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The Carolina times. (Durham, N.C.) 1919-current, March 06, 1982, Page 13, Image 13

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SAT . MARCH 6. 1982 ; THE CAROLINA Tl$ -13 Mjmy MacM Surgery- ' By Doug Smith -! Recommend "plastic surgery" tq residents of most f black neighborhoods and you're apt to get an in- vitation to have your head 1 examined v Or worse. 1 . - Among blacks, plastic . surgery is generally con sidered a medical special ty thatis used exclusively by wealthy whites, with few exceptions. But in : the past few years, the exceptionns ' have been increasing. More black doctors are moving into the field and more blacks Washington; D.C., per- ing' . pictures i of A thcjto the challenge of hav- molded. .Hasty is also are utilizing the services forms several operations woman's disfigured face. ;ing their work tested lm-. a Greek .derivative of of plastic surgeons. v a week. Dr.-LeRore, an Another -female- pa-mediately. You tell the . plastia , a combining Drs. Macy O. Hall, Vassistant professor Vat1.tient : from l -the tpatiem exactly what to t form denoting the act or Jrv ancfivensC LeFlore iHoward .. and ? Washington area sought expect, where the scar is precess of forming, such of Howard University, Georgetown University," Dr7Han's7sefvice to agoing to be and how it's as rhinoplasty (nose for- who has a private omce reauce me size or ncr going umook. men you . mius,. ;. . uiauumiyiaaij at v the , Washington i breasts. "They were ex-" and the patient see how (breast forming). ,"To Hospital Center, says he", Jremely large . and . the ! well I you . did. M Your the lay person, the words operates daily. r J weight , was causing her results are immediate, on 'plastic surgery connote -t? Recently. Dr. Hall had uain." savs Dr. Hall, the surface." : a v the use of a plastic (syn- After they were reduc-; J explaining the nistory Mneticr suosiance 10 oe ed, she not only looked i of his specialty, Dr. Hall molded and placed better, but she no longer notes that the term , for example,' are two of ; about -l; twenty - , black plastic surgeons in the country, ' with another' half .".. dozen pursuing residencies in plastic ' surgery. There arc more than. 2,000 , plastic surgeons in the nation. Dr; Hall, .chief of plastic and reconstruc tion surgery at Howard University .. Hospital in a female patient from North Carolina who had suffered , severe ,, facial : burns in an auto acci- experienced the pain and "plactic surgery" was dent. "I think I'll be able discomfort." ; to improve her ap- ''Plastic surgery," pearance greatly," Dr. says Dr. LeFlore, "is for Hall said, after examin-. those who can respond derived from the Greek Vdrd "plastikos", meaning capable of be : ing formed, fashioned or T HI U N )iU ) A lot of people think we should stop building power plants. And we don't blame them. Because every time we build one, the rates go up. Were not happy about building power plants either. But the truth of the matter is, we have to. It's our job to provide the electricity our customers need, when they need it. And the demand for electricity keeps increasing all the time, thanks to population growth, industrial expansion to provide needed jobs, and an increased standard of living. A standard of living that includes color television sets, washers, dryers, disposals, you name it; chances are it's done with electricity. So as long as those needs exist and continue to grow, there'll always be a need for more power plants. We cant stop new power plant construction, but we can slow it down. And in doing so keep your rates from rising so fast. In fact, we can save more than $10 billion in construction costs by the year 1990. And a whole lot more money in decades to come. It all has to do with something called Peak Demand and Load Management. UNDERSIANDINGPEAIC DEMAND Customer demand for electricity isn't the same all the time. It has peaks and valleys. The highest demand for electricity the peak usually occurs on either the hottest or coldest weekday of the year. In addition to all the normal uses of electricity in homes, businesses and industries, that's when heating or air-conditioning systems the biggest electric users of all are running full blast. The following graph shows what happened on January 11 of this year when you and other customers used the most electricity in the 78-year history of Duke Power. 11,500- 11,000- 8.500-4 8.000- Peak Demand -8:00 am (Monday morning) 1-11-82 10,500- lo.ooo- e f 9.500- jf 9,000- 7 . ' I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I can be accomplished through a series of plans we've been working on for years. A lot of these plans deal with using electricity more efficiently in factories and businesses. And a lot of them can be implemented right in your own home. These can: RC Electric Rate. Our lowest rate for residential service. It was designed to reward those customers whose homes meet stringent energy efficient requirements. Energy Efficient Structures, a plan for . hew home construction that specifies the amount of insulaticttTt and cither jjhermal control features to min- .v . certified by Duke Power as an Energy Efficient Structure, it not only saves energy, but also qualifies for the RC rate. Energy Efficient Appliances, a plan that helps you identify the most energy efficient appliances available today, including a list otaealers who sell these products.The plan also offers you tips on how to operate these appliances more efficiently to save even more money. - Time of Day luuS A plan that charges you a special low rate for the electricity vou use during periods of the day when the overall demand for electricity is low. (Available only in limited areas at this time, but coming to your neighborhood in the future.) Load Control well pay customers up to $50 or more a year for the privilege of installing remote control off-on devices on electric water heaters and central air-conditioning systems.These devices will enable us to interrupt service td either or both of these appliances during emergency situations. And in most cases, the interruption will go unnoticed by the customer. Once the crisis has passed, power will automatically be restored. (Available only in limited areas at this time, but coming to your neighborhood in the future.) Load Management can play an important role in holding down your future electric bills. But in order forit to work to the benefit of all of us, we're going to neeckthe cooperation and participa tion of thousands of Duke Power customers. 1 24,000-22,000- ' . 1 2 34 5 6 7 8 9l0Ugl 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011J5 2 Monday . S Duke Power has to have enough generating capac ity to meet peak demand. Even it it only occurs for a few moments. But because that peak demand keeps growing, we have to build more power plants. But if we could control that peak, it wouldn't go up so fast.We wouldn't have to build so many plants. And you wouldn't have to pay for so many.Thats what Load Management is all about. IMXERSTUNDINGLQU) MANAGEMENT Load Management is designed to keep the peak , demand from growing so Fast. And Load Management 20,000- 18,000 H 14,000 H 12.000' Peak Demand Forecast Without Load Management With Load Management jA 16.000 - 3 f..J V IUUUU 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1984 85 86 - 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 Power plant construction costs are rising raDidlv. And the fewer we have to build, the less you'll nave to. pay tor electricity m the years ahead. within a body part," Dr Hall says. Though it is one of the oldest surgical subspecialties, plastic surgery is still young and developing in many - ways. Says Dr. Hall: ; "One sees in the history of plastic surgery a close relationship between social customs and . civilization as a whole . and the surgeon's responses to the resultant needs. "In the 16th century, the Italian surgeon Tagliacozzi gained fame for his method of nasal . repair (starting early evolution of the rhinoplasty). During the renaissance, amputation of the nose or ears as punishment for thievery and adultery and the devastating effects of leprosy and syphilis all made the need for a method to rebuild the face very evident." In recent years, the skills of the plastic surgeon have been used primarily to; help af fluent whites maintain a youthful look. Facelifts, nose jobs, breast enlargement and hair transplants continue to make up the bulk of the plastic surgeon's workload. Blacks have begun to use the services of the plastic surgeon more often than in the past. Dr. Hall says that there - are some distinctive pro blems. "Blacks and Orientals have a greater propensity to form heavy thick scars," Dr. Hall says. "The patient with thick or coarse, or oily skin predisposes to poor wound healing and pro- ;w iusuat reaction to. sutures (stitches) leading to un ' sightly scars." f Despite the inevitabili ty of this scar formation process, Df. Hall - says there exists in the population, both lay and medical, the strong belief that the surgeon, especially the plastic surgeon, can make an in cision or scar disappear The simple facts of wound healing make this physically impossible. "The final appearance of a scar after surgery is dependent on. the" surgical techniques, age of the patient, region of the body, type of skin and skin disorders," Dr. Hall emphasizes. Treatment by plastic surgeons is generally ex- pensive, bat insurance for some treatments is ' available. "Blacks are "not aware that certain plastic surgery ; pro cedures are covered by insurance," Dr. Hall points out- "Most ' Insurance policies pay for con genital defects if they're covered at birth. Most : insurance companies pay for procedures as a result of an acquired disease such as breast enlarge ment. All insurance com panies pay for the removal of keloids and scars as a result df an in jury," he explains. Civil Rights Journal An Ungodly Turn By Dr. Charles E. Cobb Executive Director United Church Of Christ Commission For Racial Justice President Ronald Reagan said that the American Society has strayed from its earliest ideals and that God, the source of our knowledge has been expelled from the classroom. The President was accurate ex cept God has not only been expelled from the classroom but from much of American life, par ticularly in the chambers of government. This was never more evident than when after extensive debate, the Senate voted to restrict the power of federal judges in their effort to keep some semblance of justice in our nation's schools. When the Senate voted against the busing of students except over a limited distance and a limited period of time for school desegregation, they once again gave rise and substance to that charge which has plagued this nation's life since' its founding, racism, the unadulterated practice and sense of superiority based solely upon ethnic identification. Busing is certainly a camouflage to hide racial at titudes so long resident in the minds and hearts of many in America's white community. As disturbing as the vote in the Senate is, what is even more disturbing are the constitutional implica tions. It is only a matter of time before activities of the Ku Klux Klan, Neo-Nazis and many other racially discriminatory acts will be beyond the pale of federal courts and law enforcement. It is only a matter of time before all social, civil and human rights legislation and programs will be non-existent. It is only a matter of time before the call to justice, equity and fair play will fall of deaf and impotent ears. The tragedy of all of this is that in this resurfac ing of racism, the leadership is being furnished by the highest elected government officials. President Reagan may claim he is not a racist, but his every act - indkaieji.aba,t.fec , "lV 3 nc appeases long est ablkhed ;rfacisj s, sueh r.as.Sciiaq.:njQctt . Johnson of "Louisiana arid Jesse Helms Of North Carolina. It isn't what President Reagan and Con gress say that sets back the struggle for racial (Continued on Pace 15) V DUKE POWER Pi Your Family Financial Center SINCE 1920 Money Market Certificates 13.693 per annum $10,000 or More: 6 months Variable Hate Certificates 12.5 per annum; 13.31 $500 or more: 30 months per annum compounded All Savers Certificates 1079 per annum $500 or more: 1 year . Interest earned up to $1 000 per person is tax free CIA 14610 per annum 15.720 compounded per annum $1 00 or more: 1 8 month variable Additions do not extend maturity date. CIA 13.25 per annum 14165 compounded per annum '' $100 or more: 24 months Fixed rate New 1982 IRA permits deposits up to $2,000 per individual. Fully de ductible from gross income. Tax deferred along with interest earned until withdrawal. - - Substantial penalty required forearly withdrawals of Certificates. 5.25 Checking Accounts No service charge if $400 minimum balance is maintained. if pstiys o hmzlz aft Mmz r (FSHC J DURHAM CHAPEL HILL ROXDORO

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