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HAL Us mi L MING TO N GAZETTE
THU R SDA Y, OtTOBER 5, i797.
I .'" - ' " !
Cy 4 (mW prrfrnted lm the Jfcs.Ifcnch
Jo txcetlency the Prince 1 Pfce
The Ihteeotivc DireeWy hns-beard, with
lilii jiiii .nt, the uncapped rejafcstf the I
h aval engagement, between the feet d hul
Catholic Majeily and the Brinth. I nave
received an extraordinary packer, whteh
his jirfk come to my bands, ordering the J
do, at (his n.nmenr, make-knoeBi t Ma
majelly rhe true cattle conmuated to IS
malicious loft, which ha evieWntt foiled
tb honour of ihe Spanim flag. 1 ant well
pei loaded, my lord, that a deteftable policy
will ft riv to cover fo (hameful an action
wish dmknefs ; ami, in order fo obtain it
. t . . Ml I .!J .La s
enrts wirn lmoonuy. win tw
but Otould Jus roajelty Htlen to the falfe e
eut whjeh m loeh cam tne gnwy wW
u ... , ri ". i-- , 1
foe (MttMM poo, 1 wnt cotnptj
. ,a: ,i-..ar- a: '
pieefed to oMrrve, that the
lawercd a retoorkaWe dvtgraee to WS hesV
and that tly as the allies of hi CiWh
a fr..ashl . 'ick 1 atf tv. . l .at 1
ra.rjerry, cat. not nn lnumcrence ffoerep
fbch turpitude. Are thele jputtjjfcli the
members ot the fame aJfetnhly who cm-
barked on board your ficet on the three
rlcmeo the rommiffomers who aflumcd the
rank and (ration of naal field marfhak on!
that uccafion ? Who before the commence
ment of the action with ti e Brithh ftee,
lent a fi ipatc with an infclent menage to
each (hip of the line, vie. That the m
mifliouers ga - ponii ve order to the fr pi
rate captains that they were to link to thr
'wttoui evers fcngnm man Of tr,uuiy ex
LONDON, Jttly teer;
By the Dublin Mail which arrived tlm
morning, we have received a molt eloquent
and energetic add reft of Mr . G rattan to his
fellow-citizens of Dublin. It begins thus:
Fellow -Citizen j uf Dublin,
I thank you for part favors. 1 have found
in ypn a kind and gracious mailer yon
"ve found in me an unprofitable Servant
11. a..., .k- .kl. ,.n fffrll...! 1 . tf . ,t-
ivi iimiRHHim w w .twin wu h wHwcr mat imprtmon, 1 oeg to allure you,
May, and the fir of jMf? Are thefc yet J-hw fo long as the prcfent Hate of repre-
cntation m the common hottfe continues,
h4ong mtflll fefpf elf ully decline the bm,r
of iolitUing at youre, hands a feat in that af-
r 'be ilovaTCharkwtf, rhicb w, rc.. ju&Aiori, feme ray an immediate diflbtuiioii.
On this printiple it was I wnhdrew from
Parliament, together with thofe wkh whom
I net and I now rxercile my privilege, atixl
dilcltrueit)y durn in commvndratihp- with
I uy conttitucta ftAthe eve, of a general
ttrt ,nfldencc o- watioipius .'&ceil 1
Uf me, and win make lt.trs, t preiencer o
liis majelly, of all who pretend to contra
dUfc rhe veracity o what ( advance. .The.
directory ha ordered m to give yon this
iktfarination, that you Uy lay it Uiore his
" The Spaniard have formerly given
proofs of .fuperiqr valour, talents, and uiili
Ctry fltilj. But in late iultances fome have
degenerated, and by reafon of a different
fltetn in the order of things in all Europe,
have loll that which they had in potTeftum
for f many ages. It is iixtlirpenfable, in
nrdir to prcferve the body, politic, to de
ftroy and cucoiTby the root ibis pernicious
evil. . , r , ; . ;. . '
The nay, my lord, has juft given us a
full proof of this ihtlubitableruth, beitigtn
f&rcY fitrficierit to brintr down the hothti
neft of the Uritifli , which was jolt beguaii
to'diminifh :i m r fall Ihort of the High opinion
Conceived of their navy. But the event has
f elevated their, arrogance, that there it no
example to equal it.
For this powerful reafon, the commerce,
which ntpports the Spanifh monarchy, is
about to be ruined by irreparable lolles.
The whole nation detefts the tartly opera
tinoj of the navy, and laments with fear the
misfortune which iff about to bef.d them.
The fat i t,he fleet would npi , or didji 5 A
ff vofH aeiaWi v Vet 9 ewew ehvawwefetv-f
the fleet has fold the honor of the nation.
It has been fo reprefented to the di
rectory, by documents which cannot berhf
poted : and as they always are led by fenti
ments which promote the honor of their
allies, they cannot look with indrfferrnte at
P vile an action, which will produce ajar
nicioir. and terrible confeqnences.
I therefore requeft, in their name, that
you will prevnil on his maietty to be inirai,
ble in punifliing with rigour tltofe who
have been guilty of crime. I wait jam
lordfhip's anfwpr for the infonnatieii of tbe
jif'vtr if the Spanifh min'iAer to a memorial
or remonffrance, prefented by citizen
Pet ignon, French vnbffadtr in Madrid.
upm the Afcat of tU Spar.ib firet, off
up; or. rtneeni, y ne arum fleet,
" Citixen Anibaflador,
" I have with great reluctance, laid be
fore the kine, the heds and purport of th
memorial prefented by your excellency, in
the name of the Directory of the French
Republic ; 1 fay the heads of the memorial,
becanfc the language it contain! it couched
in terms (b offciiftvr, fo debafiug, and fa in
folent, to the ears of a free people, that 1
deemed It ouite incontinent with the dig
nity of my it at ion, ta prefent it in the frm
in which it Hood , to an independent fove
" The king, fir, laments with great, fin
eerity, the tmeffpet'led and fever lofs
which has befallen his tnajrlty't irms in the
late engagement with the H itifh Meet 1 and
is naturally led in fupport of his own ho
nmir, as well as the honor of the StttniAS
uation, to make a becoming enquiry into
the cattle or that misfortune? but he will
not fuller for a moment, the Dirrtory of
the French Republic, nor any foreign pow .
tr whatever, to ailiime a privilege of inter
Icringln the iinallelt degree with the con
cerns of bis kingdom.
" It is true, as flared in the memorial of
your otallen, that the naval irmsofSpiin
aave hitherto been eminently diltinguiJV-d
smong nations, andon that account any hn
lifoii at ira ii fU with the ereater forye
nd moTtiDcaiioit bv his m iirdv But J
sannot hot feem very extraordinary indeed
tle king and to hit majefly's fubject in
Iffneral, tbsl rhe lofs of one artion Ihonld be
wtwol as a matter of furprife bv the Frenc't
Mtioui furely, fir, the Directory f ihri
tne Kntifitcoiniiiandc; s S.Jgt osu Hf itfiH
mercy, that iivip they were, to nos,tfOt
t hey were, to bring Iter fate fiito the hait,
h ur of Brclt, in order to .gt ace the triumph
of 1 he glorious new repiddic bur who in
.'.he eud, were g'ad to jtvake their efcape
from the cowardly Englim, with thciols of
nine capital, mips : and ar,e thefe the gen
tlemen who are prefci thing to die kino of
, : . . . . ... -
p:tin, ,wnat pummmcnt ne.is to tnnict upon
when I n to render back a trutt. Wliich uir.
til-parliatraent lhaH be refortned, i do rtot
afpire to re afliime. "The account of the
triolt material ports of my caruhict, together
wnn tne reaton of fny rejolutjou, Will be
Mr. Gmttah conclude this appeal rb hi
fellowcouun -y men in the following Words :
May the Singly power that forms one
eftate in our coiuftitution. rontinup for.
he commanders of the Spanifh fleet, for the ever ! But let it be as it profci.'.a to be. snd
lofs of one battle, while the Lnglifh have in
their pofielfion at this moment one half of
their navy f Ve did not hear, fir, of any
panihSment propofed by rhe Directory for
the defeat of your. impregnable fleet on the
fit of June. On the conrrary it was af
I'erted in the folemn aflembly that for the
arms "of France ever to meet the Enjjifh in
an action at lea, it was of itfelf fuftcient,
and equal m a victory. I am .(fating here
to your excellency, the hiltory of three days
only of the naval exploits of your repiblic,
but al molt every day fince it a cominence
tnent mitiht have accnltomed the ears and
the eyes of your Directory to the turpitude
of naval defeats,; therefore, previouflgto
your excellency's approaching the piclblre
of his ma jelly, where yon threaten to fpeak
your opinion of the guilt of the offers who
commanded his flrec, 1 would advife j'ou,as
a tnend nudally, to balance thr dd ji race of
two nat i.uns ; ifx tul'.e ip one bsml the uatU
as by tle principles ahd laws of rhefe conn
tries, it fliould be, one ertate pnlynd not
a power conltituting one c!tare, creating
another, and infliieuctng a third. '
May the purlia'hienrary conftitution prof
iler J. Bnt let it be-operative, independent,
and ah inrrcgnl part of the conftitht jbh, ad
vifing, confining, and feme time 'directing
the kiiigly power.
May the Houle of Commons BourHft bm
let tlie peowlehe the lole aiuhor of its ex
dlence, as they fliould be the great objeel of
its care. "J '
May the connection with Great Britain
continue ! But let the rtftdt of that con
nection be the perfect freedom, in ihe fair
clt and fullefl ieiiie, of all defcriptions of
men, withont diMiinflion in religion.
To HMl purpofe he fpoke-w-and fpeakinii
this to no purpofe, withdrew It remains to
add toils OijijpritaTTon : However it mav
plaafoeffe Aiinfvhtv m fCTnaC f
dereat of the aemscn Spain, ofT the Caje ofjand ol P.nMaments May the Liberties of
St. Vincent's, while in the other yon carry the People be immortal.
the various defeats and difraces that have
befallen the navy of the Freuch Republic
ver fiuce the com n.encemr at of in career,
and fee which weighs the heaviett. Your
Directory will then be convinced, rhat for
either of our (wo nations to attempt to
bring reproach upon the other, for their
inferiority to the other in naval (kill and
courage, it nothing elfe than to arraign the
Almighty Power, who has thought it good
and proper to grant the decided fuperiorit)
upon the wide and extended ocean, to that
M The king, my mailer, hat, in the mean
lime, commanded me to figuify to the
members of the French republic, that whe
ther it be true or nor, that it is the infirmity
of gofermnents i they (late, to be feized
with certain cancers, which contaminate
and corrupt the (late, it is aot his majelly's
intention ro follow the example of re
generated France, by applying candies and
rhe knife ro remedy thai dreadful evil ; for
which reafon he has no occafinn to fufpend,
even for a moment, the dictates of his pa
ternal affection towards the fuhjucts of bin
own dates, which he is more titan ever dc
termincd to cherifh and cultivate . Heine
tii-nilv per lii ad cd. by his own obfervatton,
and which is conlmied by thehilloriod ex.
perWuee of all nations, that no evil can he
lb great as in fubmil to the tyranny and
oppreffion of a foreign government, ntor.
tured and fupported by the very dregs of
the lower order of fociety."
BOURDEAUX, July if.
Paris News Hod i lilies are renewed.
The Emperor wifhing ro get pofTeflton of
the Tyrol and lltria, cauled our troop to
he attacked 1 but the enemy were renulfed.
As loon at Buonaparte knew this, He ex
pedited a courier to the Emperor, inviting
him to fign the 'peace, projected wnh slie
Marquis de Callo, in 34 hours, or hoSVonld
enter the Auftrinn territory.
Ve are adored that Buonaparte hat
wrote to the Directory, that he has always
neen lutpiriaui of the Km per or s arm
mrnrs; lhathehad atwjyi kpt hit anwy
tlpoa a rewritable footing, and that at the
moment he figned the peace, he was certain
ol victory, becaule hit rear and h irnlltars
cheit were fafr. But ar thr mommt
not know of The two part age of the Rhtoe,
nu that Laofon and tbe Venetians inoo
wiodad biff rear.
Uocfie and Morena have reteiTtr J on
o) pooouite fntoGermatiy.
The extraordinary preparations for war
on rhe" part of the Kins of PrnhT.t, of which
we have received inteltfgenee by the Buf
fels papers, now appears to h; been under
taken with a view to buddine? with rhe
court of Vienna The important Hate pa
per, may be coii fid ered as the prelude to the
commencement of a war between fruttia
The King of Pt udia's having oppofed the
decree of ihe Aulic Conned -agwinft his ufur,
patign in Franconia, it, confirmed by the
mail, which contains his proclamation on
the fhbjsct. Every thing feem to tiircateu
t npii.i e between the tvo courts of Berlin
The equipage of the Archduke Cha. les is
arrived a; Schwas zinuen,
Prague is putting in a compleif flate of
The tronhle at Turin go on increafing,
and" 10,000 French tt oops have marched for
Attrong fleet has failed from Venice with
a large body of French and Venetian failors
on board, for the Venetian iUands in the
The Pwl Journal to the 1 8th and 19h
inft. date, that the Executive Directory
have made ihe following changes in the
miniflry, vif. Cochon, minuter of police 1
Truvuet, of the marines ; Beneiech, of
he Interior ; retiet, of war ; and Charles
Lacroix, of foreign affairt, were diftnided
and replaced, ihe fir it by Laroch, the fr-
roi d by Plevi'le, the third he Franctiit de
Neochateau, the fourth ly General Roche,
and ihe fif:h by Talleyrand Ferigord.
r. a Jk m tfO h
vieriin, minilter ol juifice, and riamel of
ihe fimncet, remain in office. Rlrthclemy
and Carnot are laid to have oppoled this
Charleff Lscroii Is ro be tent to Lifle to
replace Pleville Pefei. Lenour and Tal
rand Pernord were (worn in their new
san the morning of the 1 8th.
cutive D'reflory have writena
etteno Buonaparte, dated 3th Mcdidor
to tne following pttrpori :
jriuiiTt u rectory rrtinxt.
en gerstral, that ir It due jio ;he im
am fetvtcet whuh you have rendered.
eft ro you their fa tiifadhm. It con
pprovcsoi tbe cor Juet both po
I t eal and military, wbch you have a
dopted, efpecially with iegard to Venice
ana uenoa. a.; ;ja ,
1 . . . u . mm 1 1 , v. J . m II 1 1 If I I 1
o I '
A Hamburg nuil arrived on Friday,
- .- 11 win r jcujirf iidic iHat tne
king of Pi ujia appears determined to eiu '
force his claims tipon certain pofleffions in -F
ranconia by dint of arms, and CTO,frqurnu
ly to let at defiance the authority of the
Aulic Council. On the 6th raft. Qrovt
body of hii troops tock poffcifion f tUZ
ii n, and immediately (hlnrjned the loldier
wnom tney rouno in the bapracu, I i
1 I f new government of Genoa is now
perfectly fftaWQied, and citizen. nrfo:.
poge weajra- a. iHue and white learf, u
r-IiUv BJL .
wtnc had art
Ol Pirn .ml
havmfrcaprnred five fail of the line. Ve
-tio not know howthis report originated, and
i ii. k ui s ai 1 1 jrrri nurur. miimi u. t
fie credit.to it.
The lar? ft difnatche received bv n'iniftM
from the Mediterranean, affnrrl t.
. - , s. IIIUIIV
.llt.lfc. . r - t' .1 a mmm . O
luoonie mar a nar-ii s.h n w
. , - i r -w.ivjii fiM,
tietore this time, taken nlc 1m WU,
er. According to reports which are abroad
11. Wei (flflwmail l.c; - .
1 . . inc Spaniards are
(ereTmitved. with the hclpof their alhes tbe
reneh, to rifle a bartlp. Ir i fo.d rt...
combined force, are in great 11 rength ; and
T 7:-w'gemenr, an tneauthemiciry
f which we do not. hnwivr 9
r-i . . ' f i;c our.
fejvts, has been handed lo us. If g We it
uear tne truth, and the Spaniards re
fved to trV fheir (li rn.oli J.. . 5is
mea - full fcop- for their gallantry. By
hiiftaremtnt, it appears; that iherj were
it tJadie, when the difnatrliM
- f. eaWotlto
?3 fn asof tlieline. oi of whirl. ....
n the ourer road, and rhe 2 others ft tine
WtthOB nollible difnat rli in t U. U l
i nai uour.
Oft the ( range-grove in the Algefiras bav
tnjri were 8 Spanifh line of battle (hi,. 8yi
7j ret.cn hi ps of 8o guns. Four frqiclt
fttpsofthe line were cruixjng off Cm fie.
with every expedition by the French, to
join the fleets in the Mediterranean. Under
thefe cireuinllances we nwy look hourly
for imubrtaut advices from Earl St. Vin
The PrulTian cahinet
VI W V. It J
miniders at toreien cnurti ro nU G
O " v ..- m9m W
clarations relpcctiny, the unhaiaiy Poland.
I t ...1 fL .
a.iu one, op wnicn conina tbe lolIoWing
in I ui IIIS1UWII
If from motives of hatred, on ace
of this treaty of p-riition and iu refulis.nne
oi tne uirec rugii contraamg parties Ihnuld
be attacked by any foreign power, tbe two
otheri nrnmile to ioin and defend h m a'u
i 9 a v its " ui
all their m:ght and power agaiulltuch at.
The form of orratnraticm for h V.
. v. i -
netlan Terra Firma, whifh Buonaparte has
pubhfhed, is of the following tenor
.a ti n .' .
iu. m nc sreician is to exienu as Jar as
d. 1 he Vcronafe it to begin at the
Miurio, and to include the country of
ad. The Vincentin and UaiTann. v i,h
i t territory, is to form a department by
4th. The Padnan, tbe pole fine of Re
vgn and Adri, as far as the Po, not re
eluding w hat belongs (o the Fer rarofo, U to
form one (ingle department.
5th. The countries of Fehrn, Ctdore
and Bellano are alio to form a tingle de
pinmrnt. ah. 1 he emmtrv of Trevifn rvrnnn.
, - - - - , -wwmm O
the diftrict of Moflre, is to form a finr le
department nrhthatcf Colla.
yth. The Frioul, including Montfalcore.
it to lorrn the lalf department.
fhh. Each depsrtment it to be governed
by a central adminiftratiot, conipofed of 2
memheri. Each commune is to have a
municipality, more or left numerous, ac
cording to Its number of inhabitants.
oth. The central government is to be
compofed ol per font cbofen by the general
of divlfion, who ommaodt in tbe depart
10th. Each central sdminiflrafion is to
fegiv ue the manner in which juttaee if to
Bonquet, the F.-ench Commiflonef1, ht
fcqieftcfed the prvpeny of the pnblio