The Carolina times. (Durham, N.C.) 1919-current, February 27, 1982, Page 19, Image 19
SAT., FEBRUARY 27. 1982 THE CAROLINA TIK& -1 BLACK HISTORY MONTH SPFdAI. SECTION. PART III (Continued from Page 18) : -,....;..- ... - v r Chappie James, Brigadier General in the Air Force WW !, Colonel Charles Young, Ihe only surviving black West Point graduate,, was sixth in line for elevation to the rank of Brigadier General. Although recommended for promotion by the board of examiners, he was declared medically unfit for combat service and was forced to retire. To pro- ve the physicians -wrong, he rode horseback from his home, in Ohio to Washington, D.C. Never theless, he was retired on June 30, 1917. : , Five days before the Armistice, he was recalled and placed in charge of trainees (at, his old rank). , He then was sent by the government to Liberia to- organize that country's army. Colonel Young died of a fever while vacationing in Nigeria in 922. Prejudice was also evident in the manner of the' handling of the two black combat divisions, the 92nd and 93rd. (Interestingly, the four Regular Ar my Regiments, who were seasoned veterans, did not see combat duty. The question as to "why" has; never been effectively answered.)''---'--'.''.1 . ; The normal procedure in preparation for war is to train combat divisions as a unit; In the case of the v two black divisions, this was not done. The reason: Given the attitude of the white population living ner the training, area, plus the influx Of 27,000 black soldiers, the potentiality for another , Brownsville of gigantic proportion was not to be risked. Consequently, the soldiers were not united as a Division until they Teahched Europe. When they landed at France, the 92nd (composed of the 365th through 368th' Regiments) was under American command: The 93rd irnmnospd nf lh 369th through the 372nd Regiments) was separated. '.' into us various regiments and placed under French command. . The most famous of the eight regiments was "The Fighting 369th" which grew out of the 8th Il linois and well-stocked with "New Yorkers from the 15th. Also part of this unit was their band, led by Captain James Reese Europe and with Noble Sisle as drurn major. i - . , f " ; - -i - " . . J i f . , --- A vi ; y ; - The Nation's Security Depends On Black Soldiers The military prowess of a country obviously dciermincs its position as a world power and a strong military is vital to a country's security. "In this context, bjack Americans have played a significant role in secur ing the nation's future as a world leader. But not without a long, con troversial struggle," says Tony Brown on "The Other Battle," the com ing edition of Tony Brown's Journal, the na tion's top-ranked black affairs television pro gram. " The scries, the longest running national pro gram of i5;kmd, has ' been funded by Pepsi-: Cola Company for seven consecutive years, and can be seen on public television (PBS). It will siari in this area on Channel 4 on March 2. "The Other Battle" recounts the evolution of the black soldier and his historic battle to fight ;iikl die in America's defense. The program details the evploils of the all black 369th Infant rv during WWI: the "2nd Division during WWII: ilic'onlv black W Admit lo serve overseas during WWII; and the black ' liulninu men of the Korean and Vietnam Wars. ' 'fhe. program also details black participa tion in the nation's arm ed forces from the pre-; Revolutionary period to i lie Vietnam War. "The country historically, up until WWII, resisted the iccriiiimcni of blacks in i lie armed serv ices. 1 1 was feared that men who waded tliiouuli blood to vicioiv would become nunc militant . This al titiiicle has also prevented an adequate and accurate presenta tion of the combat per formance of black milium units' and I heir eonit ibtitions to America's security," ex plains fonv Brown. I he absence of this outstanding record in Xineriea's history books is voiced by Novella Anls, one of the women who served in the 6888th Central Postal Directory liatialiou during WWII: "We are a part of history and if von look back through history, you' lind that the black has been omitted from history. We loo served in the u !f. It's just like i hey i gel I he 92nd., Ihev "jci the 93'rd. nil of i iio.,c sidefed one of the best units in the women's ar my, it was the only overseas unit thai did not and has not '.until this date received a cita tion. If you have a fireplace, make sure the damper fits tightly and is free of debris for safe and energy-efficient winter use.' Sgt. Henry Johnson in a Victory Parade aboard a troop ship front lines in the Champagne section for 191 con- ment was awarded the Croix de Guerre, and sixteen secutive days without losing a trench, retreat int. an Distineuished Service Crosses. Landing in Brest, France they remained in the inch, or surrendering a prisoner. The entire, regi- The" 371st and 372nd were brig jed with the . r (Continued un page zv) i n X , . r I ;. i warning: ine ourgeon uenerai jias ueierminea e ii s x & nr m a . -i Ei jF"k c i s i v sr jfk. urn jr-'. wmt i r $00WUmiL JSk I' MENTHOL CIGARETTES ;-1 '' te - .-f ' XK pfl,3mLOWTARioos: e:., 'IP1 - w 9 mg."tar"40.7 mg. nicotine av. per ciaarettB bv FTC method - -.-r .Mmatow. i'nn.. . - a tTotDTo ccoeo. . '