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THE CAR2UXA TI'S 13
United Nations V ,
On Feeling Ashamed For Your , Gountry ;
. Curtis T. Perkins
I caught up with ' the ; Deputy ' Permanent
Representative of my country as he hurriedly left
the fmar meeting of the U.N. Security Council last .
weekTtor this Ambassador of ours had just cast the.
most dastardly of vetoes in favor of South Africa t
which had just been condemned by the Council
and the world for invading the Republic" of Angola.
I inquired of his name; not that I didn't know but
to have him repeat it for the record, and that he,
Charles Mi Lichenstein, an American, had just'
alienated Africa, the Third World and our partners
in the West. Then I asked him acidly, "Aren't you a
little ashamed of yourself for committing this
grevious injustice the vet6?'This flabbergasted
Mr. Lichenstein. He had hq answer and his .
response was to run away back to the sancutary
of the U.S. Mission across the street. - t
Thirteen members of the Security Council voted
for the, resolution condemning South Africa. Sir,;
Anthony Parsons, the British Ambassador, in some
skillful double talk came tip with the reasoning
but lamely to abstain in behalf of his nation.
It must be understood that Mr. Lichenstein, a
, product of Commentary a Magazine and a close
associate of his Chief Delegate, Dr. Jeanne
Kirkpatrick, was compelled to carry out the Reagan
policy Of coddling up to South Africa. But what
worries me, Mr. Lichenstein in a somewhat boom
ing voice and with little substance In his diatribe,
does his job with relish but with little understanding
for the people of Angola, the OAU and Africa and
45,000,000 Americans of African descent.
It is a truism that racist defenses, despite how elo
quently expressed, come out hollow and encouch
nausea. ' ,
The Africans who spoke on principles for
fairness and in behalf of self-determination the
practice of national sovereignty for Angola and
Statehood for Namibia won the day on exposing
South Africa's government as a ruthless, unprin
cipled and bigoted outfit.
Said Mr Lichenstein: ,. "It is clear that the
presence of foreign combat forces in Angola par
ticularly the large Cuban force, and the provision of
Soviet-originated arms to" the South West Africa
People's Organization (SWAPO) and the presence
of Soviet military advisers fuel the explosive at
mosphere of confrontation and violence which dai
ly plagues the people of Angola, Namibia and, in
deed, the entire region. As a result, the United
States had to vote against against the draft resolu
tion under consideration today, a draft resolution
which places blame solely on South'Africa for the
escalation of violence."
In this utterance I am compelled to state that Mr.
Lichenstein is still blind that Angola was forced
to seek outside help because our country refused to
do so. Covertly I would surmise that we still sup
port Joseph Savimba of the UNITA movement, as
does South Africa openly. Mr. Savimba flagrantly
Tights the present government without cause as
most African leaders consider him a traitor and op
portunist. In the meantime, the Reagan foreign
policy planners seem bent on withdrawing the Clark
amendment which was passed during the Carter
Administration to prevent support for Mr. Savim
Africa concurrently for its acts of aggressive and
imposed racism in Namibia and on millions of
v Africans by military force. " '
And in a ridiculous fashion Mr. Lichenstein con
cludes with these incipient, words for South Africa:
"Without addressing in a ; balanced .way? the
underlying sources of conflict in the area, ort the
other hand, it is unlikely that any well-intentioned
effort can bring about an end to the resort, to
violence. ". . .We will continue to act as an honest
broker. We will deny ourselves the indulgence of
taking sides in the public war of words which ac
companies this most crucial issue." , , ;
Frankly, the world knows that there can be no
balance in dealing with South Africa. The answer to
these bigots is the one we gave Adolph Hitler . to
desist in agression or face an American expedi
tionary presence! This is what we did in Korea,
Vietnam and elsewhere. . . '
On the contrary, we need to indulge in taking
sides now the right side is with Namibia,
SWAPO, the African Nationalist Congress and the
Pan Africanist Congress of Anzania.
In contrast to my country's purloined approach
to fairness in southern Africa again the Africans
who spoke of their sense of need in history for rid
ding their continent of the last vestiges of racism
made me and their compatriots proud. Their
words were formidable as they stood up against
apartheid and violations of Angola's borders and
for SWAPO and Namibia's independence. There
were Ambassadors Elleck Kufkunesu
Mashingaidze, Zimbabwe; Awad S. Burwin, Libya;
Charles G. Maina, Kenya; and representing Presi
dent Moi, chairman of OAU, Jose Carlos Lobo,
Mozambique; Ali Tekaia, Tunisia and others.
Universal support for Angola came in scathing
words castigating South Africa from Ambassadors
Jacques LePrette, France; Porfirio Munoz Ledo,
Mexico; Raul Roa-Kouri, Cuba; Patrick A. O'Con
ner, Ireland; J. Reid Morden, Canada; Gunther
Van Well, Federal Republic of Germany; Dr.
Clovis Maksoud, League of Arab States who liken
ed the South African invasion to Israel's bombing
of Beirut; Masairo Nisibori, Japan; Ha Van Lau,
Vietnam, Jaime de Pinies, Spain;. Ling Qing,
China; Carlos Antonia Bettencourt Bueno, Brazil;
Peter Florin, German Democratic Republic;
Natarajan Krishnam, India; Alejandro D Yango,
Philipines; Zoran Lazarevic, Yugoslavia and
Panama, president of the Security Council for
August, sent its capable Foreign Minister Jorge
Enrique Illueca to preside. His speech to the Coun
cil was lucid and to the point. In part, he said to an
attentive audience: '
"Universal condemnation of the Pretoria regime
is eloquently expressed in the media in Africa, Latin
America, Asia, Western Europe, Eastern Europe,
North America and Oceania. ...
South Africa is a country isolated within the
United Nations because of its violation of the
Charter and its delinquent conduct. . . .South
Africa represents a body that is socially, politically
and morally sick. It is a State that suffers from such
a highly infectious disease that it must be isolated. .
1L in j urn j n ilj .ji -ii- m " - ' m'- "
m vp v
PARIS, FRANCE Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi is greeted by UN General Secretary Kurt Waldheim (r) as he ar
rived at UNSCO in Paris for the United Nations conference lor the least developed countries. UPI Photo
Dial 682-2913 For News Service
of the resolutions of the United Nations, will have
to face the consequences of contamination and con
African problems must be .subject to African
solutions. The eradication of colonialism in all its
forms and manifestations and the exercise of the
right of self-determination by the African peoples
cannot be made subordinate to the economic,
political or strategic interests of the super-powers.
To claim that those interests can prevail over the
rights of peoples to freedom and independence is to
go against the course of history. . . .
The Pretoria regime must withdraw from the il
legally occupied Territory of Namiba, whose peo
ple, with the South West Africa People's Organiza
tion (SWAPO) as their sole legitimate represen
tative, have the right to see their national unity and
territorial integrity respected and to be granted in
dependence promptly, through a process which
should be brought to fruition under the control and
supervision of the United Nations."
It was Ambassador Otunnu, a bright new face in
African diplomacy, who went at the heart of Am
bassador Lichenstein's veto for the U.S. in these
"... .What then is the meaning of the veto we
have just experienced? My delegation had occasion
to warn on 30 April in this Council that the triple
veto that was then cast by three permanent
members of the Council would not serve the pur
pose of peace and security in the world; that, on the
contrary, it could only strengthen the forces of
apartheid and oppression. Well, the aggression
which we have just be discussing is clearly a result
of the signal that was sent by this Council
especially by three permanent members on 30
April. Those who cast the triple veto then must
therefore today bear a big share of the responsibili
ty for yet another act of aggression against Angola.
Today's veto will have the same impact as the triple
veto of 30 April 1981. It will strengthen and protect
the aggressor and expose the victim of aggression,
making the victim ever more vulnerable. It will give
comfort and encouragement to the Pretoria regime.
It constitutes yet another mighty blow against the
people of Namibia in their search for genuine self
determination. It is a rebuff to those who seek to
abide by the Charter and, when injured, seek
remedy under the Charter through the instrumen
tality of the Security Council. . . .
Still, I say that all is not lost. We believe in the
principle of progress. On 30 April, we witnessed a
triple veto; today we have witnessed a single veto.
There has been some progress. It remains our hope
that even the permanent member which decided on
this occasion to abstain will soon join in a positive
vote, and indeed, we refuse to give up even on that
one single mountain, the one permanent member
that cast a negative vote today, because we believe
that history is a dynamic process, and because it is a
dynamic process it is never too late to join in the
global consensus in favour of the forces of freedom
and dignity. ...
So once again, I extend an invitation to that one
permanent member, the one with the heaviest hand
of all to come and join in the global consensus in
favour of freedom and dignity. It is never too late."
Because Ambassador J.A. Eksteen of South
Africa tried to speak to the Council on the merits of
his government's racism in repeated falsehoods
against SWAPO, Namibia and the suppressed
Africans .under his guns, I see no point except to
leave him out of my musings.
However, Ambassador Elisio De Figuerirro, the
articulate spokesman for his President Eduardo dos
I 'j (Continued On Page 15)
Tti i..ktun ..UVi tViic nnUHllHM HP MXtH tVI i til ' i ti is floor that thnu mhn lrvvtV.. aVtcNlvW trio
is little movement of America to talk or relate to
Cuba or to Angola or to really denounce South
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tious germs without submitting it to the sole treat
ment that can produce a cure, namely the fulfilment
Nat' I Teachers
On Three Dates
Dr. Norman Johnson,
chairman of the depart
ment of education at
North Carolina Central
University, has released
a notice reminding pro-
spective teachers that
three test administra
tions of the National
will be scheduled during
the 1981-82 academic
Service, which ad
ministers the examina-
'.ions, has announced test
dates of November 14;
February 20, 1982; and
April 17, 1982. The ex
aminations will be given
at test centers
throughout the United
Many .states and
school districts" consider
National Teacher Ex
aminations results in
selection of new teachers .
or in the credentialling
and licensing of teachers.
'On each full day of
testing, registrants may
lake the Common Ex
measure both profes
sional preparation and
background, andor an
related to the subject
they expect to teach.
Further information is
available from Dr.
Johnson at 683-6446,
from the NCCU Career
Counseling and" Place
ment Center at 683-6337,
as well as from school
and other college place
ment centers. Bulletins
of Information and
registration forms are
also available from Na
tional Teacher Examina
tions, Box 911, Educa
tional Testing Service,
Princeton, New Jersey
The Carolina Times
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