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IA THE CAROLINA TIMES Sal, Ja. 20. ltTO
EDITORIALS & COMMENT
NAACP Membership increase
TOOK A FIRM STAND FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
The Urgent civil rights organiza
tion in the nation. NAACP. has shown
PPtkMit increase in its member
ip contribution!.. It reports an in
crease of nuiv than 21.800 members
over the rolls of 1971. Then haa been
growth as well in its special contri
butions fund. These sue indeed good
It is especially Mtting that this
organization which has been steadily
pushing forward for equality and jus
tice that is civil rights of all minor
ities shows the continuing fiae in
its financial structure, by contribu
tions from many sector of the pub
lic. Perhaps eventfiore. has this watch
dog of civil rights been known as
'the lean horse such a long race' that
haa garnered much strength and has
been guided effectively by those
many local leaders who keep pushing
for new civil rights'ground no mat
ter what the national climate of
Certainly as all aigns of this Ad
ministration ahow that it is now mov
ing from 'benign neglect to overt
neglect." this great watchdog of civil
rights for minoritiea and others will
and can uae even more contributions
as the continuing battle gets deeper
and more acute.
Let ua hope that even more con
tributions will come in to aid in the
cauae as all American continue to
woirjc for equal opportunity and jus
tice for all men regardless of race,
creed or color.
FORMER PRESIDENT HARRY
TRUMAN IN HIS 1943
PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN- fc
CAME TO HARLEM, AS THE
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED
STATES, TO TELL BLACK
STOOD ON CIVIL RIGHTS.
Memorial For Dr. Martin L. King
The introduction of legislation in
both houses of Congress by the Con
gressional Black Caucus to make Jan
uary 15. the birthday of the late Dr.
Martin L. King, Jr. a national noli
day will pay tribute to one who haa
become a symbol of the struggle to
realize the American Ideals of equal
ity and equal opportunity.
Dr. King's program of creative
constructive, non violent action to
combat the problems of discrimina
tion and poverty and to secure equal
justice for all Americans attests to
His great foresight as well as his
Chriatian faith in nil men. His inspi
rational leadership of the civil rights
movement effected lasting: hjangqs
in America and gave new lite to the
philosophy which should guide our
His tireless activities in both ,the.
N'orth and the South were geaijjr;
respOtmible for the landmark civil
rigwl legislation of the Sntftlftr For
example, his campaiign for the guar
antees of voting rights in Selma. Ala
bama contributed signally to the
adoption of corrective legislation in
the Voting Rights Act of 1965. En
actment of the Civil Rights Acts of
1964 and 1968 were also partially the
result of Dr. King's dedicated and
selfless efforts. His final great effort
the 1968 Poor People's Campaign,
helped to bring the neglected plight
of millions of Americans into sharp
It was in recognition of his great
work that the Nobel Prize for Peace
in 1964 was awarded to him. This
honor is reserved for the great hu
manitarian activists of our age.
For the Congress of the United
States to commemorate the birthday
of Dr. Martin Luther King by de
claring it a legal public holiday would
be a gesture commensurate with the
high esteem in which he is held by
people the wed ovet.
Making Your Vote Count
Twenty more Negroes were elected
to state legislature in 1972, over and
above the 200-odd who had already
lieen elected to such positions. Prob
ably the most interesting election was
John Talbert formerly head of . the
Portland. Maine, Branch of the NAA
CP. who was elected to the Maine
State Legislature from an election
district that had only a very few
black voters. He was elected on a
platform that poor persons needed a
representative in the state legisla
ture. He had heard a state legislator
in the state capitol denouncing poor
lople as lazy and unwilling to work
without anyone in the state legisla
ture contradicting him and decided
that poor people needed representa
tion. The white workers in his district
voted for him and elected him on that
His election ia a tribute to the good
sense of the white workers in his dis
trict. They forgot about race and vot
ed for someone to represent their in
terest. His election also represents
what the NAACP has long advocated
namely an effective alliance between
the racially underprivileged black peo
ple, represented mainly by the NAA
CP, and the economically underpri
vileged, in this instance overwhelm
ingly white, represented mainly by
Things You Should Know
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Negro History Week
rpHE IMPORTANT role American
Negroes had in the history of
the United States will be reviewed
and assessed during the annual ob
servance of Negro History Week
Feb. 11-17. Organizations, public
schools, colleges and other groups
planning to participate in this event
should have already made arrange
ments for their part in the celebra
tion. Initiated in 1926 by Dr. Car
ter G. Woodson, founder of the As
sociation For the Study of Negro
Life and History, the celebration
will be helpful to liberate members
of both races from the misconcep
tion of the role of races in the de
velopment and spread of. civilization
The theme of tfle 'celebration is
"Biography Illuminates the Black
Experience." The influence of
prominent Negro leaders will be
studied and stressed. A statement
on the theme says "teaching and
study with the 1973 kit will be fa
cilitated by its presentation in five
distinct segments or sections. Ac
cording to the teacher's discretion
each section can be used for a sep
arate day of Negro History Week."
The week will see emphasis
placed on the influence of "Men of
Destiny" like Abraham Lincoln,
Frederick Douglass, Carter G.
Woodson, founder of the Association
For the Study of Negro Life and
History; Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, a
founder of the Rational Association
For the Advancement, of Colored
People, and other outstanding lead
ing black woe
and the adva
in special fie
of the celebrat
find a wealth
tory. The Ci
ened the Uni
and the future
also be given to
in sports, lead-
n racial progress
OK black; children
I endeavor and
will call attention
ed distinction in
d teachers can
Information on the
in American his-
ar which threat-
the Nation was
est of harmonious
Any study of
American history would be amiss
without adequate attention to the
agony America suffered during the
four years of the Civil War.
Negro history is an intricate part
of Amercian history. No American
president has had as difficult a do
mestic problem as Abraham Lin
coln faced over the threat of the
South to destroy the Union over the
institution of slavery. The national
problem cost him his life and no
other American president has had
to be sacrificed on the altar of free
dom in the history of this Republic.
It would be welT during Negro
History Week to recall the mostreI- .
evant phles of American hTstbfy
and the experiences of the black
man. It was the role that Frederick
Douglass played in the historical
drama that led up to the Civil War.
Dr. W. E. B. DuBois and Dr. Car
ter G. Woodson had an important
part in that drama. And another
distinguished Negro, Booker T.
Washington, who unfortunately
seems almost forgotten, played a
most vital role in the life and train
ing of the early freedmen for their
survival and future security.
America on parade with its pag
eantry and floats often gives the im
pression that this is solely a white
man's country. A tour of American
cities with visits to the museums and
the statues in the public parks often
gives the same impression.' Until
recently, and even now in too many
cases, books and materials used in
the public schools, colleges and li
braries do not give adequate atten
tion to the problems, aspirations and
ichievements of the Negro people.
Failure to know and to appreci
ate the problems, achievements and
aspirations of a race is not only un
fortunate for the race or people ne
glected, but for other races as well.
As civilization becomes more com
plex and interrelated this situation
becomes more acute. The study of
races and peoples has always been
an important project, and this is
why Negro History Week is so im
portant. It is important for Negroes
first because it is a highly valuable
pursuit for a people who need pride,
aspiration and goals to press onward
in the historical march of mankind.
Questions And Answers
o Start Thinking
About Your Income Tax
(Editor's note: This col
umn of questions and un
aware on federal tax mat
ters Is provided by the lo
cal office of the "U.S. Inter
oat Revenue Service and is
pubMshed as a public serv
ice to taxpayers. The column
questions most ire-
' asked by taxpayers.)
4) My sob earned nearly
last year. Does he
to file a Federal in
leSM tax return?
A) If your son is single,
you are not claiming him ss
a dependent and he did not
hgve self-employment earn
gs of $400 or more, he
does mot have to file a re
turn because his gross in
come is less than $2050.
However, If you or some
one else could claim your
son as a dependent and he
had income from dividends,
Interest or other types of
unearned income, he must
file a return if bis gross in
come was at least $750. He
must also file a return if
he had net self-employment
earaiags of $400 or more.
Of course, he should file
a return to claim any re
fund due him for income
Q) I have an ay roe
cords Can I fife without
my Form W-ST
A) No. A withholding
statement, Form W-J, for
each job held during 1971
must be attached to your
The President's Power
The relief that millions in the United sutes and other
nation felt over President Nixon's decision to halt, or
rather to suspend, the terror raids against Hanoi and
Haiphong hat an ironic overtone Its implication is that
the more indiscriminate the weapons, the greater will be
the appreciation when they are stilled. It is a policy of
so escalating the pain that any let-up gives the appear
ance of moderation and mercy.
, The truth behind that illusion is different. When the
President dispatched the B 52's against Hanoi, he changed
more than the tactics in an undeclared and, many be
lieve, unconstitutional War. He established a terrifying
Mr. Nixon has used the instruments of terror, not to
defend the United States or its troops against stuck but
to. force an opponent to accept his terms at the negoti
ating table. The President took this step without seeking
authority from Congress or the American people. He
ignored the fact that the majority that re-elected mm
did so with the clear expectation that a negotiated peace
was "at hand." .
Throughout the long course df this war, each previous
stage of escalation has been accompanied by efforts,
however minimal, to gain the consent of Congress and
the people. This time, however, there was no Tonkin
Gulf rationalization nor any explanation about enemy
sanctuaries in Ciunbodia. There was only the Presiden
tial silence which thus proclaimed the concept of an
unlimited Presidential power requiring no explanation.
The doctrine of the President's right to turn terror
bombing on and off at wilt comes close to a kind of
absolutism that is irreconcilable with the principle
of constitutional government. It approaches the point of
unacceptable risk in the nuclear age when the unilateral
use of force let alone the use of it at the discretion of
one man-becomes a direct affront to the world's safety
Such an absolutist doctrine too easily flows from Mr.
Nixon's .interpretation of America's role as Number One.
It is an interpretation with which neither the United
States nor the world could live in equanimity. The Presi
dent's promise of "a generation of peace" will come to
naught if it is to be based on the vision of a Pax Ameri
cana imposed and maintained by one man's power to
launch the bombers and to recall them as his peace
making scenario dictates.
This is the nature -of the constitutional crisis to which
Congress must address itself. In resolving it, the ques
tion goes beyond whether the B-52's will or will not
again fly against Hanoi. The question now is how to
assure the country and the world that the power of
the United States will not in future be placed, lightly
and unchecked, Into the hands of this or any other
THE NEW YORK TIME
'Where Lies Tomorrow?'
Throughout history men have come to believe, from
time to time, that they have mastered the world, are
the possessors of this earth and the rulers of the life
upon it. And repeatedly the artificial world of their own
making has reached a point of arrogance and alienation
where it became necessary to find some way back, some
answers to the questions "Where are we? and "Where
One way or another, whether civilizations collapsed,
were overthrown or were victims of disaster or failure,
the answerTilways iias1 beer
source of all life, was the eventual reality and the place
to find certainty and ultimate truth. The one inevita
bility was a return to some understanding of and respect
for the basic values of life itself.
Nature has no lessons to teach, no moralities to ex
pound. Nature is not. in the teaching business. But there
it much to be learned from a mountain, a river, a wood
land. Nature's purpose, so far as we understand purpose
at all, is to perpetuate life, not to destroy it, to strengthen
life, not to weaken It, to garland and fructify the earth,
not blight and devastate it These are not lessons. They
are basic truths of fife, and every time we reach for
certainties, there they stand, undeniable as sunrise. As
undeniable as the tomorrows already established in the
seed, the root and the fertile egg.
THE NEW YORK TIMES.
Do's And Don'tsi
I 9 OMTIM6NTAL EeATbtteg
L. E. AUSTIN
Published every Saturday at Durham, N. C.'
by United Publishers. Inc.
MRS. VIVIAN AUSTIN EDMONDS, Publisher
CLARENCE BONNETTE Business Manager
J. ELWOCD CARTER Advertisins Manager
Second Class Postage Paid at Durham, N. C. 27702
United States and Canada . 1 Year $6.00
United States and Canada 2 Yprs $11.00
Foreign Countries l Year S7.50
Single Copy .... 20 Cento
Principal Of fire Located t fist Pttisrew Street
Durham, North Carolina 27702
noN iccu .
The contributors are mem
bers of the Creative Writing
Class of North Carolina Cen
tral University, under the tu
telege of Miss Mary Bohannon
whose talents she considers
worth developing. The students
range from the freshman level
thro ugh t the graduate level.
A Russian writer. Ozhegov
gave an example of "creative
upsurge" as comparable to that
of.: "an inspired poet". All of
the students have been crea
tive which is not to convey the
connotation that their ideas are
original, but the disposition of
their ideas have ei-hoed Pascal's
(17th Century French writer)
There are so many variables
that the present day writer must
keep in mind: g
1. The avant-garde approach
2. The publishers are more
interested in contemporary
icti' it;;;. be that activity va
lid or superficial. It sells.
3. The new writer must
learn to accept rejection
slips on stride -- that is.
when the publisher decides
to lake his time in return
ing manuscripts: and the
very formality or "coldness'
of printed rejection slips.
If the above variables must be
ever in mind softening rejection
then what is the prerequisite to
the longevity of good poetry?
1 must characterize that literary
attribute as "Universality"
which means "present every
where or are in all". This defi
nition encompasses the feelings
innate in all mankind. The feel
ing defies misunderstanding of
the writer's purpose rather it
enhances that feeling through
mutual understanding. We, after
reading the pieces sit back and
say: "I know, because I too
have been there." This is my
Why don't you slio into a
body shirt. Alice?
laces and frills, oh so girl
ish, just don't become you
Knock-kneed, sweet Alice,
without her sashes.
Arc you ready to burn
on gowns, tulles and petti
come back to reality . . .
Oh dear, dear Alice. v
without a fantasy.
Can you feel the drag
of clinging to old fads?
strip off in front of wall
mirror, look closely to find
true beauty . . .
Why don't you slip into
a body shirt. Alice?
On hearing oi the slaying of
What harmony bred such
contempt as to so griev
ously permit the annihila
tion of God's most precious
A flower in this Garden.
A BOY LIES DEAD!
ia rupture defying repair)
As we stand astrid the
Thoughtless, Voiceless. Pas
sionless, no utterances of
pain, sorrow, or outrage
have dented the quiet from
so vast a lot.
A deafening pause which
complicity bares, hollow
commentary from paupers
Our pleas of "nolo contende
re," permeating airtight
compartments of self-indulgence,
(emanating from so
ciety's dementia), will not
adjudicate this breech.
Weep not your tears of de
Give meaning to Death
Give meaning to life'
LOVE, HATE, DIVINITY
Love, Hate and Divinity
These are the harmonies
Sustaining man's living
But after thought and search
ing my soul.
Not Love, Hate and Divinity
But Love, Hate and Complacency.
Does not refer to God fut
'To err is human, to forgive
Morris W. Barrier
Slowly resigning dusk
I '''! m '
Gives way to night.
Leaving vague gaseous mass
es. Somber mists.
Into a drifting patch of vapor.
An omnipresent base,
Capturing desperaU- anony
mity. Dreams dart up.
An exaggerated existence.
The child of memories
The man of expectations.
What more hell.
Without a smile
Came to me
I gave a moment
Took the moment.
I am accused
Of living in a world of ab
stractions. I busy myself with my daily
rounds. There I find certitude.
All the rest hangs
( ii mere threads
And trivial contingencies.
I cannot waste my time on
Ellis D. Jones, III
Di-Gel contains a unique anti
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acid indigestion. Get Di-Gel
tablets or liquid today. Prod
uct of Plough, Inc.
Former Mason Grand Master Passes
-at, Jul, 20, 171 THE CAROLINA TIMES 3A
STATEMENT OF CONDITION
MUTUAL SAVINGS AND LOAN
OF DURHAM. NORTH CAROLINA, AS OF DECEMBER 29, 1972
THE ASSOCIATION OWNS:
Cash on Hand and in Banks . i
State of North Carolina and U. S. Government Bonds
Stock in Federal Home Loan Bank
Money loaned to shareholders for the purpose of enabling
them to own their homes. Each loan secured by first
mortgage on local improved real estate.
Advanes made to our shareholders against their shares.
Advances for Insurance, Taxes, Etc.
Office Furniture and Fixtures .
THE ASSOCIATION OWES:
Shares Outstanding $
Notes Payable, Federal Home Loan Bank
Money borrowed for use in making loans to members.
Each note approved by at least two-thirds of entire Board
of Directors as required by law.
Loans in Process
Federal Insurance Reserve
Reserve for Bad Debts
To be used for the payment of any losses, if substaincd.
This reserve increases the safety and strength of the As
sociation. Other Liabilities
State of North Carolina
County of Durham, ss.
F V ALLISON, JR., Secretary of the above named Association per
sonally appeared before me this day, and being duly sworn, says that the
foregoing statement is true to the best of his knowledge and belief.
F. V. ALLISON. JR.
Sworn to and subscribed before me, this 10th
day of January, 1973.
VIVIAN R. PATTERSON, Notary Public
My commission expires July 21, 1975.
OFFICERS AND STAFF
ANNIE M. ANDERSON
MARGARET A. HAMMIE
VALERIA J. JARMAN
PEGGY M. MORGAN
CARRIE A. VEREEN
.... Chairman of the Board
. . , j Vice President
STRAYHORNE . . Treasurer
. . Asst. Secretary
V. V. Allison, Jr.
.1. W. Goodloc
W. J. Kennedy, Jr.
G. W. Logan
II. M. Michaux
A. T. Spaulding
C. C. Spaulding, Jr.
J. S. Stewart
Mrs. Josephine S. Strayhomc
J. II. Wheeler
V It. White
Junior Psst Grand Master
NORFOLK. "Va James E.
Fulford, the senior past grand
master of the Most Worship
ful Prince Hall Grand Lodge
of Virginia. Free and Ac
cepted Masons, Incorporated,
died recently in Norfolk.
He was funcralizcd from
Saint John's AME Church.
Bute Street, with the Rev.
Brother Dr. A. R. Powell, pas
Burial was in Calvary cem
etery. Norfolk, with final ma
sonic rites being performed
nl graveside by 'James V.
Washington, the right wor
shipful senior grand warden,
MWPIIGL. acting for the hon
orable J. Luvellc Taylor, Most
Worshipful Grand Master,
who was unable to attend due
to a prior committment.
Masonic leaders from
around the state were present
to nay silent tributes to Ful
ford and to hear Dr. Powell
cite him as a "Man who had
done his work, a brother who
had kept the faith, and as a
Christian and fratcrnial lead
er who now had gone on to
receive his just reward in
Fulford was loved and re
spected by all who knew him.
He was repeatedly referred to
in tributes as a man of God,
a Christian gentleman and a
masonic scholar in every
sense of the word. Some said
that many of the active pro
grams of the Prince Hall
gfand lodge being carried on
today were started by Fulford
when he served as MWGM in
Virginia from 1936 to 1938.
At the time of his death
Christmas day Fulford had
held or was presently hold
ing top leadership positions
in all branches of Prince Hall
masonry, including Most
Worshipful Grand Master,
MWPHGL of Va and grand
lodge offices in the Elks,
Frontiers of America, Grand
United Order of Odd Fellows,
Order of the Arrow, National
Brotherhood of. Scouts, and a
member of the Sons of Nor
folk, Boy Scouts of America,
NAACP and YMCA. He was
a member of Ebenezer Prince
Hall Lodge 86 in Berkeley,
and a past grand officer in
the grand chapter, Order of
Eastern Star, Virginia, Prince
Fulford was born in Nor
folk in 1888, the son of the
late Walter and Eliit-U"'
Archer Fulford. He was mar
ried to the late Miss Annie
Brehon. Two sons survive this
union. His church member
ship was with Saint John A.
M E. Church.
FILMS . . . INTERVIEWS!. .
SPECIAL EVENTS ... WITH
YOUR HOSTESS, WANftA
GARRETT. FRANK DISCUS
SION OF BLACK EVENTS IN
THE DURHAM AREA;
SATURDAYS AT SIX ON TV ELEVEN!!!
Raleigh-Durham mm m
IT IS A MISSING CHAPTER FROM
THE GRAPES OF WRATH
AND OF EQUAL
-Judith Crist, New York Magazine
A Robert B R.dn,H M.rtir. Man Film
starring CICELY TYSON PAUL WINFIELD KEVIN HOOKS coswrmg TAJ MAHAL
JANET MACLACHLAN produced by ROBERT B RAONITZ amctid by MARTIN RfTT
screenplay by LONNE ELDER. Ill based on rhe NeArt wiring Nov by
WILLIAM H. ARMSTRONG songs and muse by TAJ MAHAL panhvisioh
COLOfl BY D LUXE"
jti ill mm w SH0W nME
tit W KM A WON thru FRI
'mmmmmmmmmmm 7:00 & 9:00
twerirlew Sfceaeiiie Center . ..
.bo-o ... -H., $01 N..O. SAT & SUN
; 5:00- 7:00- 9:00
your phone system is
your phone company is not.
You never see the complicated electro
mechanical gearthatmakesyour phone work.
For example, we have machines that period
ically check every line.
They look for trouble even when there
isn't any. It's one form of automated preven
tive medicine we use to keep your phone
ready to use when you need it.
But, even these intricatesystems of lines
and devices'are ja4t a-paiof our operation.
We're mainly people. Thousands of us
dedicated to service. For every one of us that
you see there are 8 others doing the behind-the-scene
jobs that keepyour Dhoe6uiirvg.
We are all committed tftotfM'Olri-to-One"
service policy. So, even though you may
not see us all face to face doesn't mean we
can't deal with each other one to one.
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fjalf taauHnW qwssHVH irf PImV RBrTuaaas1 iKaffi sriy ypTtJf yyg'w sNB SffaaiHaav aaBfil
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The people you can telk to One-to-One.