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f' " w " m " fWf"nrT T " y"
' TfcX OTTOM All ffOfttf "A A1T HCSStA .
h is tothe Reteous : observation
of the treaties and, conventions, be
'; tween powers, thathuman ocie
; ties aremueDtea tor, tne tranqmu-
ti this5 Holy observation, scatter trou-
- ble and ( disorder throucrhout the
j universe. - Everv eauitable Sate-"
: wwt5 ccwwuhv i
v, pf: fifths tint flftriri on snrn a tnta. w
I surc until he has examined it wkh - :
. r . -it-" i ! . r,r-i " . !
-the Court of Russia ever preterit H..
iiuuiK lu uikuuiiuiiaiw. ouu vuwvs
y.P 3"'ur"1ii-,:wl I
, vwmjic,,vwwimi,. vi ,
ftfM avidity,, theVtreachcryi ;with
, ; ivmtu u iiuiuisca uic.uwi w no- i
ions, finally its hostile intentions H
v tovvaras tne uuoman oiaies, arftiit.wniinns. r i Pnrt havn:
-r iwAjrsyimauHwiaivuwMwiivMjr., ii
, aanaescenuon wmcu uic ouoiime
3 i one xuspiayea towaras it on e vc
- Tir: occasion, and. answered this
v Anrcrpntinn nnlir hv i1rnrtnttr!i j
. j"?."". : j p'"'-.
, ' ta sris full of sourness and malice.
A mongstother cxamplesthe Court
oi Russia which, in conformity
to the treaty, of, 11 88 (of the He
tht ; Cnmea, employed every ima
ghiable artifice, - to attack the inde
pendence ; of that country, , and
sp read disorder c throughout it ;
-anil at length, even iri the midst
. of (peace. " caused V numerous ar'
my to march thither and took : fori
- 4 "
cib le possession ol that extensive
province. It is - known to every
, Tiaiion, wat "oeorgia was, at an
. tir. Vcs" under the suzcrcinte of the
v ' i ' Ottoman empircThe Court of
; ly by numerous wiles, - into the ci-
in ana rxmucai anairs oi mar
"country, ended at length by taking
possession of it without any right.
' - JThe Consuls placed by Rus
s ia in ihe Turkish towns,' turned
; ttside from their duty the. civil of.
liccr ntraped in the service of
------ -Q o . - -
the Forte, in the places where
ahey resided ; seduced the subjects
of the empire, and having taken ad
vantage .of the liberty of naviga
tion, which was only granted
them for commercial purposes,
embarked these subjects on board
their ships, and sent them into
the countries under the . Russian
dominion, y Independent of these
facts, ' the said Consuls delivered
out protections to - the Ottoman
subjects, and those trading under,
1 the flag's of. their vessels . in the
; Archipelago, in the very states of
.the Ottoman Empire, and' thus.
audaciouslyf inabase and unwpr
, thy manner, ' rendered themsel vcY
'masters of several -Ottoman ves
sels and subjects. 1 .
. u Hopes were, however, enter
tained, dut when ' the tics ' of
, friendship should be drawn, do
, ecr by a treaty of alliance between
" the Sublime Porte and Russia, the
. liner would desist from her pro?
cceiling. . So far, however, from
it, she onlyrnade this new treaty
serve as an casicrlmeans "to er-!
else her.ipad; intentions i andSin;
the treacherous ie ofiexciting a
domcstc troubtes; in ) theS very :
the - subjects of. Servia, and -Sy,
; " Knssia asked lor oermission
t..L .iT.a:.- ru o,u
limn TrtA tfiiift'nf wrrtivt fii
luiifuiuL. . . luauu ., iiu : ul..uloiiuli
transmit her the necessarv firmanv
Which she hat scarce! rpceivd:
wnPTi tn rj a nnmorniia rut-
rnasus, wita aruiiery ,ana vwar-
lite stores; Dy tms means -tney
breed the caj.de ,of Aaafeafa and
dv tortilvinjr nerselt aiterwardsi
e - ave.a new nrbof of her had in
as ;She was iustified in
,noinc:. Dy written remonstrances,
repeatedly transmitted to the llus-
sian' Minister' at' Constantinople,
that this proceeding should be de
sis'ted from,' the latter always gave
most evasive answers, and never
offered proper sausfaction. - The
Conduct of the Court , of -Russia,
particularly after the ' above-men
trary to the, spirit which dictated
it, that it is by that alone, render
"cd nult and void. - It was aerced
upon between both Empiresthat
Russia snouia nave no otner pre
eminence over the SeDtinsuiar Re-
public, which acknowledged Hhe
suzerainty of the Sublime Porte,
than that of guarantee, whenever
circumstances should make it ne
cessary to place troops, there, the
?two allies vere to do so conjoindy,
andtlft' constitution of tlic - said
Republic was to be acknowledg
ed and carried info' e xecution with
the consent of both parties., The
of Russia, notwithstanding
onvention, tjlaccd in these
. this convention
idands as many troops as it tolea-
sed. sent there a constitutiorrdrawn"
uo at Petersburg and ordered it
. , .. . .v. .
to be earned into execution by
those in its service, as in a capa-
city which wholly belonged to it.
Besides which, it made these 1st
ands a refuge for the Ottoman
subjects ot liomelia, secretly or
openly seduced, by granting pro
tection to all thpse wfio repaired
thither.' ; ,Not content with this, :t
set on toot every intrigue against
the individuals in those, countries,
' engaged in . the service . of the
rorte,, and more particularly a-
gainst II E, Ali Paca, Governor
of Janina. ; '
' .".Tlic Sublime Porte had pro
posed in the present' var of: Eu.
rope, to observe the strictest neu
trality towards the belligerent par
ties the court of Russia, on the
.contrary, respecting no law. of
neutrality and in thc formal inten
'tion of troubling that of the Porte,
took advantage of .1 the passage
which had been granted it for a
few men of war only, to get
! ammunition, ' became inar" sup-
great Jiumber; bf .troops conveyed
to the Seven Islands) secretly en1
listed Albanian? joined; them to,'
" If dare d openly to y jotate the rights
bna"tionsf by, Ibmipiitb'anm
urrection at Mdinegra by the'
cliannel of .mandatories
ciuisung wogps oi tnc inierior,-e-by.comimrlin?
!!rnanv' other acta
iKjii uwuiuuica proiccuons in tne
Pfuyipj,.,aiiagnia ano ,'jyfpi-,
da'via," ."appropriated to itself num
berless sibjects; iinder;ffereht
tides ' I; jreated those two ) pro-!
yinces nearly likeits own pbsses-:
sions 5 W Consuls took part there,
in the;direction of aSairs ( it per
secuted with continual complaints
and by all kinds of yexations; the
yaiv6des (Prmcesj appointed by
the) Porte'f Who did not follow its
.will : ffiihi Other hand, t openly
prdtcied tHosf who sliowed alfec
tioii and inclination for itself ; so
that the appointment of a Vaivode
in these two provinces von the
part of the Porte, became an ob
ject of derision. - :h " V ? "
H Although each of these rriev
ances riiight have Jbeenajust mo
tive for a declaration of war, :still
the Sublime, Vote showed an tin-
alterabte'pauence, not because she
inougnt. nerseu xeeDie ana impo
tent, but because the preferred
tnendly means solely through hu
mane views and to avoid the ef-
fusion of blood, The ' following
is a striking proof of it .iTlie
nuDiime rorte lately deposed tne
two Vaiyodes of Moldatia and
1 f w i" . i
Walachia, fiom the exigency of
tne case. 'ine uussian govern
ment 'dissatisfied at not having !
oeen apprised oi tne . iranor v ai-
vode bf Walathia, whose perfidy
has 1een sufficiently proved upon
r several occasions, became hurtful'';
to theJSublimc Porte; if she had i
apprised .Russia of this measure,
he news bf it would have come to
thc knowledge 0f the said -Vai-
vodes, . which' would have occa
i Moned much more embarrassment.
It was lor this reason that Russia
':. j- r... m -r.:-
wwnoi miormca oi u untu aiier
aeposiupn.. , , v ; ,
I Some time afteri the Russian
I Minister atCoastanunoplc deman.
1 .ded, in flie name of his Sovereign,
II that.the.said. Vaivode should pe
reinstated without delay, decla
ring tfut in case of refusal, he had
orders to depart with his whole le
gationr as he had notified to all his
tradesmen andotliers. He fur
ther added, that .his goverhracnt
did not thereby seek a pretext to
realize thchosuie intentions which
might, be imputed to it but Uiat
.the, reinstatement of the said Vaj-
v63einvas his only aim;', that if.
the Porte, would consent to it, all
dlffcrcrexVoiifd be settled be
tvveeh' the two powers ; that he
naa express oracrs 10 imorm ins i
court without delay, of the result 1
Porte conceived by this official dc-
I 'ciaration, diat the Court of Rus-
sia fought n .pretext decidedly to
declare wargairist her: and that
showed that its aim was to Imbuti ' ;
inienuons, wnicu n nounsnea pi its
breast TheSublimeypbrte'cOnir ;
sernied, abhbu ;
to uieVeinsmtement ' the7 skid i-'zji
Jaiyodes, Jeavelthe RiaiiJ'.
-;.ThV Pbrte;thouffhC iti ;fine-' ': '
tlwuhe " , ' :
jastlush atTixdnbuxt' WoVe) , ,
other powers, and would renounce "1 T4rQM
ii$ project of niaking" wk 'against
Uicwuomau liiuirc; uyuo means,
two months an'd anliaif after this
period,' vithout ' there.' peing any
newpretextbf misutideTstahdlngi f
ana irampung upon tn? ignis ot s
nations at the very' moment whert k
every tlimg ahnohheed peace and 4'; ;v
friendship.; Russian , troops' ad- t ; i
vanced unawares upon the Tur- . .
' kish territoiy, "whilst the; 'neigh uil
boring inhabitants, as also the go. . -i : ;
yernment of 'Bender ; ;ahd Choc-
zim, thought : themselves in full ;
safety, unde r the guarantee of the
treaties of friendship. Thc'Rus- ;
vsian generals taking advantage 'of.
this -state of confidence anapeacei
and making use of every kind of 1 ;
anuloe,-;; seized upon these two .
fortresses against the laws of jjal ;
tlont, ncrallyrespected by all
powers.'-: ' h. i"J-".'
The Sublime Porte was not; "
apprized of it till after the event -Jvj
it , demanded explanations upon 7 -,
this head of the Russian Minister ;
the latter made reiterated protes - . . .,
ution4, that he had wntun. the : "
issue of the affair of the reinstate '
ment of the Vaiyodes to this court, ' .
as also the Russian .functionaries r
upon the Dniester,' by virtue of '
tne commission.-. wnicn naaoecn r
delegated tohua for this purpose,; H. ,
and that the present march of the ; ' -Russian
troops' was' not a conse-" -
quence of the s'ame affair.- That-
as for himself, ;he knew of no mo. ; ,
live of ruptureand that his court
had communicated to him no in- -..
formation upon this subject. . '
. M lhebubhme rorte, learning s ,
in so unexpected a - manner the "
news of die hostilities committed
by the Russians the occupation
of her fortresses, and the invasion
of her States,- ought direcdy to ;
have sent away the 'Russian Min-' ' i
ister from thc Capital. Although
it was to return violence for 'vio- 'k -lence,
the Sublime Porte, ever
guided by the love of humanity,
desired, however, to remove the
misfortunes of war ; she asked
ne w explanations of the Russian
Minister ; she fixed to him a terra
for the entire elucidation of. this
affair, in hopes that the court of
Russia would proceed, in time of
peace as in time of war, in a man- -
ner becoming a power; and that
at least not to have to blush before
other courts,, it would respect po-'.
lukaland civil laws.
"Near a month had elapsed
since, the lirst hostilities ot .the
Russians, and the Russian Minis-
tcr gave the Porte no answer, ex.
J cepung his rgtcstbg to have rc