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. Number . .' ' - - VlUUNCiTUH, (JY. iubuixi, afrii- r - r -rv - : . J
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; GASTON'a, SPJEECH,
5' A-''M,TH5 XOAW BIIU "i:.t'
v JrtlUTABT COCRIPIIQ-nCOSQPEST OP
' .;'" . CAN ADA. .; .,'4
Atr.jPiwrman--Turijin7 from die gfoo
4 tfiy, vievf 6f thi effect of w Canada war,
ny attention Is arrested by another. Conse
. aence like!? to folio ifr from it. on which
X Ul Cc long detain you, bat which is not
r in their fcfEartt overtake it, tliff iqhjett
fcecomtis more Valuable ia theit,estuftation
and tuccess is more iadentified with their
pride. --.The cofKniest of Canada contem
plated as -adt ta?y spott; ! without a fixadf
, uesiga ciuicr eep ic ro secrqr sur
Vender U to purchase rights, has, front it
difficulty' swdled into an im'nortaixce which
. Causes' i tar be aluedabby all rights.
f lAtriotisni 1 was relied, Ion to .fill; tne rants
M the invading army t but it did not suflU.
iently wswer the sail. Thesti ranks. how-i
V : ..-..j ; Wd to-Thi! most enormous price' js .bid
) i -v ': ioVvsoldiers; that1 was ever ottered in any
HlyS'ffS6 w countryr ? Should thi faUwht'
I iVHw P?xt cheme.?-i-There is q4 reserv'e or
, .imttfienw nas joeen avoweo l mat
the next scheme is la tonscription. f t U
known that this scheme was recommended
jtyeji mhjs sesriqft by thft wa .department
first the effect of enormous bounty.. The
:-' Jteemen of this," ''country are .to be drafted
- vfrom the ranks tof the mMitia, and forced
abrad as . 'military machines, to. wige a
.war Of. conquest i Sir 1 have been ac
customed to considerthe little share which
"T havri in th nnnsHttifinn nfti ITn?M4
U 'i "States as Ue piost taluable patrimony I
V- jl.. 'haveulea to those beincs in whom I
.v.. ifopt my name iad remembrance to be per
'7 ?Tjetuatedr. But I solemnly declare, that if
itdtution. I shall fecrard U as without vat
; , and care not For'its pre4ervatibn" iijvcq
; r:mnaf Occwne w passive ana svji ,
' -T iiUlls aVTiati tolWfi tfiC faculty .ot feeling
' "-! ftppresaion, aod the capacity to perceive h,
even thre, sir. the tyranny of conscrtptioo
- rouses him to the assertion' of his innate
? 'redom, to ' struggle against slavery in
iu most malignant form. .' No, sir, cot
the dread of all the Revere punishments
i : ordained for refractory conscripts, nbt.the
peine do boulethe ttravaux publi.
'ueSwDor death Uself, can stupify fcira in-
. 5 , ' ' , r
,to seeming; submission. .'He vlelds only
, , to ' absolute force, and is marched.to the
field of gWy manacled and hand-cuffed
w And is. such, a principle to be introduced
Into our benign, out free institutions? 'Be
, ; Titve mi, the attempt will be fataL-lt kan
' At Heredbukby roUiurrterror---It,wni
l the lignal fandrawing the V iwrd a
, laracv Americans.iire not fitted to be Ue
laves of a irstem of French conscription.
the most deteuble of ; the inventions of
' - tvtsnov. Sir. I hear ft Whispered near me;
' thil if not worse than; the impressment of
V 4 , fceamen. It W worse, infinitely worse.
' '(Imriressmtnt forcea teamen to serve In the
, 1 public ships'of- Uieir eountryi instead pf
torsuing their occupation in the , merchant
ervice. It changes their ; employment to
. bhemoVe tlgarousf longer continuance,
" of oreater dahgen. But it is yet employ-
' went of the same kindIt is yer employ;
lnent for which they are fitted by tuige and
. education.. But coascriptioa is iodiscrn
' ihinate in the victims of iu tyranny. The
ae not the pursoit of the cpnscr'tpt is the
.-... -0u rriterion 6 hie fitness Whatever be
his habiw, whstef f r his immedinte vWws,
whatever his desisrned occupation ia life.
' h stern mandate tears him from th roof
of his father, from the desk, the' olRcr, the
touch, or the workshop, and he it tarried
, lartr'm home to fitght in fbrfigit climes
thebatdesof umbition.' But, sir if con-
, 1 acription were no worse than Impressment
I sHould not ' lose my objectioes to it--l
-. am hot ore pared to assent to the introd ac-
- . . tifo of either conscription or impressment
into my country. ' far all the Untun ter
" If Hie iw rirms punhmems upoa U wh n
vfairt pavAt fr4 talks tBy
'tMmot ia oci n4 Wxri sr ita pwr)
ritbries tn the; Western', World I would '
o vigh. for;TSailo.t$. Bvgh yet ritjett
on ! oar.. iucns icnim wuuv
Fight for rights pd the ocean, jmdannuu-'
late ttie most Drccious of all rights at Koine!
-the ?ighttf.a Freeman never to bet for
ced out of ' hi Own eotmtry !r How alar'-
in it, ardor, for attaining tft,0bjec trW
this ?cheftiew (fonqwess, is a.toracon.yhich
1 mca.iuot; ttt&rj?rfsfi-.tot iwit
tanr that should j lor otters liave allyi??4
uaaa, tnatJ you1mayi overrun tne owcr pro
vince I hfclicve-But that van will take
Quebec, while the 'mouth pf the St Law 1
rence i commanded OV m hostile, fleet. I
cannot., belie ve-U; a ppposite fought
sometimes get possession oi- ,my vimajjiua,
tfin.' I find it'sbrineirur from that. impulse.
of the heart which makes me fan
perched on. the standard of my eoantry,
and not the result of an exeVtion tt the f un
'deetandin g-But; sir, if you sh6uld cn
quer the Canadas; subdue Nova Scotia and
possess yourself bf all ther British territp-i
ties 'b KAmerica-i -If lafter impoverjjhin g-
your country oy ruinous loans ana grinu--mg
down your wople by oppressive taxes,
you should wade-at last through the hor
rors of invasion, massacre of prisoners, t
fvilc ar,Tarid I teilitafy consetiptibn to
to ne.nov oaruc odjcgi n your wuc ,
I pray you, sir, what is then to be done ?
What do you dcstgWto do with the'c6n-
qoeredtprritofyrVVe ty'dl keep it say the'
gehderaanv from Vermont and . Pennsylva-
nia f Mr. Bradley and Mr." Ingerioll.) We
will Veep it "because it is an Object withouc
people because ": if will.'tep 'off ladian
wars and retribute-us for, the wrongt we
nave sustained . i oeaeve, inuccu, mat, u
conquered,' the're will be powerful party
tn tkonnrtK anrl anl tViot wilt m&
t. ectsStpt I
to part With it, with WtMr,
Butho shall ItW ?iacdnqiiered II
rt toTt-'Or .tXaKpri,;jawaiC5 fPftvJ
enereu, people wiuun, acu tne tiuun
ot a powenui, proua ana irruaiea encntv
without, that enemy master oi tne sea, al
ways able to invade and to succour tne in
vaders; Will require a military strength and
pecuniary expeuditue not less continued
or less iu amount than were demanded to
take itSuch a conquest is never finished
when nominally effected tt m to betx-guo.
But we will incorporate it into the Union
Aye, thii wold be-indeed a pleasant re
sult. Iet my eouthern inenos-wt gen
tlemen who represent slate holding States
attend to this.; now wouiumis prpjecx
take at home? ' What would their constil.
uenti rive to half a dozen new states made
ou:of the Canadas ? It is, besides, sonota
bleaa expedient for strengthentno, ,the M
two, and so, perfecdy iaaccordaooe with-
. .. t - - t L ,
the principles of our form ol governmeirV
We are to firce men into s- tssoct-uion
the very life of which is freedom, and the-
ore sin ot mat me .unrciiramea twice i
And to fflve vitrour to the pailon. we are to
admit into its counnls, and into a tree par
ticination of its nower. men awhose dislike
of itt government hs been. strengthened
into abhorrence ty. the exasperations
. .. rr . " a
wan ana au .wnose auccuons ac mea
upon Us .etemylBut at all events you are
tokeep the Canadas, ', Whr.t thc-p wiU)ou
do about sailors rinhts f You will not be
jot nearer to them then than you are now
How wW ytu procure them or, seek to
procure , them r will you tneo trpn in
toou earnest to protect or fcoiaw them o"
nsvw snesna i tvouta not ue surnsoic
. . . Wt r t . 1 - t l' II
to attend to this declared object of the war
ntw rather than wait until after the Can a-
oian sencme is enecua.i crroaps vou
mean to keep Canada aud abandon sailors 11 decUrrd, If wedo nodting against lite pos
tigbts If so, why; not avow to the people' 11 sessions of the enemy t - Yes, sir; It is the
that it M csnewtf yoia hght .for and not
firm r uui pernaps n is uesirneq nea
the conquest is effected to give it back to
Britain as as equivalent lor the cession
Her Dirt, of some, maritime richt for the
privilege that our ships shall not be search-
ed for 'Untikh sailors. . Cm .this question
you may make an arrangement practically
securing all we ought now to centred for.
You will I hone make it in the pertains no-
r oclution Hut that by a urrcnder &f Ca-
r via sfcrr it iscononcred von mar ourchase
from hnr a disavowal or relinrruvihaneat of,
the right, to man esa believe who nndet-,
stands either the views or the' prejudices of
that people. 1 hey believe the right eiKh
tial to their navsl eaiitroce,' lo deter their
Seamen from general desertion-All claa
ses in that country so regard u-wt know
there is not a difference of epbiem tmoog
any deception ot politicians In the kingdom
sy efyouj '(aiid I btlWve some oi thetn
havji) itis not a' jealousy of your tcrrUorU
al extent ;W - of your . .fitness to become
their commercial and. naval rivals ' Can H
hi believed then thai they would compro
mlse in a eurrender' of a clalnv which stir
renderedt in their judgment, weaken ihetla
and invigorates you.iert l,idQne they are
fipprehenfiivc of com petty on jat'tHee
of pre venting an accession to y'b'ir tetritbry
wmch'extendiyOur ' limit' , while it takes
iyay;from,yctor'; .strength J! .j Indulge. ;o
uUtlkTiitiotb-w Vert-.nad' thousand
rie mote importariV1 rHai -tbn'
were )et ofLss value than her atal pow-fr-
For ihe iake1 'of it V'ahVouIl never,
yield principle ckihrhich that naval Jw
er deuendaJ : Nal sir. the 1 return of con
quered Canada, even widVihe hoedfot,
agency in our favour ai, ik iuiu
peror, would noty weigh, a feather in the
Jcale Ugainst whai she detms her first great
lational interest, V As It regards too these
fanpied exertions 4f Kussia ia our favour,
gentlem en surely dettive themselves.1 How
ever; attached Russia may be to the mtt
liberal princiuits of cOmmerctallnteKoilrse
she" never will array herself , against, the
richt of 'the WveYeijrn la compel thever-
vices" of his sea-faring ;jbjectsOn this
head her policy is, hot less rigorous (to say.
the least) than that of England I will not
jjc mvip pui mumia Biiuii tunc ww jiivt
Jbably she w" the" gounds, of, my belief --
i ' But; sir; among the reasons for prose
luting the in vasion of Canada one has been
gravely stated of a very peculiar kind.
Canada, saj s 'a gentlemaV from 'Soutn
Carolina, (Mr. Calhoun) thduli be inva
ded tQ'protect.our, frontiers fcnd'ca-board
from iavabbn-it i wLl't imnnmir!
land ettectiitl method of defence. ' Altho
jKnsiaVraAo presents ' nothing very
t 'tnlentlid to our view, vet it would b worth
n oilier reons. for the iDvitsion if it were
II frujodtfa on fcu.tcyuv ask. the people on
VQUt frchliers aud on your ea-buard, and
tVo ,r i inc invasion
hich rndangrrs them The most tiTectu-
al defence to tliem would be an , abandon-
meet of your scheme.4 Sir, an invasion of
the,United Swtet, but lor the purpose of
diverting your forces from Canada or . re
torting on yoh the distresses ol war, can
not enter into the scheme of British or Ca
nadian policy. ,It is not to he prosecutedt
but at. vast inconvenience, and txpraee.
with great loss of useful soldiers, ander a
certainty of ultimate failure, and without
hope of glory or gain. , The Canadian veo
manry, treed irom tne terrors ol invasion,
winchcertuuy resume tnelr peaceful Occu
pations and such of the British regulars
at are not required for ordinary garrison
dutv. instead of bcinff employed in a mi-
siraU. predatory, i-et'dtstructive border
warfare w3 be teat to mingTe In the Euro-,
II pean strife where renown and empire are
the mighty stake Surely this h emnhati
cully the age ana tne government of. para
dox.1 ; A war for free trade is watwd
. . - .
by embargo, and prohibition ef all com
mercial intercourse sailors' rights1 are
secured by imprisoning them at home, d
not permimng mem to more irom place
to place within their prison.' but bv a li-
cense Jroflj a collector like a negro s past,
wu vuwnm uu uic sccuruy oi a oonas
man nd our frontier and sea-board are
to be defended by an invasion f Canada,
wnicn can atone enoonger an attact I ;
' i But the real efficient argument for per
severance in the scheme ot- Canadian coo-
Jueit has beta, given by the gentlemaA
rem Tenntse (Mr. Grundy). H't made
the war on Briuio, says tlic genUemtn, fx
-w-ii ...I j.r. .
nan icauni auiKIVCI 'U) oeicnsive
I I a: a. a
measures i r or what curoose was
II cnnsideration that this war wu originally
ii oncisrre on our siae, that creates the.'I
II fear, tasuperable obstacle to our disconun-
II nance ol iu. . It were virte ta lament that
II Kcntlemen are onder the influence of fed.
II Tnes which belong to ; human : nature.- It
II would be idle to declaim aftmnst the siu
fulness or the folly of false pride. All must
aamn mai ii w one oi tne trtatrst enorta
of magnanimity, to retract a coursepublic
y Jlaken, and c the comctntss of whWh
reputation is staked. If twwvoriblc rtotlt-,
rAroxou'd but perceive that this diflUulty
is one oi priue ouiv. and of wide otwo.
in j uitir tounvj soesi interests, I enow
tnat they could, end believe many of them
w0uiu, miit me tuort t'ainlul as msr
be the acknowledgement of political enor,
yet u iney tiearly ssw that erJirr LhJs hu-
i miliatfoa muf.t be endurid, or tlyt iiatioa
ruined, they could fiot hesitate Ja thtir:'
cholc between suck Alternatives. ;But, j ''
sir1 1, wish hot o presentsuch alternativ: ,
'o their electtonTSa difficult ith'vcf- pr'
dude 'conviction! afeiTngt w-liich the oridei
of the heart rebeh,-'tbat IVill not attempt -
i ' j ? . -J. l'. .tt. i - "
WbwledgemehtVfJti" nXi i;f,They rtay
-They' may" oiei-'e;;:xecttfioii' cf rfc
their' Bchettfe of "invasion : wtaout atf' v-
new; without h.onjihatiott; restrict ' thimv - 1 1
selves'tbMefeneevVElthough'the vrar was ' '
Irtlti brigin'risii'e.;'; A'iccond-4Vcra , y
Jble opportunity presented f- restoring i k
tranquitlity 'to our once fcapfcy ct-uhtry-j-y r
council, - was auffered to pass iani mpravetV" ' J
Iet not this be lost-aithird may aot short , 1
ly occurs iYoafvenemy has invited diu ' t
rect neeotiatioit for the restoration ot peace" -1
YourexquUveiijts accepted tht offer anl,
minister have rjea appointed Jo roect tna
commrtsioner:of thejOppoBite party r
This circumatance"buglvt to produce an en
tire and essentia) change in your policy,
If the execudye be sincere a. hevaccep
tance of this proposition he must haye CT
ed pn the, hope xhn an iaicaU adjust '.'
'ment oi differences; might be made. 1 Aa4
while there is eucha hopr.tuch a prospett;
on what principle tan you justify in vtsioa
and, wnqutstf.i Force isthe substitaie,
aotthe legidmatbadjutor of togotutiota
Nation fijt because the eahnbt trat.
I Every bttievoient feeling and correct nHn '
eiple are opposed to an effusion bf; bhioda"
and an extension, of misery, whicn are ho
iied to be nneces ary.'t Tis lilecnsify aa
ohe which furnishes their excuse do no' .
their at the moment wnenydu avow a be
lief, a hope at least; that such necessity
exists not,' pursue, a- conduct which, out
for iu existence, is iuhuaaa and-deteiuk?
ble ",'..i'Vi-..'-;. vf"'.t..'? i
Besides, air if you" ate earnest ia the
wish to obtain peace from the' Qottenburg. .
missiat Suspend,' In the mean time, offen
siye operations, which cannot facilitate, and
may prevent the accomplishment vt your
Intimidated by your menace javu.
erterrittorkif lf-X-hjolar nadir
experience, how harmless arc your tlireats.
the would nevertheless aee but little causa
for fear. She knows that the conquest can
not be completed in one, not in two cam
patgns... And when she finds that every
soldier whom you enlist. Is to cost you ia .
bounty alone, upwards of 100 ' guineas , she
will perceive that the war is more deatnic
tiveto your hnance, the great source of mili
tary strength, than to her territories. I ne
blow aimed at her, recoils upon yourself ct
But toe exasperations which must result
from the wrongs mutually in&Icted in .the
course of the campaign, may have a very.
inunuua tuctt upvn uie oisposiuon 10 pur
sue pacinc cuoruN iney wiu oe apt v
create a temper on each side, unfavorable
tn an amicabla arrtniremeht.- In truth.
too sir, you are not prrparrd for auth a
campaign, asm nonor ana numanuy you
can alone permit yourselves to carry on.
Suppose by the month of May or June, roa
raise your men What are tbcyT Sol
diers, fitted to take care of themselves ia 1 .
camp, and aupport the reputatioa of jour
arms in the field 1 No I hey are a mere
rabble of raw recruits March them to - -T
Canada, and pestilence will i weep ihem off
Yj rrtimrms .'and brigades while the ,
want of discipline wiu hfit those, whom '
pesulence spares, foranhonoraLU contest
with an experienced 'foe-sluitead th'rre- -,
fore of the hurry and bustle'of filling, youf .' V
ranks with recruits and ruling with ihitii ,
into vtnaaa, aacna rather to me training
and improvement of those now in service. ,r '
Make soldiers of them by gradual enliiu (
tnenu you may regularly add W their num- i i '
oer, anu inscnsioiy incorporate tie tie le
vies with the disciplined troops, tt ft i
ahooia hrreaitcr beewmc . necessarv to .'
march into the ttU, yov will theft have
in ormy voder ypur command, Rot a tnul
titudt without saVordinatiwr. Sujpehd, .
thrrefore, hosiilitici while ycu. htgotiate.
Mske an armistice until the result ,of the '
tofttiationU asccrtaiatJ. You can lose
notliing-'you may gain every thing bv
such a cmimThetTnegotiate fairly, with .
a view to obtain for ouroative seamen a '
firKtltal and reasonable security egaint
ronreiiiheut nd aith a dijvnitioa"t
aid Britain In tnmraandingthe serie 'c.f
ricr own. v bush ail erranfctuxnt' micht
have been mtdi oa the revocation of 'tae
order! la couocil, couli pu have beta -
. TU Voonlr U IW U on hvxlrsd and
taa duUarS, tK, and ana luaadrtd and tit
ly aim U land, vhich. at dtlUua pp icrt,
Un per ! t o irtruf f fi!. ; s, t .
men ''4- .1
.i I 'l
; v..; . l .
'. . ... .