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- it: foreign IatslUginc:. . v
SeUctcd frj GreeitKh Pjptrs tt the W h an J
; Lh it thi9(k tilt, rtccioil bf the Gtori
' and Htd'ert Burns, ariivcdat Nti-TjrX. 5 "
; , in?: 1-,. 'xnaar.f'A
, Tbe Utter riceived b.;tha lau TuWio
, ten:tt4ltc)&jr in. SutU thai ftM&'-htf
rc lirci tli; Qaim.h -UivernmstU l, assist
in u. exckia of.ilva llrttish U-aviramant
ff jo the Ca.uiaiai,ai taut the Saa'ul ka'lntt
ur traiji Bjriuilje rus lci ntio tbo
;J:'rface Rjyilat KiAUtliiUVRia taiUrje their
"' dcmuij . aril -a- soai. corps of Dutch,
. . .French, an 4 Spanish traop hid been caUjct
ed on the blbe lo.enfarce lbm.-,'r-''
At Hamburg, "it appjars that the French
farce .hat been augmented to 16,000 men
that 1,609,000 franci (about 633,0001.) have
.been demanded for the British property there;
that the Coraiuadore of the British squadron
blockading the Elba hi announced tne block
aae 01 Aiipnu ana: uucasiacu, azvcMiut dbi
. ther wine nor spirits would be allowed to
pass through the Watteo. - .
It was last night reported on good authori
ty tht the French had penetrated into Hoi-'
;-atein. . .-V .';"' ' ;.,
: ; Intelligence of the utmost importance,;
from the. Grand : Expedition may be hourly
- expected after Wednesday nextt'U is con-'
aidered' impiiilbie lojprevent the object of
it from being carried iuu effect.' ..' .
'. " . American1 Affairs.1
; J ': London, Aug. 4.' -
-. The difTerences with America are likely :
1 to be adjuted) The riht of searching ships
of war has never, it is said, jecn insisted up
on by our ministers.: J' ' - '
., -7-' " ' ; :.v' ; ''' 'AUGUST'S.
? ' If the late rencontre between hia Majesty's
ship Leopard aiid the American frjgateChes-
, apeake is to be Construed ;uio an act ol uo
tility," the Commander on that station ia a
lone responsible tor the. consequences. The
order issued by Admiral Berkeley for search
ing the. American ship will be found in an
other partf our paper ; and as it enumerates
the causes and provocations which hare led
to such determination 011 his part, th pub
lic Will be enabled la jude of ttie propnety
o'f bis conduct. It appears from the ordr,
that ireqdent deseriions look place from the
liuii.u udron in inc Clteaike ; liiiitse-v-srrl
of ilia men entered on board the Amer
ican'frijjatc,; thatthty paraded thejown of
Norfolk, muckinf "and defvinn the liritish
ipCTiccrs; that apjjficaiion 'for giving them up J
VU made by tuc Umish Consul, at well as
. the Captoins cf tne ships from twhicb ,tleyi
deserted, both to the. Ma igisstrs- tea ot Norfolk
and the officer who recruited for the Chesa
peake, and that no redress or satisfaction was
obtained. In consequence of this refusal on
llie put of the American Magistracy and '
Officers, Admiral Ceiktley'iasued his orders
tft the ships tinder, his command to search,
the Chesapeake for the deserters, .in case
they should meetwith her at sea, and with
out the. limits of ,tb jurisdiction of the U.,
Statetf The msnnerin whici tbeordtrwas
directed to be carried into execution was as
' ' mild and conciliating as it could well be, and
tit little calculated to produce contumacy or,
resistance. It contained a positive injunction
that the American shoulJ be permitted to
search the British ships of war tinder AdrnU.
ral Berkeley's command for dtser'ters, if he
'had reason to suppote thattny were harbour
ed on board them. The order too was to be
shewn to the Commander or the Chesapeake,
previous to any attempt to enforce it, and a
, reasonable dime, of course, allowed for his
determination. " . -V
This is the precise state oi.the cae,'
That the American Captain snd the Magis
tfates fit, Norfolk acted, if not illegally, yet
certainly against tbe spirit and principle of
that kind pf iindertanduig which prevailed
betf r.cn the two countries cannot, wc think,
b'e denied.' .Whether. Ad. Berkeley acted
-'-right its adopting inch a decisive line fpro-
ccedinqf in another question, and to be deter
fafced upon much broader principles.
" ' ,'' ' ', , ' TtavtlUr, .
The Editors of the Ministerial Papers
have, for theprvWnt, agreed that the affair
ft the Ameitii frigate shall be 'decided by
' the Law of Nations. There Is reason, how
ever, to believe that this it onlr a niece of
policy on their part. They have in the mean
time, aant their wits on a cruise op the Ual-
tic, as Or ss Cronstadu.topecp into the Rus-
Siaij dock-yards 1 and we give Mr. Monroe
fair warning thst if he does not adjust matters
be lore they have time to recall their scatter
cd tenses from the Gulf of Finland, he may
expect the Courier, IletafJ,, and Morning
Tost will again coalesce to drive him, Puffeo
. ilorf. Grotius, and the Law of Natious to
the D 1.-4. .... ..
r-1 1 ; -jto c 3t t 6 r
Nw.YorY pipers to ths 4h of lafl
month ar.d Halifax to the of the pre-
cediar , have artived by the Piincats Ms.
ry packet. The Uticlligenco li of great
. It ippears that thl inhabitantiof New.
' Totk are Inflamttl 10 )c Mthefl poITibte
point, at thesffitt between his Miiclly's
fhlp Leopard and the American frigate
Chefjpeikei lhat Ton Meetings had
,bcfn called in evary part of that State,
and particularly at Albany, where the mofl
violent Resolutions bad hem adopted. All
Corarotinicttioa with the (bora , anti the
Britifh Sqaadroft hid been Intercepted (
ro Pilots were. foffred to oa boaid,
nd tha wterinsj-prtie' wcia ttaubcJ
tbd diirca 10 thfit.Jta.fi. , .''
.. -. .... i- '
It is Rated in -fome of the letters that
in conference of. the diUref pecafioned
by this prohibition1, the Engliifa captains
' had been engaged in feverat bloody frays,
' and that - they had landed and fu pplied
thcmfelves by rasin force,' jiving anefti
hated price to thefirit ptrjV Who canoe
' forward to receive it pcaccl)!y. ft-ap-
pears, 'in (hotit that the prcfcnt coridutt
of the Englilh captains and tnelr crews is
as temperate and moderate as ibaf of the
' Americans it violent and outrigeous, ,: v
With refpedt to the States,-.' it teems
that Orders have been . ifTued bj the Seere-
' tary ot War, commanding all the Amcr
lean Officers to repair to Kwioikif ! r
" The order of Admiral Berkeleycon
tains a narrative of circumftances which,
could not fail to try the pat ience of a Bri.
tun commander it appears, that lome
I Eritilh Teamen had deferied front feverat
V veffels conftituting the fquadron off the '
cake : that they had entered oa
board the Aanericaa ftigate, and had o
pcnly paraded the Q-reets of Norfolk, un
der the protection of the American flag
that the Magittrates had rcfufed to deliver
them up i and that the Captain of the A
merican veilcl had equaUy pertinaci6ufly
retained tham. Tbe order then concludes
with commanding the Britilh Captains to'
, require of the American Captain iof the
C tic la peak, that the Btitidi Uapt. mould
fioarcii ris veuci tor ocieners i auu u a
,.:l. . 1 j-f ' . 1.'.. j it -
fimtlar demand ibould te made by the A
merican it is to be compiled with, accor
ding to the ufage and cuQona cf civilized
nations.'' , .. ; "
It isimpolTible to deny that Aimiral
fierkely received a more than 01 linary
provocation, and that his order is cttoceiv
cd in very moderate lermi,' He allows
the fame liberty to the Americans Which
he claims for the Bittifh. tie does not
', firound bis right of Search tipon any afluon
ed fupcrioriiy of pis Count ry--'he does
not claim the Sovereignty of the teas. In
a Word, hit conduct .appears to have been
'much more .temperate than it had 'been
prtvioofly conlidercd even bv. his moil
ilrenuous advocates. - Indeed ; from the
known character of .Admiral Berkeley we
Jcoull anticipate no Jefs.-J i :Jl 2.
It may be necellary to quafity the pre
ceding account by an article ((intelligence II
which we- have- received trotn another
(mirce. v It it stated in a letter of the
firll autho ity, that thefe Commotions
were almoft folely confined to the pop'u
lace, and .that no state liad officially, and
by its MsiflratesV'as yetin any way in.
terpofed or declared its opiuion wish the
fingle exception of the State of Virginia.
The Relolutions of one of the .Town
Meeting? of New-York will be f puid In
another part' of, our. paper.. -They sre
conceived in very antiV. terms, but it
mutt be remembered tlutjthey weie adopt.
ea in me moment or irruatioa., - 1 ..
Sir James Ctaig ia to go out as the
New Governor in Chief of the'EritCl
fofleflions in Spanitli AtnericaV- v !
- - August 8i
From America, wobsve accounts 10
days later than any befori received.1 Jjy
ihtf it aoneart. that Mr. Erfltine wit hot
prefrnt at the examination of the roeii at
Wafhington but fliU it l maintaine'd tjiat
they are American citizens. - Barron vas
diltnilkd. firm the Cbclapeake in feat
difiitace. . It is alledeed aiiainll . him lhat
he pughi to bate beersreadf to op pole hu
mean while hit (hia had a clank remain
ing whole. Mr, Monroe has received dt
pstchesfrom his govtrnraent, and has had
an interview whhMr.Ctnninff. -The As
mericsnslnfiftoa the right of Tearching
being abandoned by Britain .the doQriae
is oppofed by ui ; and, if the difpute is
not and cannot be adiuded. blows mufl
and will moft a (lu redly be leforted td. ;
' The expected embargo on Americao
veftelihat not yet been sdoptcd, but we
are without, the means of judging of the
caufe of this forbearance. We are Infpr
j .Li. .v. 1 . : :..:a.!
akiet the Pio-
communicated to our C
climation of the American Exreutive.
1 It It now reported that the object of the
ExDediiien under Admiral Gambler, lent
to the Baltic is to fee u re io only the Ifl
of Zealand and the Daniflt fleet.' but alfo
the Ruffian fleet at Cronftadt. Some of
the firft houfei in the Ruffian trade have
alven notice for the infurance of their rtro-
perty,,frofn the Ruffian ports in the Bal
tic, free from capture and fcijure., ThU,
circumfiance, probably, gave rife to the
report of a meditated attempt upoh the'
Ruffian fleet. The lad accounts left Ad.
rairal Gambler at the entrance of the
Sound.; 1 ' ' -'
It is now believed that the differ; At di
vlfioni of the Expedition are all to meet a(
a general rendrtvous, and proceed on one
object; at thole which-failed from Har
wich and the Downs did not proceed lo
wards FluOiIngor Antwerp t a fhtp ha-'
viog arrived in the Downs from the for-'
mer pott, which fawnothlnjof tbe'ai, oa
her pillage.;"- ' V
MQa .WcdacIwU; atlfcht, 1 MefTmger, with
dilpalches for Si. Petet (burgh, left town,
and Mr. Jackfonfet oflTior fhe Continent,
the beginoing of the week, on a particti.
lar miffion. . !t is generally foppotej he
is gone to Ruftia.- .. ' :. ; . . '.V ' '
, .Adfi.i received on ,Tuefday indicate a
tlrong probability of the departure of tna
nyjot the 1 Englilh merchants tedding at
Peterfburgh for Qrcat-Briiaia, They eddt
that the Commercial Treaty had been en
larged for three days only, vi. from June
5'48to;jri;'4,u;;:-'! H-SH. :
H Letterl from Holland ftate that a new
' code of, reflr icli v e Jaws againft EnglihV
commerce was immediately to be diftribu
vted and enforced with all poflible rigour,
I the following is an extraft of .a letter
1 received from Holland-.4 It is conjeclui.
red in the hrit circles here, that peace will
be foon fettled aviih Enilandrotherwife
(he wilt hate to arm heifelf againft aU lit
wt'rtV T7 - " "
a.eier recetvea vj me , uoncnourgn
lailaflert that the Emperor Alexander
was recalled to St. , Petei fburgh, left he
fhould ratify, the treaty - with France.
Others fpeculate on an immediate war be
tween (hit country and Ruffia. It is da
ted that Buonaparte has petfoaded the Em
peror Alexander that, the belt; mode of
bringing about a geoeral Peace would be,
by the Continental powers making com.
mon caufe againQ England, and prohibit
ing all intercourfe whatever with her."
-It is reported that the lad convoy for
Tonoingen was prevented from enter! pg
that port, by the commander of the Bri
tifh frigate on that flat ion. Out Conful
tod is faid to have .recommended to the
mafters of fuch Eneliih veffels as were i
that oort. to droo down the river, arid
place ihemfelves under the protcdio of
the ftigate. An expected incutfion of
the French is fuppofed to have led to thefe
-precautionary meafures. -
v ThdWpatcheitranfmitted to Mr. Mon
roe, the American Minlfler at oar Court,
. according-to report, inllruct him. to reCft
the right of fearclu iT ;" ;
' Government have received difpatches
from Lotd Strangford, at Lifbon,which
It is conjectured relate to fome propoGtians
made to Portugal tbrough"Spain,r which'
have for their object tne lulpenlion of all
Jtnefcantlte intctcouifc with this coun
Petfons who have lately paffed, through
'Boulogne flaic, that the. force collected'
there amounts to 10,000 men. Of thefe
4,000 are feamen,' who are trsined to' mi
litary manoeuvres, and exercifed three
times a day. The remainder are compo-
leu 01 nauans, anc oralis irom ine vicr--ynan
contingents. ' ..
The Ruffian Nobility, mod of whom
compofc the Senate, derive their avenues
trom the commerce ot the empire) and
whenever that is cramped, they univcr
f ally become di (Tat it Red. . , ,
All theisxet which fubfifled under the.
ancient .regime in France, have been- re
vived, -and augmented to a degree almoft
intolerable. -.The new impnli on ftltfga-
belle; has raided the value of that commo.
dity to five pence ftalfpenay Englilh per
pound. "The grots annual amount of re
vrntie cnlleded,- ia computed at eight hun
dred millions of francs. '
'-' Glasgow, Aug, 10.
B; a velTel which left New-York on
We 14th' of July, and arrived at Liverpool
on Thuifday. we have been put in polTef-
,fion, through the politeheft of a mercan-
me nouic in tms cuy, or a copy ot. tne.
Prefident'i Proclamation, and of other jn-
Derefling "IbleHigenciTrooT America,' of
the fat ell date. On the matter of reht.
we lAallat prefent avoid all diRcgfDon.
Ai to the probable ' confeqoencet of - the
prefent difpute, our opinion inclines to
war. All awed fhipt in Britifh com
tnlfEnn are prohibited from entering Ame
rican ports thofe at prefeol in American
porta are ordered inflantly to. depart, and
all Intercourfe with them is. prohibited
JJThe only' condition held out to our go
p Vrnme'6t TntTSTf e"M
is fcparapop, a wora ot mucn moment,
and of very Indefinite interpretation. We
think it mod probable that our mioiflers
will fuppoit Admiral Berkeley, and vindi
cate his corkluct..i. '''- '
Under the London- head and in -our-
conefpondent't letter the reader will find
a number of rumoara from the Continent.
A war with Ruffia we apprehend to be not
left probable thao a war with America. '
Stocks have fallen. , . "
"tt V. ' AvouiT'. ..
Up to this hour no advices have been'
received from either the one or the other
diviSonof, our Fleetr, which have pro.
cecr'cd on the Expeditions. .. f
Ia the bouse of commons the f tVorAugv
In a debate on the consolidated fund bill
Sir ThemarTurtorP thought, that in the
present circumstances' it was necessary to
give confidence to ministers. Russia and
Prussia were prostrated at the feet of France,
and our disputes with America increased.
The conduct of the latter country was owing
entirety to the pusillanimity of the late mini
atry, who treated with America with a pistol
Mihclr breasts. '.
, 1 - ...
., - : i. A r
Mi . VV. Smith adverted to what had beea
laid by Sir Thomas relative to America, and '
.said; that when that cotSntry was mentioned,
it could, not be in language too moderate or
too conciliatory.' He was certain that Minis
ters had a very difficult, task to perform with
respect to America, and he belie vedwould be
very cautious how they, followed the advice
of the honorable Borenct.
,, . PARIS, July 85.
'' Yesterday' afternoon,, at 4. o'clock, ' the
Prince Arch-Chancellor of, tbe Empire laid
the two treaties before the Senate, which
have been concluded with Russia and Prus-
" aia. He at, the same Umejjmade a very im
pressive and dignified address to the senate,
ju"':-' ' ', J Treaty' wt A ''Ruttia
.This Treaty is very lengthy. The follow
ing, however, are all the clauses of impor
tance. The femaTnder are merely formal
and such as occurTn every Treaty of Peace t
-Art. 4. Out of esteem for his Majesty the
' Emperor of all the Russia, and to afford to
him a proof of his sincere desire to nnite both
nations in the bands of immutable confidence
and friendship, the Emperor Napoleon wisV
r es that all the countries,' -towns and territo
ries copquered from the King of Prussia, the
ally of his Majesty the Emperor of all the
Russias, should. b restored, namely, lhat
part of the Dutchy of Magdeburg situate on
the right bank of the Rhine, the Mark of
Prignitx, the Uker Mark, the Middle and
New Mark of Brandenburgh, with the ex-
ception of tbe Circle of Kothus in Lower
Alsace 5 the Dutchy of PomeraniajJUpper,:
Lower and New Silebia, and the. country of
Glatz ; ' that part of the district of Netze '
which is situated to the northward of the
road of Deietan and Schnerdemuhi, through
Waldau to the Vistula, and extending along
the frontier of the Circle of Bromberg, from
Driesen to the Vistula and back, roust re
main open and free of all tolls Pomeralia,
the island of Nogat, the country on the right .
bank of the Vistula and of tbe Nogat, to the
west of Old fruesia, and to the northward
of the circle of Culm, Ermeraud. Lastly,
the Kingdom of Prussia, aa it was on the 1st
of - Jan. 1772, together with the fortresses
of Spandau, Stetein, Custrin, Glogau, Breslau.
Schweidnitz, Ncisee, Breig, Kosel and Glotz,
and in general all fortresses, citadels, castles,
strong holds of the countries above named in
., tke same Condition in which they may be at
present, also in addition to the abovei the city
and citadel of Graudentz. " '
3. Those Provinces, which on the 1st of
Jan. 1773, formed a part of the Kingdom of
round, and have since, at different times,
been subject to Prussia (with the exception
of the countries named or alluded to in' the
preceding article, snd of those which shall be
described below in the 9th article) shall be-
, come the possession of bis majesty the kii)g
ot saxony, , w itb power and possession of so
vereignty, under the title of the Dufcby Or
Warsaw, and shall be governed according to'
a regulation which thall insure the liberties '
and privileges of the people of the said dutchy,
and be consistent, with tbe security of the
neighboring states.. 7 '
7, 6. The city of Danltic, with a territory of
two leagues round the same, is restored to
ber former independence, under the protec
tion of the king of Prussia and the king of
Saxony, to be governed by the same laws by
which she was governed when she ceased to ,
be her own mistress. . '" ' '
T. For a communication betwixt the king. -dom
of Saxony and the dutchy of Warsaw,
the king of Saxony is' to have the free use of'
. a military road through the states of the king',
of Prussia.' . ; r ' .
, 8. Neither the King of Prusila, the Kingf
v of Saxqny, nor tbe city of Dantaic shall vp
pose any obstacles to tbe free navigation of
; the Vistula, by tolls or duties. .
..9In erderasfsr as possible to cstablith,
! a natural boundary between Russia and the4
, Dolcbyof Warsaw, the territory between
'the pieseui confines of Russia; from Ihe Bug T"
, to the mouth of the Lasaoba, shall extend in
a line from the mouth of the l-attona along- -:
the towing-path of the said river, and that of
the Bobra up to its mouth 1 that of tbe Karc w. :
' from the mouth ol lhat river as far aa Sura- ?
dia; from Llssa to its Source near the village
of Mein j from this village to Nutzeck, and
from Nutzeck to the mouth of that river be-'
yondNurrj and finally along the towing-
path to the Bug upwards, to extend aa far as
the present frontiers of Ruisis. ; This terri-i
sorr is lorcver unuca 10 KUtsia.
13. The Duke of Sate, Co boor. OWn-
bourg and MecUenburgh Schweren, shall i.
each of them be restored to the complete andt
quiet possession of their estates ( but the porta
in the dutchics of Oldeoburgh shall remain',
in tbe possession of French garrisons till tbe
.Ihe-Difinitive Treaty aball be signed between
France and Britain., , 4 . .f
13. The Emperor Napoleon accepts of the
mediation of the Emperor of Russia, in on
der to negociate a Definitive Treaty ct Peace"
bctwean France and Britain, however only '
rj condition that this mediation shall be ac
cepted by Britain in one month afler the ex
change of the ratification of the present Trea
ty. ,., . , . .
The Emperor of Russia acknowledges Jo.
etph Napoleon, King-of Naples, and Lewie
Napoleon, ting of Holland, Prince , Jerome
as King Westphalia, the Confederacy or tW
Rhinet the boundaries of Westphalia; Ac.
and cedes tbe Lordship of Jcvtr, in Eaau
Friesland, to Iiofland. ,
A cessation jt hostilities between Batik
and Turkey is stipulated, the Russian Irtwp4 1
are to evacuate Moldavia, and .Russia aecepta ,
the mediation of Nanoleon ia tvrrw-;.i
J .peace with Turkey. .
..1 ' , ,