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14 THE CASOUSA TI5SES SATURDAY, AUGUST 21, 1882!
On The All-America City Project
If Durham is named an All-America City, the designation will
not be congratulations for a job well done, but rather an incentive1
to make that dream come true.
. We believe the three projects cited by the All-America City,
committee and described before competition judges in Seattle this
week are all worthwhile efforts.
But we also believe that these projects reveal a sad tradition of
stereotypical thinking about black people in Durham, a thinking .
that must be changed. And black people must inspire arid lead !
For example, it is not enough to drive drug dealers
underground in the Few Gardens area. There must also be some
continuing effort to give youngsters in that neighborhood career
alternatives to crime and failure.
And while we concede that the Lincoln Community Center
needs a new building, we view with mixed emotions the impen
ding destruction of the old building because more of Durham's
black history dies in the dust of its destruction.
As for the economic development study that is the third project
submitted by Durham's All-America City Committee to prove
that citizens here work together to solve problems, we are not
sure what "...jobs suited..." fpr poor people means, but it
doesn't sound promising.
We are not critical of the supporters who are trying to sell
Durhamas an All-America City, as much as we are critical of the
bLack people here! whose apathy has made the committee's
claims a hollow mockery.
Why, for example!, doesn't the black community initiate a "Big
Brothers, Big Sisters" program aimed specifically at black
youngsters in areas like Few Gardens who need some positive role
models to react to, father than leaving them to be corrupted by (
thugs and hoodlums?
Why isn't there a project to preserve Durham's black history?
See the next editorial for more on that subject. .
The question of economic development, especially for those
black folks who are also poor, was examined in a recent editorial
in this space when we called for the establishment of the Black
Community Development Fund, financed," administered and con
trolled by black people.
.So, if Durham is named an All-America City, the black com
munity should understand that the designation means nothing
unless some black folks climb off their high horses, and some
others struggle from their private hells to make it means
something something beneficial forblack folks and everyone
We Must Save Our Past
The crunching blade of progress appears to almost daily shovel
another symbol of black community contributions to Durham in-,:
to dusty oblivion. : -mv .-.v.::-. -,-
Hayti is gone, and as far as we know, the story of its contribu
tions to Durham will die with the last black person in this city
who saw them firsthand. There is no permanent record.
The old Lincoln Hospital where the lives of most of us both i
began and have been preserved over the years stands doomed to -fall
silently that a sea of parking pavement might forever cover its '
legacy to this community.
We hear of plans to widen Fayetteville Street from Umstead to
CecU, and we fear that "progress" will again bite greedily into
our history, swallowing up the Stanford Warren Library, the Col
lege Inn, Page's Grocery and maybe even W.D. Hill Community
Center. ' ' . ' v
And unless some; preservation plans are laid now, sooner or
later. Hillside will go,Whitted will crumble and other valuable
artifacts of black history will die as Durham steamrolls to Pro
gress. -T' ' ; ' ' ."C r ; '
But this need not be so.
Durham's leading black organizations, including The Durham
Committee, the Durham Branch of the NAACP, NCCU,
sororities, the fraternities, the churches and the, business com
munity should name a task force now to begin studying creative
and effective ways to preserve the story of contributions that
black people have made to this city over the years.
If we don't do this, then we are leaving our children a legacy of
doom, because it is 'much easier to believe you're nothing when
there's nothing around that you or your fathers have accomplish
ed.' ; " ' - ' .
Civil Rights Journal , -
Black Economic Development
, Under Gsnsrel Gcsrga Washington,
tern February 22, 1732, soma 5.C00
f::;rc:3, tl:vcs end frca, fcught In tho
r.:v:Ll!:n:ry VV:r! Wftsn l crossed tha
C:!s2rej In 1776, two Nsgrcas, Ollvsr
Crcnr;;::i tnd Prlnca AVhlppb, vsre with
liSal J.W.C. Fcnr.fcgtsn fcand such fects
t t!:::a it cb cf tha f.rst Hrgra histcrisns!
Ha I'd a D.D. dsgrca freni ' llc!d!;burff
U.-!v:r:!ty tzi prc:stad jgilnst slavery
ifrci tlzxi ER'sisnd ta Eurcps! :
The black community has a combined
income of nearly 150 billion dollars per
year." This translates into approximately
12.5 billion dollars per month available to
the black community. Although I am not
an economist, it seems to me that our
banks and financial institutions might,
develop some mechanism whereby even a
small portion of this huge'dollar figure
might be collected and utilized for the
economic development of the black com
munity. . : ' .
Based on bur diverse geographic, social
and political nature, the majority of this
150 billion dollars is being spent outside
of the black community. Notwithstanding
this diversity of location, the majority of
To Be Equal v
r By Charles E.Cobb
United Church of Christ
Commission For RacialJustice
blacks still continue to . attend
i predominantly black churches. Perhaps
: our religious and financial leaders might
jointly develop a means of recapturing
what was lost following integration.
Namely, the spending of black dollars ,
within the black community. We now ap-."
pear to live two lives with one foot in the
black world and the other foot in the
white world. Unfortunately, the majority
of our dollars are flowing white.
Some of our community organizations
have been calling for accountability onf
the part of corporate America, supported
with selective buying on the part of black
consumers. Now this is certainly a step in .
the right direction, however, it will take
; more than.corporate dole-outs to make a"
' community economically viable. ' 1 '
. in my view, it is the responsibility of
black financial institutions to provide
' direct assistance in our economic develop
' ment and growth, for that is where we will
find economic expertise. As of June 1981,
' the nation's 46 black commercial banks ;..
;had combined assets totaling 1.2 billion
dollars. During the same time period, the,
nation's 39 black savings and loan
associations 1 represented 964 million
. dollars in total assets. Now certainly these,;
professional money managers have the
ability and I believe, willingness to help
"our community collect, use and manage
'our dollar resources. w
I Executive Director, Natiphal IJrbah League
Unemployment can no longer be passed .
off as a temporary problem that will be -solved
when the economy rights itself. A
major bar to an expanding economy is
precisely the large number of workers
whose skills are fast becoming outmoded '
as robots replace them on assembly lines
. and advanced electronics eliminates un-
,, skilled and semi-skilled work,
It is useless for our leaders to tell the
unemployed to look at all the want ads in
the newspapers most of those are for
computer programmers and other jobs
for which there is shortage of people with
the required skills. " ;
The permanent unemployment -settling
in to our economy and affecting a large
portion of the jobless violates the most .
precious of human rights the right to a
That combination of violated human,
rights to productive employment and the
manpower needsof the economy strongly
suggest that this is the time to institute a
Universal" Employment and Training;
. system that guarantees jobs and skills '
'training to allow people to compete for
j the jobs that exist today.
' There's plenty to do. The nation's in-
frastructure is decaying rapidly. Roads
and bridges need to be' repaired and '
rebuilt; rails and ports to be revitalized,
homes,' sewer' lines and '.water systems '
Jobs For All . W f
. . ,' -''2 ' .".' .. ' 1
' need to be built. t ,
Such a program of national renewal
would get our industries producing again.
It would put people to work, paying taxes'
and buying consumer goods.
The immediate objection is that it
would cost too much. That won't hold
water. Unemployment costs too much
' the burden on the U.S. Treasury is about
$30 billion for every extra point of
' unemployment. .) .
So if you peg full employment as being
a situation in which the jobless rate is four
per cent, today's extra unemployment
costs the government almost $180 billion
a year, or almost double that federal
budget deficit everyone is worried about.
' And while there is so much concern
'about the cost of a program that would
i get our country moving again, there is not
j the same concern about the tax cuts and
loopholes passed last year, or about an
overblown defense buildup costing one,
and a half trillion over the next four
" years. t v :
Congress is considering a token job :
training program that will cost about a;
tenth of what the Pentagon plans to spend
this year just on those weapons systems
many experts say are either unnecessary
or of dubious battle-worthiness.
Any nation that can indulge in such
' wastefulness can not only afford to invest
in its numan capital and in its economic
. future it cannot afford not to.
. A Universal Employment and Training
system would also end the permanent
depression in minority communities. With
our economy changing so swiftly, grow
' ing numbers of blacks are in danger of,
becoming locked into permanent
It is no longer enough just to have a
strong back and a willing spirit. Today's
jobs demand skills and knowledge our
young people don't get from inferior
schools, , decaying cities and insensitive
governments. Most of today's minority
unemployed need to be retrained for
. growth jobs in growth industries.
A Universal Employment and Training
: system needs the support of a business
i community that knows it needs to have
skilled workers and which faces the
' tremendous task of retraining present
I employees for tomorrow's jobs.
And it is the business community that
; knows the free enterprise system cannot
j long survive a polarized society that locks
, increasing numbers of people into perma
j So a partnership of government, in- .
jdustry and community-based groups will
be necessary to get a Universal Employ
'ment and Training program off the
ground and save our n,ationri
Business In The Black
r 1 ' I, " 1 ' ' ......
Regression is Revolutionary
Forget the Flat Tax
By Charles E. Belle
A few weeks ago the New York Times
"had an article on the advocates of a Flat
World Society. Some people have been
presenting this proposition for political
; and social reasons. Regardless of one's
: politica) views it is certainly a good
enough social reason to get people
together. After all it is perfectly harmless
to holler into the wind just don't spit.
Some students of propaganda are now
suggesting a stated flat income tax is 'just
what the doctor ordered to cure the U.S.
economic woes. Well it will surely suit the
rich, which is any married couple filing a
joint tax return with over $85,600 of tax
able income. Incidentally, in order to
have that much taxable after deductions
you should be well into a six figure
($100,000) a year income bracket. Believe
it or hot Reaganomics recognizes you at
that level to pay the current top income
tax rate of 50 per cent thus reducing the
taxes of those who pay less than 50 per
cent, huh! Who dat
The rear median family income for
black Americans was $13,270 in 1981.
Meaning'half were above and half of all
U.S. black American families earned
more. In fact, some forty percent plus of
black American families in the U.S. earn
ed less than $10,000 last yeari You can
estimate the damage by distance from
.$13,270 up to $23,520 for white American
families or nearest to the poverty door for
a family of four at $9,287 in 1981. Black
' Americans were not knocking on the door
of poverty last year, they were living in
the house with it!
Now'then, at what level shall they set
this flat taxerate, considering the tax
bracket for a married couple filing jointly
with $24,600 is already 25 per cent.
Many politicians know the so-called
middle class, ($35,200 to $85,600) of tax
able income (33-99 per cent) tax bracket
for a married couple filing joint return are
being ruined by Reaganomics ever since
the super rich made out like a bandit on
the last tax go round. Running around
like chickens with their heads cut off are
conservative Democrats and Republicans
recommending tax relief for the ripped
off and the rupture group.
This mythical group of middle class
dreamers will still get what they deserve
nothing. In time, a single generation or
less will bodily revolt against any system
which unfairly taxes the masses. The rich
' currently will slip by again if the middle
class is successful in securing any tax relief
' based on a flat tax. "Toll-heads" even
know the 25 per cent is less than 50 per
cent. Especially on a cool million dollars a
You no doubt have heard of the few
thousand people who are millionaires that
do not pay any taxes. But for each one
there are tens of thousands who do and at
a higher rate. Reaganomics ruined the
most progressive tax system in the world.
The fairest based on the ability to pay, not
tax breaks. The need to eliminate
loopholes should not be confused with
eliminating an equitable taxing system.
Cutting off your nose to spite your face
is not any fun, especially if you bleed to
death. A flat tax system will do nothing
but reduce the budget and services to the
needy citizens in the short term while set
ting the seeds for a revolution in the
future as the rich get richer and the poor
and middle class get angrier.
What And Where Is Your Business ;
By Luanna C. Blagrove
Author and Business Consultant
We often hear people comment, that blacks do not patronize other blacks in business
; and, of course, we can give a thousand excuses of why this is true that arc not valid.
. How often does one take into consideration the product or service that the
businessowner(s) have to offer? If bars and nightclubs are not my 'thing' there is no need
for me to spend money in them because a black owns and operates one. Or, if my car docs
not need repairing, there is no need for me to take it to the shop. Or, if I prefer to eat at
home, there is no law that says I must go to a restaurant and buy a dinner because the
owner is black. Or, if I do not need the .service of a carpenter or plumber that I must call
. one anyway. In other words, the first consideration of why blacks do not patronize other
blacks should be the product or service that is being offered. ,
I have never fully understood why many blacks expect service, get service, do not want
. to pay the price for the service, and then call the busincssperson incompetent. In
competence does exist in every endeavor, but I discovered many years ago that there are .
two sides to every story and that in most instances we only hear one side the dissenter's.
A dissent is that customer who has become dissatisfied with work performance or ser-
vice in many instances through his own doings or refusal to pay for said service or per
: - A major problem that I have been faced with in patronizing black businessowners is
that not only I, but many other blacks in the same locale, do not know who the black
businessowners are and the product(s) or serviced) that they have for sale. How can one ,
find a particular business that no one seems to know is in existence?
, A rather inexpensive means for letting blacks and other potential customers in a com-'
munity know what your product or service is and where you are located is to advertise in
your black newspapers. Yes, I know that advertising is expensive, but by cooperative or
sharing ad space with another or other businessowners, the cost could make the difference
' in increased sales.
Another overlooked possibility for advertising is a few lines in the classified section of
your black newspaper. Your ad does not have to be oversized to be seen and let potential
. customers know what your product or service is and where you are located.
(Mrs.) Vivian Austin Edmonds
' L.M. Austin
Curtis T. Parkins
Contributing Edltor-Foraign Altalrs
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