The Carolina times. (Durham, N.C.) 1919-current, September 19, 1981, Image 1
i' Duke University Library Newspaper Department Durham NC 27706 Si. SEP1819B1 ' September is National . ; Sickle Cell Month GIVE! . s " e -" .! a. - - .-l ' " (USPSM80) , Words Of Wisdom ; The great works of the world always begin with one person. ' Edward W. Bok Men are wise in proportion not to their ex perience, birt to their capacity for experience. George B. Shaw VOLUME 59 NUMBER 38 DURHAM." NORTH CAROLINA SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1981 TELEPHONE (919) 682-2913 PRICE: 30 CENTS E comoitiies and. By Pat Bryant EDITOR'S NOTE: During the first two weeks in September,, ten blacks who are active in North Carolina political life were asked ten questions relating to the status of Afro-A mericans in North Carolina . and the nations The following art- cle is an analysis of th ose responses. Responses , to the questions , will follow during the next three weeks. We encpurage reader reaction to the series and I fie views expressed in L these columns. Economics and racism were the ; most important concerns of ,", ten ', blacks who were asked ''What are the most pressing concerns df blacks in 198I?" . '; ",. ' The blacks questioned in the in formal survey,, included, a tdp of ficial of a major blacjklife insurance company, three grassroot communi ty organizers, one minister two politicians, two educators (one educator doubles as a politician), a social worker, and a black newspaper publisher; Spifaling inflation, rising unemployment, and human service program budget transfers to the defense department have focused widespread public concern on economics. Six of the ten respondents - in the survey said among pressing concerns is develop ment of an economic base within the black community to provide unmet needs of black people who have been cut from federal programs. . . Asked what role "national and state governments',' should "play in eradicating poverty, disease, and il literacy", seven said jobs, health care, housing, and other services , should be administered from the federal government,' in Opposition to the current trend to transfer responsibility for programs cut, in the federal budget to local and state governments. None agreed with "Reaganomics' the "popular reference to President Reagan's economic program, but four out of the ten interviewed said they thought the plan would unify blacks in opposition to it. The question asked was "Is Reaganomics a cure or curse on black Americans?" Two of the people interviewed said it was Racism Main Concerns : a curse; -two said'tft was neither a curse nor cure, and four said it was ' both. ' , V; "'' - Surprisingly, nine of the ten respondents said,' they are not satisfied with; black leaders when asked; "Are you satisfied with black leadership at the! state, local, and national level?' I-Many went into great detail explaining why. Some offered alternative definitions of "leadership", pointing out that cur rent, leaders are often appointed from outside i black communities and are not accountable to the com munity they supposedly represent. Class . divisions-' within the black community i based , on education, jqbs, and status Symbols were cited as bbstacleS to'Jecpnomic progress. Regarding leadership, there were strong feelings summarized by one Of the interviewees when he said, "We have leadership for the few in the name of the masses." Most said that leadership In the eighties would best be suplied by men and women concentrating in special areas of in terests and accountable to mass base organizations.' Some beleived that the major civil rights organizations don't get enough support from blacks, but that was not a widely held view. All of the people interviewed agreed that the state, federal, and , local governments have a respon sibility to stop violent white racist attacks. Several were critical of what has apparently been the par ticipation of government in or prior knowledge of planned attacks upon black people. While all said there should be a puslv for governmental action, three were more specific in dicating a preference to government infiltration of . white extremist groups such as the Ku Klux Klan and Nazis. Three more went on to say that blacks should organize for their own self-defense while asking protection of government. "Can the present political economic system satisfy the needs and concerns, of black and poor peo ple?" Six answered "no". Six also said they believed that masses of black people are ready, when asked "Are the masses of black people ready to organize and mobilize against , economic and of Blacks social injustice?" Four of the six said black people are always ready to organize against injustices, pro viding they have honest and capable leadership. One question related to the federal charges that Wilbur Hobby, president of the North Carolina AFL-CIO, conspired to defraud and misapply CETA funds: "Why is Wilbur Hobby on trial? Is he guilty or innocent?" Hall of the respondents said they believed Hob by is innocent and the victim of political forces opposed o( organiz ed labor and working people. The others did not know enoudi of the facts of the case to comment on Hobby's guilt or innocence. The edited views of the len North Carolinians will appear in this and other blacks newspapers for the next three weeks. Communicate your views to this newspaper. Pat Bryant is an editor or Southern Exposure magazine, in Durham. He is a member of the Southern Organizing Committee for Economic and Social Justice. Trustees Told Schools Can . Hire Only Top Degree Teachers By Donald Alderman The impact of one sec tion of the recently sign ed consent decree on the faculty, at North Carolina Central Univer- sity js iot exactly known although the gist of the by UNC's general ad ministration before be ing hired, he said. ' The order affects only instructors and untenured assistant pro fessors; Patterson- said. Tenured.. , ' ; faculty eateiw4idffst d.oc the -NCCU Board ot torates win not oe ai- 6 ' l , i ; ' - . , ! I Bar Exam Success Attests To "Special Mission" Validity Daye Trustees , was told Wednesday. As a part of the desegregation agreement between - the University of North Carolina and the U.S. Department of Education, only teachers with doctorates or the "appropriate terminal ' degree" are to be hired by the five black schools. The order", which is ef fective through 1988, docs not affect the eleven white schools within the UNC system. Dr. Cecil Patterson, vice chancellor for academic affairs, told the trustees that about seventy teachers will be affected by .the order but the exact number is not known since a definition of "appropriate terminal degree" has not been worked out yet. He said doctorates are not acquired in some study areas. Exactly which study areas will be included in that group and what degree will be appropriate has not been determined by UNC yet. The number of teachers affected will likely be lower than the seventy that is projected when those determinations arc made, Patterson said. Teachers without doc torates must be cleared fected The said, By Donald Alderman The success of North , Carolina Central Univer sity students who passed the North Carolina bar exam "clearly attests to the validity . of the ) "special mission" of the 'l law school, according to In a report to order, Patterson r-fi!L-CntA!latti?) dl?ut?-halt Wayne Winiaims teck seat window) is driveit from Chancellor on the July a fWIOn Superior COUrt Where his trial was InnVfinitpIv hnGtnntuxl til n.. rn...nji, k. harretnlr? fVan Pharlps SctlU, Is ucsiiicm iv m i.ft ril it I- tu At " rT""'" vuiiiim suuia m im; - ; -- remove the vestige of the " " ,"l Ml,c"se' ft c H v UPI Photo mSnTSysteVhepschooi 1 Williams and Jenkins To Run For can no longer hire teacheri- with lower credentials , than white ; schools' teachers. ? Some existing instruct tors who do v not have doctorates will be able to acquire them under UNC's Doctoral Study Program, The program allows instructors to Council A t-Large Seats John E. "Red" Williams and Chester L. Jenkins have announced their candidacies for the at-large seats on the Durham City Council. Williams is proposing work toward a doctoral new "Leadership for a degree with the benefit Better Durham." He of receiving their says: "Efficiency and salaries,, Patterson said, progressive leadership He said the' black are essential elements in schools had no input into, the operation of local the credential order government. The failure polity, or success of any govern No faculty members rnq?t js determined by have been and are not ex- the,: participation 0f its He is; affiliated with, several political organizations including the Democratic Party of Durham County and North Carolina, the Durham Committee of the Affairs of Black Peo ple, the N.C. Leadership Caucus and the N.C. Community Action Association. Williams, a North Carolina Central Univer sity graduate, js married to the former Miss M. Anita Page. They reside at 221 Monticello Avenue. Jenkins says he is com mitted to improving the quality of life in Durham for all citizens, by strengthening basic city services among the following: A strong responsible pected to be terminated because of the credential improvement order, he said. The trustees also were told that the school's financial aid records are undergoing a reconstruc tion process. Wallace C. Blackwell, financial aid director, said the loss of student affidavits was accidental and the pro citizens; tneretore, a concerted effort will be made to communicate and work directly with, citizens concerning com munity problems and; services. Every effort will be made to establish a close and cooperative working relationship with all city government agencies and boards." Williams' is an auditor blcm is expected to be forking with the energy Corrected wflh mm ma division oi me r.. liability to the school. Department merce. of Com- t. r - and responsive police and firefighting force that will ensure a safe liv ing environment. Proper water and sewer facilities that will allow the city to expand its residential and economic base. Providing safe and adequate public housing for low income residents, and providing incentives for housing development by private industry. E. Daye said that four teen, or 56, of the 25 students who passed this year's bar exam were not "competitive for admis sion at other law schools within the state." The NCCU School or Law has traditionally provided legal studies to blacks and other minorities that were denied a chance to study law at white schools. The law school is. presently sixty per cent black. The recruitment of blacks by white law schools has caused in-, creased competition for talented blacks, making the pool of qualified smaller, Daye A network ot streets, roads and highways that blacks will provide pedestrians said, and motorists easy and He said providing a safe passage throughout legal education to blacks the city, and one that will and other minorities who allow for additional have been denied some business and residential aspects of traditional growth. credentials is still the Recreational facilities school's primary mis such as parks and com-, sion. munity centers which With a forty per cent will afford citizens an en- white student body, a 33 joyable outlet for spen- per cent female popula WILLIAMS JENKINS ding their leisure time. Strengthening pro grams that provide vital health and social services. PERSPECTIVE tion and a wide diversity of age and experience, the law school is thoroughly integrated. The overall passing rate of students who took the state bar exam increased significantly, but the black passing rate is still disappointing, Daye said. Six of thirteen black graduates passed the ex am for a 46 per cent passing rale while 19 f ' - ........ , I.WULb'' -.! the ed the exam 82 ner cent. Dave said of the 67-member 1981 graduating class, only 36 graduates took the N.C. bar exam. He said the out-of-state passing rate has historically been higher than in-state. He cited a Heed for in creased financial aid to students in law school. The success of students who received aid while in law school ias well above students who could not secure aid and had to work. Of the 25 'cuts who passed the . 76 per cent passed the bar while only eight per cent of the students who failed iccciwJ financial aid. Daye said the sjiool will launch a massive fund raising campaign in the near future. Daye expressed satisfaction at being able to locus exclusively on the school's educational program. "Before 1980, the law school was hindered by overwhelm ing inadequacies. We now have an excellent new physical plant, basic library resources and a faculty adequate in sic to meet our mission with an expectation of greater success." o-o. o o o o .11. S ' ' I ft I :. . n il V "J a ., i - x '-' : -Mi' r p'1 im ?& n J? ' ' ' - QUESTION: What Is your opinion toward the UNC Board of Governors' decision concerning junior and associate professors at NCCU having to have doctorates? NEAL HARPER NCCU Senior Philadelphia, PA. By using only Ph.D.'s Is not a decisively proven way of upgrading educa tional standards, and to think so Is ridiculous. LEONARD STURDIVANT NCCU Senior Winston-Salem It's a socially manipulative attempt to create a transition from black faculty to white faculty in order to create a white faculty. JACKIE WHITE v NCCU Senior Roseboro ' " ' It's a social manipula tion, In that they are try ing to replace black in structors with white in structors in order to in crease white enrollment In predominantly black institutions. Annette tori an NCCU Senior Roxboro . . It's another form of racism and of the system trying to take over black universities or. to eliminate black universities. MEDORA LITTLE NCCU Junior Queens, N.Y. I don't feel its a racist move, because J feel most instructors should have Ph.D.'s, because they have more 'educa tion and they are more knowledgeable. TERESA K. DONNELL Graduate Student - ' Greensboro I agree totally. There is no snch thing as too much education. J ANNETTE STREET I could better unders tand if they had been given- a longer deadline at least until November of 1982 but to come back, in August and learn of the policy is not fair. . V . 1 A.