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: Japan ran up a gigantic trade surplus for 1981.
Japan had enjoyed a 17 per cent jump in exports,
with shipments to the U.S. posting a much larger
gain. Japan's stunning trade surplus with the U.S.
nearly doubled from 1980. Even the Reagan White
. House is leery of the little island's escalating
! economic attack on the U.S. Administration of
ficials are beginning to withdraw the hand of peace
and replace it with an Iron fist, . r.
In spite of the fact that some people believe
William H. Draper, III, Chairman of the Export
Import Bank of the United States is fighting for his
own life, Draper took a dig at the debaucherous
Japanese. Just when the weather beaten West Coast
members of the Commonwealth Club of California
were prepared to come in out of the economic and.
earthen rains, Draper discusses "Trade, Not Aid.
All the interest in the usually staid luncheon room
at -the Sheraton Palace , in San Francisco was
centered on this venture capitalist trained Califor
nian. Committed to converting charity loans of the
past to profits for the future, he failed to get any en
thusiasm from the crowd until he confronted the
unfair trade practices of Japan.
A Harvard and Yale man. Draper was also na
tional co-chairman of the finance committee for the
George Bush Campaign.
Calling for Japan to jettison its trade barriers,
Draper did not hesitate to say, "it may not be able
to avoid protectionism." President Reagan's ad
ministration is "not going to settle for gestures" of
good will and voluntary flap.
Japan had promised to limit car shipments to the
U.S. Nevertheless, while no one was looking,
automobile sales from Japan to the U.S. gained
nearly twelve per cent to $11.28 billion. But this is
not the only place the Japanese have pushed and
shoved themselves on board ship. Statistics showed
that practically all other export categories to the
U.S. shot up twenty per cent, thirty per cent or in
some cases sixty per cent last year.
Japan's trade relations with the U.S. and Europe
have been strained because of the vigorous growth
in Japanese exports. The Tokyo government has
been under slight pressure to curb exports for
sometime and it has promised to take a number of
steps to lower both tariff and non-tariff barriers to
"I read the want ads too. But I'm not a nurse."
Thus said one. laid off steel worker in response to
President Reagan's assertion that the unemployed
should look at the want ads to find a job. The Presi
dent's callous call to the unemployed to read the
want ads is reminiscent of Marie Antoinette's state
ment that if the people have no bread to eat then,
"let them eat cake' The President's statement only
underscores his total lack of understanding of the
depth of the unemployment situation in our country
As the steel, construction and auto industries
(among others) are experiencing the worst of
economic times with thousands of workers on
layoff, these laid off workers experience problems
not only getting employment in their previous fields
of employment, but they find it difficult in today's
tight job market to find other employment for
.which they are qualified.
There is no doubt that unemployment is the main
issue of concern to Americans today. According to ,
a recent New York 77wevCBS News poll, the
public has identified unemployment as the major
problem facing Americans today. Some of the more ;.
troubling statistics included: 66 of those rcspon-
ding to the polHaiKJ Ihat iiOmcoriclwitfvcll
was looking-Tcrf br1?,"whifc? 3S Wbrio&! 'HMpon- ,
ding said that an adult in their household had been
out of work during 1981. But, perhaps the most
troubling statistic was that fully one-third of those
responding to the poll felt there was a high possibili
ty that an adult in the household would be out of
work in 1982. This statistic is troubling because it
speaks of the despair that millions of Americans are
experiencing in regard to the matter of Employ
ment. However, in a carefully staged and polished per
formance mindful of his days on the backlots of the I
movie studios. President Reagan delivered his State
of the Union message to a Congress and American
people who, in the throes of a recession, were eager
ly awaiting his plan which would help to alleviate
some of the suffering many of our fellow citizens
are experiencing. Unfortunately, the speech left
many of us with a distinct empty feeling.
Instead of dealing with the serious problems at
hand, Reagan chose this occasion to unveil his new 1
program which he called Jhe New Federalism. The
problem is, however, if .we do not solve the serious
problems facing our country today, there will be no
need to put his feeble-minded plans in effect tomor
row. Sadly, it is just at the time that the ranks of the
unemployed are swelling that the Reagan Ad
ministration's cuts in funding to programs for the
unemployed are taking effect." In a dramatic flip
Business In The Black
Japan Forces 290,000 Out Of Worlc
Unfair Trade Tactics Attacked ' By Chirks E.DcHs
sales to Japan. Nothing has happened. !j : tand the Japanese's determination to damp (li ex
Reagan's administration will learn it cannot ask cess gross Into the U.S. markets Maybe the
the Japanese to be nice. No one seems to under- possibility of the making of an international trade'
How To Eliminate " Job; Stress
By Dr. Charles W. Faulkner
Most employees would easily recognize the fac
tors on their jobs which they find distasteful and -which
cause them stress. Their inability to change
these condition lead to as much stress as the condi
tions themselves. v;
Following aresome major job factors that cause
stress and ways to eliminate them. 1;
(1) Job Statusi When an employee finds hisher
role ambiguous; is supervised by persons who grye
conflicting and inconsiderate orders; and is neid
responsible for actions that are beyond hisher can--trol,
stress occurs. Clarification of the employees'
role, dear statements of the employees' respon
sibilities and tasks will help to eliminate this kind of
stress. ' ; - '
Rules and Regulations: When employees are
governed by unclear rules, too many rules, unfair
and unnecessary rules, stress takes place,
Employees should be allowed at least a minimal rojt '
Ir Ike appmal m4 'ImmMm W nrfee writ
w wry mm wtnu leeat ram mm m dearly
defined and show to directly relate to tiw ulmm
(3J Work Environment: If the worit area is con
gested, smokey, noisy, improperly lighted Or4oO '
hot or too cold, the employee will feet stress. Poof'
ventilation and, even, the wrong colors can affeo
employee motivation and pride. The physical snr-,
roundings shoald he made favoraMe to the
employees physical and psychological wctl-beta.
(4) Work Uoad: If an employee is given tod much
to do or tqo little frustration and boredom
may easily cause stress. Often an employee's
workload is determined by the company's need for
greater production rather than by the physical
capacity of the employee; The employee sImM he
taken into consideration when predactiM needs are
feeing determined. It makes a lot more sense to hire
txt. Tzzzzzi, n. m CAf.:uATirs -is
wsr th-t icft wreck too many economies is too',
eta for even the Reagan Administration to envi-
i tion,. ..
NcVertbeiess, Draper does recognize that the
?VS. market is too small." and the "international ,
market is growing, Getting one's fair share of the
! total international market, however, means making
sore, you grt a shot at both the entire U.S. and
Japanese market U.S. exported fewer than 8,000
rears to Japan, while Japan shipped a few friltion to
the VS, Out of work auto workers number.
v The jorv is stCI out on Japan opening up for U.S.
goods under the Reagan administration.
additional employees or to lower production rather
than to destroy a valuable, experienced worker,
(5) Work Hours: When employees are suddenly
shifted from day work to night work or sustained
on night work, for interminable periods of time,
stress will become predominant. Shift work has
been shown to greatly, and negatively, modify an
. employee's steeping habits and eating habits.
The results have been devastating to the employee's '
kat,k J- 1 .Lu l J! I -
have disrupted family and social life. Vpluntary
MdifleatiM of shifts by the employee should be
nlSsfd. Shifts should be rotated as often as possi-
.: (6) Advancement Opportunities: A highly
motivated employee who is given no goal for which
to strive and no clearly stated opportunity to get
, ahead will become quickly frustrated and depress
ed. Motivation will diminish. An advancement pro
gram fairly applied to all employees will greatly i-n-prwve
work performance and eliminate stress.
These are major factors that enhance an
employee's motivation. A stress management
seminar is an invaluable asset for the company that
prides itself with its product and for th? employee
who takes pride in the company wiwh provides an
opportunity to make a living.
Unemployment Is Nothing
By Congressman Augustus F. Hawkins
flop the Administration recently approached the
Congress to request additional funds to maintain
unemployment benefits. Ironically, this is one of
the same programs the Administration slashed in its
1981 budget cutting frenzy. And who could forget
that during the campaign President Reagan called
unemployment benefits "a prepaid vacation plan
for freeloaders." By its recent action the Ad
ministration seems now to have changed its tune in
regard to unemployment issues. ' " .
When President Reagan took office in January,
198.1, the unemployment rate stood at 7.4. After
a drop to 7V in July, 1981, the rate has continually
gone up reaching the record level of 8.9 in
December, 1981 meaning that 9,5 million
Americans were out of work '-in December, 1981 .
Discouraged workers (t hose who haven't looked for
a job in four weeks) reached a post war high of 1.2 f
Subscribe to The Carolina Times
Call Today 682-2913
Though the Administration has taken the stan
dard defense of blaming predecessors, ihey have
contributed significantly to the ranks oi i he '
unemployed. Of the 2.5 million persons who lost
their jobs by the end of 1981 . fully 300.000 of those
came from the now dead CETA Public Service
Employment Program, while the Reagan Ad
ministration's budget cuts have further contributed
to the fact that more than 269,000 state and federal
employees have lost their jobs in 1981 . The trend is
continuing as the Administration pushes for further
budget cuts and more rcduclions-in-force for the
If you fed as strongly as I do that the President is
totally insensitive to the plight of the unemployed,
please join me in letting the President know of our
concern. Let's tell the Administration that
unemployment is nothing to joke about and that we
. want the President to take action immediately.
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