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, , ' ' tbUON, September .1
"yVVunderstand th&t'tDci.piiieparati9n9 ,tn;
1 kiujj'by Mr. 'Monroe. (or hii'departuTrflav
this country) constitute the principal, (''not
only' jjodndfor the ruiiior which, has re-
cently "pjvailed,; ; of an imhicd'ut war be
' tween this country sind America. ' .The de-'
partdre" 6f an Ainbassador,1 which generally
, gives rise to'ruraorV f 4h(s- nature, U not
at all applicable to this particular case. Mr.'
Monroe has had it inv contemplation to return
to his native country, ever sirfee- Mr. Pinclt-'
ney was appointed to succeed him. . But bo
has, agreeable lo the wishes of his govern
"stent, remained in England,' principally, if
in tne negociation, otj.Be American treaty.
Indeed he has been for some months acting;
-rather as the auxiliary of Mr. Pinckney, than
as envoy of the American government. ' Un
der all the circumstances, there fofVifcv
Monroe's departure, which is immediately
expec.ed,""would rather warrant an opposite
presumption to that which was afloat on
'chance upon Thursday, and also yesterday.
It has been thought, that if Mr. Jeflersoni as
has been reported should decline standing
candidate for the office of president,. Mr,'
" Monroe's pretensions would be favorably re
ceived, and this, perhaps, may hasten his
return home. ! v . ' , .- .. GWvN.
f, , September 20. '
v We understand a that our ministers have
given categorical answers to the remonstran
ces and enquiries made by the American Go
vernment, on' the "subject of the late occur-
swers are represented as being at once tem
perate and decided, conceding much to the
honor of the United States, without com
' promising our own. We are assured that
- tne rtgnt oi searcn ts pertinaciously luslsteu
' 1 . t I t. i, t . t a
on, ami mam nas ueeq aeciarea n me .v
merican executive, that the enforcement of
the non-importation act will be regarded as
' declaratory of .war. The decree for sus
pending the execution of that intemperate
act will expire in December, at which peri
od the congress will be assembled, and be
fore which it is hot probable that the mat
ters in dispute will be brought to decision. "
A reinforcement of troops and ships will
shortly sail for the West-Indies", to guard a
. gainst loss frotaaVudden rupture with Amer
ica.. . ', - :.
: Yesterday we received some more Ameri.
can pupers; one of them, which, has been
most violent in its comments on the late e
vents o(T Hampton, makes the following po
tsilive remark on the instructions sent to the
American minister in London : Our tro-
vernmem has sent to England, not to enforce,
. by new arguments', xr rlghj. to "protect, by
' A own flag, those sailing under it it has
riot been sent to enrjoire whether the British
ministry will now allow us the right .they so
often refused sucb a conduct would have
been degrading nd absurd ; but it has in
structed pur minister In make oae demand,
and one only, which is ' That atonement
and ample satisfaction should be given to the
propie vv nrnerter r uie-rourtier oi-ineif
cotiittrymenon board a national ship, and for
the dishonor done to the, nation, by taking !
out ol their ship, by force, four men, said
to he deserters, but -who are every one of
them Americans by birth.' . Ibid. ',
...... September 27. ".' t
Tn our last number we mentioned that
our ministers had, in their discussions with
the American government,' declared, that
they would consider 'the enforcement of the
non-importation act as a declaration of 'hos
tilities. We have been since informed that
Mr. Canning has distinctly announced to Mr.
Monroe, that the British minister at Wabh
ingtdn,' has been 'instructed to demand the
repeal of that law, and to terminate his mu
sion,' should the American executive persist
in the execution of it. . .
In frying and executing one of the deserters
, 'taken on board the Chesapeake (a letter which
we have seen, states that tro of these had
oecn nung on ooara tne iciarapus,j nts
nirMwril the auesiion at iliuei liitrt rin
rto longer exist a doubt that the searcen al
luded to were British subjects, and, the excr-
lions which Amends has made to trteouraee
cestrtion, ty proieciin5,-riTionsncitrie
; necessity of our ngialy enforcing the tfght
of search. The decision of this court mar
1 tial, which so .emphatically contradicts the
assertion of president Jefferson in regard to
these men, will doubtless revive the, now al-
. most,cxpmng clamor in the United States;
l'Ul'we have the satisfaction to believe, that
our ministers, while, they are desirous, of
conceding to America every, thing which
. honor or equity demands of them, are not to
ka lHl.H.M.Ia4 I.W Ik. fMllt. ll M at at ! H r. 1. .
" journalists, or tho weak subserviency of her
jroTemmenU .. . Cvufier.'1
" September 29. ' .
The ststements concerning the negoclation
tot ween Mr. Canning and Mr. Monroe on
tbe subject of our diutrenees, with America,
have been more contradictory, rrluM than
the reports of any other public disco fort of
equal importance not can the Journalist,
. of knowledge, or who is not conversant with
what passes M in the best informed circles'
obtain any satisfactory data, to justify the o-
It was but yesterday that a Treasury Journal'
, antOuncea ion,puouc, -n w uuncr
Kood, frm rttptddlt euihoritjt that the- de
finitive answer of vestment .had teen gtv-:
iento Mr,' Monro on the subject df our dif
ferefices with America -,'Van.d the naturtT pf
that answer, conveying the determination of
Pfeat-Britaln to enforce, the right of search
in ships of every description was then ex
plained,' , This: morning, however, 'the same
Journal, without deigning to acknowledge
its error of yesterday, or even attemotine' to'
accbunt for the mistak of its respectable
aumoniy: observes, that much uncertainty
and anxiety continues to prevail respecting
the ultimatt issue of the negociation with
America , acknowledges that itis a matter
of difficult and doubtful , decision but de
clares itr hope that the Negociation will
terminate pacifically" ' ; ; ;
- It would really seem to us, that a Journal,
which, can one day insert an article of infor
mation, as founded on Tespectable authority,
wnicni on the day following, can assert
an ppinion, and express an expecution, di
ametrically opposite from the fact previously
advanced,) must be very indifferent in respect
tor its own consistency and character, and
wholly regardless of the public feeling and
opinion. Pilot. ' .".5 ,r . ; -, -.
fey the following interesting decree, it apprs
. . .uiaiine iTh govcrnDaent.ar drying
. ugnter ana tignter the restraints upon lieu-
trad' commerce, and affording additiolal
provocationa to the Lnglish' to adopt sini-
tar measures. .;..;-. ;
DECREE AGAINST ENGLISH CO
V ; - MER.CE. .
" - ; Hagvk, Sept. 3.
Louis Napoleon, by the grace of God ai
tne coftimution of the kingdom, kinir
Holland. Considering that, consistent wi
the true interests of our' kingdom, it is oi
dutytby aiLthejneantLjnjouEjpowcr, to ci
operate in the desired execution of the gre.
measures adopted by the emperor and kin;
against, the common enemy, for the purpos
of obtamine: a eoneral Deace. and the inde
v s -
pendence of the seas considering that somi
subaltern agents have rendered themselves
criminal by want sf firmness, and neglect in,
tne execution pt tne measures directed by our
decree of, the 1 5th of December, 1806 con
sidering the artifice and bad faith which have
been employed in .several ports of the ene
my, with respect to the papers of neutral ves
sels, and by which the health of Europe was
put to hazard, by making out letters of quar
amine considering, finally, that all those)
irregu.an.ics nugni io oe terminated at mo-
tnenl so critical for the enemy of the wholef
i.uiuiiicni, uuu in pHriivuiar ui an commer
cial states i and that the honor and the dear
est interests of our subjects wbuld be compro
mised, were tbe strict execution oi the laws
and decrees passed for this purpose over
lookedwe have, therefore, decreed as fol
lows: 'Art. I. The agents arrested inconsequence
of the oi-dar t( uur minister of justice and
police, snail be Drought before tne competent
courts to answer for their conduct according
tothelaws. ""- T
ii" The vessels stopped in our harbors, a lilt
of which is subjoined, shall be decided us-
on by the competent tribunals. . .
3. Kcckoning lrom tbe date ot the presest
decree, all vessels' entering inwards shJi
have a double security, which .shall .remain
until the legality of their papers be fully ac
knowledged, and Until it be proved that theie
vessels have not touched at an enemy's port.
4. In case the papers shall be false, or it
shall appear that, contrary to the declark
ration of the captain, the ship had touched it'
an enemy's port, the double security shal) )c
immediately demanded of the sureties, asd
the amount paid into the public treasury.'
5. Assoon as the security shall be Settled,
the delivery of the ships may take place in
the presence of the persons appointed to su
perintend it by the minister of finance, who
shall take care that the owners do not unload
any articles which may be presumed to be
English merchandize. ...
6. If it should be proved that the goods are
of English manufacture or have come from
an enemy's port, they shall not only be cori
fiscated, for the benefit of 'the public treasu-,
ry, but the double security shall alsnbe levi
ed and the Ship shall be obliged to put to sea t
and The same shainiTcaif Tf bad wjather,
except under the strictest precautions.' ' ,w
7. Alt correspondence, journals kc Which
come in neutral flags, shall be seized add
burnt. ' - - ' ' i;s
t.-Alhpassengerr or traveUertiwho-'can
not prove that they do not coma from ' (ho
British Isle, shall immediately be lent out of
the kingdom. . ,
. 9. All prohibitory -regulations respecting
the commerce with England remain in full
force, in so far at they are not altered by the
present iccr.ee. . ;i .
I0l' Alt whe contravene the present regu
lations shall be tried and punished for diso
beying tbe taws, . . . i
tl. Our minister of finance Is 'solely and
personally answerable for the strict execution
Qf these jegulations Q.ur ,minister.at. war
shall place at his disposal such troop, and
vessels as' he may demand.
, We have now a fullconfirmatiopof thtjcepl
tulation of Cepeoharen, and of the surren
der to the English arms on the fth of Sep
tember. It is evident that no want of bra
very w discovered b'y the troops or Inhabi
tant! within the walls or the city.' Ot the
movements of the troops upon the Island of
Zealand W Kate YfctKcbuats. . Whether
they were id positions to relieve the city, or
in separate ;c6nimirfds In different parts
the island, Is.riOt yet explained. Tbe cipltu
latien 'by general Peyman, obliges the sur-
' i. :. - - ' ' ..
render of tbe'citadel and arsenal, and of all-
ships of war 'of whatever name, with all 'the
naval stores in the city. ' The transport ijor
the British troops are to have liberty to enter
the port, and within six weeks the British
are to leave the city. Hostilities during this
time are to cease upon the island of Zealand,
and no private property is to be disturbed-
The prisoners are to be restored, and the
EaglisS property which had been sequestrat
ed In this unsuccessful struggle, Copea
hafen has lost not only its suburbs,;but a tenth"
panojf the city by .fire, and a third' of the
fore which, were provided for its defence.
No iccasiorf has been givep to blame; the
courfee of the patriots who ineffectually re
sistefthd British invasion. K '- '-e . , !
Bjthe same papers as give us the captty
lation we have assurances that the Prince of
Dcntiark had not consented to acknowledge
this ipitulation. It was expected that an
alHanlp would be formed with the French,
and tie Danes were preparing to passThe
Belt ito Zealand. Nothing then is done
but tbefapture of Copenhagen, and by this
the capture of the Danish fleet, of which we
have sedn no official account in any of the
public documents from the commisioners.
The history of the siege, the condition of the
city, the military operations, and the modes
of defence, are still to be expected. The con
dition of the inhabitants will be interesting.
The political consequences of this bold en
terprise, will probably be serious , We. ap
prehend that they will be importanf in all
the affairs of the northf, and contribute to
extend the power of the French upon the
Baltic We shall listen with attention to
every event which arises from the invasion of
Denmark, and the resentment which will be
discovered throughout Europe. :. While the
English are in possession 6f Denmark, the
French have made a completeconqucstc.fr
Swedish Pomerania K its dependencies. Ru- ..
gen, the island which lays south of Zealand'
upon the entrance of the Baltic, is now in the
possession of the French. This island, upon :
lines from its extremities, would be 20 miles
square, and it is greatly indented, furnishing
many harbors. Its principal place is Bergen,
which had about 1500 inhabitants, and about
SIO houses. On the island are reckoned 27
parishes, and it has several smaller islands
in its dependencies. The Danes relinquished
all claims to it, in behalf, of the Swedes, a
century and an half ago. The Swedish Po
tnecania was reckoned to contain above one
hundred thousand inhabitants, and of the
four great divisions the principality of Rugen
is, one, and well situated for commercial pur
poses, and not. without its share of agricul
tural advantages. r
, We hear nothing from Russia which can
determine the purposes of that court in re
gard to the affairs of the north. . Storch con-'
eludes from the military recruits, that the
Russian empire certainly includes more than
forty millions of inhabitants, as two men from
every five hundred gave more than sevemy
four thousand Sir. slorch's account is ac
commodated to the year, 1803. At the end
of that year the whole mass of regular troops
amounted to 395,000 men, including above
3,000 cavalry, and -iOQO infantry of the
guards, 49,000 , , marching cavalry, above
200,000 jnfan try 20,000 garrison troops, and
42,000 artillery. With the invalids and ir
regular troops, .the total exceeded 493,000
men,' exclusive of thirteen thousand officers
of various names. In the account of the
marine, the whole number of useful and new
ships, including 32 ships of the line, 18 fri
gates, 50 transports, and 220 games, making
in all 5,598 guns. -The new harbour at Ara-
bat, on the sea of Asoph, lor merchant ves
sels, was to be finished in the present year at
an expence exceeding 6.,wu rubies, uut
great as is the military force of Russia, this
is not supported by the pride ot character as
in France. It is known that the people prac
tice tnany mutilations to render themselves
unfit for military service, and in some govern
ments it is said these mutilations so far ob
tain, that whole villagtscan be found which
cannot furnish a single recruit. . It is still con
fessed that civilmuoruncretiei in that vast .
empire. 1 hcclergy are encouraged tb attend
to agriculture, and they have assisted to im
prove the condition of the people. Accor
ding to Mr. Storch, in the course of two
fears from the order, of Feb. l803,16iOOU
persons, had risen to tbe condition of free hus
bandmen. Such encouragement has been
riven to agriculture, that even tbe wandering
trtbft-of-Tartari-have bepun to adopt habits.
of tillage. Several agricultural schools are
established, from which the most sure disco-.
veries and the best' information may be con-'
stsntly obtained r -
Next to the afTairstof the North, the conditi
on of Portugal becomes interesting. Upon the
event of the present' French "military move
meats many things have been predicted. Tire
north eft parts of the present Spanish domin
ions have been assigned to ' a new power, jas
well as the parts of Spain which bound With
the southern partsofFranceupon tbe Mediter.
ranean.'That Portutralis to be eriventoSpainin
cxchanire for the rich portionsof itsdoroinione
which'are to be severed from its pdwer. But
of these speculations we have no official re
ports,' and though in the spirit of the times,
tbey bkVe been too often anticipated to be
confounded, for a moment, with facts. It is
reported, that the Enjrliih Intend to seize the
Portuguese islands, and that the intentions df
France have been announced to the court oi
Portortal, but oothins cant fct be affirmed on
these subjects. . ' . '
The situation of Commerce In Europe be
cotneimore ascertain The rigour of the
French decree againstthe English commerce,
see mt essential to the purpose of humbling the
power of that nation, and thVs rigour Must im.
pose many evils opon neutral-commerce. v.
Each nationat war will be jealous, not only "
of JLhe advantages which the belligerent pow
ers may enjoy, but each will be jealous of '
that prosperity which every nation must have
that can preserve peace; It is said, that th
English, under some limitations not yet fully
known,' intend to raise the blockade of the?
Elbe, the Weser and Ems.
; : The last accoents -from- England- are not
more Unfavorable to our peace with that na- r
tion thart those before received', and some
hopes of , a peaceful settlemerttf are indulged. ,
The English in their Colonialtrade continue
to provide for an intercourse with our States : .
i ne trade ot Jamaica is Kept open, ana a new
Custom House is opened on thje north - side
ot the island,' at Port-MarU.
Mr. Robertson, in a late communication
made to the Royal Society, has related ".."re
markable circumstance in tbe history ot the)
variation of the Yomnasa. . Since 1660. tha
Compass ;hai not varied at Jamaica. It is
now what it was in the times of Halley, 6 4
degrees east. - Of the grants a map was ' gir '
en upon a magnetic meredian, and the di
rection of the magnetic meridian remains ther
same. Since (he original grants, new maps
upon new scales, have been constructed, and
-all of them are found to afcree with the first .
maps,' ib the direction of . the magnetic me
ridian, ; If the boundary line passed through
a forest of marked trees, such trees as are
found are coincident with the present magne
tic meridian. . The districts' were divided
formerly by the cardinal points, and exami
ned by compass, the lines are found the same
Such well attested facts discover to us hovr.
little is truely known of thejscience of mag
netism. And as very' much depends upon a
full knowledge oi the variation, the enquiry
is recommended td every- friend - of- useful
discovery. . - -
Dr. Waterhouse, of Cambridge, has lately,
communicated, from a Madrid Gazette, an ac
count of the return of Dr. Balniis to Spain, af
ter a voyage to communicate the vaccination
to the Spanish territories. He sailed from
Corunna on the 30th November, 1803, and
was with his Spanish" majesty on the 7th
September last. He passed to the Canary isl
ands, and then the company divided, part go
ing to the Spanish continent of America, nd
part to the American islands. , From Ameri
ca the discovery was made , in Asia. From
Acapulco, Dr. Balmis passed to the Philip
pine islands, and from the Asiatic islands to
Canton. He has ndw returned to Spain with
every testimony that in this work of humanity
he has discovered just zeal, and has been
crowned -with uncommon success. We are
'happy to find also that the emperor of Russia
has assisted the vaccination over his vast do
minions, and that it has been widely diffused
in Siberia. ' '
The Quebeck Gazette informs us that It
gen. Sir J. H. Craig had arrived, on the 1 8th"
Octrat ttivt ihp as eotmnoi:d-r it kif of
tb.- British colonies of North America. The
cirewmstances in which he enters upon hie
government, carry with them no appearances
of hostile purposes, and tend to calm our
fears of any unfriendly purposes from these'
A Phitidelphia paper in . stating the pro
gress of settlements and improvements in
Pennsylvania, mentions that in Huntingdon
county, upoft the Juniata, are 45 grist mills,
69 saw mills, betides dthef mills, 94 distille
ries, and 15 tan yard." 1 ' Essex Register.
" -I " tlc. Mu,tr,oc' icccivva among
'X 'ncr Goods from on board the fchoo
ncr I ndullry capt. Connelly from New-.
York, ten quatter calks of Wine marked
diamond T The owner is reauefted to
takepbQctTioo thereof and piy charges, "
H. k W. Mitchell.
Wilmington, Dee. I. .
t Cleaning, Filing & Setting Teeth. .
- . , -
: . 7 ..Dentist,
11 ESPECTf ULLY informs the ttV
'JLv diet and Gentlemen of WnmiogToo,
that he' will praQice in the various bran
ches of DtwTisf aY, if honoured by tbeir
calling dn him' at Mrs. Smith's ij or will
-Iaaaa4 -a um k, " Tl fill Ml liM . I iK 1
- For Cleaning three Dollars, and fix for
Setting. - - . -
Wilmington, Won 17, 1807.
firry lott Jar Cath, r Afelfl $1 60 dajt with thi
bisctunt Uttded, pajdblt and negoeiablt el tht
1 Bank of Capt'Fart tht JWowing rihUtt
. Kit. ; '
5000 bofheiiLlverpool alt 1
3 torn Bar Iron of a Superior quality
l hhd. Apple 'Brandy .
4 khds. Molatlei 1
4 tiercel & 3 barrsis Sugar .
330 do. Turpentine, pibcipally fcup
ingi " ' --' '
And a general iITortment of Dry Good,
and Groceries by retail. ' ' '
Apply to " - ' ' '
;U. UUULSY, lunr, agent
:fot C. DUDLEY
1 Sea ti