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THE CAROLINA HUES
DITORIALS & COMMEN
"nf BlSTOry POORS OT w
end say, 'There Hved e
end yet with dignity end Christie Love, when
written b future generations, the historian" will have to pouts
i black people who injected new meaoino sm
1- ...L. - -
diqniry into the veins of civilixot.on ' This is our challenge and our ewtrwbsbelea, re-
t." Rev. Mertm uitner Mng, jr.
I Job Prospects For College Grads"
The prospects of jobs tor this year's
crop of college graduates appear to be
relatively good, that is. it is much
better than such prospects have been
in the prior lour years.
When the young graduate tosses his
mortar board into the job ring this
summer, he or she will find
particularly good areas ol health' care
and business management, teaching
profession, engineering and the
business administration arena.
ft is important to note that the
Carnegie Commission on Higher
Education reports that there will be
probably too many college graduates
lor the rest of the decade and relates
that serious readjustments or changes
in the job markets may become
Further, the Commission says that
the "realistic problem for the ll)70's
may be the necessity for the
absorption of some college-educated
persons into jobs which have not been
traditionally filled by persons with a
For college-educated black women,
the outlook appears that she will be
the most favored of prospective
employees in all fields. This will
become necessary as employers seek
to make adjustments in their
employees to achieve greater
representation of minorities on their
payrolls to meet equal opportunity
Without a doubt, the optimistic
attitude for blacks, particularly, will
be that the demand for college trained
personnel is expected to continue for
the rest of the 70's and beyond.
Challenges to the Graduates
Our strength lies in the continued
production of leaders who apply
themselves to helping others. With the
continuous changes in our society, the -challenges
become greater and much
Only those who have the ability to
look ahead and grasp reality need
appy for many jobs today; Especially
only the mature should join in the
ceremony tor the best joKs. .
Getting a good job, however, has
never been-nor will it ever be-a bed
of roses. The college graduate, just
like anyone else. wiH-have to put his
best foot forwardas well as
presenting the cherished document of
education. His or her shiny new job
will not be handed to them on a silver
Perhaps sqme tbugb ffeould be
given to these'tfiiajMio matter what
many others say or possibly do not
Appearance and decorum-as
al ways-count for a lot. Acting natural
and being neat and courteous have not
gone out of style.
Thinking of potential service to an
employer goes along way toward
convincing him you are the one for
the position. What can you do for
Don't linger unduly over salary and
fringe benefits. Avoid a tendency to
oversell your qualifications. Time will
show better than talk.
Bone up on company background
and performance. Examine ratings.
Don't do all the talking. Let the
employer express himself. Allow him
to ask the questions.
Although it is true the '73 graduate
has better than an even chance to
obtain excellent employment this
summer and fall, he or she must not
appear over-trained for the event or
seem too sure to himself. That is a
good way to be a work drop-out
before one is even hired.
Finally respond to the task with
vision, maturity and if hired,
Build your future in your thinking
and accept the challenge to work for
yourself and others as well.
Mayor Bradley's Win
The election of a black man to the
mayorship of the country's third
largest city is a major step forward in
the political development of black
Americans. It is also a landmark of the
growing political maturity and
sophistication of the white voters who
turned their backs on narrow racial
appeals to vote for the candidate they
considered best for their city.
A vindication of democratic
political process appears in. the
election ol" Thomas Bradley as well.
Perhaps it shows also that people
could rise above racism and judge a
man "on the basis of his merit alone".
It is his hope that the election would
help launch a "new thrust" in the
black movement and held divert it
from confrontation to cooperation on
But by no means must Bradley's
win indicate totally that a new era of
racial harmony was dawned.
Blacks will and must continue to
seek their equality in all areas of
economic, political, social, cultural
and education gains as this great
nation moves toward its 200th
Things In Stall bar
1 ON OF A SLAVE WOMAN WHO ROSE
10 BECOME A MIGHTY MONARCH... HIS
REIGN BROUGHT UNHEARD OF WEALTH i
TO EGYPT. HIS EMPIRE EMBRACED TWO
CONTINENTS AND,ONE YEAR,THETRiB- M
UTE FROM A SINGLE NATION WAS 1570
POUNDS OF GOLD! OF THE MANY MON
UMENTS HE BUILT, ONE OBELISK STANDS ON THE THAMES, LON
DON; ANOTHER IN CENTRAL PARK,NYC , KNOWN TO MILLIONS
MM) "CLEOPATRA'S NEEDLE'"!
SUPREME COURT AFFIRMS
By REP. AUGUSTUS F. HAWKINS
m bbv bi Hi i w m r s aw anni . r s s v .
A FEW CAN PRETEND TO HAVE FORESEEN HOW
THE NATION THAT RESPONDED TO WE CIVIL HI GUTS
ELOQUENCE Of PR.HING-AND LYNDON JOHNSON-
UOULD REGRESS IN THENIXONERA "
JAMES AWECHSLER NY.P0ST
' V. fc t I LiltlUIll .. .
0:.- hundred and tarty two
'years ago (1431) otrTVed
nesday of this week Ike first
Negro convention in
America met in
Philadelphia. The main
objective of this meeting was
to consider the "oppression
of our brethren in a country
whose republican con
stitution declares 'that all
men are born free and
Other events- this week of
historical interest are as
JUNE 4 - First Baptist
Church founded in America
JUNE a - Supreme Court
rulecr again si segregation in
railroad cars in 1950.
Supreme Court abolished
segregation in the University
of Oklahoma in 1950. ' ,
JUNE 7 The
announced m ism!) i
of equality of treatment
opportunity ior an persons in
the the Navy and Marine
JUNE 8 - The Florida
Conference of the AME
Church was organized in
JUNE - James C.
Napier (1845-1940) was the
pioneer in the movement for
the establishment of the one
cent savings bank first
organized by colored men in
Tennessee which later was
known . as the Citizens
Savings Bank and Trust
Company. Meta Vaux
Warick Fuller, foremost
Negro sculptress in the 19th
JUNE io - Richard Allen
started the independent
Movenunent in 1794.
Antonio Candido Gonzales
Crespo, Portuguese poet,
was horn in 1846
NOW YOU KNOW
Of about 7.000 Koinan
vlve; eoilin found in Scan
dinavia, more than 5,000
were found as) the island of
Thanks to soggy weather
that curtailed holiday travel
in many areas, gasoline
supplies held up better than
expected over the Memorial
Only a few motorists were
stranded by the gas short
age. Among them was my
friend Rimbeau Hooker
smith, who stopped at a
service station that had run
out of gas and didn't have
enough in his tank to make it
to the next station.
"THIS IS outrageous,"
Hookersmith fumed in
recounting the experience.
"Why didn't somebody warn
us there wouldn't be enough
gas to go around? f
said. "You must haVe known
gas supplies were limited.
It's been in all the papers
'ill any lately!
Any genius can tell you
there's a shortage after the
Marcus H. Boulware, Ph. I)
Public Speaking Textbook
QUESTION: I am in
terested in studying public
speaking on my own. Please
suggest a good textbook that
I might study -Mrs. K.L.P.
ANSWER: Since you
mentioned that you wanted
to study public speaking
your self, I assume that you
do not want to skim over the
One of the textbooks Hike
when teaching public
speaking is PRINCIPLES
ANT91PES OF SPEECH,
film edruu.:, by Alan H.
Monroe, and pin..:. il by
the' Scott, Foresman aiV
pany with offices in New
k Chicago, Dallas, and
This book gives an idea for
every word. It discusses
every principle and
demonstrates with an
example speech support,
details, main ideas,
development of - ideas,
purposes, and delivery of the
iy ' . : - '; ; iv':'
Speech Is Necessary
Mankind cannot get along
man, that is. We are living in
a society that is organised.
No longer can a Man do
things of any great
magnitude alone; he must
first secure the consent or
active support of other
people in order that the
combined effort of all may
converge upon a common
The leader by public
speaking hopes to arouse
enthusiasm when the
audience agrees with him in
principle. Conviction' is the
"ord, that is, the necessity
not only of arousing t an
audience but also of
changing beliefs or instilling
READERS: For my
pamprtwt -90 Unique Public
Speaking Subjects", send
two stamps and a long
business envelope to M.G.
Boulware, Florida A&M
University, Box 193
Tallahassee, Florida -32307.
OEO Urgently Needed
Earlier this year the Subcommittee on Equal Oppor
tunities, of which I am Chairman, held extensive hearings in
Washington and other cities around the country as a result of
the Administrations announced intention and subsequent
efforts to dismantle the Office of Economic Opportunity and
eliminate the community action agencies. .
The hearings demonstrated that there is strong public
sentiment and support for the continuation of OEO and
community action. In view of this finding coupled with the
recent court decision declaring the efforts of the
Administration to dismantle OEO as illegal (pointing out,
however, that Congress is operating under a June 30, 1873
deadline), it becomes imperative that the Congress see to it
that monies are appropriated for OEO and the community
action programs for fiscal year 1974.
In his budget message. The President stated that com
munity action agencies have had an adequate opportunity to
demonstrate their value and that they have been supported
long enough by federal money. Coupled with allegations of
wrongdoing from other opponenets of community action
programs, the Administration's announced intentions and
subsequent actions have caused the poor and disadvantaged
to have to fight for their survival in the Federal budget
against almost insurmountable odds.
This rather unjustified posture in which the CAAs find
themselves comes ironically at a time when, according to the
information gathered during our hearings, the community
action concept enjoys the kind of broad community support
and acceptance shared by many of the other federally sup
ported urban programs. Witnesses ranging in scope rom
bank executives to Archbishops testified as to the ef
fectiveness of community action programs and emphasized
the desperate need to see that funds continue to be made
available for these programs.
To suggest that there is no longer a need for such
programs is to perpetrate the crudest of frauds on the poor
and disadvantaged. And worse yet, to then proceed to
eliminate the programs can only be described as an arrogant
and callous treatment of the facts.
In addition to the overwhelming testimony in support of
CAAs gathered from our hearings, other reports and studies
seem to produce similar positive conclusions. In an OEO
sponsored report entitled, "Utilization Test Survey Data for
591 CAAs," the results show that community action agencies,
with relatively small amounts of seed money, have been able
to bring significant additional funds and other resources to
bear on local community problems.
There are also reliable indications that the Annual Report
of OEO, which, for yet undetermined reasons, has not been
released to Congress, contains very positive recom
mendations for the continuation of OEO and the programs
authorized under the Economic Opportunity Act.
While I would be the last one to even suggest that there
have not been abuses in some of the community action
programs and other components of OEO, I would be the first
to say that the abuses and wrongdoings in no way charac
terize the whole of community action programs or the con
cept of community participation.
TO BE EQUAL
Rw VFRNOIM JORDAN 1
"Jpwfc7 relive Direr to, Nation.1 Urban i.eagu,
gasoline is gone.
"I'M TALKING about 10
or 15 years ago when there
was still time to do
something about it.
Somebody in the government
must have seen the energy
crisis coming at least that
"An energy crisis doesn't
just spring up overnight, you
I said, "Rimbeau, I hope
you are not insinuating what
I think you're insinuating."
THAT'S exactly what I'm
replied. "I'm insinuating
that there has been a
deliverate, high level effort
to cover up the energy
"Fiddlesticks!" I creid.
"You always think the worst
where President Nixon is
"This coverup extends far
beyond Nixon," he retorted.
"Johnson and Kennedy and
maybe even Eisenhower had
a hand in it. None of them
wanted to become the first
U.S. president to tell the
American people they
couldn't jump in their cars
and go anywhere they
wanted to anytime they
"THAT WOULD have been
even worse than being the
first U.S. president to lose a
I said, "Hold on there,
Rimbeau. If there was an
energy crisis coverup, I'm
sure it was confined to White
House aides who thought
they were acting in the in
terest of national security
but whose zeal exceeded
evidence, I must reject your
insinuation that the
presidents themselves were
aware of what was going on.
"Under our form of
government, the president is
presumed oblivious until
"AND BESIDES that, they
couldn't have kept the
energy crisis secret anyway.
Sooner or later, the gasoline
shortage would have leaked
Now You Know
f h longest overdue
library book on record was
one that Frederick Smith of
Bishop's Stortford, England,
found in his possession in
July, 1964. It was checked
out in 1827 and fines
amounted to $1,540.
P. O. BOX 33.S
DURHAM, NORTH CAROLINA 27701
Editor Publisher 1027-1971
L. E. AUSTIN
Published every Saturday at Durham, N. C.
i - fSTTN EDMONDS, Publisher
CLARENCE BONNETTE Business Manager
J. ELWOOD CARTER Advertising Manager
Second Class Postage Paid at Durham, N. C. 2770S
United States and Canada 1 Yer $6.00
United States and Canada 2 Years $11.00
Foreign Countries .. 1 Year $7.50
Single Copy 20 Cents
Principal Office Located at 43ft East Pettltfrew Street
Durham, North Carolina 27702
The Crime of Punishment
You might think that the Watergate mess might dampen
the ardor of the law and order crowd, but apparently it
Although official statistics indicate a down-turn in the
crime rate, public hysteria continues to grow. There is a new
push for more prisons, tougher sentences, and the restoration
of the death penalty none of which rjve deterred crime in
Akittyof over half a billion dollars has been proposed to build
ten more federal maximum security prisons. A revision of
the federal criminal code has been proposed that would set
high minimum sentences, and mandate long prison terms
and even death for some crimes. And at least 13 states have
taken advantage of the Supreme Court's ruling that left the
way open to reinstate the death penalty if it is applied
uniformly, to reimpose that needless and brutal sentence.
D7 THE GOAL OF ALL these steps is to cut crime, they
make no sense at all. Their only result will be to blindly lash
out at people convicted of crimes, while tearing the causes of
crime and the inequities of the present criminal justice
With probation and counseling services starved for funds,
for example, it couldn't be more wasteful than to build new
maximum security jails. The record of the prison system is
an almost unbroken tale of failure, of racism, of brutality,
and of training for future crimes.
Stiff sentences never deterred criminals in the past, even
when pick - pockets were hung and thieves drawn and
quartered. To suppose that long mandatory sentences, or
even the death penalty, will cut crime now is a form of self
deception that only diverts attention from the real causes and
cures of cirme. ,
A LOT OF RESEARCH and thinking has gone into the
problem or crime in recent years. A couple of Presidential
commissions and professional associations have made some
sensible observations and suggestions, but in the present
climate they are going unheeded. A brief look at some facts is
enough to show that the current proposals are taking us down
a blind alley.
Sentences are already very high. The average federal
prisoner is serving about six years, while in Europe sen
tences over five years are very rare. Far less than one
percent of prisoners in Swedish jails are serving as much as
Sentencing procedures are biased against the poor and the
black Defendants with private lawyers are sentenced half as
severely as those who can't afford them. Blacks nearly
always get longer sentences than do whites for the same
"White - collar" crime goes largely unpunished. A theft of
a few dollars can draw a six - month sentence, but a multi
million dollar stock fraud criminal can get off with a
suspended sentence and go home to house in the suburbs.
.Nearly three - fourths of those convicted of auto theft went
to jail for an average term of three years, but only fifteen
percent of those convicted in stock frauds that undermine the
economic system went to jail at all, and their average term
was less than a year.
IT OUGHT TO BE CLEAR by now that prisons are only
factories of bitterness, mass - producing angry, frustrated
individuals with a grudge against society. Caging a man up,
stripping him of his freedom, his family, his self - respect, his
mental and physical needs, is not going to rehabilitate him.
The criminal justice system is a fa
aren't enough jails, not because judges are "soft - headed,"
not because "criminals" have too many rights, but because it
is shot through with discrimination against he poor and the
black, with capriciousness that over - punishes some crimes
while letting others escape the law, with a lack of humanity,
with no realistic means of encouraging people convicted of
crimes to become contributing members of the community
and because it stresses blind vengeance at the expense of
This results in great personal tragedies, but perhaps more
important, it undermines the whole structure of law and
.: enricli your r- Lyx -jm.-:xMiL:mw 1 '
I Bryant's Hot & Wig Box 1 SERVICE PRINTING CO. ) I -.
Involve With God Is Involve With Self .fejilil sB Letter Press - Offset Printing - Engraving j
A Complete Line j Wig jp ?- :.f 504 E. PETTIGREW ST PH. 688-2394 J
Els D. Jom i $'$, Mr . Slight's Auto t Fuel 01
Speedy Road Service Day and Night
FUNERAL DIRECTORS "A BUSINESS WITH A SOUL"
41S DO WD STREET Theodore and Charlie
. L ,nv. . 433 E. PILOT STREET PHONE 682-3575
Serving Durham Over 30 Years . !
1 ; , 1
a 3 A B - I Willi Mil lllll HBBt" -S BU lBK. i- ,
Berber r mmmmiP1-'- - : Granger Baptist Church
Turner's Beauty &
Efficient Service Is Our Policy
438 E. PETTIGREW STREET
Highway 47 Elloree, S. C
REV. H. O. HARVEY, Pastor
St. Joseph's AME Church
Striving for Liberation and Freedom
with Jesus Christ Since 1869
804 FAYETTEVILLE STREET
The Church is God's appointed agency in this world lor spreading the knowledge of His love
for man and of His demand for man to respond to that love by loving his neighbor. Without
this grounding in the love of God, no government or society or way of life will long
persevere and the freedoms which we hold so dear will inevitably perish. Therefore, even
from a selfish point of view, one should support the Church for the sake of the welfare
of himself and his family. Beyond that, however, every person should uphold and par
ticipate in the Church because it tells the truth about man's life, death and destiny; the
truth whkh alone will set him free to live as a child of God.
Scarborough & Hargett, Inc.
There It Comfort In Belief
919 FAYETTEVILLE ST.
Serving Durham Since 1950 .
1102 BROAD CT. PHONE 286-1288
Truewoy Church of God In
Christ Jesus, Inc.
WE EXTEND AN INVITATION
TO ALL PEOPLE
707 N. Mangum Street
Elder W. G. Allen, Pastor Tele. 688-8456
The Bible Story
Home Health Education Service
P. O. Box 1147 Decatur, Ga. 30031
ATTEND CHURCH REGULARLY .
Neighborhood Disccunt Grocery
910 ROBORO ROAD ' DURHAM, N. C.
Johnson's Seafood Market
THE CHURCH IS LOVE
111 SOUTH ALSTON AVENUE
ifpliiey'B. High, Owner
- AU Wigs Are New Fads
: STYLING AND CLEANING
353 WEST MAIN ST. PHONE, 682-4242
Mt. Zbn Baptist Church
GREETINGS . .
We Extend A Standing Invitation To The
Public To Attend Our Services
DR. D. W. FULLER, Pastor
CORNER ALSTON AVE. A LIBERTY
NOW OPEN FOR BUSINESS
1 mm I
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mm: . sW -