcd ther: at thr time, air kerf
a hollages for the Ncapoiitans wfwl
have been fent into Fnlncc.
Cicr.rral Mal!cnai rtated lobe
m greater forte ihanlhe Archduke.
and lomc murmeK cfiape at the in
activity of the I rri c h.
In the interior of France, irooni
are continual y rt .. !.. I tlimi .,,,
eatrrmities of the Rtnublie to Pa
ri ainvng other the garr fon uf
Wl hear no more of Pruflian
mediation and the conflitutiiM.al
aing, except m ilia C,', dm M
"vn mi toturaty the Frei.c
, ' .ute, on the amhvrtty'
ia.e of Or lea. ,.- iec.i,i
tba error of the revolii io ., ai
received into the mercy and fa
i JLOUU A IIJ. Th afT.IT,
i, .. u . .
- I.- m me aouiti are atieited tu ,
pub.ic y comnriitcd in the llietn of
?tc tWtl at noon day, and
mt irt the a( plaufet of the pallets.
gets. 'I he Couanc and robUrs of