The Carolina times. (Durham, N.C.) 1919-current, July 25, 1953, Image 1
COMING Next Week Starting with next week’s issue, the Carolina Times will offer to its readers the weekly Sunday School lesson. This feature, to appear on page two, 'will pre pared each week by Dr. J. E. Briggs. Currently professor of Social Science at Bene dict College n Columbia, S. C., Dr. Briggs served for a long period as dean of the school of Theo logy at Virginia Semin ary and College in Lynch burg. This new feature plus the significant news of the week in Tar Heelia and the nation are yours each, week with your copy of the CAROLINA TIMES. rr Haiti Denies "Tliumbs Down On Race Envoy NEW YORK Published reports that the Haitian government is opposed to the appointment of a Negro as American ambassador to that country has been “vigorously denied and branded as “fantas tic” by Mauclair Zephirin the is land Republic’s secretary of state. Responding on behalf of Presi dent Magloire to an inquiry from Walter White, executive secretary of the National Asso ciation for the Advancement of Colored People, Mr. Zephirin de nied the report and said that “11 the spreaders of this lying rimior were sincere, they would ask the American State Department for first-hand information.” tiaiti, Mr. Zephirin declared, “does not practice discrimina tion, which would be completely contrary to oiir racial origins." He enclosed Copies of com munications to The Courier and The Afro-American both of which had raised the question. It was denied that the American government had sought an agree- Hftttjftn 0ovcrn ~ ment relative to the race of an ambassador to be appointed to that country. • The names of several prom inent Negroes have been men tioned in the press as possibili- tief for appointment to the em bassy in Port-au-Prince. ■} GEORGE W. COX, official of the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company, is shown protesting; the exten sion of a franchise for Dur ham Telephone Company at a hearing before the City Coun cil in Durham recently. Sev eral other citizens of both races in Durham were on hand to register their dissatisfaction with the service the company has rendered in the past. Durhamites Voice Dissatisfaction Over Plione Service In Hearing A protest of the service that the Durham Telephone Company has rendered over the past few years and to the company’s request for another thirty year franchise was lodged withr the City Council in its hearings on the franchise request last Wednesday. A contingent of white and Negro citizens voiced their dissatisfaction with the type of service the company has rendered and ^he Durham Committee on Negro Affairs registered a formal protest to the Council on the company request for a 30 year exten sion of its present franchise. Although reports of the pro test In the white press made the matter appear to be sole ly a charge of discrimination tion, a large amount of sup port has been received, ac cording to the Committee on Negro Affairs, from cltliens of both races in all sections of the city. In addition there were sev eral white persons at the meeting who voiced their dis satisfaction over the comp any’s service. One of the Issues over which the citizens voiced their dis approval of the company’s service was the difficulty In securing private telephones for businesses. To this charge, the telephone company replied, through its Attorney B. M. Watltins, that “we are filling them (requests for private lines) as fast as we can get the phones from manufacturers.” Watkins stated that there were some 2,000 requests on file. When it was charged that the company has seemed to have been discriminating'in its service to Hayti subscribers, Watkins countered with the claim that 4here was no dis crimination. Mayor £. J. Evans appointed a committee of Watts Carr, Jr., Mrs. R. O. Everett, Floyd Fletcher, R. N. Harris and M. M. Fowler to negogitate the matter with the telephone (Please turn to Page Eight) Tar Heel Groups "Subversive” By Branded Brownell WASHINGTON Two North Carolina organi zations were among some 62 which Attorney General Her bert Bro\^ell has proposed to designate as subversive. They are the Daniels Defense Conrunittee and the Tri-State Negro Trade Union Council. The Daniels Defense Com mittee has waged an “effort” to acquit Bennie and Lloyd Ray Daniels, Pitt County cousins, who have been on death row in North Carolina since 1949 when they were convicted of murdering a white taxi driver. The pair is also being defend ed by Attorney Herman X«y- lor of Raleigh for the NAACP. Taylor is not employed by tiw Daniels Defense Committee, and he has repeatedly refuted implications that he has sought or is seeking aid from suspect groups. The Daniels Defense Com- tee and the Tri-State Negro Trade Union CoxmcU have both filed notices of appeal from the listing. Speculation was that the ac tion of the Attorney General would hamper Taylor’s efforts in helping to defend the Dan iels cousins. Many observers voiced the opinion that the Daniels Defense Committee /Rad done more to impede the effort to aid the Daniels cous ins than it haa to help It's OK For Loyal Americans To Mix With Hegroes Says John Dulles NEW YORK Association between white and colored persons is no “indica tion of disloyalty or of security risk,” John Foster DuUes, Secre tary of State, assured Walter White, executive secretary of the National Association for the Ad vancement of Colored People, in a letter made public here last week. Prompted by repeated stories that white employees and ap plicants for positions with the State Departmetit and other gov ernmental agencies have been questioned by federal investiga tors as to their association with Negroes, White wrote to the Secretary of State urging him to take steps “to forbid the asking o4 such questions in the future by State Department Security officers or any other repre sentatives of government mak ing Inquires with regard to loyalty.” In response, Dulles expressed “complete agreement” with White’s views “that associations between Americans of different skin color diould not be a fac tor in judging an employee’s loyalty to the United States.” Moreover, he said, “1 am calling this matter to the attention of responsible officials concerned with the security of Department employees and I am advising them of my agreement with the sentiments expressed in your letter.” The State Department head said that he had questioned em ployees connected with the De partment’s Lbyalty Security Board and been assured by them that “to the best of their re collection, no employee of the Department has been asked in an interrogatory whether he as sociated with colored people nor has any employee been asked this question during a hearing before the board. Employees have been asked about possible association with individual col ored people, as they have been about association with individual white persons when there is in formation that the association may have a bearing upon an em ployee’s loyalty or security.” White has also written to J. Edgar Hoover of the Federal Bureau of Investigation asking that “another directive be issued to all FBI agents on this mat ter” in accordance with assur ances given back in 1949 by Louis Nichols that FBI agents asking questions about inter racial associations “were acting contrary to instructions.” Jim Crow Nursing Plan May Get Underway In Fall Schools Ordered SetUpAtA&L Winston-Salem RALEIGH Nursing schools for Negoes will be installed at A. and T. College at Greensboro and Winston-Salem Teachers Col lege by the State. This is in accordance with a decision by the last legisla ture, which set aside $200,000 for the two schools. ' Governor William B. Um- stead directed each of thes« colleges to open a course for training Negro nurses as soon as 20 or more students hav« qualified. Word from Greensboro late this week was to the effect that a nursing school will be opened there with the beginning of the regular Fall term. A third school to train Negrd nurses may be established ai North Carolina College at Dur ham in the near future. A. and T. College and Win ston-Salem Teachers College were selected by a committee of Reid Holmes, administrator for the Bowan Gray Hospital a^ Winston-Salem, Miss Ruth Coun cil of the State Department of Health, and headed by State Senator_Warren R. Williams of Sanford. This committee, appointed by the Governor to select sites for the two schools, made study tours of A. and T., Winston-Sa- le)n and North Carolina Colleges. The group also had a request to consider Elizabeth City Teach ers College, but this request was later withdrawn when the school realized that there was no N^ gro hospital in its vicinity with which it could associate in car rying out the nurse training pro gram. • ^ The Negro nurse training plan already under attack from many quarters in the state for the reason that, according to critips, it extends the pattehi of segregated education in the State. f ^ These critics say that the Fed eral Courts .have already estab lished the right of qualified Ne groes to attend graduate and professional schools supported by the States, and that Negro nurse trainees should be admitted to the University of North Caro lina, 'wiiose~mine''trBlireer use the facilities of the multi-miUidn dollar state supported North Carolina Memorial Hospital at Chapel HiU. Kelly M. Alexander, president of the North Carolina branch of the NAACP, told the TIMES re cently that his organization would resort to court action if the Negro nurse schools are used to keep Negro nurse trainees out of the University of North Carolina. Alexander said (Please turn to Page Eight) FOR THIRTY YEARS THE OVTSTAISDIISG WEEKLY OF THE CAROLIISAS I Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Durham, North Carolina, under Act of March 3,1879. VOLUME 30—NUMBER 27 ^RODiDrr DURHAM, N. C., SA'TURDAY, JULY 25, 1953 .PRICE 10 CENTS White Attack Victim Not Certain Assailant Negro Protest Against City Stores Is Organized ASHEVILLE Another step to get restroom facilities for Negroes in the downtown shopping district was taken with the holding last week of a Community Conlkrence at the Tabernacle Baptist Church. Mrs. J. L. Lawrence, church and civic worker, was elected temporary chairman of the group which announced that it was going to wage an all- out commimity-wide campaign to get restroom facilities for Negroes in stores not now making such facilities avail able to their Negro customers. Present at the meeting called by the Buncombe County Committee for Negroes were representatives from various churches and organizations throughout the city. No name has yet been decid ed on for the newly-formed group. Other officers elected at the first meeting were: Vice-Chairman Atty. Harold T. Epps; Secretary, Miss Lil lian Haipmonds; Assistant Secretary, Miss Geraldine Hammonds; and trearsurer, Z. B. Cook. A meeting of the steering dommittee of the group was scheduled for Friday, July 24 at which time plans for a coRununlty - wide campaign were outlined. Negro Businesses Vindicated By Florida Court By C. A. IRVIN (Interstate Press) JACKSONVILLE A new ray of hope and gen uine respect for contracts made and entered into by Negro busi ness men and leaders was ex pressed here last week when the Afro-American Life Insurance Company of this city and a Flor ida corporation won the right in the Duval County Circuit Court to hold 856 and one sixth shares of stock in the Central Life In surance Company of Tampa, al so a Florida corporation. In an ultimatum issued by Cir cuit Judge Edwin L. Jones, the Central Life Insurance Comp any was ordered and directed upon financial and legal pro cedures of the Afro-American Insurance Company to transfer to that firm 856 and one sixth shares of its stock. The ^ourV heI3T' that despite the Central’s contention that Afro-American had ilo legal right to purchase its stock that the Afro-American, incorporated under the laws of Florida, has the right to buy, sell, deal in, transfer, both rbal and personal property and that the Afro- American purchase of this stock fell within the rights and pri vileges of the Afro-American charter. The fight grew out of the Cen tral’s refusal to transfer to the “Afro” shares it had bought from Central stockholders. The Central’s refusal to make the transfer was based on the argument that the Afro-Ameri can did not have the corporate power to buy the stocks of an other insurance'company. How ever, it is felt that Central Life’s action stems from the fear that the Afro-American is seeking control of the Tampa firm. The ruling came after more than a year of battling up to Florida’s Supreme Court which upheld a previous injunction. JOHN HERVEY WHEELER . . . distinguished citizen . .. J.H. Wheeler, Durham Man, Accorded Honor A Durham man was cited as “one of America’s most dis tinguished citizens” recently. He is John Hervey Wheeler, president of the Mechanics and Farmers Bank^ who was selected as “one of America’s most distinguished citizens by a committee composed of Dr. Ralph Bunche, Justice Felix Frankfurter, Senator James Duff, Dr, Channing Tobias, William J. Donovan, Daniel A. Poling and Philip S. Bern stein. . These men made up a com mittee of the Aaronsburg As sembly which accorded the honor to Wheeler. The Durham banker received the honor in the Pennsylvania village of Aaronsburg on the campus of the University of Pennsylvania. The Assembly, started in 1949 in celebration of the sesqui-centennial of its found ing and to commemorate its founder, Aaron Levy, as a purpose to bring together 100 of America’s most distinguish ed citizens to consider means of achieving national serenity and world peace through bro therhood and understanding; (Please turn to Page Eight) Woman Back On Job After Attack A Durham white woman who was attacked in the dark ness of tree-lined and heavily shrubbed Duke Gardens Mon day night said later this week that she was not certain that her attacker was a Negro. First reports of the incid ent, earri^ by an afternoon Durham newspaper and many other papers .in the State, quoted the woman as telling police that a Negro about 3ix feet tall and about 25 or 30 years old, dragged her down an embankment and in to the gardens and assaulted her. The attack occurred around 10:45 Monday night. A report in the Durham morn ing paper on Wednesday quoted the woman as saying that she lid not know whether her as-^ sailant was a Negro or a “swarth- ly complexioned person, pos sibly a foreigner.” The attack victim was a switchboard operator at Duke Hospital who was on her way to work, walking through the drive TKal leads to Duke Chapel, when the attack occurred. Her description of her attack er pictured him as “very, very clean, like just out of shower, had a close, crew-like hair cut, copper complexion, was athle tic, and spoke excellent English, She said he wore gray trousers, but no shirt. She was reported as saying that she was so upset at first that she told authorities and detectives that the man was a Negro, but after thinking it over, she believes it could have been someone other than a Ne gro. She was also quoted as saying that she was positive she could identify her attacker if she could see him dressed as he was when he attacked her. The afternoon paper in Dur ham published the story replete with a picture spread, showing the route over which she was dragged. But, she went back to work at the switchboard after being at tended by a doctor. (Please turn to Page Eight) m BOSS BCTH KUSH ... joiiM Spelman ... Spelman College Gets Services Of Miss Ruth Rush The CAROLINA TIMES learn ed this week that former Doan of Women Ruth G. Rush of North Carolina Suicide’s Delicate Bullet Performs Surgery, But Kills Collie ~will~li«wffi^ dean of women at Spelmaa Col- 'ege. Atlanta, Ga., on S«pt 1. She will become tho second NCC .staff member to go to Spelman in the last month. Former Dean Albert E Man ley of NCC became president of Spelman on July 1. Miss Rush joined NCC’s staff in 1915. as a young girl just out of Clark College. Atlanta. Ga. She was closely identified with the family of the late Dr, James E. Shepard. NCC’s founder and first president. She is loved and respected by hundreds of NCC graduates, particularly form er women students, who knew her as friend and counsellor for many years. President Alfonso Elder of NCC said, “Miss Bath G, Bosh has made commendable con tributions to the growth and development of North Caro lina College. We extend her every good wish in her new undertaking. Spelman College is indeed fortunate to obtain the services of an educator of such experience and ability,” Miss Ruth G, Rush, professor af education and former dean of women at the North Carolina College at Durham was sched- (Please turn to Page Eight) WINSTON-SALEM A man who tried to com mit suicide 17 days ago but apparently performed an amateurish version of a de licate brain operation on him self died in a hospital Sunday. Douglas Mock, resident of 623 Pitt Street, was believed by doctors to be recovering satisfactorily despite the fact that several fragments of a .22 calibre bullet remained lodged in his brain. Mock, worried because he had to support his grand mother but could not leave her alone while he went to work, shot himself in the head with a .22 calibre rifle shortly before midnight July 2. He was found about nine a. m. by police the following morning as he lay on tients in an attempt to remove a neighbor’s doorstep with a note tendencies which they have beside him which read, “Blame | shown towards violence, either no one for my act.” He was rushed to a hospital where a neurosurgeon was call ed. X-rays of his skull showed that four large pieces of the lead slug were imbedded in his brain. His skull was fractured and, he remained unconscious for a- bout five days, then gradually began tp return to a normal state. As he began to ragain con sciousness, the neurosurgeon noted that he seamed to “have many characteristics of a pre- frontal lobotomy patient.” The lobotomy, according to the surgeon, is an operation per formed on certain mental pa in the form of suicide or mur der, « The operation is performed by removing a piece of the skiill and then cutting certain nerves leading from the frontal lobe of the brain to the thalamus. Further X-rays of Mock show ed that the bullet ijad done in a second what a skilled surgeon would need hours to do. The surgeon also expressed the opinion that Mock’s mental con I dition should be greatly im- i proved when he recovered. But, Sunday, from causes yet I unknown. Mock died the way I he had wanted to, 17 days late. Ushers District ' Meeting Slated VrtNDELL The Good Hope Baptist Church of Wendell will be host to the annual meeting of District Num ber Two of the Interdenomina tional Ushers Association to be held Sunday, August 2. The program which will fea ture the Fayetteville Street Bap- rtist Church Chorus will have as speaker C. A, Byrd of Seattle. Washington, It is scheduled to t>egin at 2;30 P, M, with devo tions led by memtiers of the boot church. The speaker for the oc casion will tie introduced by Misit Juanita Murchison, W. C. Parks of Raleigh li Sup^ ervisor of the District. Chari Taylor of Durham is chairmai of the program committee.