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-'Published every- fuesday, by jaji JlAit; eDa'acar payable in .advance,. -of J? our JDollarsif ntttpaiJiihm a Yearl r
. .. 1. . . V A a. v:
Brought yej'tfe -"Mm .PX ff om$f r
.' ha had h im' r charee from Geneva! Wilkin-
SecreYaryoT WaV'addreise;d10 three- ;
ting hinj Jtofake Mm AISlOTtwr oeiore oneoi ,
'fte-Jdaetf W the-'Cirtiuit Cotfrt? 1 Judge '
the direction ofthc, Secretary iiaa wen coni- .
fciiel willi? sfWtf Hat nassvitfeiVce' had bein ad-'
. dufciPtloAwdto.tttiniany proceed ;
; t' hi psyv Th the xxtnee co wiiy red aa a;
- disfilvaj-g0! toUfitr. release mrKJUcjf.-
'." .On Morula f Mr. LU-deliyerfd.t bqrf. ar
,PiimentJb.!for4the ST,tHmpujrtotthe tJni7
ted States on.hla ntotioh for a writ oMW(J ,
If ii kIiodbethe"detcrmwtoVof,tJie 6oufl .
toinaHriif ffiei"1Corp.U. should
- htfrfulV infirtilt (6 it.- 3 -'V J v. , t
V' 'TVaChtetf Jdtlti savi ? th cburty .lH
tT kUVir upiUIUM LUC uir ooji
' On Tuesdaw MP. Harper ouservea mm
" the crAtVt had mil give an opinion on Vfie
htxtToivwItHMr; Martifff" lobehsardaouo-
for Br "Crick Botl.an.' Ha- aaid tliejr,
'were-ihduded to mak thi requettv from un
sTdeivAantrinli hatthdcbUrt had ome difficul.
ttyoirecrtahi imt$, whtch bad not 'bee(t.
idny:exaraiaad'by Mr."Lee their Impo-.
kancetncr?led.- " : ,v.j"."M"j,
TKeCfiitFf Jiiit.ci' BdVA' -lht' trturtflwoMUl
liedr-'Msssrsi ILirper'aird' Martirio-inomir.
j.U;.;? ','' .I." P f-' " !t-rs.l.'
! ....1 Vri..l. .Itt.' jhf lU.
" VC nave rcCBlBU nuarni""',''i
"JUnre Jackn, under- th .mprM.on that
hfiJangei'exited fw-theli contilitirnsf eir.bo
.ied. 1 These pfoce'edmifripreM.ve.T inan--
'Sfesitl.tf partotism bf (Kb-xtate of Tenne'uee.
Vfd AaH give them twins 1 ournexu
Extract nfit tftter front tht'GntrrnofcfTtmei.
' . tet trr (ftinmb'ir efCongrtu, dated KnoxvUli)
You. may ret Msured ijothinp ! (6 be
'iippi-ehended tVo'm any VrtHcdnduet in the peoi
'pic of ,'Ven,neee. fid diiobt some malconr
tenti are among Vi but their patty UtAoini
. iiinificant to distarb the public; tranquility;
'ixlrtcl "of ajeUfr dated NastyiUe, Jamtpty 19,
,.i hot, ;v:'
' , I can, with pleasure tind great ,cotifidenc
'isiiure you'that there is no'ieciidn' of .the V
Stales itpre firmly attached to the overni
Vnent and'onlon of the U.' S.'than this part of
Ten6eie'e. Barr ha frequently vUitet) Nash-
Viiie,! jia he'en treated iih marked attentiort
by a few indivUiiat but I hops and beliere
that thi was induced by the motWeof hot.
ulhy totran(5ers. Howevtr, I am certain
that mine -here would coopevatc in such des.
perte and wicked undertakings, feiceptthere
tniht be n few rtctperste and 'embarrassed
meo A soon al the public mind became in.
fonne4 by the fcreiident's proclamation, ybd.
can na"e no cwntcpnun uu- " unv
indiRiiaiiou rose against all who were even
suspected.. ' '" , .'' '1
- Extract ef a Utter dated Staryvj'de, Ttru Jan.
19, 180T. ' ' . .
The latriiinof Burr have had no . in
fltirnccin thhart of the state, and have pn
. Iy erved.lto, excite contempt. I hope we
shall be all wise eooiunh to know that Otir Ba
tionjl fel'ici' f flP,ft(' on otft uniort." ' 1 '
" ixt'oet frtm a ller, dattd NathtilU, January,
... ' 4 ' ' "2 1 f . ' V . .
, Orttlie subject of our united Interests,
your ideal are1 khosreiher correct, and "r!H
bear the test of everUstinjr BRes. The 'dis
mtmberment of the western from the Atlsn
(ic sttes would bring down upon us difficol-
tleslhat would hardly be repairec! in'afcel.--.
The very ideaofuch s thing under existing
circumstances itone of the most foolish and
preposterous that ever entered the brain oi-.
nf man', It K ut of Sll calculation and rea
son to suppose thsl 4 measure of this ,kM
could be etTectt'd'.'or would be ittempted,
Wntn tnere is noi pne mg biitusoio ir iuvu
s scheme in all the w? Mem eouritry."
,,....-'. . '' awass I. ;r-' ' s:'Jrf
' IlTZlBJGH'tm thi tommitmtnt.of Mrnrt.
JrtMPH, , "
Mf extreme Indisposition has , prevented
we from pre?rfojr, ny remarks in support of
-a . '.I., ktaala f a. n. allaa nti IA Kilt
We PpinWH IL " H" I
since it hs been thoUKht proper by the mem
. hers of the court to assign our ressons for the
course which lias brrn pursued, I shall ex
press those seqtiupcots which at present oc-
Thi TuesUon his been srpued, n If It ert
t A t II J
now Utioresjury wnowiscsnca on mi con.
vici,orc(jltthpriioneri; without Mcol
Prctlnj that wc sri at that ) trhcrt; io
Jhclanfuacei o..Uu.ioonthutaon, probable
aUse.iupported by oaiYof aEidt, la tfilplci- ,
tut.'1 TWiimiirk-7 Wcsaart To shew-ihar 1
any MHif concrutont: cotinM jre i-jcpr.
- thtitfii piurUi land such'as'wolild be 'inad.
finisribi fc Tth.fiaat 'yio A arrant feoei ;
. forth to annrathend and. auerwardsL; tor cord.
r mit, dn-the autrarsstion of si i ti dWiduut audr
L -.JJ t"V.. ?a'r .'J L.A'.Lrfl.n'rl. J
mitied..;rThnidsyit is mads mtflo auejue
oiinenptwseu otlepder, an4r-nok wore
tainty-ia ftrjinred ihiin probable" cias?,
law U. ,ctto Ulfao; there :ntKlte.7dtt'
coRfessioo,?n; open, court, on the? testimony qf
tiVo; w"itflesses'to the same overir' io cotil
:jlci one-of trtfason -Whereas probable cause1,1
I supportejl by oath ornffirmatipn,' ' wtlj jrt,G4
n isauniR warranu in no cue, wne.ncri
cViminat w civil.' is an affidavit evidence at
Liberiari because.tsken .in.tije absencef'of
. Jhe. party agninat, wom it is intended o 6pei-1
' rate i krid Vet it' has. .always been cmsidereA!
; as Sufficienfl to jusKTy issuing; a'Wrsht of ar-
.rest." v ..I. . ,t. v v Is j, r' r ? j
t These i enquiries obviwisly occur s Ut. Ii!
.there robablo csiuse t believe that anv triai"'
, V.n ben cqumjitted. agaiusribp 1?:
, nd this supported by oath, kc ? 2d.' Are"
- Jhe prisoners implicated itttl;e treason
(.' And -3d. How, whether as principals, or oni-
y gU(Uy o misprtrtn of treason f ; rU;; '
.. That there is probable 'cause to believe,.
tfyt, Reason has been committed by col. Burr,'
the public romour and universal alarm which
seems to huvc jjonvtiFseA oqr cfauntryifroni
thejejureinjty tOiihe centre-the 'President'!'
cowmiunicanons' to'Congress .and to the courti
, afford, ajt let'ound.ot subpicioh, and.thii
is supported by the.poakive oaths of'Genera
Eaton, .Geijerpt.YfilkiosoTjlM.rf Dontldson ,
Ms Mader and lr Wilson, all epinir te
L fhpw th origin exivencel .-and progress' of
L urr, J.rcaonab)e.projcts and acts. But
nere the counsel Ton thq prisoners have issia
ted rbat nope of this msss of evidence crimi
nates B.iind have contended that the Prsbi
dent's comrounicatioos are inadmissible. ' It
is not generally by detached parts of evidence,'
but by a well connected chain of circdmttani
ces that we .arrive at proof fiorcan t criniej
be made out by the. proof of nv solitarv fac.!
In a charge of murder it would not be sttflicf-)
ent to shewthst a blow wss given from which;
death ensued ( but it is necessary to prove
and disclose a particular state of mind
Therf snustbe deliberate resentment, or ill
will t .there must be .malice prepense So
in treason (the case now under consideration)
no degrefeof viqlencp,. however atroc'tpus, no
enlisting or marching men no injury, ifli-
mitedin tts object to persnslrivuhip. ore
ven extensive enough in point of locality to
contemplate end threaten . the opposition and
destruction of the lws or government of any,
one of the U.' S. will amount, . to treason
gs'nst the V. S.' ,'TU "the iotentioa. slona
which fixes the grsde of 'the offence. This
Intention is only to be collected from circum
stances and though the communications of
he President do not bf themselves furnish -
full evidence of Burr's treason agalnst.the U.
S. yet they must be considered entitled ta
some weight in leading to the conclusion that ,
there is probable csule ; .but when in addition
to this. U is considered that the jnoit solemn
obligation is imposed by the Constitution on .
the President to male communications of
this nature to. ongrest, and that he has aIo f
In further discharge of. hi constitutional du
ties ordered out the roiji'ia, which on ontina
ry and trivial occasions he Is not juttlfiablc in
doing, a person must.be strangely incredu-'
lous who will not admit that there is probable
cause of suspicion that dangerous insurrec-
tion or treason exists in our country A re
port thus sanctioned bv duty and oath, If mid
to this court by one of Its officers, wsuld be '
respected, and why shall not a communica
tion from the first executive officer of the U
nion be credited, when tie announcts to the
nation information in the line of his 4uty f
But this general ground of alarm is rendered
more specific by the affidavits which fcavc
been exhibited -to vs., If the perssns who
have been sworn pn this occasion are to be be
lieved, (and no one has yet questioned , their
credibility) they prove a scheme laid by. Burr
to usurp the government of the U. S. to se
ver the wester states from the Union i to e
stsLlivh a" empire west of the Alleghany
mountains, pf which he, Burr was to be ta
.sovereign, and New-Orleans the emporium,
and te invade and revolutionise Mexico.
Thai lit prosecytion of those projectshc wrote
letter to General Wilkinson, the comtnan.
tier, in chief of the American hrmyy with
the avowed object k design of alienating hint
front his duty, and inviilncr him to embark
in the undertaking, and holding out to him
he most flattering and sanguine essoinees
and prospects of succttv Horrid as this It
tempt was, yet if the information had reach
ed no further, t should have no besftatkm in
saying that it would bare been nothing more
than a conspiracy to commit treason, or some
other offence. But when Burr assures Wil
kinson that he' hid obtained funds and actu-
ally commenced the enterprise I that detach-'
roeots from varloai points and under diffs rtt
prtuocet would re&dcivoul CD Hi! Ohio the
' . ' ' m -a. ... i' V-,, ... , . , -i s. . .'.,.-r.';v..li
: tt, of JJotiljat bts plat was to movf Jjowa
: ripidly from the Talis the" th" of jrov."witli .
,n,ur:suuor itwo men W-jrgfct' boats' npte
tonstrming for that frpot J Whenj ifr :d-
dttiun to this, 'AVilion and Meide awear'inat .
fwhen they ycftNeOrlcasi'theijne: the tf
. teen olhcft Wthlwtnlwr.-xfjie; itroh-
gest apprehension- and belief uuiversallv'Dre-f
vailed among- the' inhabitants that Burt' atvd
- his conederalestiid piepkredkit amwd farce, :
anl wefc marching to auaek And fflvjoder the i
titj ! Jind that 'tliey knew that Wilkinson wis
ldccideaiyof opinionfroin the most'satlsfac-
,4110 under that, belief, he. was puLttinp; the .
t ptect in a posture of dtfnce .Vlel)th.s.
jcotncWcnceof clriiuiiittatTcee fc this strength
'Ol testimonr appear; there can he little doubt
J ,bf the existence It jhe extent of Burij'a viewi,
K and of hi'haviritr e'mbodiet? and unlisted mib
'Withvie'tgs.Jioattifl tothp govemracnr.TjR Ms j
country, and that he.hM dqneads whu;h k
promt tohrvyfrig 4var 6itthe Uhited. States
i'Burj-'a tfeisoa then' leing. cstkbliahed; nip
are to enouire whether, lh4 pi-wOners wert
his corvfede'rates.' They" are 'reprUeniee
Mn4r.oatfi,'iBl.aveV been .tfieiKtufei-! of th,e
duplicates;, of Nr fBurr?s"IeHtcrsi;in;yphep
to WiIktnon,-and(t,o possess 'Burr's eoulU
dencej they ui'tr arguments in addition to
. those in the letter, , to incite Wilkinson to
accede to. their, vjews . admit that they, have
corresponded' "wiflS Burr, on the ubject sinde
tlie dclivrvr oP ifie letter r That Swartwout
informed' Wilkinson that Burr, with fcpowefi
mi nasociauun, exiemiingicoro iew-t,orK io
'Ntiiw-Orlen,-wash;vvlne.an'krrtied btuHr of
. 7009, ipen Jro"n. I?el-lC6rls snd the weateri
ies ana territories, wwn a view to carry ,
an expedition' against' the, Mexican provinces
and thatJOO utCn'urTdei1 fcolon4 Swartwout
and tmjoj- Tyka were to descend the Alldt
ghany,' for whose accommodation' light.hpati
had bttn built and wrt reaivw-skid that New.
;.Qrljans wojiht te' Jerolutionixtd wheivthe
people were ready to jom them, and that
there would be some tciting. if. jl
! Here then is evidence of. a connection with
w . 1 n .. . .. . . . a I "I
fciMouei,, jjurr oi a ireasonauje naiure.-
What Is it? The act of Confcress define
misprison of treason to be a neglect to dis
close the knowledge of a treason.- But the
prisoners have not only k;nown of the trca-
. son but carried a1 treasonable tetter know
ing j its : contents p ' endeavored' to farther
Burr's views and wishes, and to seduce Wilt
kinson from his duty.' The offence exceeds
misprison of treason, and as there is bo in
termediate eless ef offence pf a treasonable
nature between misprison and treason,' i
must be treason. -
It has been observed by the counsel for
the prisoners that no judge could commit on
an affidavit made before' any other judge.
"This distinction is ctrtair.ly new, aud I be
licve unprecedented. . In all general warrants
for arresting a supposed offender, the'direc
Jinn to the Officer is to bring the party be for f
the person Issuing jhe warrant, sr. $atne ether
juttitt fiace, Vt. which would be at least
ttUgatory, if no-person could Inspect or re
gard the, affidavit except the person t'eforc
whom It was made. Therefore I conclude
that Wilkinson's affidavits made hefore jn.
tlcea of the place rf New-Orans, f.ose
commissions, appear to be properly atithe)iti
cated by the secretary of state, are evidence
at this stage of e-ur enquiry.- :, y
' I am therefore bf opinion, that the priso.
ners should be committed for treason against
the United States, in levying war against
.tb'em.;' . '".:'.; ' v,--' -'
Knoxville, Jamiarr 1V "
Extract ef a letter frm 'gentleman is Cat
iotHi, ( 'JlrnVj U hit friexd in lhit town, ft
ttdjanworj 11,1107.; , i -V
The people of Somner and the adjoin
ing counties are volunteering fast to purstte
Burr, and atop him in his career if possible.
Captain Bradley, and captain B. Martin hsve
both enlisted full companies and arl rvad to
act out at a mornct.Cs warning. ' " i '
I' . -' "iraehxiUe, Jan. I. j
(The heart of every lover of our cootitryj
mast glow with the most ferveht. emotions'
6f patriotism on reading the following com-!
municat'rons." It will be Recollected that
- the characters who compose the CORPS
OP INVINCIBLES" are old revoluiions-I
;ry veterann who have fought sad bled for
f the independence of their country, atul
f whose ege - and . decrtpitud have sl-i-most
deprived them ol that bodily strength
Vequisfte to use the weapons uf de fence
. but whsn their rights are threatened
'with that love of countrywiih that god
t"fle bravery and yirtue which ekcited thm
; to rtp forward to establish their 4jrpen-
dente, have prompted them te? offer ew
criRcw of their lives sad property to pre
serve It. Let the tetoltection of 'thtir
bravery' atimulale the youth of our 'cbun
" try Io ttead the path of honor and glory
which 1IW have donerand like thenj be-
corte tts oramcnt knil it! tiriae. i-i-tUv.
. Kdit.J .; - i u x
TO MAJOtt (TCNF.lt AL'" ANDREW
'At a moment yhn 'great lensibilUr od
even fearful apprehension for thl welfare of
ur country, Lai been excited, from out. enl
l wvonuHjuie, tnsome mode, -fotthe s
r of th'e6Ven5"mentu'iide Vich thuse
XBBUIa blessiDKra are
'M Jie 'cfmtUlCnt'totW otherWtien ear
; ?7er.n..lnentt the, beat takuleted of all others,
'for the attainment rt.mVivAna -..
J.8pp7nesa.'has kouuded the Wain f trmi
, to btj ohjhe alert in ajipprensing combination
of men'. lnostle to the ..pugrity,of the , union
- .it.v.v.v vi ui fjuiurjf. it oenoyes all
.men either agfc4y youthfijl," to ciajesce in"
thcirattachmoiit4&th'tr counirv it- .r
i lectiona of the citizens our governqient, ex
i.JsU not ih opwessive-und intiecasajiiV n.
evcion, as in other conntrtM--11harir-i-
plesiihich teminc.uiyrqharartcrisc repubfitan
- tastitutionli clearly tlemons'trate. thai ever
;( cjtitthi- whatever his situation may bohc'
.-u-. ..." . . J'. ".
nr. Liicir nuMinni ami i.thAi..i . l .
' Pw'Detong. 'I liey , kno.the ir.cti,
ttilablr blcisings of. freedom isf-thought,'"
P.er.ty.' PAriottaiaistheir- claim, though iot
exclostvcly, tfl a country jf freedom, hia.
,1! h'fmpor(iint' ciii,-wbcn the Itmki t,f
legat active exertion, ou&ht not i-o h. lwvk '
with a microscopic eye. S9 for as our bodily
F fL "nrow,; we cnceriuwy iubmif to 1
l3.d tlgDrf - military, institutjo'iis; Or
country wijl require 1 nothing unoccesbarily ot
1 us. . The thread, bf age4 Win not be broken,
bht it will be'lftbd toAhtixtijnt of its strength-""
J: Under tbee impresaionh, we agree tq e.ru-
uouy ourscivcs agea anu innrm as we ipay
be, offttr dur services and our fortunes to bu
caut)try it) support Of its laws and constituted
authorities. ; . , t
' General James Robertson, captain,"'
James Ilefmon', surgeon,- ;.-.-General
Thbmas Oe.rtoo, ." V "
Major liowel 'i atum, '
Alajdr Crem Hall,"$ : t , t
Captain James Tatum, $ '
Msjor William :T Lewis, i " .
Colonel. Joel Lewis, I -
. Captain William Richard, t, . v- :
anm oiepuen uanireii, ' - '''
Captain Rol ert Edmonson, I ! "
i Major William Walto, t-- ,'
, Captain William Ly tie, set). $ , .' ,
i CaDtain Jot.hua Hacilev. . . .. . ' .
- Captain Jalm Beck,- $ ,
; Captain John . ; ; ; . 5 "
. Captain J'JMrphColetnejiitBSror.NashviM.i: .
-W'illiamTait; v. i i.,-' ' -
j Thomas Talbot, .,.'
CJeprge, Poycar, -'. ' . . v ',',' .1 '-. "
.-4- AJt,.uii, . f j ..... . ... ."it -
: Willian W horton. ,r -.
;, -..With other,' ohV yeteraoi cdmposifij' H '
company, all over, ffty jeara-of; age. . .
All those marked thus wcre oETiceif la
tl revolutionary wari.; i ' ..; n i
' .,' ' ' L 1 - , ..
Gen. JAMFR KOBERTSON, ahd tlo
eorps iiMKVINClBLESyou hate tho
-lionor to consnsand. ..... v .j. .. ,
The tender of vour services at the
Ciitis, when cur govcniriient lus Wat tied 'u
to be' watchful, is honorsl'e,' not only to
yourselves, but the country in which we lire.
It-is interesting and graceful at the present
iwntufia. A The eiecutiveof the-uuiofr,,la
whom we all have confidej.ee, will not only
receive it with pleasure, as a nrk of attach-.
tnei'rt to the govern ment and laws t but the
faithful hUtoriu. f passing times, cannot
avoid noticing it s sn Instance of patriotism,
lobe found only in Republics fonheir sup
port, they rest en the opSnion and affections
of the iveonlfl. and &tnA all nAMPhmania
union of sentimcnu. and action is neces
sary. , ... , ,,
jU T houah all citixeni must be sensible of
the ineatimsbl Wcssincswre enjoy, yet your
ani tir...ina,a .f it I In.
with' emotions of ardor asextrsordinsfy aa
he occasion which gate birth lotlicn.-ir.ky
ell men cherish such sentiments, isvmy Vm.
cert wish. , Age,' in a government of laws
and freedom, it entitled to a tlalm of pa-rki.'.
ism, bet it is equally entwled to the highest
respect from youth. The frost of age and
vnrii.iua la ati rim 0m:mJm I 1. . :
the, physical wrid, The'JWpstcd'sttefi.
lion of men is collecterl. ! nd the natursl re
laxation of youth invigorated. " Hews our
union of sentiments la the potitidn,'that all
men ought to contribute their telle, in some
mode, to the publie good. Hut wbm age,
It its widom -bounds beywmls'its ordinsry
p.rrMs os coAin,fi ana admonition jimo tbe
hardy field of eneTnions-l My God how
can I cxprcsa tny sensations !! . '
Age, frem the' immutable prSocipJer'of
thf U fit nature, U eovitlcd to an. ejemp
tion I but should Oie'dariRcr which . threalans
our tountry,i twiwr-yimr srce in the
field, it la hoped Uial t jir nocasinn ' may b
"temporary," and that you will only be wnt
inr in the field of battle,' where youf years
and meriHMioui trrvkMJdll be Juy consi
dered. There .your, commander well know,
that your former snidei, presence and
brkvery wnl.be equal w ' hgiment of men.
Accept the thanks ol Uve goyar anient, and
of your tenrsl, u whom yoti so fenrroua
ly efferrd yonr services, with the st.itimet.ts
f m f fateful fyspect.- -r t i, '
. ANDREW JACKSON.
? i J.Jj. Gen. Sd Division,'