The Carolina times. (Durham, N.C.) 1919-current, August 20, 1977, Image 1
VOLUME 55 - NUMBER 33 "READ BY OVER 30,000 DURHAMITES" DURHAM. NORTH CAROLINA - SATURDAY. AUGUST JO. 1977 TELEPHONE (919) PRICIs 23 C,VT I' L !i v 1 t ! Souili African Squatters RosisJ Dumping "flirt iiri.-ifY, s-- i"i" I. ,i . . ... ' : iapu wnue duck aouin Ainca stuaents "s pws were ineir uieeauv anyway, ine , near Pretoria and Johannesburg move oh to residents said they would not move unless :S MIV their ; third week bovcottine classes. , the sqttattcr evictions near Cape Town have also r fie COvernment offered an alternative in housing and jobs. , .,, , :$ provoked resistance. ,lf v V V ost of those affected are not eligible $ 'UTMVJioveli.'ptha', .shantytowo., dwellers to. live as families in an urban area under $ called home are how jTnostly gone, bulldozed South African law. Parfly because of the $ into oblivion by the authorities or angrily lge colored (mixed race) population there, $ jvuiu niuvd uistuurages uiacus iroin com- 3. ihg to Cape Town. It stopped building family housing units for them a decade ago. Newer black workers, must settle fqr single sex hostels and live without- their & family or else become squatters "burned by the residents, themselves. And by me weenena trucKs were carting on the g families who refused free rail tickets to Transkei and Ciskei ."homelands" over 700 miles distant. , l? j When ,the bulldozers came last, week, ! j police had to use teargas and dogs to clear the:, way for the demolition. Resident de is monstrators were joined by ove,r 100 whites j , opposed to the government's policy. Arrests included several white 'sympathizers who lay in front of advancing bulldozers, while the $ presence of a V, S. diplomat's wife among the protestors has caused a minor diplomatic & row, between South Africa and the United I Stated . The 26,000 ; people who lived in g Modderdam, Unibell, and Wekgenoot have been involved, together with black and , :g colored residents of Cape Town's official jj townships, in repeated protests over, the ;g last year. When they were given a seven day quit notice last February they refused SJj to leave and lawyers took their cases to j , court,; The government said the settle & ments were a health hazard and at least half The existence of squatter communities reflects the desperate housing shortage for black workers in the Cape Town area as well ;!: as a growing defiance of j Influx Control $: Law? which break up African families,::-: assigning the unemployed, women, children, :: and elderly to distant and often desolate 8 "homelands." g Meanwhile, the Transkei, a "homeland" j set up by South Africa for Xhosa-speaking people and declared "independent" last year, has condemned the efforts by the $ South African government to ship thousands $ of uprooted squatters there. :: In a continuing dispute over , whether Xhosa speakers living and working in South :: Africa have a choice to be Transkei citizens $ or not, Transkei has indicated it will not be a : dumping ground for those unwanted by $ South Africa. :: c t IANI As THE CASE OF THE POOR pari ol hLs ifatc visit tK Washington TafHaniar) President JuiU Nyvran Jvhvrcd a ut Howad University in the nation's capital whew he received an honorary dcyrec avy emphasis or. southern Africa in Nvcrcrc talks. August 5,tth farter adminisira i),.nit.- the 'hcaw cmnhusk or. southern Africa in Nvcrcrc's talks. Aucust 5. wkh farter adminiiira! tkn olTicials. the Tanzanian leader those the conflict between the world' rich and poor a hl topic, g Sec excerpts front the speech. Puee 5. g AMI villi PordoGis For 10 Are Close AO Umii PRESIDENT JULIUS K. NYERERE of Tanzania (R) chided Americans for their Jirivestmerits ' in South Africa. Introduced by . Los Angeles Mayor .Torn Brad-; ley (L) President Nyerere responded to questions from the press prior to a reception in'Jiis honor. Nyerere is touring the United States and ? will study California agricultural techniques during.; his stay in California. (UPI). '-Prodocors Bbsgqnditlo.S o5 llm K Minority Businesspeople Quosfion 01M Officials Ms. Imani Kazana. National Coordina tor for the Wilmington 1 0 Defense Commi ttee commented Monday. August 15. that site feels that "pardons for l lie Wilmington 10 are close arc close at hand." "Pressure is mounting from all directions on Gover nor Hunt (N. C). I believe that he is be ginning to realize that time is running out for him to take action before the federal government takes action against the State." Ms. Kazana' s views come as a result of a series of positive developments in this five year civil rights case. Within the past several days a U. S. Justice Department ..spokesperson. John Russell, told reporters that Attorney General Griffin Bell's office had been in contact with Governor Hunt asking him to "give serious consideration to the pardon request." Bell's actions are a result of a letter signed by 60 members of . Congress urging federal intervention in this case. "Certainly Governor Hunt realizes that the Justice Department would not make such a request if It did not have the evi dence to back it up." says Ktzana. A meet ing between the Governor's office and the representatives of the Jutic' Department isto be scheduled soon With talks beginning to assess the hu man rights clauses of the Helsinki Accord. Governor Hunt has also been constantly re minded that failure to remedy the Wilming ton 10 case is bringing embarrassment to the country as a whole. Writing to Governor Hum recently. Congressman Charles B. Rangel (N. Y.y pointed out. "it is important that the U. S. as it purports to champion human rights both here and in other countries begin to preserve the civil rights of our own citi-. zens if we are to avoid challenges of hypo crisy by both the countries who support the new Administration's position and those who have voiced their critism." Governor Hunt has also been under increased pressure to grant pardons cf Continued On Page 16 IN TWO HOUR SESSION ' , LOS ; ANGELES, CALI FORNIA (CCNS)' - Paul Maslansky,. a , spokesperson tor .; Filmways Corporation, has. responded to charges by several 'directors of 'the Southern , Christian Leader ship Conference that the film "Martin: , Luther King" dis torts the history of the civil rights movement, and de fames many of the key civil rights figures, (including the late Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and Dr. Ralph David Abernathy, President Emeri tus of the SCLC. Filmways is the producer of the 245 minute serial to be shown on NBC television sta tions much like Alex Haley's "Roots". ' " . Maslansky says that the charges by SCLC officials are "natural" because for them "everything is subjective from the point of view of the people who took part In the (civil rights) movement." Maslansky continued saying, "they have their own pers pective. It's necessary to step back from it, that's why his- Justice Sharpo Appoints No Blacks, Women .The North Carolina Asso--. ciation of Black Lawyers has strongly, criticized N. C. Supreme Court Chief Justice Susie Sharpe for not appoint mg "a single black or female person to the Superior Court Nominating Committee out of the thirteen lawyers she appointed on Monday, August IS. " In a statement Issued Tuesday by Charles E. Daye, president of the NC ABL, the organization suggests that "any assertion that no blacks or women are qualified would be too in credible to warrant refuta tion. To assert that no blacks or women are available would be contrary to facts within our knowledge." "Justice Sharp did not seek the counsel of the North ' Carolina Association of Black Lawyers," the statement continued, "regarding any po tential appointees, notwith standing our support of the merit selection plans consi dered by the 1977 Session of the General Assembly. Nor did Justice Sharp take advan tage of our, offer which we made in a letter to her dated Aufiust 2, 197?. to assit Continued On Page 13J torians ' are ! so very ImpOr i tant." L One Critic of:. the film, I DfTCp Vivian,' a former.6 i-King 'aide arid SCLC board ' ' member,' said in an interveiw , that some scenes in the film v were not factual and would :, be taken by viewers as a fac tual representation of the, civil 1 rights movement. An I example, Vivian said was a t scene in . which two sanita f tion workers were killed, in Memphis in 1968, alleged ; ly by accidentia Vivian and Dr. Ralph Abernathy, follow- tog a review - of the film : clips, told film writer Abby ; Mann that the scene was not f factual as well as many others time were in the film. At this Vivian and 'Abernathy aitacxea physically. Maslansky,! . contradict- .toganinterrence .was objective sa. inevitablv there're ' eoina to be distortions and accusations! of distortions and overexa gerations and underemphasis of things.". ,He claimed that the Memphis scene was fac tual, however, referring to Vivian and Abernathy, commented "of course it's very embarassing when you're part of a movement and didn't realize one of the things which prompted Dr. King to go to Memphis. . ." During, the course of Continued On Page 161 . RALEIGH (CCNS) One hundred minority busi ness people were given details and an opportunity, to' ques tion representatives of federal and state Offices of he Minority Business Enterprise (OMBE) concerning the Local ,she said, will be $44 million i Funds, she said, cbiild be cut off .if local governments did not Comply with; the law. vi -The Local Public Works Program (LPW). although in tended :for construction of FORMER CAROLINA TIMES NEWSBOY Hawaii State Legisf of or In City To Discuss Youth Problems .;Rep .Charles M. Catnpr of the public Works, projects chosenl' " . .Pi mm OtKrV.- p,,;.,v i Dui , pi 'm i iyuiihiciii, , beUi'-Vteticftairman 7XZr&?i WWy business, participa - aI&Si MkZ'Zx i,.TO?,WB1 tore than ' . ,u:?w'r ' , "7 ' tnc nawa it state Legislature Durham-Meigh Prison Groups iJeet Trimble RALEIGH'- Members . of the Raleigh and Durham chapters of the Caledonia iPrisoneVSupport Group ?met Friday i with Assistant j Director of Corrections.; Robert Trimble to update! Trimble on whali, if any, ' changes had occurred and whether improvements had !been made by personnel at Caledonia Prison Farm to up- ' grade the ' conditions of the prisoners there.' ' ;; The meeting was held as ;, a follow-up to an earlier dis cussion held by the group with Trimble and Secretary j of Corrections Amos Reed calling attention to several practices occuring at Cale donia that were of question able legality. In accord with the re question of Trimble, only two persons from the Cale i donia ..Prisoner Support i Group met with him. These : were Mrs. Mary Dunn of Raleigh and Mrs. Stella Battle of Durham. The issues dis I cussed included: Health care and sanitary , r conditions; . ' f Use of - forced labor . . where prisoners are being written up for disciplinary ' ) action for refusing to work in ' - the fields in the 107 degree I heat in violation of, the U,. . S. and North Carolina Con- ' . I stitutions; : ;"v - ; Establishment of legal libraries on all units in accord . with the recent Supreme , Court decision; ... .:, ; 1 That infonnatkn be I made available to families, - friends and those concerned about the welfare of prisoners as to the whereabouts of . these individuals. It is report ed that families have been given false information as to the whereabouts of the in carcerated; Medical . records , of all Continued on Page 11 tion. Before the more than two hour session was over,' several : ; of the. minority businesspeople Cast .doubt as t 0 w h e t h e r t h e Congressional mandate can be enforced by OMBE and the Economic Development Asso ciation. ; '' On hand to answer, ques tions and explain the Con 'gressional assurance that minorities will get ten per cent of the contracts and subcontracts were Ms. Estrelita Smith, representing OMBE Atlanta, and Bill Brewster, representing the Economic Development Ad ministration. Ms. Smith said that applications , from local governments for public works construction projects are being received from North Carolina and across the nation, most of which will be funded or rejected by Octo ber. North . Carolina's share. projects, Ms.' Smith said. would haV? : to assure local goverrnments that they would subcontract at least ten per cent of their contract amount to (minority busi- Continued on Page 2 ' I t r II & llliiPPlili5: If WIS -:..-::--'l.'X:tjx v .::,:: REP, CAMPBELL will be in Durham this week to discuss a variety of educational and youth, problems with City authorities in these fields. , The Hawaii legislator will be attending the National Con ference of State,. Legislators Meeting iti Detroit. .After that meeting, he will .attend the 20th Convention ' of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in Atlanta, Ga. ' As Chairman of. the Sub Committee on Higher Educa tion tjf the Hawaii, State Legis lature. Rep. Campbell will hold conferences with, several offi cials of different universities in the nation to discuss trans ferability of course credits. Programs related to im proving reading and mathema-, tic skills will be discussed with the Superintendent of Educa tion. In his role as Chairman of the Subcommittee on Youth Employment problems, he will dialogue with appropriate city and state officials concerning these areas. Rep..Campbell was elected Jrom a district where black voters constitute lets thatf one-quarter of one per cent of the total registered voters. He is the first black elected legislator in the country whose black constituency constitutes such a small percentage of the total registered voters. When asked to comment on his election he said, "The voters are more interested in good government and repre sentatives who are committed to honesty in government. Race and ethnic background are minor in their thinking. When asked to comment on an article In the U. S. News Ju World Report which listed Hawaii as one of the five states without a black elected offi cial, he remarked, "Yes, once there were five but now there are four." The lawmaker from the Aloha State was born in North Carolina. He graduated from Hillside High School and North Carolina Central University. He was a paper . boy for The Carolina Times and the Durham Sun. IVifmington 10 Attorneys . A' mm TJeet Titn Gov. Hunt ill llilllli -St EYE TO EYE -" Just being a bit careful, Topaze Stinson of Hartford, trades looks with Duncan the great horned owl at Camp Durant. Eileen Fielding (C) a naturalist for the Children's Museum of Hartford, Conn In troduced youngsters to a boa constrictor, a ferret and the owl. (UPI). RALEIGH (CCNS) - On Wednesday. August 10, Gov. James Hunt, following a closed meeting with attorneys for the Wilmington 10, said that he'.s not considering a pardon for the ten civil rights activists, nine of whom re main imprisoned. Defense attorneys James Fuller, James Ferguson and John Redmond met with Hunt for an hour and 20 minutes at the gover nor's office to discuss a petition for a pardon of innocence for the Wil mington 10. The petition was submitted to Hunt in June. This was the first time defense attorneys had the opportuniy to personally present the petition. Emerging from the meet ing somewhat expressionless, chief defense attorney James Ferguson reviewed the pre sentation for the press. "We talked about the facts of the case, we talked about the impact the case has had upon the citizens of the state, citi zens of the nation, citizens of the world and we talked about the injustices that we see involved in the case, and the inability or unwillingness of the courts to grant meaningful relief at this, time," Ferguson told fifteen news people gathered on the; capitol steps. : Hunt has not moved , from his position that he ought not Intervene as long as the case to to the courts. The Initial trial was to 1972. The conviction of firebomb tog a white-owned grocery - store and conspiracy to assault emergency personnel has been appealed since then to the N. C. Court of Appeals, the N. C. Supreme Court, the U. S. Supreme Court and the U. S. Federal District Court. A writ of habeas corpus, filed in the Federal District Court of Eastern NorthCarolina is now pending along with an Continued On Page 10 : Mora Then 450 Attend Dladt Festival Sun. RALEIGH (CCNS)! -More than 4S0 supporters of the Wilmington 10 gathered on the campus of St; Augus tine's College last Sunday where they were entertained by a host' of black artists from across the state who donated their talents to an affirmation of their support to free the ten civil rights activists. The cultural festi val, sponsored by the North Carolina Alliance Against Racist and PbUtcal Repression provided an after noon and evening of music, dance and drama and the - graphic arts. . Although the artistic offerings of the participants created t festive atmosphere, the occasion was lent solem nity by the presence of Wilmington 10 defendant Rev. Ben Charts mother. Mrs. Elizabeth Chavis and members of her family. In the St. Augustine's chapel Mrs. Chavls thanked the various organizations and individuals who have worked assidody . for the release of her sen tr.i the other eight yours r.tn (Continued Oa Pi 1C ' in im in iiini'i 'itolrntiimliiimiliMiiiiilllwlwijirii ill li li mm -M&.t,tyiMMl:V-r&lmtto,l i " ', . 'iIiiWiA. .W 4 W..4A.