The Carolina times. (Durham, N.C.) 1919-current, February 27, 1982, Page 16, Image 16
H THE CAROLINA TIKES , SAT,; FEBRUARY 27t 1982 . -ZIMBABWE: " Joshua Nkomo Out A fter Plot Accusations JAN In the most significant crisis since Zimbabwe's ih-j. dependence Prime. Minister Robert Mugabe dismissed Patriotic Front leader Joshua Nkomo from the Cabinet ; February 17, charging him with plotting to overthrow the govern ment. The move strengthens the position of the ruling ZANU par ty but stops short of; slamming the door on ' PF involvement in the coalition government, which has suffered other strains si$w in-, dependence ilfApril ; 1980. The severe measures taken, against Nkomo were prompted by the unearthing, of large caches of military hard warcon property belong ing to Nkomo and the. PF. A number of caches were found earlier this : r month v in the southwestern part of the country near Bulawayo. Nkomo's primary sup port comes from the Ndebele-speaking people who live there and who make up some 20 of, the country's popula tion. Government sources said the quantity of weaponry located was large enough to supply a 5,000-person brigade. ; Included in the stockpiles were medical supplies, sophisticated electronic equipment us ed for jamming com-i munications frequencies, ' ' thousands of automatic j weapons, surface-to-air; missiles and a number of i army vehicles. Observers believe security forces learned of the weapons locations while interrogating peo ple suspected of armed robbery in the town of Bulawayo. The weapons are thought to be part of the arsenal Nkomo had in his bases in neighbor ing Zambia' during the independence war. ' Reports suggest the ex istence of the arms caches was known to the .government for some time, but the size of the ! find's anch the implica-l . tions of stockpiling came! as a jolt to the ZANU leadership, which charg- 4d if had caught Nkomo "red-handed in a plot, j In his harshest words! against Nkomo since! thier, original split in 1963, Mugabe was! quoted as saying, "They I joined us to string along j while planning for an1 eventuil overthrow of the government." i ne prime minister went on to charge Nkomo with failure as a leader of his people and accused him of seeking help from white Rhode sian General Peter Walls ! in gaining support from white-ruled South Africa , for a war against his government. The state-controlled . news media has also lashed out at Nkomo and j called for him to be j brought up on charges of ! treason. So far,; however, there have been i no arrests of PF leaders. , . The ' ZANU- ; dominated government began taking action against the PF last week when ; eleven PF-ownedi companies i were con-' fiscated under the coun-; Plain Talk: (Continued From Page o) these conditions, you should be receiving equal ; pay. Women in the ! Work Force is a project ! of the American Friends Service Committee in , High Point. This infor-1 mation was taken from a booklet which is available from them. If you feel your rights of equal pay are being denied, they may be able to asslstyou. RE. Pago PLUMBING SERVICE 682-1605 Fro? 6:30-8:30 A.M Daily After 4 p. n; Iry's emergency regula tions. The businesses will soon be liquidated and it -is likely that controls will be placed on their assets to insure they are usedj for party projects andj not for commercial ven-j hires. - Calling the ' arms discoveries "bizarre," Nkomo - denied any previous knowledge ' of their existence and said there was no plot to overthrow the govern ment. Instead, Nkomo charged Mugabe with us-' ing the incident -to. discredit him and his party and to give ZANU the opportunity to . remove Nkomo from his Cabinet post as home af fairs minister. With 57 seats in parlia ment ZANU leaders believe they can govern without the inclusion of Nkomo's party, which controls twenty seats. Minister of Local Government Eddison Zvogbo described the PF involvement in the government as "an act of magnaminity and, generosity on the part of ( the prime minister, and went on to say, "Recon ciliation was never in tended to cover-up dishonesty." While Mugabe's shaky alliance with Nkomo ap pears to have come to a bitter end, the prime minister has offered to. keep four PF members in the government, and he has been careful not to! alienate all of Nkomo's i followers. Mugabe's at- i tacks have been address ed very speciiicaiiy to a military forces and arms leaders. For his part, Nkomo has called for his party's total withdrawal . from the government. Reac tion in the PF is ap parently mixed. however, and at least one party member has declared he will remain, in the Cabinet, saying, "My country comes first." . Whatever may be the i outcome of the current crisis, it can be no sur prise that the tension bet ween coalition partners Mugabe and Nkomo finally came to a head. The nationlist movements ZAPU and ZANU had maintained separate guerrilla armies during the long war for independence from white minority rule, and even the alliance known as the Patriotic Front that was sustained from 1977 was beset with mutual suspi cion. In February of 1980, the two parties contested the elections . separately, ZAPU under the name, "Patriotic. Front, and ZANU as ZANU-PF. V1 i j: i . J.1 it ''V II I'h'V ! ;'.'-, Ml- I VSO . Cherokee Art Of Basket Weaving A native Cherokee woman demonstrates the ancient Cherokee art of basket weaving at Oconaluftee Indian Village, a recreated Indian community of 250 years ago. The Village will be open daily from May 1 through October 31 this, year. ' ' - : . small number of PF Mugabe's ZANU-PF won a landslide, victory, but while many members of his party would have ! 1 preferred to .rule alone. Mugabe opted for a coalition strategy. In November and again in ; February fighting erupted between guer-1 rillas of the two groups, as yet incompletely in tegrated into a national army. And many in both camps suspected the 'other of holding back in preparation of a future confrontation. Somehow each ' time, the two drew back from the brink of escalated conflict, knowing that such an outcome could only please the advocates of white .minority rule and disappoint the hopes of the average Zimbab wean for a time of peace. In recent months,; Prime Minister Mugabe -has repeatedly broached the subject of forming a one-party state, based on an eventual merger of ' ZANU-PF and the Patriotic Front. Sup porters of this view have argued that ZANU-PF was clearly the over whelming winner in the elections, and that per sistence of an opposition with support" concen trated in the; minority Ndebele-speaking sec tion of the population would perpetuate i regional conflict. i ; At least a portion of the Patriotic Front leadership has been responsive to such arguments, and in January, in fact, Mugabe announced that merger talks between the two groups would begin soon. He was, however, angrily rebuffed by Nkomo, who. said he knew nothing about it,, and that the prime minister "has been misguided." The atmosphere has . also been tense due to ' strained relations with ' South Africa and with supporters of former Rhodesian leader Ian Smith. The presence in South Africa of Jarge numbers of former soldiers of the white Rhodesian army and of former Prime Minister lAbel Muzorewa has led to repeated charges that ' South Africa is planning destablization of .the Zimbabwean govern ment. And on December 18, a bomb exploded in the ZANU-PF head quarters, killing six and injuring as many as ISO, 1 at a time when ndrmally j the prime minister and several of his colleagues Would have been there. Some thirteen whites, including Member of Parliament Wally Stut-. taford, have been in detention on suspicion of organizing a plot late last year. And in late January, Parliament renewed the state of emergency, which had been continued after in dependence, for another six months. In such a context, it would be easily possible for any conflict to get out of hand, thus lending credence to white predic tions of the 4chaos' that would follow majority rule. ' . Letters to thG Editor: , Cold Comfort In U.S. Position ' Secretary of State Haig brought a message front , President Reagan to the Chicago rally held in sup . port of the Polish union Solidarity a few weeks ago. "We will not do business with the Soviet Union or . n.t.-Al n. thai- Sc rnrpccif&rt in Poland No matter what your feelings about thfr fonsn situation, inose oi us cunccmeu mui ui. plight of twenty million blacks in South Africa found cold comfort in the statement.' ,r 1 .,y ' Pnlanrl ha been a communist-ruled country for . 'decades. By -Western definition communist means (repressive, in the wona oi reaipouiiK, no uu. reaction should have been expected of the Polish 1 regime wWn confronted with Solidarity. v.,'" j ' In South Africa, however, we have ? government that claims to be a republic where people vote for their political leaders. In reality,, the 84foof4he population that is non:whiteas no politicalvo.ee at all. Yet, that government prides itself on being a member of the free world; and our government not 'only recognizes that membership but, under the ReaganHaigCrocker policy of 'f constructive engagement, seeks closer ties between us and them, rnnvftiientlv overlooked or exolained away : ta Imi Htc4nrr rtf rmre'cinn nnnrfcinn and racism practiced by the government r of South , Africa. Racism is written into its constitution and repression andpppression the aim of its intricate web of apartheid laws. : . ' " Like Lech Walesa, Nelson Mandela demanded for his people the right to vote. NelsoA Mandela has been in jail on Robben Island for almost twenty ; years. Like Lech Walesa, Steve Biko'attempted toj build solidarity among his people. Steve Biko was killed while in' police custody in 1977. Like Lech, Wl"ca Xhr7!iTi.lff CXnMifi'x cjtrc in nronn'ne t hl ! workers of his country. THozamile Gqweta is now in jail. Why is our President so distraught at repression in a Communist state' and so accepting of it in a so called free world nation? I've com? to the sad, disturbing conclusion that racism is so entrenchejj: in the American sys'tem that repression of black 1 people just isn't terribly repugnant to us. And so we are outraged by Poland but do business as usual with isoutn Africa. Franklin H. Williams President Phelps Stokes Fund Positive Feedback I want to thank you for the excellent coverage which you gave to our Private Industry Council visit to the Lyon Park School CETA training pro grams on Tuesday, February 2. We have received nothing but positive feedback from your article, and on behalf of the members of the Private In dustry Council J am happy to convey our sincere appreciation to you for your involvement. Thomas J. White, Director i Private Sector Initiative Program ? 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