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Published Weekly by, Aiimito 21 a i i , ' at
Ml 'Lift 11 11 ' I'm j . -..'"iziaga;
v .Iritliaii Affair sv : ;
- - - - - '
THE following important Letter
v and head men ot the Mulcogce
v Nation," (as they ftib 'th?m
f e I v v $) t o . t he ' C o m mi fli one r s -if
the United States at ForY Wil
kinfoVon the Oconee. River, is
faiil .tp have been communicated
. by a pcntloirian of refpe&aDility,
to the Editor of paper printed.
at bparto irt Oeorgia,,: who ob
tained it from an Indian trader.
: The original is. now in the pof
fclEojv&lrhe Commanding officer
At w I r ; - H iiiM.nn , . . I lie
hand w riting-of Bowfes has been
recognised by' one of the p(K-
To the corfltftiflioners of the Uaifcd
States at Fort Wilkinfbnoli the
Xjentlcmeni - : '
WE iho legal and convlitutional
head men of the Mulkogee nation
(called'by you the Creeks) heirinr
that you had invited a number of
people to the tort on the Oconee,
rpro.mifing them prefects, in order
to induce many to go ; and having
long experienced the evil tendency
of luch meetings, where you have
-exhibited long instruments of wri
ting, 'that couid neither be explain
ed by you, 'nor unedlooJ by thofe
of our people prtfent ; yet you
have bv means heft known to your
fclves, procured thereto, a long
firing of names, giving the appear
ance of a national authority ami
fanQiou to'inftrumcnts of wuun,
as agreements mad': between us,
and held tlicui out to th.i world.-a
fuch, while we never knew or un-
derftood any thing of the buhnefr.
Having obferved, i iM li're that
c.jr people have been proroifcuoully
jnvited to the Oconee, and promUed
, large prefects, raiher f.icrc roylle-
rious than on former beca lions-, ve
think it a duty wc owe to o-rr
a flop to fuch
praclices,Vvhich tend only to create
dtllurbances between that my
determine In a War which y. e do
Therefore, we being now uzt
in Council do dcterthinc and! de
clare that this nation is rut, nor
cannot be bounJ by any fiith talk
or agreement fo nude. That no
aft Is legal, 'uqIcfdone in fullcoifn.
ctlr.f the Matioc, at a place prc
vioufly appointed and igiccd on by
the head mca for fuch meeting :
And according to the laws of nur
contcileration with our brothers,
the Cherokee, Cliitlafawj, ami
CkaAaws, po lands can be ceded
exccpl by agreements f the Chiefs
of the Confederation in Council
VVe arc no engaged in a war
with the Spaniards in defence of our
Jif.htJ our lands, and every thirg J
that is dear to us nJ we flia'l Je.
scnuouruivei aga.nu people
v no 1,11,1 attempt to ulurp or mile
sr.croacnmcni on its.
Tioneit, lay afide lour fcheme r-f
NVUhVptl. Ldlll lut'e 1
irce uaac bctwun ui, whuh alone
Can !ctoiilualy beneficial.
Wc arc ready to lorm a treaty
vith you and itgu'lafc all rrautri
tetween 111, fo that fair limits rway
l fet, ml a criterion futj by
t . r . -
vlich it regulate thv ctrndticl of our
refpeflive people But futJi Uat-f.
at'tion nuid'te "national ails, and
rot done by people who go to il.e
-Oconre in order to have 1 drunlcn
X)oneln CVuncil a EflellmaV.,.
. this 41K day of June, :3o2,
. , Wing prefer,! ihe Chid ar.J
' trad rr.tn at follow j
'I ALLHilSKA MI'KKO,
TUSSAKIA MKKKO, '
Vi:h ihe reprtfcntaiivci t6
owns, and jrtAnirdby us the
IttUt i;er.eral of MuffcCRre,
Www A. tOWLES.
Wc Willi cnr. Amciicar;. i ht I! n ,1,..
honeii, lay afide jyur fchetnci cf ! si peace w
jaiH ipciuiattons, and be good I! when the j
.t.nutitiri. e prj.nne to be lu t d. .hen. mi
, T u k e k Dot. t. a r s .a Year;
The forcnoln letter beiri? read
in full Councifof thenationi at thai
Parrachockla Town the 2d March,
e to - jdjuuiii.
went, at the! ucKfeetaUfi, the tath
l'j.y of March ; wherVit was una.
nimoufly apptoyed'of, and . pa (Ted
into a refolve-' ; '
" And where is' fome attempts haye
been rh'ade 'to Interrupt the trade
between the State of Georgia aftd
-ihi nation, the fotj'owirig rcfolves
among others i,wrre 'entered, into,
and pa(Ted into law - , .
l' I.' Refolved, Thar from this day
fortlv an - perfon : who fliall take
part with. our enemies, and aft any
way againft us lh?ll fuffer Death.
.'II. Rcfolved. That," our trade
' fiiull bo free to all people not at
war with us, fubjeft only to the
laws maJe by us in couneil ; and
tTiat the papers circulated b,y Bcn
janiin Hawkins are of no effet and
not made with bur knowledge or
confeht. - . ". .!
Ordered that oufrsfolvcs be made
Oche upo-fdU)On. Coosait rivtrt 2laj 50.
In my la.it communication to
your Excellency, I apprifed you of
the irate of affairs in this agency.--I
have how the pleafure to add that
the Chiefs of the- Creek Nation'
convened on the at-.this place?,'
and were joined by a deputation
from the Ch.-rokte, Chickafaws,
and Choftaws ; that on the 16th the
S:mi tilies and 6thetChicls in o;)po
fition, with their Icider, W. A.
Bowles, at thrir hr: arrivevt, an I
that on the 2oih hi was apprehend
cJ, conRnad in irons, and lent un
der a llrdng ctnrd of Indians, by
order of the Chiefs, to the governor j
"olch, of Teiifacola, .10 .infwcr
for his crimes againlr thcf.iihjecl)ot ;
his Catholic M.rjc!ly in iiall aUd 1
itr ti ti t
wen rioriaa. )t
, VVare fo crowded with Indians M
and vifitors that I mult drier going
inlo t!etil till iUOual court -
cil adjourns. .,, . .
I have the honour to be jcfprrl.'
fully, your Lxcclkncy's moil obe-
uient (ftrvart " .
His Eic:!len:j Jehq MilledgiQjv, of
. Creek Jerey, JuneS, 1S0.1.- -I
wrote yiir t xtcllcncy on t!;e
tilt, hy -Mr Jobtrtlon. a
j penilrivtii of Grcerfb rough, to In.
: form yon that Mr. Bowles was a p.
prehended, confined in irensby or
der of the Chiefs, and fent under a 1
flronp; nard of Indians, to, (;ov.
ToUh, tit I'cafjCf'.a, to anTcr for
hiiciiuies ,i;;ain.1 th; fuhjccl of,
his Caiho'ic M.-jtilv "in Eall and
Wctt Kljr'J.1.' As foon as the e- '.
Vent tool p'p.cc a ror.eral murmur
for the .Uy only, . tun throuj-h the
VIIH.I 111 i'.'n'llillll'.l. V V 1 1 1 1 1MB
evcninjr, by th: prudjnt rondtul of
the Council of the nattrn,
the uho'e ftiblkel, and I thry were
brought to t?ke the United State
J an.! Sp;.n. by the hand in fricnJ
fhir, and tojoin irt a l!cmn decb.
; ... -r .1,, CnSA
,.r - 1 .
M ,11 .1- .'. ,..11 .
I iii; iikiiu . 111411
were dea land gone their
khi trtM tip in peace.
icpcat and rcDembir ihis tallcanJ
take it to the end cf the worlJ."
I heard a few days paf that my
havinr forr.c property rear Tort
Wilkinfon, has been a fuhjetl of
anima heil'mn on the part ot fome
icmbcri of your Jc.vfliture., The
pUce there fllawkin'i Scrini;
MatallifturJ if.ety ilivthtaUof toil
gtl.cy (or my it.oirMnodation as
mi, nary arcrcmovcvi, my property
wi'J accompany them, and hther
lluy remove or nor, at fpon at yoti
iku'lIi w. (T- tT . I . V. .
ui, uc I'diitiituii vi int (niiniff 1
1 1111(11(1 iity claim 10 tele. ani
my properly tt leive it. Th In-
Clans v ill be ready to tun the 2 t a or
1 foon as or Jet s ran be riven for
. a m r
iht ni.'t ;..f- .n.l m,n..,.. t
the eatrrol ihe ,ih.h. . . .
K't .u ,r - r 1
flatecttt vthitli jbuUtttU hotter
occupicdreullyhthc ft,i!i.ary ITtIvt WT",1 r""'1
. .re i i iri 1 r ippiif a to ir r-iittHt mintllry 10 feenrt
or tr.yfclf, for fullic purpofcivAi ; tfni(I,;ry. 1Vrlfm, M this
foon as the Unci are nir. and th: , fut- n lnif ... 1... .1 uu ,.n,.
TpF.SnAy JOLY 12, .1803.
tb prertde. ana or uncerc wnncs. ot
your perfonal welfare. . V;: ,
I have the honout to be your Ex
fxeitency's moft ohedicntvfervank.
Ifis ExcelUnr) Joki JliUcde, . Gov. 'of
- Captain 'Brig', in the Mary, from
Nanfs, has -arrived at Boftori, fier a p f
Tagc of 38 day. He' left that place on
the toih May, nd his aecounti are s
few day later than have been received
from, the theairc of negociatiori. . He
ioforrts, that no efTential variation 'had
taken place, at the time of his departure
Irr the conjectures, exocU0.fw znS rt.
portj on 4he-i(Tue 4f the fie-ci!ioo be
tween France and England, from thofe
that had been in circulation fome weeks
previous. Thus far verbal account..
By this arrival, - w; have received
Paris papers totbe 6'n.MuV. Froth their
general complexion it i apparent that
the controvirfy .was rapidly ap'praach'uig
a crifi. Tho Clef dn Cabinet of the
6th,. May, fays "Lord Whtiwonh had
announced his departure is fixed for 5
o'clock this morning ; but he has, dung,
ed h;i refolui's and wi.l contiuuefottte
time longer here." The'Publiciflc, whTch"
is faid to be a half orBc'il paper, cf the
fameda'fj fays,v" hedepar'ure of the
.Enplilh Amhiifador u deferred, t, lead
for tome days." That this refplijtion of
his Lordlhip had an anary appearance,
may be gathered iV p.m ihel wording
thi pat aRranh in the C.ef da Cabinet of j
rhs Cth Miy I he prrparai'.oW fr the
journey pf.hr Fi.fl Conf.i! .0 Bel .urn
il.l connnues, oof with Oandivg ;he r o,d
which t-blcure o-:r psjtncal horizon. In
t 1 ci . 1 1 1 1
inoiber, p'per of the 6 h, vrr.dsr ih hc.d.
the following: " Ihe expetldion ot in i
olTicial communicaiion fiir.j govetRmtiii !
to the ?.?gillaiive bi.dy,-iipiin our pplili-'j
cal Jiiiucoi) with Vte?i-Hriiiii, a-irad-
cd t vail concourfe of people, ho, be.
fore titer openirg f th. ft llionj' fi'.ltd tl.c
ge!lf?.ies'&c. but no commutveation
Letters from iJer.in, of April ffi, j
rn.ion, that a Courier had amved.;'
1 " b" H " in ne pariuc t:
' difpofnton of th' Krencii Government,
and' f.om whidi irar-prars tl.e n.ealurc !!
takrn ry P.uir,. Lave met i.hh an. t
ptobjuonofihelaiiinn i.f U 1 tmillcties.
lathe mean iimcr prepaniiorts for ; '
wtr wtfe cwirij tn wi.h unraarnitud ra!
.tiiityn r(irp!ri ofilicTupuitiic.
li e ti:.i!iincd motions" of the dilfeirnt
j armies lud feezed evfry vttlienVIe part 1
j of its ex(eiif!Vf itrritory, inJ Ht"Oipjtn; )
1 wn.on his jy to B'tilftb, vlure he'
j iliortly tX ((. ,
! Letters, rcee.vrd 41 New Yotk from
i JVt-au Pfitcr, tmdcf Tl,c dale of the j
inn inn, vntch mon i'in that ihi plains
of 7r mhJ litis and JtIimleL'is weto in'
J-t Hellion of die BrigiuJi ; tint .he troops
and itihabisanis were emcamped i.li!')t
the city ( that a f'.l tfignntni had
U..tn place, in wljith i't tu.kswefe
repulfed ; that a tul aock wi tx
Vu'.cd in a few dvi : and that UclfaKnet
i a ....... r ... , r . '. 1- .
) iht ,enct TcneifIT Mnnft. nfe.
, ff n.rd his let en of mdenten nuahty
!i tf Tntoy utrad'tr.ary, fnn the Jm.
j led Stairs of Armiira ," the fame aiper
! adds, It h ir mstkrd, that the Fg
!Ti!h Amh(T.Jor was not frtlent at tint
A paper of the Sjd Aprif, informs,
that an-err.bafp ltd teen impnfcj at
Dunkirk on all the fiHtinj rrdcls bound
10 Me-f-und:ipd. " TJ i ine afure,' it
lijt, ' has for in fihiett the rrocurr.
went cf good fcir.ien in cafe of war
L'ucfif ic anfwrr to 'eiur from
the IVftop Ghent, on the e-fl4blifltment
of iflig'0.1 tkfff, Oyt, I recommcnj
to you to ron'irue your an in tonj.
lii'irg and tu.itirg all crtft if ic'ti. Of
II the virtues rttt fTary , Ttr th f p'feo.
pre, if ff great fth-fms; Se mull rffra.
jiat no duubt is rhnfl'iii t,Siiiy.''. -
bsptfi have coniiadiTie i
t . , . . :
fe ,r,d drf.rf f, fe-ece rrancn.4
j HxiUneJ, .Ws tot permit any futh
, gociaitoni, and ihi sly fcave rM yet
1..... II. v . ... - r 1 j
.1 ir't rrjiiPO, inv an 01 f tuatrj
cu,iori f 1 loir mi ttra'tc'.
AtnitiA ih tu8!c s,f sfttlik pffpara.
Iioni, and ihe, fperofaiiM of politicians,
it tl tlcaGitf I9 obfrrvfi thai th dtW.I,n
1 't Wn Html to ft
1 1 . .
i "Jf.'i'rO f!TV'fX
!' 'h frodil ft Pf .'l "'H e!l in a.
U,ff, h.v it.utry M for f,
r)4tKUIs UxiY&V i.C
I ai-yatdrcife? tln.li iti ft-ora;
1 . ,
I ries of Uarning are forming in RulIiS,
i and the Emperor Alexander has" appro
priated for fuch beneficial inflictions the
-ftftn"6f million'and three hundred' thou
land roMbles. ' ..''" ... ( ; .'
; The nobility of Athonia hive grant,
ed to Pcafants 'the right of propetjty
nd .fixed their wages for labor, bj;h
they were,formerly obliged toperf Jrmgra
tuitouflfi Tbey have given tbmjucfges
felefted from their own clafs, & fupprel.
Jed the fate of thete unfontanve people.
At Rta they liave Infilled on the un
limited enfraochetfltjoif the- Peafant,
and have. direftcH reprefi.ritations to be
made on that luojeU to bis MajeRy the
Eutperor. ;T4 A " '- v-'
. In aur Halifax' papers "hy thi
NewYork editors) :,.wc ' find ,,twb
extracts of letters from St. John's,
noticing the arrival ef. the' Lord
fMCartney ;One of thefe' letterjs
'fays, 'the channel e had. failed
tindef lh? ;commantof (.ord Ncl
fon. A Manifello was fiid to be
preparing, explanatory of the con
duft and intentions of liis MajeU)i
JVIiniltcrs and another melTagc, it
was expeafu, wouia iix the bun-
The otherjetterobferves, It
Jva's ex peeled, that on the 6th May,
: Mmiltry . would make the dongi.
I looked-tot cotnmtiriicatiijn to Par-
oT-it'IUmenv ;-arit) Mr Ad linpron haV.
ing dexrlared to the Houfc ot Com-
i moilS on 2;, that the freir wt r,f
fj, tun wutd be (fttiy InUrtlled
d jn ,c cdmmunicaio d
. ir-, M - mli , , ... '
.tlrom all circumltaivccs taken tope-
, -v - , ., ,? E
tied that wcarc not to have wjt."
An Englilh pjper rrcritro'iifi, ilm
a vtf'xl un I. bard of. wliich .1 bodv
jjof Swifs tr.'.tpiil Fremji pay ivrre
1 tmbaikul for St. Di'tn nco, foinu
u r'e'red tuar Gibraltar, andtvti v'ner-
The CWitiition fri-3c
JloVC down at jjol,0l, a w
lor the ,irpofec,f bciog re.
i'HJlcrc'? , . - .
,. ' Pa: -nl ,'cer. ob4i.j:d ln
',,C:',tl,' ,or AtMc CrKtKf for
u,v?Pn'K 3ftt' pH'leryi ilix boito n
J?f VdRls.- It is a contpofitiurj. (,f
j IV'Sytn ,J metals, ?ul coils btlt a-
bout l-lot'f ot (he puce ol topper.
On VdfltfJay iiih, i!i 15 h .li,'
a ! J)is,?e.w2 on ot wiv f,,Hn
I (furgaVuwn 10 .ft KSndrti, jn attempt
,. I.'i... ..! .'
the bartage belorg'n j to ibr piflorar r.
One t; hcm fcitcd ihe lii les am' i.
irr'td to flop them, .wf 1 the other
glided himfelf in rutiiii.j ,1, bgpag
rope,"Liit fortunately there happent-d 10
La. a jet (on , in ih ftge v.hn hd i.e
prefencfi of mind fufTtcieni total tihn
dtivrr fur fr piflkh, ai whit!.ihey made
olf without cll. tlipg jheir purpofe.
Exhi.ll of n Ulttr up f Citilf(en
J in fmjReriJjfn, It hhjritnJUVhi.
hdtlt a, duttj April a,
AUottt 8 djyi at-o( li rive'd here
jf, iiic iinejtprcl'"dly, a ihlp full 1
j citizens .i the. canton ot., Basic,
! about 159 f n !a in all, who willt x-
; charge bcif naiivc coiin'ry fyr that
' of ilie IT .itcl States. In fencrat
I thr whole i"otlills cf pcojdc, whom
every country Ihould receive with
opcnainu. With money, linen, and
II I. s. ... . . , '
oei, in 1:1011 win - every re.
ccJTiry, thwy frem iq f vcr will
provided : ar.d at their r,rival rn
the Amnion fhorts, ihey wani
nothingtr.oro lhan ,lanJ, art! itory
to dear it. I givctoii early infor.
mailon of the arrial tif j ourdrir
C'uintr ymVn", that you may lock out
one thing or another for inert". As
mich a a can itaro frfn them ihey
tri nvl wilJi 10 remain lonr? in ihe :
ciiyi but v, hit". 10 a foon jn the
tnunuy.. In tbiit len days tiife,
they fail from hmcr, ln juJ vea.
iher fervinr. ,We hear that thirinj-';
the e nfuit't; fumcr, more treim cf
People will arrive here fiomSwit-l
icrlan.fu that pairengtra i! r.qt !
IVi win'it.iC, it lltrc arc Mily vcllctl
licie; t..'! "
Frtm lit Kjitiftb Rfg'JIir, f-f.
THE Ci.'oVKN FOOT OF
.The lea Urs c f ihe fcderaUfl, hive
org tudcarorcd t.trrjkc ii believed
hat thert.iuh a wide diT.A
rlw,r i r:pj!;,cafftnl Jlsm.e
VoU 7, No. 337.
racy, . and that while they abutcd
ctJwOTWtf the latter kind of Cover rtV,
vernment,ithey were friends to tl
former, Rtpubl'iiatit knowing that
rio'fucfi diftln&iorv bej ween Demo
cracy: and RepublicanUm exifleoS
hive all along ftifpeftco their oppo-
ncms p; naireu anu nouiiity, vou?.
Their fufpicion ia now reduced to
Certainty. - The "chiteri hot of Ahn-
(ircly, is feen peeping from under-
. 4 . 1 T t 1 ? . f 1 r . ' .
tne a.ij o.r reueraium.
'A piece "vYhicii appeared in Brad
ford's Philadelphia 'Paper, after rn
viling . Democracy" in the irioft-
puirageous terms,, anf? uatmg tr.e
difailers that had attendsd it in an
cient and foreign count ries,--as if
. to leave no doubt thai ttv form of
Government abtiled andwf,re,il;.
it a iiv vcty uuc ttiiivii iiiv t
of America had chofcnadd 1
. "ITISNOWDN ITS T8ff .
AL HEKE,; and the iifuc Will be .
Civil War, Dclolation and An
archy !"' And left we'fhould be left
at a loft how our pesceful Demo-
cratical Government Ihould produce
v i I Wa r, D i c nt ion , : a nd A
archy we are told there is no wife
man but dtfecrna its impcrfeclions-
no good man but proclaimsvits frau'ij
atii ni brave man'but DRAWS
HIS SWORD cainfl in jirce V
The writer then proceeds to vi
lify th-: former Vrid eflablifhers ot
our excellent v.onflitution : . v ,A -.
The inflitution of iSctmt $f
"fify radically eoKlemplibU and
vhiiius, is a memorable example
' of what the vilfiiny of fome meri
' can devi fo, the ftlly of others cap
" execute, and l(b cllabli.fli ifp(tf
"''cf Rrtfon, Rtf.:ftitn and Stnja
' S.-ntimcntj likethe above jouj;ht
.to.al.tiin every true fiitrd, tu Re
publican Government,, anJ opcei '
the eyes of ih'fe-hithcrOi blind to
'he deftgns' of a tlfptratc Mynarr
chial Palion n our country. L-tf
(1 not be fail ihey are the fentinentj
only of an indi'Cvidual, No prin
terof a paper would dire ,o publilh
fuch ftntitwuits with, ap'prtibatit:i',
did he notlclieve they were coni;e-
nial uiih'thofc cf his patrons. Yet
ftvtral pi inters wvfpnhlitltfd iticria
wi,ih apj iobntion, and wc mull ru-
Cftianly con.Jrt'! that their refpec
live fl'pportvrs agree in opinion that
me lytieni ri covcrnmcni rovv
,' i in hiJl bct is, fo taiicaWy
conitirpttHe er.4xm nst: , that' r-
veiy inan ' tmohr to " arw bit
fao'd p air II itJ"
We know that the great hotly, of (
the Fcileralifli arp'1 friends 10 our
Republican :uvertmcnt, tho they
nijy.di'.like the men who now aJU
minilter it, rLr th'etn beware, lC
by perfcycnn'B in a too' flrtruiuui '
and v olet'.t nppofnibn to the pre
fent, adnvnlH ration" and i:s mca
fnrttf .hry indanrr tho exifltint
of our Rcpublicai Governrrtant, by
Irrcrgthcnitij; :,ie hands of is iu!
verrjrics. Let. ihc HON ARCIU.'
C&L PAUT Y once pet the aLtn. .
dency'and Sediticn Latui. will flop
.the tnuib, or Standing Armti ihf
breath ol all w o ftall ua 9 1 m hfp
a fyllalle, or lift a hand raii,ft in
opprefsioni or.thc opprefTurs.
fjtrutit end Sfdntcd kesifutions.
The folloTvintfKcdutionj areiurh
ALL KKPI'IILICAN A.MI'.Ul.
ANS oui;ht toadopt, and adhere
to relative fo the irjjmnn JLiirrp
on ('lovernmcnt. arJ its founder,'
which wi have noticed aboe 1
A Mr.r.TlNO cf the Cltltrr.a of
thl, vicinity, was ihi dy held at
IlosrcU'a Tavern, for Ihe purp'uc f
tkiinjlhio cotuider'aiiun a ptiras;raphi
v.liicU appeared in Vr nrudr-d pa
per cf l'h.ladtlphli, cKi;cj jj,, Jrut
firiVaV of the'h lv Lt. 1 ha
Meeiini: made choice cf thrir chslr
idan rf.l ecretarr. hen the, pra
g aph read as ulloa 1 , ' .
Ucmocracy i scarctly tolera'di nt,
any period of national Jliitory 1 lit
mrns are elway siui'trr, and It a
I bower if propitious. 1- Wilh nil th
lights oiexperirntt l: un Itf.jrc rmf,
eyca, it it itnp s:il, ,ftt f differ?!
tl fut'day cl l!ii Mm v( Covei-n-tnenu
It weak tn I nitled i
Athens 1 ttwat l l n Spni, n.
wrji i; Kami 1 IlLtiLfi Uicd .i