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a &.yo?i.pnSably know' following a grent d:I cf
detate.ttie House and the Senate approved Mr.
Reagan s tax cut proposal. And at this juncture I want
to jom with all Americans in the hope that this tax
package will achieve the goals that the President has .
outlined accelerated economic growth, more jobs for
Americans, and lower rates of inflation.
Tne basis of the President's tax oronosal is the old
ie to, which holds that by giving
wealthy individuals and large businesses huge tax reducr
tipns and breaks, the benefits will eventually be passed
town trt tn ounnn. ..!.:. . . . . .
"7 -'v66 wuiMnjj citizens, unioriunaieiy .
this theory has failed in the past and, I fear, will fail
jigara. ; . .. ... .
The hallmark of the Administration's tax proposal is
a across the board tax reduction for all individual '
taxpayers, However, . many Americans, particularly
those who called and wrote urging passage of Mr. '
Reagan s proposal, will be disturbed to find less extra"
cash in their pockets than they had expected. That's
Did you know that the use and nfisuse of automobile
account for more cases than anything else in our courts '
today? ' - - .. - t
No one likes to think about what heshe will do the
next time heshe is involved in a car accident. It is not
pleasant. But whether you know about them or not,
there are certain moral and legal responsibilities that
one has tp fulfill and certain legal rights one has that
should be protected when one is driving and has an acci- 1
1) STOCpS 8 b"ef Hs! ,f.these rihts and responsibilities: ;
' Worth Carolina law says that if you're in a car acci-" ;
dent resulting in injury, death, or property damage, you
have to pull over and stop right away. - 1 '
2) HELP THE INJURED. - ' : f
The first thing you have to do after stopping your car ' :
is to check to see if anyone is hurt. If anyone is hurt bad
ly, .try to get a doctor or call an ambulance, whichever is
quicker... . ... .,.r : .:,:. - -fr'M
Make the injured person comfortable but dont move
him unless you know what you're doing.
The law says that you have to give any injured person
the basic help he needs or asks for, including carrying or
getting him carried to a doctor or hospital.
JIPROTECT THE SCENE.
Do whatever you can to prevent further accidents. If
you" can, have someone warn other cars as they ap
proach. If it is night, use a flashlight, flares or reflec
A Tax Break For Whom
By Congressman Augustus F. Hawkins
because for those who earn less than $20,000 a year, the
tax cut which passed will only slightly outpace higher .
Social Security levies and the impact of people being .
pushed into higher tax brackets by inflation. s
. Moreover, although President Reagan claims that this
is a "fair and equitable" tax policy, the fact of the mat
ter is that 33ft of the tax cuts will go to the 5.6 of the
population earning in excess of $50,000 a year. At the
same time, the average family with an annual income of
$20,000 will see their taxes reduced by less than $600 in
1984, with even less of a tax decrease in the first two
years of the cuts. On the other hand, families with in-,
comes of $100,000 a year, will see their taxes slashed by
almost $6,000. To put it differently, those families who :
earn five times as much as the national average will be
given a tax cut ten times as large. .
It is hoped by the Administration that taxpayers will
invest this extra source of cash in productive enterprises,
thus providing needed capital for increase economic;
growth and job opportunities. Indeed, this is a basic,
foundation of the Administration's economic recovery
plan. However, there is no guarantee that this will act'
Plain Talk About The Law
: What To Do In Case
Of An Auto Accident
By Billy Aronson
4) CALL THE POLICE.
The law says that you have to call the local police if
the accident is within the city limits, or the county'
sheriff or highway patrol if it isn't, as soon as you can.
'. Even if there don't appear to be any injuries, it is
good to have an officer check out the situation. His of-;
ficial report may help you later if anyone makes claims
that the accident was your fault. ri
; 5) EXCHANGE INFORMATION,
i ' The law says you have to give your name and address,
the registration number of your car, and show your
driver's license number to the other driver or injured
person, and that the other driver must do the same for
: h But don't admit or sign anything, even if you think
you're in the wrong. You may not be, and your admis
sion might end up being costly. ?
6) HELP THE OFFICER.
Stay at the place where the accident happened until
the officer gets there, unless you're injured. Give the of
ficer the facts, but remember that no one can force you
to give an opinion about the cause of the accident. You
have the right to talk with a lawyer before making that
kind of statement. " ;'vr';:; -
Get the names and addresses of all people who saw
what happened or have any information about it, and,
have them write down what they know.
8) TAKE NOTES.
Write down notes to yourself about everything that
happened: Make a drawing showing where the cars end
ed up after the accident and include as many important
distances, such as the lengths of skid marks, as you can.
If someone there has a camera, take as many pictures
of the situation as you can.
Be sure that later you'll be able to point on the road to
where the cars crashed and where they finally stopped.
If you're arrested at the scene of the accident it
doesn't mean that the accident was your fault, and the
arrest can't be used against you later if the other person
tually be the case. Lower and middle income workers
may well see their tax reduction as a chance to wipe out
some of their ever increasing personal debt. By the same
token, wealthier taxpayers, with more to invest, have
shown no inclination in recent years to invest their in
come in productive enterprises. Instead, their cash is go
ing into non-productive investments such as diamonds
- and real estate. There k no reason to believe that they
will do any differently with this increased income. .
Thus, we do not have the rosy outlook promised by
the Administration.. The great body of workers will be
forced to use their tax reductions just to keep their
heads above water. There is no certainty that the
' wealthy will invest their do Cars in job-producing enter
prises. The entire individual tax cut, hailed as a precur
sor to an economic boom, is, in fact, a giant gamble
with the weH-being of our economy and our citizens.
' Those who claim that we should give the President's-
plan a "chance' forget that if it fails, the results will be
takes you to court to make you pay for damages.
10 WHEN TO LEAVE THE SCENE.
You should leave only after you've helped anyone
who was hurt, protected the scene of the accident, called
and assisted an officer, exchanged information with the
other driver, gotten statements from witnesses, and
made notes and diagrams for yourself.
11) SEE A DOCTOR.
Remember that serious injuries don't always cause
bloodshed or pain right away.
12) INFORM INSURANCE COMPANY.
Make a complete report to your insurance company
right away, or have your lawyer make the report.
13) PAY NOTHING.
Don't pay anything to the other driver, and don't
promise to pay anything. The other driver can't make
you pay anything or hold your car without legal action.
14) COMPLY WITH THE FINANCIAL RESPON
If your , car has to be registered and licensed in this
state you have to either have liability insurance or post a
bond or certificate of self-insurance with the state.
How many of these rights and responsibilities did you
know? They are all vital to anyone who drives.
Because automobile cases generally involve criminal
law, or are fee-generating, North State Legal Services
attorneys may not handle them. But NSLS does have
free pamphlets with more detailed information about
auto accident procedures, and accident information
forms which you can fill out at the scene of an accident,
at any of its offices.
Jackson Pushes Coke
Campaign Before Medical
Speaking in Atlanta,
quarters, Rev. Jesse
Jackson, national presi
dent of Operation PUSH,
told the National Medical
and National Insurance
Associations that black
people "must now focus
on the private economy in
a new ana intense , way
mand side jobs and
consumer protection. We
must have affirmative ac-'
tion on the supply side
our share of ownership,
wealth and control."
Lastly, Jackson explain
ed, "We , must demand
from these corporations
an economic development
plan and a development ,
Racism: Part VIII
Destroying the Black Self Image
By Df . Charles W. Faulkner
The black self-image is fragile and limited. The blackblack's are portrayed as officials of major corporations
child has fewer things in which to take pride than the
white child. Where the white child can take pride in see
ing a steady stream of white personalities on television,
the black child receives a steady dose of inferiority.
The inferiority is indirect, unspoken and subtle. No
i one on TV says, "Blacks are dumb and ugly," but the
message is delivered nevertheless subsconsciously: the
few black' who do : appear on television, are cast
r j .. formula Th v rflarm ,
T&SXl Peking, ; NkSSwi rStfS JiserneiUs glorify Ion, jghtv b ond
America has with cor
porate America." .
Jackson said, "Reagan
has driven black
Americans from the
public economy with his
purging of government
programs, services and
jobs. He has performed
radical surgery without
anesthesia on black and
poor people. But even
here, we must not despair.
We still have 17 million
eligible voters, and the en
tire Congress (435
members), plus 33
senators, must come back
before black voters within
a year. We are the margin
or difference for many of
the Democratic con
gresspersons who voted
for the Reagan budget
cuts. Many of them are
already pleading with us
to take their names off the
political dishonor rolls,
for without the black vote
they cannot go back to
Congress in 1982. So our
political vote still has
Arguing that there are
three principles that must
be applied in the
renegotiation of the rela
tionship with corporate
America, Jackson said,
"Reciprocity, not merely
generosity, must be the
ordex-of the day. We can
no longer allow companies
just to set up a minority
budget that' is really
nothing but an appendage
to their business; just
distribute banquet tickets;
just provide a feW people
....'it. USmW tricihtfitu ' IrtKc
Coca-Cola in Lagos, and
Mexicans run Coca-Cola
in Mexico is because you
cannot get into their com
munities I without .' a
development plan and for
mula. Just to have' jobs
and no pay is slavery. Jobs
and no ownership is col
onialism. Only when there
is a formula or develop
ment can you move to a
just foundation. Every
underdeveloped . nation
demands a development
formula structured into
"The reason why the ef
fects of the poverty pro
grams started under the
Great Society have not
had a more lasting effect
on us is because the use of
monies for development
was literally illegal. It was
illegal to develop us. The
programs sustained us,
they gave us necessary fish
from day-to-day, but they
would not put money
aside for us to own
hair: blacks are seldom featured in. commercials; no
fishing rod or the industry
itself," Jackson con
tinued. 4 - ,
To a rousing ovation
and approval, - Jackson
said, "Black America, as
a third ? jwJrld' nation'
world, must demand . a
development plait and for ;
mula. We are the most;
overfed . . and
underdeveloped people in
the third world. That is t
"We have gone' from
slavery to the Muzorewa
principle. Now we must
move to the Mugabe prin-
ciple. ilhat is, , the dif-
ference between ; Bishop ,
Muzorewa and .Robert
. Mugabe was not 5 their .
blackness or their commit
ment to black people, but
the rules under which they
would operate. We cann
not settle for new rulers
who happen to be black,
we must have new rules
i that guarantee iselrV
determination. We must
function under new rules, -
which include a new for
j mula for development.
4 ThAcn'mnifMiiiiM who' nr
unwilling to negotiate
under the new rules and
apply a development for-,
mula must be' dealt with
accordingly Black people
must Use their $140 billion
a-; in disposable income as a
national director of the"
, Coke campaign, Joseph
Gardner r at Operation
PUSH, 930 East 50th
, Street, Chicago, . IL.
'60615, or call him on the
special Coke Hot-Line,
lever for liberation. If .they
will not comply, we must
engage in a radical
.withdrawal . of our con
sumer support for them."
Although, the Coke
campaign is still in its ear-,
ly stages, already Cong. ,
Parren . Mitchell, Cong. 1
Walter Fauntroy, chair'
man of the Congressional
Black Caucus; ',. Delta
Sigma Theta, Sigma Gam-:
ma' Rho.i Bishop H.H;
with high visibility jobs;
cosmetics, rather than j
substance. We must no
longer be an appendage i
to, we have to be a part of.
Also, black executives
must not nolo oeaaena
jobs, but must be in line
for succession according
to their ability. Presently,
if the: entire corporate
structure of most of these
corporations were to col- (
lapse, they would import a
foreigner before pro
moting a black to the top
because our jobs are not in
line for succession. ' '
Secondly, Jackson said,
"We must focus on the
'supply side' as well as the
'demand side of the
economic ledgers It is not
enough to have affir
mative action on the de-
because we do not have a : Brookins, president of. the '
formula for. development !' AME Bishops' Council;
which would allow us to : Ben Branch, president of
America's Music and
u share on the supply side. V' V
4 fiAvin that that is what
tithe Coca-Cola "economic
withdrawal - of
'enthusiasm" campaign is v
all about, Jackson said,
,,MTbe Coca-Cola struggle
is articulating these goals
and employing these prin
ciples. We're still deman--
ding affirmative action on ;
' the job side. We want our
fair share of jobs, vertical-1
ly .-and horizontally,
decision-making jobs, and
jobs in line of succession
to top management. But
on the. supply side, we are '
demanding our fair share
vof - i ownership, ' . of
distributorships, our share
of, our money in black
banks, the use of black
lawyers,! black doctors,
" black advertising V firms
. and our share of philan-
Entertainment Hall of
Fame,- Inc.; and, Mayor
,Hatcher. of the J.S. Con
ference of Black Mayors
have.already joined in the.
fighti according to Rev. '
B.W. Smith, chairman of
Patronage Council. Rev.
' Smith ? said press con
, ferences were being held
; around the nation j and
telegrams were being sent
to the Coca-Cola Com-,
pany in: support of the
PUSH campaign. He said
anyone wishing to join in.
the National Selective
Patronage - Campaign
should contact PUSH'S
, 1 World progress would
tnoye faster if people
would talk less and work
The message is clear to the black child who watches
television for an average of four hours each day. No one
said that blacks are inferior. But, the logical mind of
thhe child arrives at the conclusion without much effort.
The child's mind becomes easily conditioned to the nor
malcy of seeing whites portrayed as superior and blacks
' portrayed as inferior. No one makes such a verbal state--:
rrient but no one has to..n-; iRi!i;wv:?ti ' Mnl t
F"ffls.isdlfflfaritti& beginsarh for4ne black child and
is completed before the child attends school. The condi
tioning is so complete that the child actually considers it
unusual and abnormal to observe a black person in a
prestigious position either on the television screen or in
real life, v '
. Watching Fred Sanford make a fool of himself
amuses the black child who laughs heartily. Little does
the child realize that heshe is laughing at
himselfherself. The amusement transfers from (1)
television to (2) real life to (3) other blacks to (4)
The black person on TV represents the "real" black
at least in the mind of the black observers and the
black person begins to react to himself, and other
blacks, with amusement. Being inferior is "normal" for
blacks and the response becomes conditioned and sub
conscious. The reaction is automatic and blacks regard
each other with the same amusement and contempt. We
think "blacks sure are silly."
After a while, however, being black ceases to be
amusing when the black child grows up to adulthood
and discovers, unfortunately, that being black means re
jection. It means that the person with a dark skin will
have a difficult time getting a job, will be treated dif
' ferently in every aspect of endeavor.
Being black changes, then, to self-hatred. The
responses that were produced and conditioned in very
early childhood surface and control the behavior of the '
adult. Thus, the child who has for years observed blacks
in inferior roles adopts the conditioned jresponses.of an
inferior individual and automatically behaves in the
same manner often without realizing it.
Few of us are aware of the extreme effectiveness of
media behavior modification and manipulation but
each of us is easily affected by it.
Your suggestions are welcomed. Suggestions for
future articles will be appreciated. Casette tapes of this
and other articles are available for individual use,
discussion groups and classroom use. All letters and in
quiries should be sent to: Dr. Charles W. Faulkner,
P.O. Box 50016, Washington. DC 20004.
it ! u
, On Sept. 17th, we're going to make headlines
I just for buying only Black newspapers that day.
, BOCA is asking all Black men and women to
show their support for Black media by buying ,
Black newspapers Sept.' 17th.
It will be the first time there's ever
, been a nationwide show of support for
. Black media. And millions of people are
expected to participate in this historic
demonstration of Black unity.
We urge you to be one of them.
All you have to do is buy a Black
newspaper Sept. 17th. You'll be joining
. . in a massive vote ot confidence for your
Rlark media. And vou'll he sending a "
message: that you care about Black
i newspapers. TTiat you value them as
'a source of truth in the community.
And that you recognize the
' 1 historical relationship between Black
; papers and Black freedom. (One of the
very first Black businesses was a Black
newspaper:-The Freedom Journal -started
m 1827 by an ex-slave, John
Just as important, you'll be a part
of an opportunity-a chance for a grand
scale demonstration of the consumer
power that exists When millions of Black
Mark your calendar for Sept. 17th. Buy a Black
newspaper and only a Black newspaper. Then be
prepared to read all about it.
September 17th is brought to you by BOCA who
is proud to be sponsoring this Press for Power.
.. V. , , 1 I J
amnions of Elack men anU, "
people work together. And that's
something you can be proud of.
r Just a$ White newspapers across
America report news that reflects the
interests of Whites," Black newspapers
continue to struggle to present the newst , : - newspapers, Sep. A
that reflects Black interests. y w-;. 4 v " .? ; f
1 etlr tlzt
" fouttdecL ,
,. wsU saj
. thr-a tnjn
Fin?1? ATfco CIcsSx Orjncd Ccn:n:nnisGlicnoili:iznso
n! vjj7r U RO. Box 2757 Grand Centre! Station, Nc.'rtrjrk, NcvAfcrk 10017