Skip to Content
North Carolina Newspapers

The Carolina times. (Durham, N.C.) 1919-current, August 15, 1981, Page 13, Image 13

Below is the OCR text representation of this newspaper page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

The Dreams Of King Hassan ;Ey Laura Parks NNPA United Nations Correspondent ; sat..a,j:,jsti5.i::i Botswana A Much-Needed Census International jf k. Western Sahara's Polisario Front have laun- died a well coordinated , wopaganda campaign to User edit the Front ' and nake the Moroccan in- v: aiders of King Hassan eera certain of victory. -,The campaign got under ay several f weeks ago " rtien King Hassan of Morocco met with King Chalid of Saudi Arabia to , irrange for a reconcilia ion between Mauritania ind Morocco, both r :laimants to .Western V Jaharan lands and riches. ' Having achieved ; . a legree of unity between Mauritania and Morocco, .' inspired by Saudi wealth I and discreet United States "r .assurances of . aid, ; the , guerrilla , armies of the Polisario; Front knocked ow Mauritanian ambi tions and forced that im poverished nation to sue for. peace. Thereafter the Polisario Front concen trated all its efforts against the Moroccans. The Polisario-guerrilla , x operations against the soldiers of King Hassan have proven to be most ef fective and extremely cost ly for Morocco. ! Today, the Kingdom of Morocco is beset i with severe economic problems, in- eluding deep seated labor unrest and , food riots, which threaten the very existence of the Hassan ' dynasty. Saudi , Arabia and the United States do not relish the idea that yet another feudal monarch in the rapidly evolving third world may be on its last legs. When former Spanish dictator Franco died the Polisario Front and its soldiers forced the Spanish colonialists to surrender their claims to Rio de Oro, which was then renamed the Arab . Peoples Democratic Republic of Western Sahara. As the Polisario Front waged its war of national ' liberation against Spain the King of Morocco, stag ed massive, theatrical in-, vasion of Western Sahara which soon bogged down in the desert sands. Poor Mauritania, initially in spired by the early glories of King Hassan struck at enemies- Western Sahara from the ; 9VUU ' HUU attf.M.j . discovered that the costs . far outweighed any and all -benefits it may have hoped to gain from the invasion. , ' Today all international ; , organizations - recognize the Polisario Front as the legitimate; representative ; of the peoples of the Western Saharan desert. ' Why then the sudden camr paign against the Polisario Front? Primarily the cost ly war waged by fthe Moroccan King has now. reached its , maximum ef-' ' fort. If i victory not achieved soon the ' Kingdom will be seriously1 threatened from within by a disenchanted populace. -. Then again both Saudi Arabia and the United States do hot wish to see another Arab Democratic Republic appear on the; African continent, especially at the crucially important and sensitive time,, when Israel's. MenachemV Begin and .Egypt's Sadat arei desperately trying to establish a conservative military alliance at the juncture of Africa and Arabia which it is hoped could be supported by the Saudis against the evolv ing, non-feudal govern ments of northern Africa. The United States for its . part hopes to coordinate these developments in nor-" them Africa with its plans for South Africa. Washington strategists see South Africa working with the Israeli-Egyptian alliance to contain the raw material producing populations of the African continent, now ill-fed, ill housed, sick and mostly il literate, from massive rebellion. Ahti-Polisario pro pagandists, often posing as respectable and objec tive observers now claim . that Morocco can win its war because it has built a six foot high, 280 mile long barrier against the Polisario troops. Polisario officers ridicule this claim. They assert that since the end of the Second World War the forces of colonial 'and national WS&Sim art mies have always and without exception demolished , the most sophisticated fortifications. ' ANJ After fifteen years of ' ' v independence, , Botswana has transform-, ed its agrarian, cattle- based 1 economy - s into' diamond-studded :;'' pro sperity, Yet serious , economic .imbalances re- main. To better assess the situation :, and V assist , development planning, preparations .. are advanc-: if g for the ; largest and most scientific census in Botswana 's history. ; t Following independence in 1966, the former colony of Bechuanaland was an arid, dusty, impoverished territory, depending large-1 ly on meagre returns from cattle-rearing to sustain some 700,000 people. All but completely dependent on South Africa for its survival, the country even used the South African rand as its national cur renncy until 1976. Today, Botswana is one of Africa's richest coun tries, proudly sporting the twelfth highest GNP in Africa. Diamond mining has made all the dif ference. Production stan nds at more than $320 million yearly and ac counts for more than 60o of export earnings. Yet 80 of Botswana's 850,000 people still de pend on agriculture and cattle-raising, with the bast majority only manag ing a basre subsistence liv ing. And even with an im pressive 12 increase in the Gross Domestic Pro-1 duct over the last year,, massive unemployment re mains an embarrasing problemm. The situation has not improved much since 1978, when a pro fessor's study showed that 40 of the wage-labor force was out of work. Not surprisingly, Botswana's Fifth National Development Plan is em-. .: phasizing the creation of t new jobs and - rural developmment. Yet the . vital statistics needed to : effect the ' plan, ? which " covers ' the ' period . 1979-1985,. are not readily ; available. With ; this V in . . mind, the country is emv barking on the second na tional census r since . in-t , '. dependence, to be con-, , ducted later this year. 'f , This first post- -, independence census in , 1971 showed that about ; . 80 of the , population;.; lived in the southeast, , close to the rail line that still links South Africa's "i northern reaches 'with;; Bulawayo in western Zim babwe. Besides being the ' economic life-line of the v country, the area is also ; well-watered by the Lim-i popo River. With much of. the country covered by the arid Kalahari Desert, water has been "the primary determinant in the pattern of human set tlement," according to a recent government publication. But that appears to be changing. The thriving , economy is also making its mark on demographic pat terns. The massive economic returns from mining have been concen trated in the country's few urban centers, Gaborone,. Francistown and Lobatse. This has in turn ac celerated the migration of the unemployed and underemployed from the ? countryside. In addition, new set tlements are growing up around the rich mining -centers of Selebi-Pikwe and Orapa in the central province, Jwaneng, 80 miles west of Gaborone (the capital city) and presently under construe-, tion, is expected to become Botswana's j 1 i lit a K ' V- f I "H fi Tr4 - Black Scientist Honored Dr. W. Montegue Cobb (left), medical educator and president of the NAACP, and Or. Jane Wright, noted cancer researcher, talk with artist Ernest Crichlow and Dr. Otto Sturzenegger, chairman of the board and chief executive officer of CIBA-GEIGY Cor poration, Ardsley, N.Y., at a special reception held prior to the annual convention of the National Urban League in Washington, D.C. Dr. Cobb and Dr. Wright are honored in the CIBA-GEIGY Exceptional Black Scientists Poster Series for which Crichlow painted the scientists' portraits. largest and richest dia mond mine; it also will likely affect population patterns. While mining in Botswana is fabulously lucrative, it is also capital intensive, producing few jobs while attracting numerous job-seekers. Observers agree that the "major demographic pro blems relate to employ ment. With a population growth rate of at least 3, the size of the work force is exploding. It is expected to increase from 887,000 in 1979 to 515,000 in 1985 a six-fold increase. And while the South African mines used to employ up wards of 40,000 Botswana workers yearly, recruit ment has already fallen to less than 20,000 as of 1979. '' Presently the labor force is growing at about 18,000 per year whereas the plan aims at formal employment growth of some 10,000 jobs annual ly, with the accent on ''achieving increased pro ductivity in the rural economy." - "When we come to rural development, we find that it is skill intensive. You need plann ing in minute detail because every community has its own characteristics," said Botswana's president, Dr. Quett Masire. If it goes as planned, this'vear's census will eive the government the "minute details" it so urgently needs to effec tively manage national development. Partly financed and assisted by the United Nations Fund for Population Activities, there are no less than three government-appointed committees running the census operation. The National Com munications Committee is presently coordinating the pre-census publicity cam paign. All major media are taking part, producing special programs and stories as well as carrying exhortations and news to heighten public interest. Special lessons have been ; Dreoared to inform Donald King Gives NNPA Archives $10,000 V .. . Cleveland. Ohio: The Archives Committee of the National News paper Publishers Association, through its chairman. William O Walker, has received a contribution of $10,000 from fight promoter Donald King In making his gift. Mr. King expressed his interest in the Archives project which was estab lished in 1973 at Howard University. The Archives is expected to become the primary facility in the world for research related to the history Of the Black press As a part of the joint project between Howard University and NNPA, a Gallery of Distinguished Newspaper publishers has been established in the Mooreland Spingarn Research Center, where portraits of Black publishers are enshrined and can be viewed by the public. Copies of Black news papers are sent to the Archives center each week for microfilming and for research reference Dr. Michael R Winsont is director of the Mooreland-Spingarn Research Center.. v students about the census, its purpose and its work ings in the hope that the youngsters will re-enforce media messages aimed at their parents. Even the widespread popular theatre move ment, used throughout the country to promote development messages, has incorporated the cen sus theme into its ac tivities. A special film has been prepared about the census and is currently touring the country. ; . During the census, everyone 12 years and older will be required by law to provide informa tion. But even younger children (to the age of (Continued on P i at -i II iH il i Wo mm A0 iScagratttjs j IMTu i mn am n flfti n mv cr.-ft- I l',Wf Nature's Pure Ener-Gel Aloe Vera terbs Juice, capsules and Wonder Cream lor arthritis . low ' energy, bursitis, high blood pressure, heart disease, ulcers, colon, nervousness, Indigestion, heartburn, diabetes, overweight problems, hernia, sleep better, Insect bites, plant stings, component of reproductive naturr fluid, to name a lew. Aloe Vera has a pleasant, mild, citrus taste and never needs refrigeration. Con-, tains ten vitamins and minerals. Call (919) 596-8517 or write: Maxlne M. Harris, 2015 Matilene Ave., Durham NC 27707. The use of this plant is referred to in Biblical scriptures: Numbers 24:6, St. John 19:39, Proverbs 7:17 and Solomon 4:14. xa (-;- i- inn....) jUj:i iT""; X 1 ! j . ' , ."JWIW!SMUfcW OI1TIU.CQ MO aOTTLKO "fl doym.laimi '"mcitunc.itio. iooiswii. init nomiunH oil loMwar on'iuio MR cm , 3GSSSSSSSSSS PHOM AMCfHCAN Irv, , if' VV '' Ay 1 A 5 11 21 1 iji&i" s

North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.

Digital North Carolina