North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
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. im . . ii mm, ' .m 1 1 in i i iii 1l in i i.il ,i n ii .., ii i.
: Spatish Affairs, ft is supposecfthe refusal
of the Spanish government to satisfy the;
claims of ouf Merchants for, their property,
captured by the Ffench and condemned in .
Spanish ports is grounded on an opinion ob
tamedJrom E. Livingston, esq. and four PhU .
lade-lphia lawyers at J000 dollars each, pur-,
potting that America haviner abandoned her;
. claim for said property on Prance, Spain is
under no obligation to make compensation
for it. Be this as it may, it dues not yet ap
pear from good authority that: bur demand?
are wholly resisted but a short timfs will e
luciUate tie matter. Bee. .
SPANISH CLAIMS. ,
THE .best wrjtefs in all nations (except
ing those who were immediately connected
with the profession) haVe deprecated the mi-.
chiefs arising in society from the preponde
rating influence of lawyers. But in no count
try has this powerful pi-epondcrancy taken
place to sucli'a degree as within the United
States.. They have, almost risen paramount
to every, legislative regulation, both in the
federal and state governments'. An attempt
to check them has been arrogantly stiled a
violation of the constitution ; as if the people
were obliged to support this profession, when !
they were convinced of the evils arising from
their misconduct. Dors any man find him
. Bvlfm,oie secure in his appeal to the law since
their immense increase than he did twenty,
year ago? Or rather, do notour difficulties'
even in the attainment.of our property, arise
m jrefi'om within the bar, than from any other
The interference of this order ofhnen has
become a subject of serious consideration.
They have moved not only within the circuit
. of -the courts of law, but have trespassed on
the jurisdiction of the government. Th'cy
Lave taken strides, "-which in any other go
vernment would have exposed the profession
:o a-totaJaWition. The 'conduct of Mr.
Vat-sons was unprecedented ; and to the in
jury of the country, he has been permitted
o appear before a court, whose jurisdiction
lie had the effrontery to challenge, but never
dared to vindicate his plea before them. If
he is not convinced of the impropriety of his
conduct, he oig'it, in justice to himself, to
witl.draw irom the court ; but as be withdrew
lis plea, ii is suppou-d he is n .ible of his
error, and thmfore is bound in duty to ac
k'l'.'wledge hi rashness.
The late prjccdiire of the Spanish minis!
tf is in tnuon with the influence assumed
ly this body t-f men. Would any foreign
niiiiter have presumed to state a qu:'ion
t- them, unless he had perceived they had
inquired a cntroling ascendency i Why
sS.uld a minister disregard the constituted
uhoriie3,and under a fictitious designation
tf A, il Mid C, place the. controversy of two
itHfts on the opinion of live men. It is re.
in .ik :Ue thntthe .i(,;'iiWf, ainong the feder
t,t s, l,a alvay5tirc-n used its the diplorna'ic
tm-:us ol i! - ,,v 'rnmrnt. In our controverts-
;t! l-'iance, .V Y nd Z. were the person
. :;e linger w nr, our political iiflairs were
ti.(i.s.. td. W e iimv expect ntxt that Phi
Leta h.iijtid Lt come the organ ol diplo
i.v'ic armr. The United States, instead
f l.mrinjf firtm tiif ir o.nliritin.l imnM,
rt of romantic medium, through
wt i. hall iheir public transactionsare to pa..
II the Sp.iiish minister was desirous to
bnr.g the q jentiou lo issue upon Ur ground
v y arc A, B and C the starting point I
V hy it the su'.jcct brought forward in this
t!"udtd niannci-. lo hide the merits or the
t M,!r..very ? Why did he not Ute the qut
ti.Mi tnaB 'ifef.i.nrocl msnner, and predicate
it upon' the f .ir pniicMJwi of iiatTooniVtiP
ira-irn? Vhy d.d l. -callSpin, A-Amcrica,
I -and 1 raiicc.CJ Why did ,r not declare
tlut k rot.itbvuf tniitrd fiewrrn the two
countries, up.,,, the p- i,,c.;,les cf a treaty j
that the conitnuur'n,l,ll,ri,ic, 0f ,j,c rclj)ec.
life nations w:i nui,s upon ii, tn l that lie
vished to Know the f.p.Mon fe U.a,tr$
(n-nd.-l ierh3p whh qrrj on the proba
bleUue .f the negotiation? Why did he
ke-p tUs n Mcnrt,nl in a claiid- tinc man.
rrrintrrrupt an nmic-ble eltlcmeiit between
thepT.it? .Suppose that the 1'rvMdun hi
liken tiiesa ne ground, and had obtained the
tn .ii.Mis r-f frc. oilur priute ciiiten in fa
Vir t.flht fmtul Suppisc he had forward
ed in the Aim-rican miniitcr in Spain, this
tH-cirnfeiJenc I Wiiul.lnotthal'ridcht,
i' uch a cae, have brcume ridiculous!
l lie iiotjuv? Urn charged as acting
M ht lute i.f bis o.li.ial, funui ins?
0'ild he not have Utn jully ensured if
Jir ntiiurr.t Ilm ii ietn-, five U)er i
Intheetin'inn orihe SMn!h minister, are
i equir.h i.t r,r all t, diutucnti handed
I the SpanNh Court fmm the Liccuiitc cf
Ih Unltrd Suits I!! ' ... i
11 v for a mintrnl nijjtosr that firt w. i
yr in hpiin, aliouM interfere In this ijurs.
fim, andgite their opinion on the app!;e.tmri
of the American minluer, h favor of the dc
Ttands What wild the Spanish Court isy
t ihf What Mould the Spsnish agent!
Itiii.k, ifthfjr rre llos ititrrrii)rd In il.rtr
ferrrcUtun by the I iicrftrnue f s.kIi In
lrloprW tjef'ul!jf if ihty sl.oul, find th.t
iLtiradtUe wutgnUaij u iL oficUUvn
ol the Court which authorised them to act?
What would the" Spanish merchants aay, on
a'decision which would throw their property
into a state of uncertainty and hazard ? V e
will go (ariher, what would the English mer
chants think, if their claim were put in
jeopardy by five lawyers, feed for the purpose
to give an opinion in opposition to their in
terest ? In 6Uort,-vhat would any civilized
government say, when the constituted au
thorities were arrested in their diplomatic ar
rangements by the interference of men to
tally unauthorised "by any one article in their
social compact ?
The citizens of the United. States are par
ticularly interested in this transaction ; for
if we do not check such lawless conduct in
the first instance, we may hereafter expect
that lawyers' will be the u-jipue in all our
foreign negociations. Every 'minister in fu.
ture will disregard the govern merit; and form
an alliance with the bar in all national con
cerns. A British minister will employ one
set of individuals a , Spanish, another a
French, another a Dutch, another a Rus
sian, another a Tripolitan, another and
even Indian Chiefs will be distributing their
tvampum among them. Thus, placedm the
isthmus of lawyers, the whole government
of the United States will become subservient
to this jarring, interest, acting under the
strong sensibility of fee and bribes. In this
case, many giants or the law would arise,
and the constituted authorities fall a prey to
the combined powers of a body of men, whose
opinions may be swayed more by the magni
tude of their compensations than the justness
of our national pleas.
The above remarks 8re not intended to
embrace the idea either of the justness or
uijjustness of our claims ? these questions
which are greatly involved in the determina-'
tion of the federalist, on the article of the
Trench treaty. If any difficulty arises on
this subject, the federalists must blame
themselves for it. The object in the above
statement is, to reprobate the conduct of the
lawyers, in their impertinent interference
on a question, the determination ol which
was solely confined to the Executive of the
United Siatei, and the nation in treaty with
The federalists, who are now clamorous
for war, ore the sole cause of our existing
differences with Spain. If the delay of Spain
occasions such resentment, iliat must be
our feelinga against those who originated
the diinculties? The article in the Ercnch
treaty, introduced by . our commissioner!,
would have operated favorably to our n;tr
ciations. The federalists first do the mischief,
and then urge the country inlo a war to rec
tify their eir.irs. We however iubmit this
question to the wisdom of the President, and
doubt not but he will pursue the businevs
wiih that diicrtinm which he has hitherto
prartised and not beronie an instrument
TO COMltJKfE WARiN T!! BLL'KUER S CF
TIIK fOHMI. R ADMINISTRATION. Wc repeat
again, the I'kdkkalisti aie the cuuir of cur
existing diMortnccs with Spain, for tht: Spa
nish minister has predicated his plea on their
decision!.- UrfM Chronicl'.
x.vtehnwi, convulsions in the
THE vafl tmpireci ihr Onomirf, rx.
terdirg from the Blatk Sei lo t t Medi
terranean and Arabian Golf, from the
M'eioihe Danube, before which, at the
commenrriTienl of ihc pall century, the
capital of jhe Roman Finpirc and ulGer.
mjnjf ticmblcd, hj, in the year 1805,
firk into fuch itnbiciliiy-aa-io-l,t-i,a
pahle of quelling ihofe itfurrecfions ai:d
inicriul comoiouoni vhichcoMiiIfedrnort
nf hit proincei. The Iialoufy ol foreign
r'Mcn nai the priticipte fupport the
On oman ihrn'.e in Egypt.
T he diiliitbancei cxcafionel by lie in
i'rten'if in Seivla, had ahead) conilr.u
e l 2 y can, and ihc Divao had i,nt jet
fuccerded in reducing them to obedience.
On the remin of their delation fmm
ConllaiHinople, wiihaut any fjtisfactoiy
anfwrr, their leader, Cztmy Gcorgr,
lumm ned all who erc capable ol bear.
Ing armi to afljmb'.e tn wntft, for ite
defence of Iher cunntrt, and the main
icnsnce of.ih.fe lihii for which they i
Mtre co. trndirj;, 1IU . principal corps 1
p-fle.l at OA o.nua, amounied to more
tlun 12.000 men, an J appeared rrfjlvcd
loKHee Uclgrade by land. The ari.
oui irvoueiu in t',e pub'.ic paper concern
i" the mcemrr.n r.f the InfurKCTi in
Stifia, weir fa far from corrcdi that
e fhll cco fnl ourfeci with Hating
th.i ihii vou.itry wat the theatre of difvuu
trnt J mil war,
. Wh!tf rreiforrt were laken to quell ln
''iflmbaitea In the iflanl c( Cyprus,
Kdl Aa, a chief nf baralinl, ruvtdiel
in Ritrnc itfliuck terror to tie very gaiei
cf 5e itn's meitjolir, and faWk the
lo'inliiion of hi throhe.
The fc1 ol Wahabia lo Arabia, hfe
fuf.ct Icaiu ia caUcJ iaJi I Ja AbJdailt,
which the Pert looked upon as conquered,
ftitl continued to have a great number of
adherents, whfj after the laft battle on the
Tigris, bet.ween them and the Pacha of
Belgrade, had allembled on the frontiers
Irak and Oman. , - 0
Egypt, which the Creator feeroed to have
deflintd for the favored abode of man, flill
remained involved in" mifcry, and defola
ted by .war, through the barbarity of its
rulcrl and the difcord ot parties; Aao
ther important battle has been fought be
tween the Mameluke & Turks, in which
the. former were victorious, and even
fummoned the G jverr.or of Egypt, Hour
fcfiid Path?, 10 furrender Cairo ; a je
q'lifition, with which, hoever, accor
f di ; to 1 tie latal accounts, ha has nor
complieu, ,; - ,-.
Thus theTuikifh empire was convul
fed by undifciplined hordes on the Da
nu; c and the Tigris, on the Nile and the
Dardanelles ";"atnl it was not in a fitnation
to contend with advantasja wirh thefc
difturbers of its. peace. The faireft pro
vincts, dtftingui fhed for the mildnefs of
their climate, arid the fertility of their
loil, were thus defolated by infurrecYion
and (livery, cruelty and oppreflion. The
Toikifli government was, indeed," enga
ged in the improvement of two of its de
partments, without which a Kate can ne
ver al with energy. Its whole aneution
was devoted to the better relation ot the
financesand the new organization of iis
land and fea forces ; but, according to all
appearance,' it will be difficult to rcalife
the plans projected for th.t purpofe; for,
in fo.nc pfthc towns, the inhabitants have
rtfufed to receive regular troops as a
conftquence of 1 he new oiganmt.on ; and
the government, fearing frclh irfurreo
tions, had the pufilanimiiy todtfijt. E
ven the new duties, in-pofed toi the benev
fit of the finances, and collected at Erze
rum, excited a tumult.
The negociaiious between the French
and the Ouoman govertTneiir, relative to
the recognition cf the French emperor,
crtii'tnurd under the mediation vf a great
German rower, and it is not improba
ble that the pott will again be more imi.
match corrAtcled with 2 nation whofe
Sovcnins onee infpircd all the meafurei
ot the divan.
The successes which for a khort period at
tendcd,the military operations of llolkar.have
given occasion to new troubles in the southern
pirts tf India. The Poligars in particular
have, in numerous instances, been encoura
ged to express the halted they bear towards
our government. The second battalion of
Seprys, in its recent march from Vtllore for
the Pollins, was greatly hariassed by these
people. One of their thirfs named Ainut
Courchy, after some smart tkinmsheb in
which he wus beaten, look refuse in a rr.ud
fort, and three days maintained himself with
the f:reatebt ociperation ; but being krlled by
tlie fire of a six pounder, which was pl inted
on a neighbouring eminence, his followers
surrendered, and numerous partus who were
assembling for their succout, in conse
quence dupcrsed. Our troops, duiin$
their routc, found several depot r.f imail
arms in the jungles collected Ly the Poligars.
A considerable number of hones, for the
use of HolLai- a
Ln. their route from Tibet to this camp, by a
! ,.r..i'ii. .... --f .!- '
The Tartars have made a tucieiifulin-
Cltrsion into the nortlirrn nrnvlnct nf China
; they aisf mblcd in the mountains tf Koho
I Nor. ailJ in NoVfrr.lwr lat tn!nrert uilh
j the most destructive Impetuosi'y. A strong
I" wi mc noyai snny was coiiectert to op
poe them, but was nearly cut topiefes. A
nother column of 12,000 meft Vas marching
against litem, and every possible exertion
was rooking lo resist iketrXunhcr pitgrcss.
We have already stated, thaltbe rtUls cf
Coclun China, afur their defcal by the Si
rneic troops, dad tetired to the westward of
Ktiho, and there formed a junction with the
Chinese rebels t and we are enabled from
letters reciivcd by thelatt ovttland dipaich,
lo add that Gen. Dotidon hating sent a Urge
tody of troops a;;ainst themt they surprised
it on its march through the mountain, and
cowlled il to retire with the loss of Its r
tilUry, bigarr, and of a tnnsidcralle num
ber cf men. The rebels advanced with a
tiewto improte their victory, but the occur
ence of a siolent storm during the night e
praird their f.itrrs, and Ihiew them into
auch confusion, that Gf n.I)oiidon, apprised
of the rlrcumstance, and strongly reinforced,
attacked and rcuttd , Ihctn with Immense
live Msndarins, who had received the
Kind's pinion for former treason, were a.
mon-stthe prisoners.. Gen. Doudon lmme
euauiy causta Ihtir car cation, acd tbtir to
dies to b suspended from trees on the oad
aide. . : " , ' " :.
Accounts from Java state, that in Scptetr.
her last, a large body of insurgents issued
from the woods, and being joined by others
in the capital, destroyed the public rrstnali,,
and did extensive mischief after which they
retired loaded with treasure. An army had
been assembled to pursue them nLor.don f
British Consul Generaft Office,
New-York, WhAue. It05.'
ii-!H!rs. l-ang ec turner,
YOU wilfoblige me by publishing in you
Gazette for the information of the merchants
of th e Eastern states of America, the follow
ing extract of a letter received by me thi
day from his Excellency Anthony Merry,
His Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Mi
nister Plenipotentiary to' the United StMca
of America, dated - the 24th instant. J anr,
Gentlemen, Your obedient Servant, .
" The British built ship Belfast, having
been captured by his Majesty 's enenMes, au4
afterwards bought by American citizens at
..NewrYork, from whence she sailed umlei
an American Sea Letter for Liverpool, with
a cargo of flour, rice, cotton and other arti
cles, those goods could not be legally impor
ted into Great-liritain, according to the
Terms of the Act of the 37ih of his present
Majesty, Chapter 97; because the ship be
ing British built, bad not been taken as a
prize by the United States; though upon a
representation of the Freighters having teen
ignorant of the precise limitation of the sta
tute in question, the said Cargo was after
wards admitted to entry.'
u In order to prevent similar occurrent es,
I am directed by his Majesty's Secretary cf
State to desire, that you will take the proper
mean for notifying to the merchants within,
your district concerned in the trade from the
United States to his Majesty's Dominions,
tlut vessels, under the circumstances of the
oneabovementioned, cannot be admitted to
entry as American vessels, according to the
Terms of the said Act of the 37th year of his
In order that the American merchants may
be more fully possessed of the principles up". 1
on which this determination of his Majes
ty's Secretary of State is founded, his Ma
jesty's Consul General subjoins that ' part of
the Art of Parliament above referred to,
vhich respects the ship Belfast, and all other
American ships under similar circumstan
ces : "
" Be it therefore enacted by the King'a
most excellent Majesty, by and with the ad
vice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and
Temporal and Commons in this present Fsr
liament assembled, and by the authority of
1 the ame, That it shall and may be lawful to
import into this Kingdom directly from any
of the Territories, of the United Stales cf A
lucrica,. in British) built ships or vessels,
owned, navigated and registered according,
to law, or in ships built in the Countries be
longing to the United States of America or a
ny of them, or iii nhips taken by any of the
ships or vessels cf War belonging to the Go
vernment or any cf the Inhabitants tf the
said United States having Commissions or
Letters of Marque and Reprisal from the Co-'
vernmcnt of the said United Sutcat nd con
demned as lawful prize in any Court of Ad
mit alty of the said United inatcs, cf which
condemnation pt oof shall be given to the-satisfaction
of the Comrr.issiorers f his. Ma
jesty's Customs, or any four or more of then,
In ihatparlof Greai-UriUm called Eagland,
& any threr or mere of tUni in thai part c( !
-GreaT.Ilritsinn.JUd Sco'land, and owned by--ll.e
luljrr ts c f tl e said UnitctTStatea, or any
of tl.n , and wheteoflhe rr.aMtr and ihree-ff-uttlis
of the roaiinei M least are subiecu of
the said United Statm, any.Grods, 'Wares,'
cr Mcrchandiie, the GrrvOu, Proc'uctitn or
Manufacture of the said United States, hith
are not prohibited by law to be imported frcm
foreign countries, and to enter and land auch
Goods, Wares and Merchandizes, vpon pay
rnentcfthe duties ard subject to the condi
lionsand regulations, hereinafter mention- '
rd j any Law, Custom, or Usage to the con
trary in any wUc notwithstandin j.M
KAbSAU, Sept. 10.
Te following information ii rrreirrd
of tl.t lofi of tUfe leffels If the Char,
lotie, ard Sptirp Eudd, from Hoiida.
Was drove on Ihore ot Florida the ioh
tilt. theErlg Harriet & Ar-n, cipt. Ue-. -t"tl,
Ifom the flavanca tmtndtoNew.
Yoik Cargo, 480 botes of fuger e(TI
lfl, tod all the cargo, eacrpt 37 boici
cables, ilfglng, and faili (aved, wiibiU
Tl htigMlntrvi, capain Eroollni,
from Ilivirna Imind to ChailtPoo, cot
on Oiore abenf the fame, tirr but fom
wreckers fortunairfy fallpg in with her,
fHn after the acehlcrtt, lhimedand fot
her rflT. with Cfr.rnlerabie diirsr ia L.
i,luJJir, LUh f lurraiud by tht witckl