The Carolina times. (Durham, N.C.) 1919-current, February 20, 1982, Image 1
INTHISISUE -l "Our Blood Runs Deep" Blacks In The Military, Part IL Special Black History Section Save All Three Parts. , (USPS C91-3S3) , Words Of Wisdom ?- ' t v Strong men are made by oppositioa; Eke kites they go up against the wind. 1 Frank Harris - t What sculpture is to a block of marble, education is to the soul. , l Addison VOLUME 60 NUMBER 7 1 DURHAM, NORTH CAROLINA - SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 20. 1982 TELEPHONE (919) 682-2913 P(V?E:JCftTS Goldsbofo To Raleigh Four- Day Protest March Underway By Donald Alderman The North Carolina office of the Commis sion for Racial Justice Thursday launched it's ;i- , r -l ni iy-niue, iuur-uay march in potest. of the Reagan administration's decision to grant tax ex empt status to private 'schools whose policies are racially discriminatory. At a press conference announcing final plans, the Rev. Leon White, the office's director, said the protest is also against: ! President Reagan's ' budget cuts and military, expansion which seems to be at the expense of the needy; ' North Carolina Senator Jesse Helms' anti-busing amendment which recently won Senate approval; - President Reagan's proposal to weaken the Voting Rights Act, and the President's 'New Federalism' pro- ( gram. The Commission for 'Racial Justice and the Ministerial Alliances of Raleigh and Durham have also declared Sun .day, February 21 as a 'Day . of" Prayer for Justice and Peace". " Beginning ' in Goldsboro Thursday . nicht. the crnnn will ml. Friday morning (9 a.m.); ' Goldsboro is the home of the Goldsboro Chris tian. Academy, one of two i? schools in the suit that;.; resulted. the tax exempt status shortly after the President's decision.' While the school does permit a Tew blacks to attend, it does not allow interracial dating or marriage and seeks to discourage it. The group will rally in Smith field Friday (Feb. 19) at the Shiloh Chris tian Church, 1209 Marion Gooding Makes Nursing Programs Successful Page 7 Dr. Cobb, Native Durhamite Sets; Pace PAGE 16 1 ' I' ' ' V"" -ft rrt f f ! ? m Yl ' - i ': 1 fi ; JUDGE CLARENCE Cooper, shown leaving the courthouse, opened the seventh week of Wayne Williams' murder trial February 8 by citing the 23tyear-old photographer parent for contempt of Durham St." at,-7;30 p.m., it was announced ihe crusaae ,' Wiu resume Saturday mornf ing at 9 a.m., with mar chers treking- on "ty Qayton where anothej rally is scheduled' al Mount Vernon ChristiaiK ' Church at 6 p.m. I After an , overnight stay there; participants will march to Raleign . the trip's final leg,' on' Sunday morning starting at 9 o'clock. Organizers are expecting to arrive in Raleigh by 1:30 p.m.; for. a rally to lake place at Laodicea United Chqrch of Christ; 2004 Rock; Quarry Road. & '"' The crusade ;;will culminate with a march through South Raleigh to the Century Post QfV fice on the FayettevIHe Street Mall downtown where the final rally will , take place at 3 p.m. Ral y speakers include the Rev. Grady Davis, the . Rev. Leon White, the Rev. B.W. Lewis and H.M. "Mickey" Michaux. ' " ' Rev. White said the ''Christian Crusade for ;" Justice and Peace is a concerted religious, response to the attempt, ro cloak racism in th clothing of religioui .freedom.", - - m mp'mmwn'i'- i ' rri ruf v7m H r "T ( ' & IK- 2.1. i .S' i-, KamusZ . - j - j. j. . : . ... .;, Tiu.ii Richard Allen Day Proclaimed Governor James B. Hunt (center) proclaims February 14, 1982 as ".Richard Allen D.i " . Joining in the ceremony are (l-r) James Odom, member of the General Board of the African Methodic Episcopal Church and a trustee of St. Mark AME Church of Rocky Mount; Rev. Donald Wess, pastor of St. Mark AME Church of Rocky Mount; Rev. W.W. Easley, Jr., pastor of St. Joseph's AME Church Durham, and At torney William A. Marsh, Jr., member of the Judicial Council of the AME Church. y Richard Allen was born Into slavery on February 18, 1760, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He and others 4U people vtant to fee 1787, and Allen started movement which blossomed into the African Methodist Episcopal Church. He Cist., let thertrtttl raRS(T..WCn flflwA WW tk. ilonnminolikn ri,ut hhn ' " - v . y ' Denmark St., before iesi nis innocenee. inis violated cooper's gag order marching to Smithfield attorneys and witnesses jn the case, , ,J ' : ; ' I 'PI Photo the Lord", Rev. White said. f- Commission Incumbents, Challengers Don't See Eye To Eye On Directions Future Woes Civil Mights By MiltAn Jordan Stifled ; economic growth looms ahead for Durham County, and its citizens. are : mostly oblivious to the major impact of county govern ment decisions, if one listens to three of the four candidates for a. seat on the Durham County - Commission. : One candidate, 1 ' Rod1 Adams, could not be reached ,s On the other hand, the four incumbents who are running for reelection contend that everything is doing well, the county is economically healthy, and except for somet rather minor budgetary adjustments to accom modate Reaganomics, and holding the line on tax increases,' very little needs to be changed. Those two ; divergent " views pretty much sum marize the major issues, in this year's county commission race. ,Nine candidates, including four incumbents,' are,, funning for the five seats. One incumbent, j Howard Easley, is not: running. Incumbents in the race are: Edwin B. Clement, chairman, run ning for his 15th two year term; William , V. Bell, seeking his -sixth term; Mrs. Elna B. Spaulding, running for her fifth term, and Dillard Teer, seeking his second term. The challengers, all ;; seeking their jnitial terms, are Mrs. Rebecca . Heron, Albert Hight, Nathaniel " W; McLaughlin and William ; Mixon. ; M We've already lost . .more than SI 00 million: in tax base," declared Al Hight, a local realtor" who sells commercial and industrial land. "And we've got to dol 'something about water and sewer In this county, or we will continue los ing tax base, and people will be paying taxes on land they can't develop." While most of the can didates agree ..that the county's lack of sewage treatment .capability is a problem in light of the ' fact - that ' county soil doesn't handle waste' welt when septic tanks are used, they disagree on just how serious the problem is. ' .The challengers say; that the county's future economic viability hinges ...upon increasing the sewage treatment capaci ty. . The county currently owns a sewage treatment 1 plant that serves ihe Research Triangle. The incumbents say a comprehensive . sewage treatment program would be prohibitively costly, and that it's bet ter for the county to con sider, sewage treatment! needs almost on a case by case basis. "I would not favor any comprehensive ef fort to increase . our sewage treatment capaci ty,", . insisted Mrs. Spaulding, "unless there were some reasonable assurances that we would get a return on our in vestment ; within a relatively short period of time,"-' Mixon-, disagrees: "That's what is wrong : with the current county! commission, v They are-' unwilling to change.' They are satisfied with things the way they are, , and they don't, want to rock the ship. But those of us who live in thc county are not getting services for the money! we pay in taxes." The. current couittywide tax : rate is $.87 per $1001 valuation. Other county; taxes include special fire district and school district taxes. Sewage , treatment capacity relates to the question of increasing the county's tax base by attracting both new in dustry , and - new residents. Again, the, challengers call for sweeping changes while the incumbents stand on the status quo. ; "I think that we have to do something to help increase our tax base," said yeteran commis sioner Clements, who is finishing his first term as chairman of the board. "But I don't think we can convince the. voters to pass a bond issue to finance the increased sewage treatment capaci ty, though we are ob- viously going to have to take a good hard look at that issue very soon." , But' ! according to Durham . County Manager,, Ed Swindell, there are several ways for Durham County's tax base to grow. "First of all, any time an industry, wants to .. locate in Durham Coun-; ty, we will work with ' them to accommodate, their sewage treatement . needs," Swindell said, , "provided we can get a return on our investment within five years." ; - Other ways' for the tax : base to increase accor ding to Swindell,' are j' through tax reevaiua tion, which the county isi' currently . -. planning;' growth in the Research! Triangle Park, . and1 growth within the city's' corporate limits." -! "You know,"! Swindell added, Vwe are!;' really enjoying the gravy, of all this developmenti around us." ; By-Donald Alderman Commissioner BelV9.ging ' !hat concurs: "While it is true Republican senators that most of the people hav .launeff at wel 7 whd work in the coordinated effort to rol d,coi, Trionni. Hnn't back the clock on civil live in Durham County, "gts Ms. AUheaT.L the " basis for proving violations. Ms. Simmons, sup porter of the House pass ed version, told the crowd 6f about 360 that proving intent would be difficult, if not impossi . ble. In addition to oppos ing the House passed version, Ms. Simmons said Helms and East have joined other but if we had the people here, we'd have to pro vide the services to them, too. . I'm not saying that we Simimons warned blacks ttf be determined to give triejr all to protect past cjvrl rights gains.. ' Speaking here Sunday don't want the people to unng a rauy puuicu live here. My point is by 26 statewide and local that it doesn't hurt us as organizations that sup bad as some might con- Port renewal of the 1965 tend because they don't Noting Rights Act, Ms. live here " Simmons, director of the The question of NAACP Washington of cewaae treatment canaci- fce, Specifically charged Bishop A damp Urges Adoption of Action Plan ty, and future growth of the county will boil down to money in the final analysis. The county's current budget does not hold forth much hope. The county's budget for this, fiscal year is just a little over $85 million, and! about $72.4 million of that goes to education and services, both activities are state -goverment-mandated county ' ser vices. This means that the remainder of county government is operated on just a little over $12.6 million. , Swindell said there are just not many other sources to tap . for new revenues. The .. prospect of decreasing - revenues because . of budget cuts, and 1 the ' need to hold the line on ' property taxes while not J having S to appreciably! decrease county services! is another headache the' new commission will face. , "I think we are doing! a very good job," saidl Teer, a retired construc tion executive. "We have; raised taxes only once in , twelve years, and we col-; (Continued On Page 7) North Carolina Senators John East and Jesse Helms with "the most blatant attack on the rights of black Americans ever". The groups, including the local NAACP chapter and the N.C. Association of Black Educators, hope that finance Sunday's gathering and human otner ra"ics arouna me country win lnuuencc senators to . vote ; favorably on key provi sions of the Voting Rights Act. The Senate is, debating whether to renew Section 5 s of the 1965 Voting Rights Act, which ex pires August 6. the "pre clearance" section re quires nine states and portions of thirteen others, including North federal Carolina, to get U.S. Justice Department ap proval before any changes are made in elec tion laws or procedures. j In October, 1981, the U.S House passed a ver sion that would allow the Justice Department to rule voting procedures il legal if they result in discrimination. ' 1 But the Reagan Ad ministration and Helms and East argue that the intent to ; discriminate should be- By Donald Marable Bishop '-John Hurst Adams, : Presiding Prelate, Second Episcopal , District, African Methodist Episcopal Church, is urging members of the District, to adopt a plan of fifteen actions to sur vive the harsh economic conditions. Bishop Adams main tains that the Reagan .Administration's policies, programs and directions are in sharp contrast to the Constitu tion and the traditions of the United States govern ment. And it should be the black church's, first priority to reject the Ad ministration's attempt to reverse social and civil rights causes to an era long past which are in consistent with Christian and American ideals of compassion and justice. "It is imperative that we do not accept the redefinition of the role . of the federal govern . ment as not being responsible for the well-1 being of American citizens," said Bishop Adams. "Not only is this view mean and diabolical, but it may also ' " ', be unconstitutional." : According to the plan, the Church wants to: establish political action groups, establish a year round voter registration drive, establish ministries to youths, elderly, and prison in mates, establish a larger revenue : and food reserve, and, establish cooperatives to purchase food from farmers, fuel, and other bulk items. Programs already in ef fect, but will be reinforc ed encourages family participation, , black cultural awareness, and immigrant understan ding.; ' Rev, W.W. Easley, Jr., pastor of St. Joseph's AME Church, Durham, said that his congregation . is already involved in all but four of the proposals of the plan. "We will be con centrating on establishing the cooperatives, the political action groups, the revenue and where possible, housing for the emergency cases and a legal services and health care pool by March 1," Rev: Easley said. "Although, the other parts of the plan are in effect, we will be reinfor cing them."-" V The AME Church has 'a worldwide membership of over 3.5 million represented in the United States, - Canada, the Caribbean, Bermuda, Guyana, South America, and Africa. There are over 188 churches in North Carolina. Republican senators in efforts to "repeal fifteen or more years of civil rights work". She cited attacks on affirmative action, ef forts to prevent- the courts from ruling on , desegregation or busing suits, efforts to repeal the minimum wage, the appointment of anti-civil rights advocates to civil rights commissions and boards, efforts to authorize the Attorney General to reopen past desegregation cases, and efforts to control federal courts through congres sional action. Though strong voting rights are needed, Ms. Simmons said, it will on ly guarantee blacks and other minorities .equal access to the ballot box. We must dp what we can to get our young people to exercise "their rights. . . .We must get out the biggest and best voter registration, gret-out-the-vote drive ever." Ms. Simmons urged supporters to write all senators requesting a vote in favor of the act. Sixty-one senators sup port the act, which is to be voted upon sometimes in March. But many , senators' support is . "soft" and s opponents are busy attempting to influence supporters laway, Ms. Simmons said. The act is partly the result of a march the late ; Dr. Martin Luther King,' Jr., led from Selma to Montgomery, . Alabama seventeen years ago. Marches began Monday re-enacting that fifty mile, five-day historic journey for voting rights. v ailed "Voting Rights Sunday" the mass rally was .staged two days after the 73rd founding anniversary of the NAACP.- . .